Cambodia Is Not on the List of 27 Countries Receiving Drugs Against the Drug Resistant Most Serious Tuberculosis of the World – Friday, 26.12.2008

Posted on 26 December 2008. Filed under: Week 592 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 592

“Phnom Penh: The director of th the National Center for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control said that Cambodia is excluded from a list of 27 countries of the world with cases of drug resistance related to the most serious tuberculosis, but there are 30 people dying quietly per day in this country.

“The director of the National Center for Tuberculosis and Leprosy Control, and an advisor of the Ministry of Health, Dr. Mao Tan Ieng, telling state and private service providers during a workshop on Thursday morning that, according a new report of the World Health Organization, 27 countries of the world with high numbers of patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis, Cambodia is not among those countries.

“He added, ‘Tuberculosis drug resistance is most devastating; it kills human quietly.’

“He went on to say that in Cambodia, there are between 1.2% and 1.3% of the patients that have drug-resistant tuberculosis, and around 5 to 6 people get infected by tuberculosis per day. At present, 50 to 60 patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis are receiving treatment, and there is still medicine left for curing 100 patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis. He said also that per year, Cambodia has between 400 and 500 patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis.

“He continued to say that drugs to treat a [normal] tuberculosis patient costs US$20 to US$30, while drugs for a drug resistant patient are US$5,000, when the drug is bought from specific organizations. If the national program and the government want to buy it from this chanel, they have to get the permission from the Green Light Committee in Geneva/Switzerland. If one buys from the outside, around US$30,000 are needed to be spent to buy drugs for a patient with drug-resistant tuberculosis.


As the article does not mention why Cambodia is not on the list of the Green Light Committee – whether it applied and was rejected, or whatever may be the reasons – we quote here from a document of this organization.

One point seems to be crucial: To receive Green Light Committee support, it is necessary to have a strict control of the procedures to apply the drugs – because otherwise the sickness will become more severe.


“Controlling multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is one of the six components of the WHO Stop TB strategy

“Although prevention must be the highest priority for TB control programs, many countries have patients with drug-resistant TB who must be treated too. Such countries should take specific measures to gradually incorporate appropriate strategies for treatment of this form of tuberculosis into their tuberculosis into their Misuse of second-line anti-TB drugs results in further resistance to these same second-line drugs, creating incurable forms of tuberculosis

“It is imperative that second-line anti-TB drugs are used wisely.

“The WHO Guidelines For The Programmatic Management Of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (hereinafter referred to as the Guidelines) provide recommendations for appropriate management of drug-resistant TB so as not to generate further drug resistance. To help programs develop and implement strategies for the management of drug-resistant TB, the Green-Light-Committee for Access to Second-line Anti-tuberculosis Drugs (Green Light Committee) was created by the WHO and its partners in January 2000.

“The Green Light Committee consists of six to seven experts in programmatic, scientific, clinical, and microbiological aspects of TB that serve the WHO in an advisory capacity. The Committee is responsible for reviewing applications,evaluating proposed projects,assisting applicants,monitoring approved projects, and contributing to the evidence base for the programmatic management of drug-resistant TB. Each individual and his/her alternate represent a leading public health institution active in TB control internationally. Each institution is allowed one vote, and the Green Light Committee freely consults outside experts as needed. All members are required to adhere to rules of conflict of interest and confidentiality and, thus, are recused for voting on
applications from projects with which they have or had a direct relation.”

“Treatment takes from 18 months to 2 years, while treating normal tuberculosis takes only 6 months.

“According to the National Tuberculosis Control Program, since the start of cooperation between state and private services from May 2005 up to the present, the program has been expanded to 11 provinces and cities covering 36 operational districts among the 77 districts of the 24 provinces and cities.

“Aiming at effient cooperation between the state and the private services to encourage research about and treatment for tuberculosis patients, Dr. Mao Tan Ieng said that in early December, Ms. Monica from the Green Light Committee in Geneva assessed the cooperation and found good results and some inactive program problems that need to be solved.

“An official of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) associated with the National Tuberculosis Control Program, Dr. Nishiyama, said that JICA supports the cooperation between state and private services that are cooperating to send suspected tuberculosis affected people to be checked and treated with public services of the state.

“He added, ‘Some patients go to discuss with private services, which have a very crucial role to find suspected people and send them to receive state services, so that all Cambodian citizens have good health.

“A Secretary of State of the Ministry of Health, a pharmacist, Mr. Yim Yan, said that tuberculosis infection is very high hazard. Therefore, the Ministry of Health created a policy to link state and private services. He continued to say that we see progress which demands more efforts, and problems faced that we will solve in this workshop.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4778, 26.12.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 26 December 2008

Chakraval, Vol.16, #2837, 26.12.2008

  • Meanchey District Police Arrested 172 People Involved in Robberies and in Stealing Property [between January and December 2008 – Phnom Penh]

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #101, 26-30.12.2008

  • Siam [Thailand] Asks to Change the Date of the ASEAN Summit Meeting [from 24-26 February 2009] to 13-15 March 2009
  • According to the Price at International Markets [one barrel of oil with 159 liters costs more than US$30], One Liter of Gasoline Should Cost Riel 2000 [approx. US$0.50, while now it costs around Riel 3,000, approx. US$0.75]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1830, 26.12.2008

  • Red-Shirt Demonstrators, Supporters of [ousted prime minister] Thaksin Shinawatra, Plan to Demonstrate on Sunday
  • Vietnamese Embassy Denies an Accusation by the Khmer Kampuchea Krom Association [that Vietnamese Authorities barred two members of the European Parliament to board a plane to Vietnam]
  • People from More Than 500 Families in Changkrang Commune Rally to Protest at the [Kratie] Municipality over the Grabbing of Their Land by a Company [the Harmony Plantation Company]
  • Pope Benedict XVI Welcomes Christmas and Makes an Appeal for Helping Children Who Are Raped [in a small remark – but he dwelt extensively on the misuse of economic and political power, and the lack of dialogue to solve the problems summed up as “selfishness in economic crisis”]
  • Captain [Moussa Camara] Declares Himself President of Guinea after a Coup [after the death of President Lansana Conte]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #312, 26.12.2008

  • [Sam Rainsy Party president] Sam Rainsy: Cambodia Needs a Change of Leader and of Ways for Ruling to Develop the Country [he said so after Prime Minister Hun Sen recently announced his intention to be Cambodian prime minister also for the next terms]

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #168, 26.12.2008

  • Samdech Euv [Father King] Reminds the Public of a Letter Published 15 Years Ago, Saying that His High Ranking Advisors Were Not Provided with Houses, Offices, and Cars [like government officers, although they demanded these things, because the nation was facing a difficult economic situation and the position of advisor to the King is just a honorary function – this letter is published again, after the King assigned more than 20 members of the royal families as his advisors]
  • Siam [Thailand] Sent Troops to Do Military Exercises During the Night, along the Border from Banteay Ampil to Anlong Veng District [Oddar Meanchey]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6535, 26.12.2008

  • Two Men Were Murdered; One Was Stabbed and the Other One Was Hit Three Times with an Axe in Thpong and Basedth Districts [in Kompong Speu – perpetrators are not yet found]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4778, 26.12.2008

  • Cambodia Is Not on the List of 27 Countries Receiving Drugs Against the Drug Resistant Most Serious Tuberculosis of the World
  • Cambodia and Malaysia Conclude a Memorandum of Understanding against Human Trafficking
  • Mongolia Steps Up Ties with Cambodia by Opening an Embassy [in Phnom Penh]
  • The Number of Tourists Coming through the Poipet Border Crossing Point Increased Little in 2008 [compared to 2007 with 197,425 tourists, it increased only by 11.15% to the total number of 219,249 tourists]
  • [The Committee to Protect Journalist] A World Journalists Organization “The Committee to Protect Journalists is an independent, nonprofit organization founded in 1981. We promote press freedom worldwide by defending the rights of journalists to report the news without fear of reprisal”] Condemns Thailand for Its Action against a [BBC] Reporter Who Is Considered to Have Insulted the King [the third criminal complaint was filed by a police lieutenant colonel in his personal capacity] because the reporter had written that the Royal Palace may have supported the yellow-shirt demonstrators, who oppose the ousted prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra and his group]

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror.

And please recommend us also to your colleagues and friends.

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Tuesday, 10.6.2008: Club of Cambodian Journalists and Cambodia Independent Journalism Foundation Invite a Trainer from the USA to Train Cambodian Journalists

Posted on 11 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

“As a part of its committment to strengthen journalism, the Club of Cambodian Journalists began a five day training course for Cambodian journalists from different institutions and with different political trends.

“Journalists from Rasmei Kampuchea, Koh Santepheap, Kampuchea Thmey, Moneaksekar Khmer, Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, and the Radio Voice of Democracy are among the twenty two journalists attending the training, organized by the Club of Cambodian Journalists and sponsored by the Cambodia Independent Journalism Foundation.

“The President of the Club of Cambodian Journalists, Mr. Pen Samithi, said, ‘This training is very important; it will help to strengthen the professional work of Cambodian journalists.’ He added that this training aims to provide participants with useful techniques and skills of writing and reporting with the goal to make it easy to cover information and to report information to the readers.

“He expressed his optimism that after the training finishes, the trainees will be able to use new techniques as the basis to cover information, to make interviews, and to write. Also they will know how to find data – data that can be trusted, experts, and resources to produce reports on different topics.

“The Cambodian Independent Journalism Foundation, with the Club of Cambodian Journalists as partner, invited Ms. Margaret Freaney, who is an experienced journalist from the United States of America, for the five day training course. Ms. Margaret Freaney is a founding academic director of the Caucasus School of Journalism in Georgia. Working for the Independent Journalism Foundation and the International Center for Journalists in Washington, she has trained many journalists, including Journalists from Cambodia and Vietnam.

“The representative of the Independent Journalism Foundation in Cambodia, Mr. Peter Starr, said, ‘The Independent Journalism Foundation is satisfied to sponsor this second workshop in Cambodia, where Ms. Margaret Freaney is the trainer, who is an excellent trainer for international journalists and a former editor of several newspapers in the United States. She has also great experiences of being a reporter on the health sector.’

“The Club of Cambodian Journalists is an independent organization committed to serve the interests of journalists and to protect journalists, as well as to promote press freedom and to strengthen journalism in Cambodia.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4611, 10.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 10 June 2008

Chakraval, Vol.16, #2784, 10.6.2008

  • Merchants Still Sell Illegal Medicines and Fake Nutrition Food [Elken Spirulina brand] on the Market, No Health Officials Care

Chouy Khmer, Vol.2, #117, 10.6.2008

  • Khieu Kanharith Delivered [on 9 June 2008] a Letter to the Court to Request the Release on Bail for [the editor-in-chief of Moneaksekar Khmer and candidate of the Sam Rainsy Party in the upcoming parliamentary elections] Dam Sith; Judge Chhai Kong Has Not Released Dam Sith from the Prey Sar Prison
  • [Senator from the Cambodian People’s Party] Oknha Ly Yong Phat Grabs Citizens’ Land in Srae Ambel District [Koh Kong], the Government Dares Not to Take Any Action

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1663, 10.6.2008

  • [The Father King] Samdech Euv, [the former Queen] Samdech Mae, and the King Will Go to China on 1 August 2008 [to participate in the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games and then to have medical check-ups in Beijing]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #173, 10.6.2008

  • Diesel Fuel in Britain Costs More than US$2 per Liter – How Much Income Does a Person Earn?

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3482, 10.6.2008

  • Immigration Police of Poipet Border Crossing Fake Identification Documents to Extort Money from Citizens [who want to cross the border to work in Thailand]
  • The Arrest of the Editor-in-Chief of Moneaksekar Khmer Is a Method to Silence Voices before the Election

Prachea Chun Khmer, Vol.2, #38, 9-13.6.2008

  • Season when Fishing Is Prohibited Approaches, but Fishing Crimes Continue

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4611, 10.6.2008

  • Cambodia Called for Development Assistance in the Field of Agriculture from Rich Countries [at the high-level conference on world food security in Rome]
  • Samdech Dekchor: “To Minimize Gap between the Cities and the Rural Areas, It Is Important to Minimize the Knowledge Gap”
  • The European Community Will Send Election Observers Soon [for the forth term election in Cambodia]
    [Former Thai Prime Minister] Anan Panyarachun: Quarrelsome Political Parties Cannot Be Reconciled

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3329, 10.6.2008

  • While Hun Sen Is Boasting, Economic Growth Drops from 10% to 7%

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #676, 10.6.2008

  • Civil Society Organizations Ask Leaders of the Eleven Parties to Include Anti-Corruption Law into Their Policy Priorities

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

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Saturday, 22.12.2007: Khmer Press Freedom: Reporters Without Borders Ranks Cambodia Fourth among 128 Countries

Posted on 23 December 2007. Filed under: Week 539 | Tags: , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 539

According to our working principle to “mirror” sectors of the Khmer press which contribute to shaping public opinion, we “mirror” also the following article, though we were not able to verify or clarify statements attributed to Reporters without Borders, who have published, as every year, a Worldwide Press Freedom Index also for 2007, where they list Cambodia at position 85 for 2007, up from 108 in 2006, among 168 countries. As indicated below, the position of the US media has dropped, from position 56 in 2006 to position 119 in the 2007 report.

“Phnom Penh: Ms. Joyce Barret, a teacher of journalism and a US professional journalist, said on 21 December that according to a report of Reporters without Borders published on their homepage about a survey on 128 countries in the world, Cambodia is classified fourth of confidence in media, with 74% saying media are reliable, 14% unreliable, and the rest has no fixed opinion.

“Cambodia is known as a country on the better side, when it comes to press freedom among the ten ASEAN countries. Cambodia has print media, radio, television, and Internet, operated both by the sate and by private companies.

“Ms. Joyce Barret continued that Reporters Without Borders conducted a survey and found that in Cambodia people have even more confidence in journalism than in the US at present. She continued, ‘Some US journalists destroyed their reputation and therefore people lost confidence in them.’

“Mr. Joseph Mussomeli, the US Ambassador to Cambodia, stated that journalists have an important role for Cambodia as well as for the US. He continued, ‘Especially, the role of newspapers is important for elections; US newspapers make pages available for election related publications.’

“By now, the US Embassy in Cambodia has trained 27 Cambodian journalists to participate in reporting during the coming elections. The US ambassador stated, ‘Journalists and the media have an important role in democratic regimes.’

“Mr. Khieu Kanharith, the Minister of Information, could not be reached for comment on 21 December 2007, because his phone was not available. However, Mr. Thieng Vandarong, Undersecretary of State of Information, stated that Cambodia has about 400 print media in Khmer and in foreign languages – newspapers, magazines, and news bulletins – as well as radio and television stations.

“He continued, ‘Our journalists are now better educated, and the Ministry of Information has given licenses for the publication of daily and weekly newspapers, and all newspaper published must report correctly.’ He added that there are, however, still some journalists who have not familiarized themselves as professionals, and they try to misuse their possibilities, which may impact journalism to the extent that some journalist had even been detained. He continued, ‘We hope that our journalists will professionally know more in the very near future.’” Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6225, 22-23.12.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 22 December 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1522, 22.12.2007

  • 15 Days Given for Ieng Sary and His Wife to Write Their Position against their Detention Warrants
  • Singer Pech Chan Morakot Sued [by a woman] on Accusation of Severe Acid Attack [Phnom Penh]
  • Woman Beats Her Husband to Death – Then Escapes, Leaving Two Children in Ponhea Kraek District [Kompong Cham]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6225, 22-23.12.2007

  • Khmer Press Freedom: Reporters Without Borders Ranks Cambodia Fourth among 128 Countries
  • On 24 December, Court Will Hold Hearing of Heng Pov [former Phnom Penh Municipal Police Commissioner, now in jail] for Kidnapping a Man for $300,000 Ransom
  • Cambodia Was Classified According to Number of Smokers in the Region; 1 of 10 Adults Dies from Smoking [according to Adventist Development and Relief Agency’s studies in Cambodia]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3344, 22-23.12.2007

  • Kampuchea Krom Khmer Monks Plan Petition to Yuon [Vietnamese] Embassy Again [demanding release of Tim Sakhan [who has been defrocked on accusation of having perpetrated an offense against the Buddhist law, because he is accused to have destroyed the harmony between Vietnam and Cambodia, now jailed in Vietnam]
  • Municipal Court Will Try the Accused Chea Chung [accused of drug trafficking] on 27 December; Many Circles Wait to Observe It Carefully
  • No UN Envoy Has Been Welcome by Strongman Hun Sen
  • Victims of Land Grabbing in Krakor Plan to Demonstrate on 24 December against Ratanak Visal Company [Pursat]
  • Implementation of Human Rights in Cambodia Is Really Smooth when Police Beat and Kick Monks Like Animals [ironic]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4469, 22.12.2007

  • [Prince] Thomico Affirms New Strategy for Samdech Krom Preah [through conference of monarchists]
  • Newspaper Sellers at Borei Keyla Disappointed about Expulsion without Compensation
  • Joseph [A. Mussomeli, US Ambassador to Cambodia]: Positive Points of Khmer Rouge Tribunal Make US Consider Provision of Funds
    US Ambassador [at the opening ceremony of a journalism training course at the US Embassy]: ‘Free Media Are Fundamental for Solid Democracy’
  • Ministry of Finance Asks Germany to Help to Train Auditors

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #582, 22.12.2007

  • Sam Rainsy, Kem Sokha [president of Human Rights Party], and Prince Ranariddh Are in France, Annoying Hun Sen in Cambodia
  • Joseph A. Mussomeli: Journalists Are Not to Serve Government and [political party] Candidates
  • Yuon [Vietnam] to Provide Hun Sen $1 Million [for radio stations in Svay Rieng, Mondolkiri, Kampot, and Kompong Thom] to Propagandize for Yuon Communism

Go to last week’s editorial

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