The Number of Children with Severe Malnutrition Increases – Thursday, 19.2.2009

Posted on 19 February 2009. Filed under: Week 600 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 600

“Phnom Penh: A new report from the National Institute of Statistics found that the number of children with severe malnutrition increased, and the number of different diseases that affect children under the age of five increased also.

“The findings of a survey on the national level, analyzing the influence of high food prices, indicate that the health of children did not improve, because the number of children with serious malnutrition rose from 8.4% in 2005 to 8.9% in 2008, which is an important indication based on their weight and height proportions. This survey found also that the spread of fever among children under the age of four rose to 58.9% in 2008, compared to 39.6% in 2005.

“However, this survey discovered also some positive results regarding the situation of alimentation of women and of children under the age of two.

“The director of the National Mother and Child Health Center, Professor Dr. Kum Kanal, referred questions regarding this problem to the person who released this report.

“The deputy director of the Department of Planning and Health Information, Ms. Sok Kanha, said Tuesday evening by telephone that our country is poor, and the economic standard of living dropped, making many workers unemployed, and some farmers do not own enough rice fields, causing shortages. Therefore, they cannot provide enough food to their children.

“When asked whether the equity program of a foundation of the government is failing or not, while the health situation of the people declines, Ms. Sok Kanha claimed, ‘The equity program of the foundation of the government does not fail, because this program offers charged services to patients, but it is not to buy food for the poor.’

“She added that any solution for this problem requires participation from development partners, and especially the UN World Food Program, to provide food to people, and she requested to provide aid to ‘the hungry, otherwise its project will not be successful and will not reach he right directions.’

“[Secretary of state at the Ministry of Health and director of Calmette Hospital] Dr. Heng Taikry could not be reached for comment, but he told The Cambodia Daily on Monday that he did not know anything about the findings of this research, yet he suspected that the rising food prices probably do not affect children’s health.

“He went on to say, ‘At present, Cambodian people have a better living standard and they can eat sufficient food.’

“The above survey is funded by the United Nations Children’s Fund – UNICEF – and by the United Nations Development Program – UNDP – asking 7,500 women and children to reflect on the influence of high food prices. The Institute of Statistics found that in 2008, food prices increased by 10%, more than the price of other consumer goods.

“A consultant of the Institute of Statistics, Mr. Joel Konkle, told The Cambodia Daily that the spread of diseases such as diarrhea, fever, serious respiratory diseases among small children increased, and further research is needed to define the extent of these diseases.

“He added that more serious malnutrition and child health conditions might be caused by high food prices, because research shows a declining consumption of expensive food, such as meat and fish. Malnutrition of children makes them easily susceptible to diseases.

“Mr. Joel Konkle added a warning that poor children in cities need emergency assistance, because of the increase in the number of malnourished children under the age of five, from 9.6% in 2005 to 15.9% in 2008.

“The Chief of the Children Survival Section of UNICEF, Ms. Viorica Berdaga, said that she was surprised that serious malnutrition of children under the age of two increased. She added that those involved in food security should summon a meeting soon and take action as quickly as possible.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4825, 19.2.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 19 February 2009

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #119, 19.2.2009

  • France Welcomes the Beginning of the First Hearing of the Tuol Sleng Prison Chief [Kaing Gek Eav, called Duch]
  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Criticizes that Persons in the Fields of Education and Health Care Were Reduced [he agrees that in some fields it is necessary to reduce personnel by sending people into retirement without replacing them – but this should not relate to the fields of teachers and doctors]
  • Two Englishmen Died in a Royal Highness Hotel Room [the cause of deaths is not yet found – Phnom Penh]
  • The United States of America Adds 17,000 Troops for Afghanistan

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1877, 19.2.2009

  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs Waits for a Final Investigation Report from Troops before Asking for an Explanation from the Siamese [Thai] Embassy
  • Brothels in Siem Reap Town Run Their Exploitation Grandly [their number is increasing, they have a bad influence on public morals and culture – local residents say that they are mostly operated by people from Vietnam]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.3, #347, 19.2.2009

  • Commander-In-Chief Pol Saroeun Said that Siam [Thailand] Unintentionally Fired into Khmer Territory, while [the chairperson of the Committee for Solving Border Disputes] Va Kimhong Said that It Violates Cambodian Territorial Integrity

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6582, 19.2.2009

  • A Car of a Korean Delegation Crashed into the Ou Leang Kruos Bridge and Injured Three People Seriously [Strung Treng]
  • A Study for the Construction of a Hydro-Electric Dam at the Cheay Araeng River in Thma Bak District with 108 Megawatt and an Investment Capital of More Than US$325 Million Is Finished [by the China Southern Power Grid Company – Koh Kong]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3691, 19.2.2009

  • [The president of the opposition party] Sam Rainsy Asked the Government to Take Immediate Action in View of [the declining] Prices of Agricultural Products, and to Cease Grabbing of Citizens’ Land
  • Duch’s Lawyers Demand the Release of Their Defendant during the Khmer Rouge Tribunal’s Hearing [they want to sue for the illegal detention of Duch in military prison since 1999 before he was transferred to the tribunal’s detention in 2007]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4825, 19.2.2009

  • The Number of Children with Severe Malnutrition Increases
  • Vietnamese Documentary Videos Created Strong Arguments during Duch’s Hearing [his defense lawyers opposed the inclusion of these video as new evidence, saying that they are invented videos]
  • US Ambassador [Ms. Carol A. Rodley] Praises Telecommunication Sector in Cambodia
  • International Red Cross Encourages Improvement for Prisons in Cambodia
  • Vietnam Reacts against Human Rights Watch regarding Khmer Kampuchea Krom Case [by condemning Vietnam for cracking down on Khmer Krom people living at the Mekong delta and for restricting religious respect and freedom of expression; Vietnam said that the Khmer Kampuchea Krom community is a part that cannot be cut out from the 52 communities living in Vietnam, and Vietnam does not allow any form of discrimination and of racial divisions to happen]

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror.

And please recommend us also to your colleagues and friends.

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Saturday, 19.7.2008: World Bank Granted US$30 Million to Cambodia to Support Big Health Projects

Posted on 20 July 2008. Filed under: Week 569 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 569

“Phnom Penh: The Ministry of Economy and Finance released information that the World Bank has provided a credit of approximately US$30 million to the Royal Government of Cambodia to support the Second Health Sector Support Program [HSSP2], which is a project to promote the health care of Cambodian people, especially it focuses on the health of women, of children, and of the poor.

“Senior Minister and the Minister of Economy and Finance, Mr. Keat Chhon, representing Cambodia, signed an agreement to accept the credit with Mr. Ian Porter, Country Director of the World Bank for Cambodia, on Thursday evening [17 June 2008] at the Ministry of Finance.

“According to an announcement of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the project to support the HSSP2 of the Royal Government of Cambodia will be implemented for a period of five years, and up to US$130 million will be spent in total. Now, the World Bank agreed to provide US$30 million, the Australian Agency for International Development [AusAID] granted US$30 million as grant aid, the Department for International Development [DFID] of Britain granted US$50, and the Royal Government of Cambodia contributes US$20 million.

“Senior Minister Keat Chhon said during the signing ceremony that this project aims to support the health strategies of the Royal Government, to promote accesses to, and to receive and to use efficient and qualified health services. He added that the project will be organized following a new mechanism by transferring and by supplying primary health services from non-government organizations to health staff at lower national levels.

“He continued that this project has been created to support the implementation of the 2008 to 2015 health strategic plan of the Royal Government, specifically, this project will contribute to help the Cambodian government to achieve the Millennium Development Goals in the health sector.

The three Millennium Development Goals in the health sector are (among eight goals):

4.Reduce child mortality
5.Improve maternal health
6.Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

“Professor Eng Huot, Secretary of State of the Ministry of Health, said that over the past decade, the health of Cambodian citizens is improving significantly. The life expectation of men increased from 52 to 58 years, and for women from 56 to 64 years; infant and child mortality declined, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been arrested.

“He added that Cambodia still faces several big problems – the maternity death rate is high, the improvement of the malnutrition situation is slow, health services are expensive, health care is not qualified yet, and accidents and noninfectious diseases increase. He went on to say that now, because of the support through the credit granted by the World Bank and by many other development partners, we expect that these major problems will be reduced.

“Also, Mr. Ian Porter said that the World Bank has been involved to promote the health sector in Cambodia since 1996 through two projects: one project to get rid of infectious diseases, and another project to support the health sector. He continued that the Bank is very pleased to see the HSSP2 off the ground, in line with the Country Assistance Strategy for Cambodia.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4645, 19.7.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 19 July 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1697, 19.7.2008

  • The Situation at the Preah Vihear Temple Sometimes Was Tough and Sometimes Was Not; Thailand Added More Troops; Thailand Put Sixteen Cannons on Top of a Mountain [500 meter to the north of Prasat Pagoda]; Thai Prime Minister Samak Summoned Supreme Military Commanders in Bangkok [18 July 2008]; Fighting Almost Broke Out on Thursday Evening [when Thai soldiers prohibited Khmer monks and nuns to enter a pagoda outside the area which Cambodia had claimed when applying for World Heritage Listing – now the Thai soldiers claimed that they are ordered to control it, but this confrontation was solved by both sides – the Khmer military commander at the Preah Vihear region, Mr. Chea Keo, agreed that the Khmer soldiers stay outside the pagoda during the night to avoid a confrontation]
  • The National Election Committee [NEC] Asks the Political Parties to Clearly Check Counting the Ballots
  • The Korea International Cooperation Agency – KOICA – President Promises to Support the Cambodian Requests [to the South Korea President, Mr. Lee Myung-Bak – Cambodia requests help for a water treatment plant in Siem Reap, the maintenance of National Road 33, National Road 31, and Road 117, a multi-purpose dam in Battambang, and the construction of bridges along the national roads]
  • [Nearly 100] Minority Montagnards Held a Demonstration for Their Freedom [in front of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees office in Tuol Kork, Phnom Penh, after twenty nine Montagnards had been sent back to their home in Vietnam, after they failed in the interviews to be accepted to live in the USA]


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #202, 19.7.2008

  • Samdech Euv [Father King] Thanks UNESCO for Listing the Preah Vihear Temple as a World Heritage Site
    The National Election Committee Allows Political Parties to Propagandize in Markets


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #53, 19.7.2008

  • Two Political Parties [the Human Rights Party and the Sam Rainsy Party] Asked the Government to Lodge a Complaint [against the Thai invasion into Khmer territory]
  • [President of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association] Rong Chhun Appealed [on 18 July 2008] that the Council of Ministers Should Give Explanations Regarding the Preah Vihear Temple Issue [a statement of the Cambodia Watchdog Council expressed on 9 July also concerns about the confusion created by the government, creating a new map for the listing of the Preah Vihear Temple, that led to the intrusion of Thai soldiers into territory which Cambodia did not claim on the new map]
  • Is the Life of the Khmer Fishery Official [Mr. Phat Saroeun, who was shot dead by the Vietnamese navy when he and other officials tried to catch an illegal Vietnamese fishing boat in the Khmer sea off Kampot] Not Worth More Than Vietnamese Dong 5 Million? [on 17 July 2008, Vietnam sent the body of Mr. Phat Saroeun back, together with Dong 5 million – approx. US$300 – to the victim’s family, and returned another fishery official, who had been arrested during the confrontation]
  • It Is Not a Territorial Dispute, but an Invasion [editorial position of Khmer Sthapana]
  • Lutheran World Federation Cambodia Program Plans to Expand Its Help in Areas That Are Easily Negatively Affected and in Remote Areas [it has helped Cambodia to manage natural resources and to develop rural areas, considering the rights and the expressed interests of citizens in rural areas as the basis for its strategies]


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4645, 19.7.2008

  • World Bank Granted US$30 Million to Cambodia to Support Big Health Projects
    Price of Oil Decreases to under US$130 [per barrel]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3363, 19.7.2008

  • What Do [Minister of Agriculture] Chan Sarun and [Director of Fisheries Department] Nao Thuok Do Regarding the Shooting of a Kampot Fishery Official to Death by Yuon [Vietnamese] Soldiers

?

Have a look at the last editorial – The struggle towards openness and access to information happens in many places – and it may help to mutually learn from other experiences.

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