Cambodia Will Start the First Stock Market in December, but Will Not Be Successful as Planned – Wednesday, 21.1.2009

Posted on 22 January 2009. Filed under: Week 596 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Would you like easy access to the editions of The Mirror directly by e-mail, and keep them on your harddisk? Or have a “newsfeed”? You can “subscribe” for free!

Click on Subscribe to The Mirror (not here, but on the blue letters to the right of the text, underneath Have a look at last week’s editorial and Previous editorials). You are offered several possibilities to select from. If you do not have any other preferences, we recommend:

Get The Mirror delivered by e-mail

And follow the questions.
.

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 596

“Phnom Penh: The meltdown of the global economy, the lack of trust from investors, the lack of skills, the weakness of laws and of the judicial system, and corruption are considered by experts to be obstacles against the expected success of a stock market in Cambodia. This assessment is made as Cambodia plans to start the process of its first stock market in December 2009.

“It should be noted that a stock market is a gathering forum which allows investors and the general people to invest in companies that they trust, in order bring back profits for them. Those companies participating in a stock market can sell their shares to anybody and take the money like a loan for extending their activities, expecting profit; citizens can buy shares in order to become shareholders and co-owners of a shares selling company. Such clients can receive benefits, as long as the company makes profit.

“At present, the global economy is facing a crisis, and the stock markets of all countries are low, because many owners of shares sold their shares in order to recoup [as much as is left of their] original capital, and many other potential customers give up their intentions to invest in the stock market.

“The Chief Researcher of the Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace, Mr. Chab Sothearith, said that the general loss of trust from investors will make it difficult for a stock market in Cambodia to take off.

“In should be noted that the Cambodian government announced a stock market project in September 2007 with Korea Exchange of South Korea, which put up 45% of the share capital as a partner immediately. After the announcement, the Cambodia Securities and Stock Exchange Law was adopted, and a Securities Commission of Cambodia was created, to encourage the creation of a stock exchange, which will issue shares and take action against companies that violate the law.

“However, stock exchange experts said that Cambodia still has a lot of shortcomings which are an obstacle for the progress of starting a stock exchange at the end of this year.

“An advisor of the National Accounting Council and finance professor of the Royal University of Economy and Law, Mr. Soum Chanthy, said that so far, Cambodia has very few stock market experts and does not have a proper and sufficiently complex technical basis to meet the operations of a stock market.

“In addition, Cambodia needs a firm legal system and courts with high capabilities to quickly and justly solve issues related to doing business in a stock market.

“Mr. Soum Chanthy added that although there is still one year left to create a stock market, Cambodia is not yet capable to meet all shortcomings mentioned above, making the stock market plan progress slowly.

“The director of the Cambodia Institute of Development Studies, Mr. Kang Chandararoth, said that while Cambodia has not yet an anti-corruption law, the creation of a stock market will provide high hazards, and losses will have to be faced by investors.

“The Cambodian government has not yet adopted an anti-corruption law for many years.

“Mr. Kang Chandararath went on to say that corruption can happen at state and private companies, like hiding facts in financial reports about capital, losses, and profits.

“It should be noted that part of success of a successful investment of capital depends on good governance and financial transparency of companies; their situation needs to be disclosed publicly; however, among more than 2,000 enterprises operating in Cambodia, less than 20% publish annual reports. This information comes from the National Accounting Council at the Ministry of Economy and Finance.

“A secretary of state of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Mr. Ngy Tayi, agreed with the definition of the problems mentioned above, and he said that at present, the Ministry continues to encourage different companies to organize their reports properly before they are allowed to participate in the stock market. In the meantime, the director of the general commercial development project of Korea Exchange, Mr. In Myo Lee [phonetic], said that a stock market can help to reduce corruption in Cambodia.

“Cambodia wants to attract national and international investors from more than 400 companies to this stock market, but so far, according to Korean investors who are partners, there are only three state-controlled companies which plan to register something at the stock market of Cambodia.” Khmer Sthapana, Vol.2, #188, 21.1.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 21 January 2009

Cheat Khmer, Vol.1, #8, 21.1.2009

  • The Vietnamese Authorities Released [five] Khmer Kampuchea Krom Monks, but Prohibit Them to be Ordained as Monks Again [according to the president of the Khmer Kampuchea Krom Association, Mr. Thach Setha]

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #108, 21.1.2009

  • The Ministry of Culture Restricts the Implementation of the Copyright Law
  • Cambodia Prepares to Host an ASEAN Foreign Affair Ministerial Meeting with the European Union [27 and 28] May 2009

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1852, 21.1.2009

  • The Court Summons Sam Rainsy to Come to Explain [issues of a lawsuit of the National Election Committee against him for not paying Riel 10 million, charged by the National Election Committee for defaming leaders of the Cambodian People Party during election campaign in 2008]
  • Cambodia Liberated 18,000 Children from Serious Forms of Labor in 2008 [it is estimated that there are more than 1.5 million child workers in Cambodia, and among them, 250,000 are doing serious forms of labor]
  • Siam [Thailand] Will Investigate the Allegation that There Are Rights Violations against [Muslim] Rohingya Migrants [by sending them in boats to the sea]

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.2, #188, 21.1.2009

  • Cambodia Will Start the First Stock Market in December, but Will Not Be Successful as Planned
  • Leaders of Both Opposition Parties [the Human Rights and the Sam Rainsy Party] in the National Assembly Ask the King to Grant a Great Title to Eminent Leader Chea Vichea [the president of the Free Trade Union of Workers of the Kingdom of Cambodia who was murdered in 2004]
  • Puea Thai Party Wants Mr. Thaksin [ousted former Thai Prime Minister] as an Advisor

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6557, 21.1.2009

  • The Government Announces Two Positions for Solving Land Disputes: 1. Prevent Armed Clashes and 2. Continue Bilateral Negotiations
  • Two Suspects Who Are [paddy rice] Guards Are Arrested for Setting Fire on 30 Hectares of Paddy Rice Sheafs [corresponding to around 50 tonnes of paddy rice] During the Night [Battambang]
  • A One-Year and Nine-Month Old Girl Was Killed by Twisting Her Neck, and Thrown into a Fish Raising Pond by a Brutal Person [perpetrator is not yet identified – Pursat]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3671, 21.1.2009

  • The Artificially As Murderers Accused [Born Samnang and Sok Sam Oeun, who were recently released on bail] Are Invited to Join the Firth Anniversary of the Murder of the Former President of the Free Trade Union of Workers of the Kingdom of Cambodia Chea Vichea

Rasmei Angkor, Vol.16, #1405, 21.1.2009

  • [The Commander of the National Military Police] Mr. Sao Sokha: The Shooting of Protesters [by Kandal Stung district military police, which caused three people to be injured] Is Being Investigated

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4800, 21.1.2009

  • Samdech Hun Sen Announces His Intention to Meet with New Thai Prime Minister to Talk about Border Disputes [and he will not raise the disputes between Cambodia and Thailand during the ASEAN summit]
  • The Economic Crisis Will Make at Least 70,000 Workers Unemployed by May 2009 [25,000 workers already lost their employment]
  • Three People [driving on a motorbike] Died after Being Hit and Run Over by a Truck [Kandal]
  • New US Ambassador [Ms. Carol A. Rodley] Presents Her Diplomatic Credentials to the King

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror.

And please recommend us also to your colleagues and friends.

Back to top

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )

Promoting 70 More Military Officers Leads to More Serious Inflation – Friday, 16.1.2009

Posted on 16 January 2009. Filed under: Week 595 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

On Monday, 12 January 2009, we had the 100,000th visit to the Mirror – starting from January 2007.

Thanks for your interest.

Would you like easy access to the editions of The Mirror directly by e-mail, and keep them on your harddisk? Or have a “newsfeed”? You can “subscribe” for free!

Click on Subscribe to The Mirror (not here, but on the blue letters to the right of the text, underneath Have a look at last week’s editorial and Previous editorials). You are offered several possibilities to select from. If you do not have any other preferences, we recommend:

Get The Mirror delivered by e-mail

And follow the questions.
.

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 595

“On Wednesday, Deputy Prime Minister and Minster of Defense Tea Banh said that there are 70 military officers among a group of generals of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces who were promoted to the rank of one-star general in 2008, in a ceremony on 31 December 2008. Tea Banh, mentioning the six-month confrontation at the border region during disputes with Siam [Thailand], said that generals from all provinces were promoted according their accomplishments and successes in defending the nation.

“Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Tea Banh – suspected by some people not to be of Khmer descent – said, ‘We have laws for the appointment of officers in the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces, from low to high levels, and appointments are based on the special positions in the military and in any specific region where troops are deployed.’

“It should be noted that in March 2006, Minister of Defense Tea Banh said that there were 613 generals ranking from one star to four stars in the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces. However, on Wednesday, Tea Banh did not mention how many generals from one star to four stars exist at present. This creates a strong interest among observers of the field of national defense in Cambodia, while this field loses its importance to a considerable extent.

“According to a figure in 2006, it was estimated that each one-star general could only have 179 soldiers under his command among the 110,000 soldiers in Cambodia at that time. Figures from 2004, released on the website of a World Security Organization, allow to compare figures with the US armed forces, where there were 876 generals, and for each general there were 1,347 soldiers, both male and female. A journalist in Thailand, an expert in security affairs, said in an email on Wednesday that the newly promoted 70 generals of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces seem to be too many, but the awarding of such ranks is frequently based on political reasons.

“Nevertheless, Deputy Prime Minister and Minster of Defense Tea Banh said that the promotions giving higher ranks is completely based on qualifications, but not on political considerations. Also the Preah Vihear RCAF commander Sam Bopharath said that he is one of the military officers promoted, and he was given the rank of a brigadier, having been a captain before. This Preah Vihear military commander said, ‘I was promoted to be a one star-general, after I have worked for 30 years in the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces.

“He went on to say that this promotion is part of the administrative reform of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces, requiring all regional commanders to hold the rank of one-star general. As for Neak Vong, the chief of the General Staff of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces of the Fourth Region, assigned to be positioned at the Ta Moan temple region along the Cambodia-Siam [Thai] border, he said that the ranking is based on active work and long term experiences in military affairs. He added, ‘I have worked for the Ministry of Defense nearly ten years, but I am not yet appointed to be a general; I am still a major.’

“It should be noted that among the expenses in the 2009 national budget of up to US$1,8 billion, the Hun Sen government increased the expenses for the national defense, in order to improve this field to be stronger. In the meantime, observers of the national defense in Cambodia said that in order to strengthen the national defense, corruption in the Ministry of National Defense and in the Military General Headquarters must be eliminated urgently, otherwise the effort to strengthen the military will not receive good results, because corruption in the Ministry of National Defense and in the Military General Headquarters has previously even taken away hats, shoes, and clothes of military officers and of soldiers countrywide. Therefore, the elimination of corruption in the field of national defense is crucial, so that it can be compared to neighboring countries.

“Some experienced military officers said that even though at present, Cambodia has many generals, their abilities are still limited, because their promotions do not depend on real skills and work experiences, and on the struggle to serve the nation. In contrast, they receive their ranks for political reasons, which leads to a serious inflation of ranks, making their positions less valuable, and the stars on their shoulders are just worn for decoration.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3667, 16.1.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 16 January 2009

Cheat Khmer, Vol.1, #5, 16-18.1.2009

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #107, 16-20.1.2009

  • Israel Is Seeking Cooperation in Economy and Investment in Cambodia [according to a diplomatic visit by the first secretary of the Israeli Embassy in Bangkok, Mr. Tzahi Selzer, in Cambodia]
  • The 7NG Company Will Wait for Three More Days, Offering US$20,000 [for residents] in Exchange for Leaving [the Dey Krahom region]
  • Cambodia Plans to Create [Cambodian National] Television Representative Office in Beijing [according the Minister of Information, Mr. Khieu Kanharith]
  • A Danish Woman Is Convicted to Serve 15 Years in Prison and Fined Riel 30 Million [approx. US$7,500 for drug trafficking. Actually, she bought several thousand of over-the-counter painkillers with codeine that can be easily and legally bought at street-side pharmacies throughout Phnom Penh; she was arrested in Phnom Penh when she tried to mail them abroad]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1848, 16.1.2009

  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Presented the Potential of Natural Resources of Cambodia to Kuwait Investors [during his visit to Kuwait]
  • To Let Their [10-year-old] Daughter Work for Other People in Phnom Penh for Pay Is Like to Let Them Mistreat Her; When a Girl Could Not Bear It Any Longer, She Escaped from a House and Asked for Help from the Police [she could no longer bear the work and the mistreatment, and could not go to school as had been promised to her parents; she escaped and she wants to return to her parents in Battambang]
  • The Chinese Economy Reaches the Third Rank in the World [after the United States of America and Japan – the Chinese government estimates that the economic growth of 11.9% in 2007 can grow up to 13%]

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.2, #184, 16.1.2009

  • The Sam Rainsy Party and the Human Rights Party Create an Alliance to Form a Democratic Political Movement

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6553, 16.1.2009

  • The Co-Judges of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Decided to Set the Date for the Hearing of Former Tuol Sleng Prison Chief ‘Duch’ in March
  • A Detestable Man Who Raped His [12-year-old] Daughter while His Wife Was at the End of Her Pregnancy Was Arrested and Brought to the [Preah Vihear] Court

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3667, 16.1.2009

  • Promoting 70 More Military Officers Leads to More Serious Inflation
  • The Phnom Penh Municipal Court Summons Khmer Rouge Tribunal Officials to Question Them about Corruption

Rasmei Angkor, Vol.16, #1403, 16.1.2009

  • The Ministry of Health Seeks Self-Governing for State Hospitals [in Phnom Penh, in order to make them autonomous in finance, hoping that this will lead to better health care for patients]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4796, 16.1.2009

  • India Asks Cambodia to Produce Grains That Can Be Exported to India [according to a meeting between Deputy Prime Minister Sok An and the new Indian ambassador to Cambodia, Mr. Rajesh Kumar Sachdeva]
  • In 2008, Khmer Tourists Traveling Abroad Decline by 200,000 [with a total number of 760,000, if compared to 2007, because plane tickets were too expensive while the fuel price skyrocketed]
  • More Than 1,000 [Palestinian] People Died in Gaza [since the war started 19 days ago – among them, more than 300 were children and 76 were women – during the same time 13 citizens of Israel died – 4 in Israel, and 9 while invading Gaza]

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror.

And please recommend us also to your colleagues and friends.

Back to top

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 2 so far )

Thursday, 17.7.2008: Officials of the Government and of Civil Society Organizations Are Concerned about Employment and Work in Cambodia

Posted on 18 July 2008. Filed under: Week 569 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 569

“Phnom Penh: Civil society organizations and officials of the government have expressed different opinions regarding the right to get jobs in Cambodia in the first three months of 2008.

“An under-secretary of state of the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training, Mr. Um Mean, said that those who say that nowadays there are no jobs for its citizens in Cambodia, they are not blind, but they pretend to be blind and deaf, because now there are markedly more factories, and Cambodia has a broad range of industries, of tourism, and of transportation and communication jobs; those enterprises even lack workers.

“Though trade unions and garment factories’ representatives had agreed to increase the basic salary up to US$50 per month on 19 October 2006, this increase cannot match with the inflation in the markets.

“According to a 2007 report of the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association [ADHOC], about 300,000 persons join the labor force every year, but only 16,000 among them are graduated students who are seeking jobs. However, only 10% of these graduates can get adequate jobs.

“The new laborers who join the labor force face difficulties to get jobs in the areas where they live, forcing 250,000 of them to migrate from rural areas to major cities, especially to Phnom Penh; a large number of them cross the borders illegally to neighboring countries to seek jobs. The garment sector in Cambodia absorbs about 300,000 workers, but it cannot employ all migrant workers.

“[The president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association] Mr. Rong Chhun said that most investors coming to invest in Cambodia have their own skilled workers and senior managers; their Cambodian staff can only work, for example, as unskilled construction workers. Mr. Rong Chhun added that at the present time, the majority of Cambodian citizens has no paid employment, and this strongly affects their livelihood because of inflation, which makes the prices of all kinds of good skyrocket; this forces parents to stop sending their children to school, so that they rather help to seek additional income to cover daily expenses, and among them are many who work as scavengers at garbage dumps, though they are children.

“According to the survey by ADHOC, the shortage of employment for youth seriously affects children working at certain production areas that are not well organized, like rubber plantations, salt field, brick and tile kilns, and in general in Poipet. Most of the children working there are from 10 to 17 years old, and they do all kinds of work that normally adults do, such as rubber tapping, carrying heavy goods on racks on their shoulders, dragging carts, or carrying salt yokes.

“This ADHOC report added that part of this working situation exists because it does not seem to get proper attention, and nobody respects the rights of the working children, for example, in the work at some mines in Mondolkiri. There is no respect of workers’ rights, the workers get hit as punishment; moreover, those companies do not allow human rights organizations to gather information or to observe all kinds of abuse of workers’ rights. Furthermore, some mines broke in and workers were killed. Those companies can do so, because the government does not observe and check whether all contracts between the companies and the government are implemented, and the government is also not caring to monitor the abuses of workers’ rights.

“Mr. Rong Chhun said that at the present in Cambodia, Khmer citizens are facing many difficulties when seeking jobs. He said that if Cambodia had a lot of employment opportunities, Khmer citizens would not migrate to work in other countries; the majority of migration leads to Thailand and to Malaysia, and a smaller number people goes to work in South Korea. Among those who go abroad, some do it legally and some are illegal workers; they are mistreated, oppressed, and threatened, both mentally and physically, by people from those countries who accuse them of coming into their countries illegally; they may be detained, until there are interventions on their behalf to help them return to their home countries.” Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #51, 17.7.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 17 July 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1695, 17.7.2008

  • Cambodia and Thailand Plan to Negotiate at High Level to Lessen the Tense Situation along the Border; 250 Black-Clad Thai Border Protection Unit Troops Have Not Withdrawn from Tuol Prasat Pagoda in Khmer Territory
    Thai Soldiers Came to Check Border Markers at the Site of a Bridge on Khmer Territory at the Poipet International Border Crossing [16 July 2008]
  • Radio and Television Channels Are Accused of Disregarding the Instructions of the National Election Committee [about sale, rent, or provision of air time to political parties, and to disregard broadcasting policies – those channels are: Bayon Television, Apsara Television, Phnom Penh Municipal Television, Cambodian Television Network CTN, Radio FM 88 MHz, Radio FM 90 MHz, Radio FM 95 MHz, Radio FM 97 MHz, Radio FM 98 MHz, Radio FM 99 MHz, Radio FM 103 MHz, Radio Free Asia, and Voice of America [most of them, except for the last two, are Cambodian People’s Party oriented]
  • Cambodian Mine Action Center [CMAC] Has Cleared 15 Million Square Meter of Landmines in the Period of Six Month in 2008 [according to General Director of CMAC Mr. Khem Sophoan]
  • Man, 42, Raped Six-Year-Old Girl, Killed Her, Gouged Her Eyes, and Threw Her into a Pond [Thma Puok, Banteay Meanchey]


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #51, 17.7.2008

  • Officials of the Government and Civil Society Organizations Are Concerned about Employment and Work in Cambodia
  • Civil Society Organizations Raised Human Trafficking as an Issue for Political Parties to Find Solutions
  • Meat of Wild Animals Is Famous in Restaurants [Siem Reap]


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6399, 17.7.2008

  • Another New Bank from Korea Inaugurated [‘Best Specialized Bank’]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3514, 16.7.2008

  • Information about the Release of Tim Sakhan Is Kept Secret [he had been defrocked on an accusation of having perpetrated an offense against the Buddhist law, he was accused to have destroyed the harmony between Vietnam and Cambodia and arrested – but later released: no information about where he is]


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4643, 17.7.2008

  • Royal Academy of Cambodia Publishes Homonyms [a word that both sounds and is spelled the same as another word but has a different meaning] and Paronyms [a word derived from the same root, or with the same sound, as another word] Dictionary
  • Opposition Party President of Malaysia [Anwar Ibrahim] Arrested [on 16 July 2008 on the Accusation of having sex with his male assistant – he denies it and calls it a fabrication to exclude him from politics]
  • Thai Supreme Commander General Boonsang Niempradit Told the Military to Maintain a Neutral Position in Politics [after the Chief of the Air Force, Air Chief Marshal General Chalit Phukpasuk, had twice participated in events of the opposition movement of the People’s Alliance for Democracy in his military uniform]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3361, 17.7.2008

  • The US Federal Bureau of Investigation [Phnom Penh office] and US Embassy Want to Help to Arrest the Real Murderers Who Killed the Journalist [Mr. Khim Sambo and his son, aged 21], but the Government Does Not Need Them [the government is reported to have responded that it will ask for help when it needs it]
  • Officials of the Ministry of Water Resources Accuse One of [Minister of Economy] Keat Chhon’s Followers, the Official Hul Ponnarath, of Destroying what Khmer Citizens Are Interested in [by not cooperating with project management officials, and claiming two new pick-up cars for his personal use, which stalls the project implementation at seven locations in the east of the country]
  • Kandal Fishery Official [Khlaing Vanthol] Allows Yuon [Vietnamese] Merchants to Use Illegal Fishery Tools

Have a look at the last editorial – The struggle towards openness and access to information happens in many places – and it may help to mutually learn from other experiences.

Back to top

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 7 so far )

Wednesday, 9.7.2008: CEDAC Expresses Optimism about the Sustainability of Farming

Posted on 9 July 2008. Filed under: Week 568 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 568

“Phnom Penh: The Cambodian Center for Study and Development in Agriculture [CEDAC] has finished a project to help improve the living standards of the poor in five southern provinces of Cambodia in June 2008. This project was funded by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction [JFPR] though the Asian Development Bank for a period of five years, and US$1.3 million were spent.

“However, what CEDAC has to think about is, after the project has finished, to choose actions that can guarantee the continuity of what has been built up. In a discussion held late June, the governor of Batheay District, Kompong Cham, raised previous experiences that there used to be many organizations assisting this district, but when their project fund came to an end, there was no continuity at all. Villagers are afraid that CEDAC might repeat the same situation when it runs out of funds. But local authorities that observe CEDAC evaluate that the project implementation of CEDAC has achieved many good results. The improvement of the living standard of the poor at the targeted community led, to some extent, to a reduction of poverty.

“Eight outstanding representative farmers from Svay Rieng, Prey Veng, Kompong Cham, Kompong Chhnang, and Takeo asserted that their families and the members of their communities are richer, because they have attended different training courses about practices of techniques by CEDAC. There they learned how the community can save money, how to breed animals and fish, or to conserve trees, to grow crops, to do rice farming based on natural methods etc., all of which is closely related to marketability of the products.

“Mr. Lang Seng Houn, a local coordinator, said that the participation by local authority representatives from villages, communes, and districts cooperating with farmers’ communities is an important factor that brings poverty alleviation at those target places. Wherever there is participation by local authorities, those places will develop more quickly.

“Mr. Lang Seng Houn showed figures that among 192 villages from five provinces, 14,300 families benefited from the project. the number of farmers who cooperated is 7,300, the living standard of 500 families changed greatly; 5,900 families experienced an average change, and 800 families got poorer. The number of women who have changed their attitudes and abandoned their old habits is 3,500, and the number of youth under the same category is 900. And 1,500 of the poorest families who sold their labor to have some income have changed their living standard and have become independent farmers; the livelihood of farmers in general is better. Generally, they can earn 80% more from the increase of the agricultural production and from the reduction of other expenses. They have stepped up the basis for this to retain the continuity of their production teams, and 718 teams have saved money – they have 6,000 families as members so that they are able to link their products to markets. Each family earns from Riel 1.4 million to Riel 2.6 million [approx. US$340 to US$635 per farming season] from their agricultural products; those are 427 families in Kompong Chhnang, Svay Rieng, and Kompong Cham. Their income is from paddy rice, from the breeding of chickens and pigs, and from the planting of vegetables and other crops.

“Dr. Yang Saing Komar [dean, Faculty of Agriculture and Rural Development, International University, Phnom Penh] pointed to key measures contributing to the sustainability when there are no more external funds. What can replace funds for farmers’ communities to guarantee the continuity of their activities are human resources who have been trained with all skills since five years, always with a link to market mechanisms. All agricultural products created by the community must be taken to markets by the farmers, and they have to sell their own products. Money saved in the community is capital to replace the external funding and can guarantee the sustainability of their community. Production and the link to markets are key methods to develop the rural economy to become active. Trained persons, 995 human resources of the community, will be the main and strong activists who can continue to develop the community without depending on external funds.

“Mr. Komar added that for economic activities money is needed, ‘and we have money which was saved in our community.’ By 2011, this organization has the ambition to increase the money-saving community up to 4,000 villages countrywide, without borrowing loans or depending on foreign donor countries.

“This fund will become a basic experience which can lead to a successfully functioning market that carries great responsibility for the society, especially for the living standard of farmers, and for food security for customers, which can guarantee sustainable development at the basis.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4636, 9.7.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 9 July 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1688, 9.7.2008

  • The Thai Constitutional Court Ruled that a Joint Communique Signed between Cambodia and Thailand Violates the Thai Constitution [as the Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs acted without parliamentary endorsement]
  • The Ministry of Health Distributed More than 80 Tonnes of Abate [chemical substance that is put into stagnant water to kill mosquito eggs and larvae] to Prevent Dengue Fever
    Thousands of Thai Demonstrators Shouted at the Police to Take Action in [deposed former prime minister] Thaksin’s Case Soon [corruption and misuse of power]
  • South Korean Police Warn They Will Use Hot Actions to Suppress Demonstrators against US Beef Imports
  • Thai Rebels [in a Muslim southern Thai province] Attacked a Car Carrying Students; Two [Thai] Soldiers Were Killed and Three Students Were Injured [7 July 2008]
  • [Helicopter of] America Attacked a Wedding Ceremony in Afghanistan [killing at least 22 people]


Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #602, 9.7.2008

  • Cambodian People’s Party Does Not Dare to Create Ministry of Immigration [related to illegal Vietnamese]
  • Ou Chrov District Police Chief [Mr. Ing Song You] Runs a Big Casino in Balat Guesthouse [Poipet]


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #44, 9.7.2008

  • The Preah Vihear Temple Was Listed as a World Heritage Site [8 July 2008]
  • [Traffic] Accidents Increase because of [traffic] Law Violations


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4636, 9.7.2008

  • CEDAC Expresses Optimism about the Sustainability of Farming
  • Situation at the [Preah Vihear Temple] Border Crossing Was Quiet while Cambodia Was Beating Drums and Firing Fireworks to Express Satisfaction about the Preah Vihear Temple
  • Social Network against Child Labor Was Inaugurated in Siem Reap
  • European Commission Plans to spend 1,000 Million Euro against Food Crisis


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3354, 9.7.2008

  • Cambodian People’s Party Did Not Participate in Political Parties’ Forum about Anti-Corruption Law [8 July 2008]

Have a look at the last editorial – Without freedom of information AND an active use of this freedom, emotions can easily lead to dangerous misunderstandings.

Back to top

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 4 so far )

Friday, 27.6.2008: ILO Continues to Provide Funds for the Period of Four Years to a Civil Society Network Against Child Labor in Cambodia

Posted on 27 June 2008. Filed under: Week 566 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 566

“Kampot: An official of the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor of the International Labor Oorganization [ILO-IPEC] said on Tuesday, 24 June 2008, that his organization will continue to provide funds for a period of four more years to a civil society network against child labor in Cambodia.

“Mr. M. P. Joseph, a technical advisor to ILO-IPEC in Cambodia, announced this during an official ceremony of civil society organizations against child labor, meeting in the Phnom Pros Hotel in Kompong Cham. In this ceremony the provincial authorities, other departments and units, non-government organizations, and many monks participated.

“He said, ‘The ILO will try to provide more funds to civil society networks against child labor for a period of four more years, until 2012, to strengthen these networks.’

“He added, ‘Anti-child labor networks have been established in three provinces – Kompong Cham, Siem Reap, and Sihanoukville – and by 2010, we want our networks to be established in all the twenty four provinces and towns in Cambodia.’

“Mr. M. P. Joseph continued, ‘Two years ago, we had an anti-child labor network only on the national level, which is not enough, as the Royal Government cannot do it all alone.’

“He mentioned, ‘Therefore we all have to join to eliminate all forms of child labor, especially the serious forms. At the same time, the participation from communities, parents, enterprises, factories, and mass media is necessaary. According to a national plan implemented since three years by the government as well as other authorities, there were great achievements. This shows that child labor will be eliminated by 80% in 2015 and will be totally eliminated in 2016.

“He went on to say that for the process to eliminate child labor in Kompong Cham, more than US$3,000 per year were spent. ILO-IPECH even wants to create anti-child labor networks at district level in Kompong Cham, in order to make it stronger in other circles and other provinces.

“The advisor asserted that his organization plans to offer training to members of networks of civil society organization so that they are able to create useful projects to ask for funds from other organizations; training will be offered in the next two years.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4626, 27.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 27 June 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1678, 27.6.2008

  • On the First Day of the Election Campaign, Political Parties Marched Peacefully [26 June 2008]
  • High Concentration of Arsenic Is Found in 15,802 Wells in Cambodia [according to Mr. Mao Saray, Director of the Department of Rural Water Supply of the Ministry of Rural Development – water can be drunk safely up to 50 microgram Arsenic, but the water of all the wells mentioned above have over 50 microgram per liter]


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #186, 27.6.2008

  • Families of [the twenty two] Victims of Last Year’s Plane Crash [on 27 June 2007 in Kampot] Have Not Been Compensated by the Cambodian PMT Airline [but the company blamed them for requesting too much money]


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #34, 27.6.2008

  • [Sam Rainsy Party Parliamentarian] Mr. Son Chhay Asked the Ministry of Planning to Give Reasons [for not releasing the index of the rising inflation since May, after there had been a 30% inflation rate released for January 2008 to May 2008]
  • There Are More than 63,000 Mines Victims [in Cambodia – according to the Cambodia program of the Halo Trust]
  • Minority Tribespeople from Severn Villages Protest the Grabbing of Their Land by the Khov Chily Company – when the Provincial Governor [Lay Sokha] Distributed Presents to Them, They Rejected Them and Just Want Their Land Back [Mondolkiri]


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6382, 27.6.2008

  • The Khmer Civilization Foundation Will Bring Four Tonnes of Rice and Other Materials to Assist People Living at the Preah Vihear Temple [on 29 June 2008 – according to a statement of the director of the foundation Mr. Moeung Son on 26 June 2008]
  • Demonstration in Seoul Held Again against Beef Imports from the United States [25-26 June 2008]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3497, 27.6.2008

  • Siem [Thailand] Should Address Its Internal Issues but Not Affect the Preah Vihear Temple Sovereignty of Cambodia


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4626, 27.6.2008

  • ILO Continues to Provide Funds for the Period of Four Years to a Civil Society Network Against Child Labor in Cambodia
  • About 100 Organizations and Education Institutions in Cambodia Sent a Motion to UNESCO [to support the joint statement between Cambodia and Thailand on 17 June 2008 and to express admiration for the work of UNESCO; while Thai opposition party president Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva sent a letter to UNESCO requesting to delay the listing of the Preah Vihear Temple as a World Heritage Site]
  • The King Finished an Official Visit to Vietnam [26 June 2008]
  • Deputy Director of Build Bright University [Mr. Lam Chea]: Most Students Choose Skills That Are Not Their Favorite [depending on the labor market]
  • Lawyer of [the former Thai Prime Minister] Thaksin Jailed [for six months] for Trying to Bribe the Court with Money [trying to leave a box with Baht 2 million in cash – approx US$60,000 – at the court “to distribute”]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3344, 27.6.2008

  • Ten Political Parties [except for the Cambodian People’s Party] Promise to Adopt an International Standard Anti-Corruption Law if They Win the Election [responding to a questionnaire from the Anti-Corruption League of civil society organizations, in which there are nearly fifty national and international non-government organizations]

Have a look at the last editorial – it is almost frightening to see to which extent there are strong emotions, disregarding related legal documents.

Back to top

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )

Thursday, 12.6.2008: In 2009, ILO Will Assist Child Scavengers with Health Problems

Posted on 12 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

“Phnom Penh: A technical advisor to the International Labor Organization [ILO], Mr. M.P. Joseph, said that from 2009 to 2020, ILO will implement a project assisting child scavengers with heath problems who are in the worst forms of child labor.

“Some years ago, ILO focused on children who were in the worst forms of child labor by assisting them to attend school, so that they can be free from this serious labor. In this project, ILO cooperates with the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training.

“The Secretary of State of the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training, Ms. Prak Chantha, said that in Cambodia, 1.5 million children are child laborers, among whom 250,000 children are in the worst forms of child labor. She added that in the first step from 2001 to 2004, more than 4,000 children were taken out from the worst forms of child labor. In the second step from 2004 t0 2008, 18,000, children were taken out from the worst forms of child labor, which was more than the goal set by ILO to assist 16,000 children.

“Mr. M.P. Joseph said that in the third step from 2009 to 2012, ILO will assist in helping child scavengers with their health problems, because previously, ILO has assisted children who are in the worst forms of child labor by helping them to attend school, but ILO had not implemented any heath project for those children yet. Children who are in the worst forms of child labor are those who work at brick kilns, those who are house servants, those children working at salt fields [see an old, 13 May 2005, related report here], at rubber plantations, and those who are child scavengers.

“The elimination of child labor is complicated and it relates to the children’s education. However, in many countries, including in Cambodia, children who are not cared for regularly have no access to go to school. Many poor families do not have the possibility to pay for school fees and for other learning materials at schools. Those families depend on children to help find income for the whole family; and such work is more important for them than the children’s education.

“If those families can send their sons or daughters to school, they choose their sons, while daughters mostly lose the opportunity to go to school.

“Mr. M.P. Joseph said that the removal of children from all forms of child labor is very important in developing the country, because children are very important resources, and if children cannot attend school, the country will not develop.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1665, 12.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 12 June 2008


Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #36, 12-19.6.2008

Deum Ampil, Vol.2, #72, 11-17.6.2008

  • Phanimex Company Is Accused of Using Armed Forces to Remove Land Markers of Ou Andoung, where Villagers Having a Dispute with Sok Kong Company [Prek Pra Commune, Meanchey District, Phnom Penh]


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1665, 12.6.2008

  • In 2009, ILO Will Assist Child Scavengers with Health Problems
  • During nearly Four Months, Almost 200 Girls and Women Were Sexually Abused [according to ADHOC]
  • [Mr. Dam Sith’s] Lawyer Chuong Chougy: Warrant to Detain [the editor-in-chief of Moneaksekar Khmer] Mr. Dam Sith Did Not Have His Name
  • In 2010, Cambodia Will Host Military Exercise of the UN and of Cambodia [said Prime Minister Hun Sen]
  • 120 People Died and 97 Survived in a Plane Crash While Landing in Sudan


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6369, 12.6.2008

  • Those Who Have Degrees Have No Jobs while Some Institutions Lack Human Resources [this is a topic raised in a meeting at the Council of Ministers on 10 June 2008]
  • Khmer Children in the United States Gather to Lean to Read and Write Khmer
  • Nepalese King Left the Royal Palace and the Monarchy Came to an End [11 June 2008]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3484, 12.6.2008

  • Embassies of Important Countries [the United States, Germany, France] Are Worried about Political Situation in Cambodia before the Election [and warn they will not send their election observers to Cambodia if Mr. Dam Sith is not released]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4613, 12.6.2008

  • Methane Company [phonetic] Plans to Create Bio-Energy in Cambodian Rural Areas [to get electricity for citizens]
  • Sam Rainsy and Dam Sith’s Wife Visited Dam Sith at Prey Sar Prison
  • Mangrove Forest in Chranouk Commune Is Being Destroyed [to get land for rice farming – Kompong Chhnang]

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

Back to top

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 2 so far )

Friday, 6.6.2008: Report of 2005-2006 Shows that 70 Percent of Sex Workers, Women and Children, Are Khmers

Posted on 7 June 2008. Filed under: Week 563 | Tags: , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 563

“According to a report based on a joint statistical research of organizations on sex exploitation from 2005 to 2006 received from 25 non-government organizations, in the period of two years there were 518 cases of sex exploitation of women and girls, and 179 of all women were considered to be sexually exploited victims.

“The Report showed that almost 70% of the women and children involved in sex exploitation are Khmers, 28% are Vietnamese, and 2% are Chinese; and among all the nationals with sexually exploited persons, 81% are Khmers, and 19% are Vietnamese, but there are no Chinese involved in this case.

“The report was organized by ECPAT International, and presented on 4 May 2008 in a workshop of anti-human trafficking groups’ working on the national level, meeting at the Sunway Hotel.

The report added that the decline of sex trafficking victims rescued by many organizations is not a sign of the change of trafficking in Cambodia, but it is the result of the reduction of services of such organizations.

“According to the statistics of the Ministry of Planning, 6.4% of the children countrywide under the age of 18 lost their fathers, and 1.7% lost their mothers. Their destinations of human trafficking are Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, and Koh Kong; and more than 20% of human trafficking is targeted to neighboring countries, mostly Malaysia and Thailand. Talking about Vietnamese, they were trafficked from Vietnam to Phnom Penh, but it is not sure yet whether they are originally from outside of Cambodia or not.

“Sex trafficking is classified into four main groups depending on age groups; the first group includes trafficking of girls under the age of 18 who were forced and deceived to do sex work, the second group includes trafficking of girls under the age of 18 who voluntarily do sex work, the third group includes trafficking of women over the age of 18 who were forced and deceived to do sex work, and the fourth group include trafficking of women over the age of 18 who voluntarily do sex work.

“Some girls under the age of 18 explained their situation by referring to losing their parents, because their parents left them, or because they divorced, or there were problems in their families such as debt and poverty. These were the reasons that made them leave their hometowns to find jobs; most of them were abducted and were sexually abused.

“Police rescued the persons in almost two thirds of all cases, then they were followed up by social affairs’ officials and non-government organizations. But what is interesting is that police were not the leading agency to send victims to rehabilitation centers, although they rescued most of them, and on the other side, non government organizations were the leading agencies to send the victimized to the centers; then their cases were followed by the police and by social affair’s officials.

“According to the data collected, most of the women and girls returned to do their previous jobs as sex workers, and few of them used the skills they had learned in the rehabilitation centers to secure their living differently.

“40 of the 117 cases reported to police led to investigations to find suspects from 2005 to 2006; and almost 83% of the investigations led to the lodging of complaints against the suspects for both the accusations of trafficking and of rape.

“80.8% of child trafficking investigations led to the arrests of the suspects, but compared to the cases of adult women, there were only 57.1% such cases leading to arrests.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6364, 6.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 6 June 2008

Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #35, 5-11.6.2008

  • Child Labor Remains Serious Problem, but the Situation Is More Secretive than before


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1658, 6.6.2008

  • Today’s World Environmental Day Is Held under the Topic “Kick the Habit! Towards a Low Carbon Economy”
  • Phnom Penh Is Facing a Serious Shortage of School Buildings [according to Mr. Om Kham Khuon, director of the Department of Education, Youth, and Sport of Phnom Penh]


Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #588, 6.6.2008

  • It Is a Shame that the Cambodian People’s Party Does Not Have the Courage to Participate in the Anniversary of the Loss of Kampuchea Krom Land
  • While Hun Sen Boasts about a Two Digits [economic] Growth, the World Bank Says 55% of Khmers Do Not Gain Benefits


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #170, 6.6.2008

  • [The Minister of Economy and Finance] Keat Chhon Summoned Fuel Companies to Discuss the Price of Fuel in Cambodia Which Is Higher than in Neighboring Countries [according to Secretary of Sate of the Ministry of Economy and Finance Mr. Chea Pengleag, who attended the nearly-two-hour meeting on 4 June 2008]
  • [Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian] Ho Van: the Distribution of Voter’s Information Cards Is Very Unfair in Phnom Penh [because the National Election Committee only selects commune councilors of the Cambodian People’s Party]


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6364, 6.6.2008

  • While Khiev Samphan’s Illness Gets Worse, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia Brought Him Back into Detention
  • Cambodia [improved and] Ranked in 2nd Tier in the US Report on Human Trafficking in 2008
  • The National Election Committee Shows that there Are 8,125,529 Voters


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3479, 6.6.2008

  • Sar Kheng Dares Not to Explain the Problem that Cambodia Does Not Respect Minimum Standards in Curbing Human Trafficking


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4608, 6.6.2008

  • [Two] Experts of the US Senate Come to Study the [Cambodian] Oil Industry
  • The UN Provides US$1.2 Billion More to 60 Countries Most Seriously Affected by the Increase of Food Prices


Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #673, 6.6.2008

  • The Government Starts to Create a Labor Court [according to Under-Secretary of State of the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training Mr. Oum Mean]

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Setting priorities – what to do to remove some dangerous obstacles, to get safer roads

Back to top

Read Full Post | Make a Comment ( 1 so far )

Liked it here?
Why not try sites on the blogroll...