The Sam Rainsy Party Supports the Development of the Triangle Economic Zone, but Suggested to the Government to Think of Some Bad Impacts – Wednesday, 30.6.2010

Posted on 5 July 2010. Filed under: Week 671 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 14, No. 671

“The acting spokesperson of the Sam Rainsy Party, Mr. Kim Sophearith, said that all development must be linked with the interest of the nation and of the citizens. He said so on Tuesday 29 June 2010, after the secretariat of the National Assembly released an announcement on Monday 28 June 2010, that the National Assembly will hold an annual international conference in Kratie about the role of the parliament in encouraging and strengthening the development of the triangle zone.

“The announcement says that a conference between the Commissions on Foreign Affairs of the National Assembly of Cambodia, Laos, and Yuon [Vietnam] will be organized for four days, starting from 6 July 2010, aiming to step up friendship and cooperation between countries that are good neighbors, and to participate more actively to jointly encourage friendship, solidarity, and cooperation in the border regions of the three countries.

“It is noticed that Cambodia and Laos would gain little benefit from the development of the triangle economic zone, while Yuon, the initiator, benefits most. The triangle economic zone might create big industrial factories where Yuon can create best productivity processes, with the production for sale in the region, while Cambodia and Laos cannot do the same.

“Mr. Kim Sophearith added that he supports the development plans of the government, but the development must be thoroughly studied to discover any bad impacts in advance, because both development or poverty alleviation will have its impacts on the economy in Cambodia, to progress as in neighboring countries.

“Analysts noticed that most development plans of the government by investments, from local or from foreign investors, frequently victimize Khmer citizens. Obviously, in Phnom Penh, thousands of poor families, or tens of thousands of people, had suffered misery from intimidation, violence, human rights violations, or were imprisoned by the authorities or by development companies, like in the case of Sambok Chab and in the case of Dei Krahom in the Bassak commune, Chamkar Mon district, Phnom Penh, where citizens were evicted from their settlements where they had been living for a long time, now moved to the suburbs of Phnom Penh, where there are no adequate utility system, no schools, and no hospitals.

“Citizens in the Boeng Kak area in the Tuol Kork district are also being victimized by the development plans of the Shukaku company which belongs to Yeay Phou, well-known as a businesswoman among many in Cambodia, who is close to high ranking officials of the ruling party. Some citizens said that they had been offered very few solutions from the state, and some did not receive any, because the state carried out expropriation legislation adopted by the National Assembly earlier in 2010.

“The Sam Rainsy Party considers that this law will affect many poor families when the state intends to develop an area and then requires citizens living in that area to leave, even without receiving any compensation. Also, the development in the northeast of Cambodia in Ratanakiri or in Mondolkiri had seriously affected many ethnic minority people and their communities, when the government provided concession land to local and to foreign companies for their development.

“At present, many ethnic minority people are losing the traditions handed down from their ancestors, because they do not have the land of their graves any longer, or the land for cultivation. In addition, in Kompong Thom, various families of veterans who died or are disabled were victimized by the provision of economic concession land to a Vietnamese company to plant rubber trees.

“Thus, can this not be considered as development based on the misery of Khmer citizens? Moneaksekar Khmer criticizes this intending to ask the government to look at the difficulties of the many Khmer citizens who have been jailed due to such developments, where the government does not think sufficiently of the benefits for poor people. Therefore, because of the bitter lessons and experiences mentioned above, when planning the development of the triangle zone of the three countries – Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam – the Cambodian government must conduct thorough studies in advance about possible bad impacts on the environment and especially on the citizens in the region, as suggested by the acting spokesperson of the Sam Rainsy Party, Mr. Kim Sophearith, who said that all development must be linked with the interest of the nation and of the citizens.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.17, #3919, 30.6.2010

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 30 June 2010

Deum Ampil, Vol.4, #517, 30.6.2010

  • The Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister [Yim Chhay Ly], and the Senior Ministers [Chhay Thorn and Tao Seng Huor and two other officials] Are Infected with A/H1N1 [Swine Flu – according to the Ministry of Health]
  • The Ruling Party Condemns Those Who Block the Demarcation of the Border [while the opposition party says that it will continue to check the border demarcation in order to ensure transparency and independence]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.9, #2288, 30.6.2010

  • There Is No Bribery in the Demolition of Reservoirs around the Tonle Sap Lake [claimed the Minister of Water Resources and Meteorology, Mr. Lim Kean Hor – it is said that some people who own reservoirs try to bribe officials so that their reservoirs are not demolished]
  • Burma Plans to Create Direct Flights to Cambodia [but has not specified the exact date]
  • Chemicals Are Still Applied on Food [to make it look fresh and to prevent the fly] Sold at Markets [which affect the health of eaters]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.43, #6995, 30.6.2010

  • The Sam Rainsy Party Decided Not to Pay the Fine [approximately US$2,000] of Mu Sochua [for losing a defamation case with Prime Minister Hun Sen], while a Treasury Official Said that the Deadline for the Payment Is 1 July 2010
  • A Court Decided to Detain a Defrocked Monk in Prey Sar Prison, as there Were Pictures of 627 Beautiful Girls Found on a Memory Stick, Bathing [nude] in Holy Water, Whom He Had Filmed Secretly

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.17, #3919, 30.6.2010

  • The Sam Rainsy Party Supports the Development of the Triangle Economic Zone, but Suggested to the Government to Think of Some Bad Impacts

Phnom Penh Post [Khmer Edition], Vol.1, #204, 30.6.2010

  • Thailand Released [ten] Cambodian Citizens [and two soldiers] Arrested [for crossing the border illegally]
  • [Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian] Mu Sochua: If I Was Afraid [of being jailed], I Would Not Have Sued the Prime Minister [she was aware of the possibility of losing the case against Prime Minister Hun Sen and of getting jailed, before she decided to sue him. Now she is required to pay a fine, but she will not pay it and rather get jailed, as she considers the verdict not to have provided justice]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.18, #5237, 30.6.2010

  • Inquiry: Violence against Women in 2009 Declined Much Compared to 2005 [according to a study about 3,040 citizens in 24 provinces and cities, the violence by husbands against wives declined from 64% in 2005 to 53% in 2009]
  • A Prince [the Duke of Gloucester] Who Is a Royal Family Member of the English Royalty Visits Siem Reap and the Banteay Chhmar Temple [to observe the repair of the temples by the Global Heritage Fund]
  • “Cultural Life in the City” Is the Theme of Cambodia during the World Exhibition in Shanghai [China]

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The Ministry of Interior Rejected Rong Chhun’s Request to Disclose the Number of Immigrants – Friday, 11.6.2010

Posted on 12 June 2010. Filed under: Week 668 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 14, No. 668

“Phnom Penh: The Ministry of Interior will not respond to a request from Mr. Rong Chhun, a representative of the Cambodian Watchdog Council [he is also the president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association, surprisingly not mentioned in this article], for a public information about the number of immigrants in Cambodia.

“The spokesperson of the Ministry of Interior, General Khieu Sopheak, told Deum Ampil by phone on Thursday, 10 June 2010, that the Ministry of Interior does not have the right to respond to Mr. Rong Chhun’s request; the Ministry of Interior is an institution under the administration of the fourth term Royal Government that has the role to serve the citizens.

“A letter signed by Mr. Rong Chhun, a representative of the Cambodian Watchdog Council, to the Ministry of Interior and the Deum Ampil newspaper on Thursday morning says that the Cambodian Watchdog Council noticed that the number of immigrants in Cambodia keeps increasing from day to day, which worries Khmer citizens.

“The letter adds that the Cambodian Watchdog Council asked for information about the number of legal and illegal Vietnamese and Chinese immigrants living in Cambodia. The Ministry of Interior does not broadly publish the number of immigrants and does not have clear procedures to be taken against illegal immigrants living in Cambodia.

“General Khieu Sopheak responded to the letter, saying, ‘The Ministry of Interior is not under the command of that council!’

“He added that the Ministry of Interior is controlled by the fourth Royal Government under Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen as the head of government, which is obliged to serve the citizens. Therefore, the Ministry of Interior does not have the right to answer to the above request, and he asked Mr. Rong Chhun to look at himself and to see how much rights he has.” Deum Ampil, Vol.4, #501, 11.6.2010

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 11 June 2010

Deum Ampil, Vol.4, #501, 11.6.2010

  • The Ministry of Interior Rejected Rong Chhun’s Request to Disclose the Number of Immigrants
  • A Woman [the wife of a military general] Was Threatened with a Gun Pointed at Her Head [by two robbers] During the Day, and More Than US$10,000 Was Taken Away [Tuol Kork, Phnom Penh]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.9, #2272, 11.6.2010

  • Six Men and Women Were Arrested and 1,964 Drug Tablets Were Confiscated [Banteay Meanchey]
  • Many Ethnic Phnoung People Have Diarrhea, because of Alleged Lack of Sanitation [Mondolkiri]

Khmer Amatak, Vol.11, #778, 11.6.2010

  • The World Bank Announced to Open Investigations over Corruption in the Implementation of Land Registration and the Issuing of Land Titles in Boeng Kak [financially supported by the WB]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.4, #679, 11.6.2010

  • The Cambodian Watchdog Council Asked [the Ministry of Interior] to Disclose the Number of Immigrants in Cambodia

Koh Santepheap, Vol.43, #6979, 11.6.2010

  • [More than 100] Citizens from Chamkar Leu and Stung Trong Districts Came to Ask for Intervention from the Governor over a Land Dispute [with two companies – Kompong Cham]

Phnom Penh Post [Khmer Edition], Vol.1, #191, 10.6.2010

  • The Ministry of Information Asked Advertising Companies to Apply for Licenses or They Will Be Fined
  • The Appeals Court Dismissed [Russia’s] Request to Extradite a Russian Man [Alexander Trofimov, a tycoon] Who Had Sex with Cambodian Children [according to a confidential memo of the court; he is still involved with three other court cases in Canmbodia]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.18, #5221, 11.6.2010

  • The Son of the Deputy Head of the Stung Treng Police Office Drove a Car Loaded with Wood [as his car was chased by the authorities, he finally drove it] into a Police Station [and ran away over the rice fields behind the police station – Stung Treng]
  • China Will Open a Branch of a Bank [the Bank of China] in Cambodia Soon [according to the Chinese Ambassador to Cambodia]

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The Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority Received the Stockholm Water Supply Award – Tuesday, 8.6.2010

Posted on 9 June 2010. Filed under: Week 668 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 14, No. 668

“Phnom Penh: The judges of the international award of the Stockholm International Water Institute [‘The Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) is an independent policy institute that seeks sustainable solutions to the world’s escalating water crisis’] recently decided to give the Stockholm Water Industry Award for 2010 to the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority. The ceremony to deliver the award will be held in early September 2010 in Stockholm, Sweden. This is the third world-class award that the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority has won.

“The announcement about the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority receiving the Stockholm Water Industry Award for 2010 shows what the judges for this award of the Stockholm International Water Institute assessed and wrote about the qualifications of the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority. Phnom Penh is located at the intersection of four rivers arms that serve as an endless water source. But because the country had suffered from chronic civil war for decades, the water supply system became obsolete, and the supply of water did not start to improve before the 1990ies.

“In 1993, Mr. Ek Sonn Chan was appointed by the government as the General Director of the Phnom Penh Water Supply Department, and his team led officials and employees to do some basic work, like to totally repair the water supply system. He also initiated the creation of a new highly effective administrative system to issue invoices and receipts for payments. He also initiated international standard procedures to supply clean water to all residents of Phnom Penh. The Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority is successful in fighting corruption and has shown the world that the fight against corruption can be successful in a developing country through the use of simple but effective leadership, based on policies and commercial strategies that are recognized worldwide. At present, as an autonomous unit, the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority is supplying water 24 hours a day to 90% of Phnom Penh, which has about 1.3 million citizens, and effectively controls its revenue and expenses. In the meantime, the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority continues to further develop the clean water supply system and to strengthens the internal control of the unit.

“Since 1998, the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority has set up a totally new supply system. The quantity of water lost as the result of broken and leaking pipes dropped from 72% in 1993 to only 6% in 2008, which is a very small quantity compared to that of other modern countries in the world. Nowadays, the collection of water bills recovers over 98% of the invoiced charges, which allows the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority to get the necessary money back to cover its operational costs. The Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority reaches world standards due to its leading water supply system.

“The judges of the Stockholm International Water Institute added that the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority is strongly committed to act responsibly in social and environmental fields, showing to other developing countries that not only big countries can have regular access to clean water. The Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority is a good model for all water supply institutions to improve their operations and to step up their care to provide good services to their clients. The Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority has made effort to improve also the sanitation system in Phnom Penh, and the company is ready to be listed at the stock exchange in late 2010 [if it really starts to operate by that time].

“Mr. Ek Sonn Chan, appointed by the Royal government as General Director of the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority, said during the conference, where the award of the Stockholm Water Industry Award was announced on 7 June 2009, that the judges for the provision of the international award to the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority recognized the supply of water in Phnom Penh as having international standard quality. The duty of the unit is to continue to supply clean water for the sake of public health in large quantities any time, and this with cheap prices. The price of water in Phnom Penh is cheapest in the region. The unit could reach the above mentioned achievement because Samdech Akkak Moho Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen had chosen a leader who has the ability to identify many priorities, such as the use of loans, who can also encourage all consumers to pay their bills. Also the former Phnom Penh governor, Mr. Chea Sophara, who had worked with the Asian Development Bank and with the understanding from the Minister of Industry not to interfere into the autonomy of this unit, had enormously contributed to the present success, as well as the help from the current municipal governor. In addition, there is collaboration with the Ministry of Economy and other institutions that provided loans, such as the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, the Agence Française de Développement [AFD], and the Japan International Cooperation Agency [JICA].

“Mr. Ek Sonn Chan said about the award, ‘We did not request this award. Others decided it. There were 64 requests from different institutions for the award in 2010, but only one was selected.’ The Stockholm International Award was established in 2000. This award is considered to be a world-class water award, created to encourage the supply of clean water for public well being. It is a great award for the field of clean water supply. The award will be delivered at a building that had also been used to deliver the Nobel Prizes, and the Swedish King will deliver it. In the past, the award was delivered to clean water institutions in the following countries:

  • 2000 to England
  • 2001 to Mexico
  • 2002 to Norway
  • 2003 to Canada
  • 2004 to India
  • 2005 to the United States of America
  • 2006 to Australia
  • 2007 to Singapore
  • 2008 again to the United States of America
  • 2009 again to Canada, and
  • 2010 to the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority of Cambodia

Most of the countries that won this award in the past are modern developed countries.

“It should be noted that the award won by the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority is the third world-class award for this unit: it had also received other awards, a first award in 2004 and a second award in 2006.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.18, #5218, 8.6.2010

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 8 June 2010

Deum Ampil, Vol.4, #498, 8.6.2010

  • The Phnom Penh Authorities Will Take Strict Measures against Anybody Engaged in Football Betting [as the FIFA World Cup will start on 11 June 2010]
  • The United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] Called on Donors to Provide Aid for the Care of Cambodian Women and Girls [it is estimated that each day, at least five Cambodian women die while delivering babies, because of the lack of health services and medical facilities]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.9, #2269, 8.6.2010

  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen: The High Price of Capital in Commercial Operations Is a Challenge for Our Competitiveness [he said so during the World Economic Forum on East Asia]
  • The Authorities Asked for a Delay for One More Month from Citizens Whose Houses Were Burnt Down [on 8 March 2010 in the Boeng Kak II commune, Phnom Penh] before Relocating Them to a New Area [they live in temporary shelters, and the authorities are preventing those who wanted to reconstruct their housing from doing so]
  • 7,004 Hectares of Agro-Industrial Crops Were Totally Destroyed [by a tropical storm] in the Koulen District [Preah Vihear]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.4, #676, 8.6.2010

  • Sam Rainsy Party Officials Plan to Quietly Go to Visit and Monitor Border Markers at the Borders with Yuon [Vietnam and with Thailand; without informing the authorities – according to the Sam Rainsy Party spokesperson, Mr. Yim Sovann]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.43, #6976, 8.6.2010

  • FUNCINPEC and the Nationalist Party That Had Frictions, Signed to Create an Alliance with Each Other
  • Disastrous Storm Made 23 Houses Collapse in the Thmor Koul District [of Battambang], and Lightnings Killed Two Persons in the Bakan District [of Pursat]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.17, #3900, 8.6.2010

  • Poor Citizens [from 80 families in the Boeng Kak II commune, Tuol Kork district, Phnom Penh] Victimized by Fire [that bunt down their houses on 8 March 2010] next to Wat Neakavon Protested [in front of the Phnom Penh Municipality] against their Evictions and Asked for in-Place Development

Phnom Penh Post [Khmer Edition], Vol.1, #188, 8.6.2010

  • The Donors Pledged to Provide Development Aid of Up to US$2.8 Billion for Three Years [from 2010 to 2012]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.18, #5218, 8.6.2010

  • The Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority Received the Stockholm Water Supply Award
  • The Tax Income of May 2010 Amounts to Nearly US$59 Million [an increase by 22% compared to April]

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The Minister of Information Claims that Internet Games Are Not Illegal – Tuesday, 25.5.2010

Posted on 26 May 2010. Filed under: Week 666 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 14, No. 666

“Disagreement emerged regarding places operating Internet games in Cambodia after there had been a report that the Minister of Information, Mr. Khieu Kanharith, stated that those places are not related to money betting, and they should not have been closed.

“According to the deputy director of the VTC Online Internet game company, Mr. Ha Manh Hung, about 300 such places were closed this year after Prime Minister Hun Sen had ordered to crack down on gambling.

“Earlier this month, the spokesperson of the Ministry of Interior, Mr. Khieu Sopheak, said that the authorities considered Internet games to be a type of betting, and therefore they are illegal in Cambodia.

“But according to a report on the Internet site of Deum Ampil, Mr. Khieu Kanharith said, ‘The Prime Minister did not give a wrong order, but the implementation goes beyond the order in some areas.’

“Mr. Khieu Kanharith said that the closure of such operations does not correspond to the recommendation of Samdech Hun Sen, because video games are not related to betting, but they have a role to develop modern technical skills for the youth, the next generation.

“But the Minister added that game shops operating near schools should be closed. He went on to say, ‘Game operators should have strategies and policies to prevent students from forgetting their studies, for example, by allowing them to play not more than three hours per day.’

“When the Phnom Penh Post contacted him by telephone on Monday, he said he could not comment on it, because he is in China.

“Some officials of the Ministry of Information also refused to comment, saying that they do not know about it.

“There is still a lack of clarity about the fate of Internet games in general.

“A police official of the Tuol Svay Prey I police post in Phnom Penh, Mr. Chin Sitha, said, ‘We continue to take action against coffee shops and Internet shops that operate computer games until we receive different orders from the head of the district police.’

“The Phnom Penh police chief, Mr. Touch Naroth, refused on Monday evening to give comments on this case.

“Information technology companies are also careful until they know the situation clearly.

“Mr. Ha Manh Hung from VTC Online Internet game company said on Monday, ‘We want to know the position of the government.’

“This Vietnam-based company had announced earlier this month that the company has delayed releasing Internet games in Cambodia, after some places operating Internet games had been intercepted, adding that the company had already spent US$80,000 on advertisement.

“Mr. Ha Manh Hung said, ‘If the situation becomes clear, we will start releasing games. But if the situation remains the same, we will not waste our money again.’

“He continued to say that before, the company had cooperated with Vietnamese authorities to implement some measures to control game players by encouraging to limit their playing time, for example by reducing their score points if somebody plays for three consecutive hours, or after 9:00 p.m.

“He suggested that a forum or a meeting with government officials would help to address this disagreement.” Phnom Penh Post [Khmer Edition], Vol.1, #178, 25.5.2010

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 25 May 2010

Deum Ampil, Vol.4, #486, 25.5.2010

  • The Phnom Penh Municipality Will Open Four Roads from the Boeng Kak Area to Connect to the South [in order to reduce traffic congestion]
  • A Car Fatally Struck a Person and Moved On, Hitting Four Other Cars [the car driver is held by police – Phnom Penh]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.9, #2257, 25.5.2010

  • In 2009, the Bilateral Trade between Cambodia and Thailand Dropped by About 22% [the trade amounted to US$1,658 million]
  • Those Having Diarrhea Accused the Kratie Health Department of Not Caring to Save Them [so far, five people have died in the hospital. – Today, Dr. Beat Richner announced in a full page ad in The Cambodia Daily that the hospitals to which he relates have diagnosed 290 cases with the germ “Vibrio cholerae” – Cholera – among 1300 patients treated, and informed the Cambodian authorities since several months, but the Cambodian authorities continue to deny that it is Cholera and wrongly claim that the treatment for Cholera and for diarrhea is the same]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.43, #6964, 25.5.2010

  • The Khmer Rouge Tribunal Will Announce the Verdict on Former Tuol Sleng Prison Chief ‘Duch’ on 26 July 2010

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.17, #3888, 25.5.2010b>

  • Cambodia Sees 30% Tax on Income from the Exploitation of Minerals Countrywide [the 30% shall bring income from mineral exploration into the state budget of Cambodia in order to avoid its loss into corruption]

Phnom Penh Post [Khmer Edition], Vol.1, #178, 25.5.2010

  • Khmer Embassy Officials Visited a Khmer Worker Arrested in Thailand [accused of having joined to burn down a bank in Bangkok]
  • [200] Romeas Haek District Residents Protested in Front of the Municipality [to demand the release of a man and the lifting of the accusations against fifteen others over a land dispute – Svay Rieng]
  • The Minister of Information Claims that Internet Games Are Not Illegal

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.18, #5206, 25.5.2010

  • Australian Minerals Company Finds 8.1 Tonnes of Gold
  • Chamkar Mon Police Arrested Seven Drug Smugglers and Users, Seizing 103 Small Packages of Ice Drugs [Phnom Penh]

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Mr. Hang Chakra Vowed to Continue to Write According to His Conscience as He Did Previously – Monday, 19.4.2010

Posted on 20 April 2010. Filed under: Week 661 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 14, No. 661

“The editor-in-chief of Khmer Machas Srok, Mr. Hang Chakra, has just been released from Prey Sar prison on Tuesday last week, a day ahead of the Khmer New Year, and he vowed that he will continue to publish his paper according to his conscience, constructively also criticizing the government.

“Mr. Hang Chakra told the Phnom Penh Post on Sunday, ‘I could not believe that I would be released a day ahead of the Khmer New Year. I am so happy that I can meet my family.’ Mr. Hang Chakra added that he will try to publish his Khmer Machas Srok papers again next week, after a suspension early this month due to financial reason, and he will continue to criticize the government with the attempt to constructively contribute to the nation and to fight corruption. He said, ‘I will continue to publish the paper with my conscience, to criticize corrupt people among government officials, to serve the readers and the society. I hope that the readers will still support me.’

“It should also be known that, before Hang Chakra had been released, he wrote a letter of apology to Prime Minister Hun Sen one month after he was convicted, and he promised that he will not write to accuse anyone of corruption without evidence, if he would be released.

“Mr. Hang Chakra is the editor-in-chief of Khmer Machas Srok, a newspaper that has a tendency towards the Sam Rainsy Party. He was convicted to serve 12 months in prison, and he was fined to pay Riel 9 million (at present approx. US$2,200) on 26 June 2009, for defaming Deputy Prime Minister Sok An, after he had released several texts accusing cabinet officials of Deputy Prime Minister Sok An of being involving in corruption without intervention.

“Mr. Hang Chakra denied he is related to the rumor that he is joining the Cambodian People’s Party and will stop criticizing the government. Mr. Hang Chakra clarified, ‘No institution can press me to change my conscience, as I spend my own money to publish my papers, and my paper is still alive because of our readers.’

“The head of the Criminal Department of the Ministry of Justice, Mr. Pov Bunthouen told the Phnom Penh Post on Sunday that Mr. Hang Chakra was one of the 42 prisoners who were released earlier than expected who were on the list to be released, while the punishment of 119 others on the list will be reduced. He said, ‘We are preparing to organize a Visakh Bochea ceremony (on 28 April 2010). I have not yet checked all documents, and I expect that all those documents in the lists that will be checked after the ceremony.’” Phnom Penh Post [Khmer Edition], Vol.140, #150-151, 12-14.4.2010

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:

Monday, 19 April 2010

Deum Ampil, Vol.4, #486, 11-19.4.2010

  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] Set Up New Plans to Boost the Economy [ASEAN leaders promised to cooperate to restore the economic and financial sectors by eliminating commercial protectionism and to open free markets]
  • Robbers Robbed a Jewelry Seller at the Canadia Market, Taking Away Nearly US$10,000 [Phnom Penh]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.9, #2225-2226, 11-19-.4.2010

  • The Phnom Penh Authorities Offer Two Options for 257 Families Whose Houses Were Burnt Down in Boeng Kak [they will be allowed to reconstruct houses on a plot of 3.9 by 5 meters at the burnt area, but the authorities will not provide them with land titles – or they can settle on a plot of 5 by 12 meter in Chaom Chau commune, Dangkao district where the authorities will provide them land title. So far, 165 agreed to take the 2nd option]
  • The Cambodian-Chinese Prek Kdam Bridge [across the Tonle Sap River in Kandal, constructed with a loan from China and US$28,783,644 from the Cambodian government] Was Opened for Traffic
  • The Cambodian Prime Minister Sent a Letter of Condolence at the Occasion of the Death of the Polish President [who was killed in plane crash]
  • Cambodia Asked the Head of ASEAN to Immediately Convene a Meeting to Reduce the Tensions in Thailand [but Thailand rejected it as previously usual for all members: No interference into internal affairs!]
  • Nearly 60 Cubic Meters of Luxury Grade Wood Found in Dangkao District, belonging to a [Kompong Cham] Forestry Head [the authorities are seeking to arrest him – Phnom Penh]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.43, #6932-6932, 12-19.4.2010

  • 579 People Were Seriously and Slightly Injured or Killed in Traffic Accidents during the Khmer New Year [49 people were killed this year, compared to 2009, when 52 people were killed]
  • More Than US$87 Million Is Provided [by donors] to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal for 2010 and 2011 [ announced by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal]
  • Clashes Broke Out in Bangkok, Killing 20 People and Injuring 842; and 28 Police and Soldiers Had Been Held as Hostage [by red-shirt demonstrators]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.17, #3856, 12-18.4.2010

  • The Constitutional Council Rejected a Sam Rainsy Party Parliamentarians’ Request which Heng Samrin Had Rejected Before [for the government to temporarily suspend putting border posts]

Phnom Penh Post [Khmer Edition], Vol.140, #150-152, 12-19.4.2010

  • Cambodian and Thai Soldiers Clashed along the Border, when there Was an Invasion from Thailand [Thai soldiers demanded Khmer soldiers to remove a wooden house which has been constructed there over ten years, but Khmer soldiers disagreed; four Thai soldiers were injured while Khmer soldiers were not – Oddar Meanchey. In the meantime it was reported that the soldiers of both sides withdrew from the area, and also, that this information is not correct; we cannot just trust ONE information in such a situation, but be aware of frequent inconsistencies and changes – but we “mirror” them, not knowing if there will be coming more changes]
  • The United States of America Greeted Cambodia at the Khmer New Year, while the Cambodian Prime Minister Praised Troops [stationed along the Cambodian-Thai border]
  • [Five representatives of] Amleang Commune Residents Came [to Phnom Penh] to Ask for an Intervention from Mr. Hun Sen [over a land dispute with Oknha Ly Yong Phat’s sugar company in Kompong Speu]
  • The Ministry of Health Calls on Citizens to Stop Using [Kemlotlanhthomcaocap – Spelling/wording not sure] Cosmetic Foam Imported from Vietnam [after a woman in Banteay Meanchey died after she used it]
  • Prices of Petroleum at Big Fuel Stations in Cambodia Increased Also after Prices of Oil at the International Markets Rose [a liter of premium quality is US$1.12 and the normal quality is US$1.07]
  • Mr. Hang Chakra Vowed to Continue to Work According to His Conscience as He Did Previously

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.18, #5174-5175, 11-19.4.2010

  • The Top US Diplomat [Ms. Hillary Rodham Clinton, the Secretary of State of the USA] Vowed to Strengthen Cambodian-American Ties [recalling good cooperation between the USA and Cambodia]
  • Luxury Grade Wood [about 100 cubic meters] Was Found in the Sambara Resort and Spa Hotel [in Siem Reap]
  • The President of Poland Is among the 132 People Who Were Killed in a Plane Crash in Russia
  • Within the First Two Months of 2010 Cambodia Attracted Investment of US$116.5 Million [for 15 projects in agriculture and the garment sector, from China, Singapore, and Vietnam]
  • The Ministry of Tourism Expects that 2010 Will Be the Year That Tourism Recovers and Grows by 10% [or to 2.4 million tourist arrivals]
  • The Army Commander-In-Chief Anupong Paochinda and Opposition Party President Chavalit Support the Dissolution of the Parliament, after a Clash Which Cost 21 Lives [Thailand – This headline shows also the need to follow developments carefully to verify what is going on; in the meantime it is reported that the military, under General Anupong Paochinda, has taken over the responsibility to maintain security in Bangkok, after the police had not been able to do so]

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Domestic Violence Affects Family Wellbeing and the Development of Society – Saturday, 27.12.2008

Posted on 28 December 2008. Filed under: Week 592 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 592

“Phnom Penh: A high ranking official of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs said that domestic violence severely affects family wellbeing and especially also the potential for national development.

“A Secretary of State of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, Ms. Sy Define, said that domestic violence affects everyone, whether they are victims or perpetrators, and it affects communities and the nation as a whole.

“Ms. Sy Define pointed out during a workshop about ‘Results of Women’s Forums on Reclaiming Information and Communication Technology to End Violence Against Women’ on 26 December 2008, that harmony in the family is a factor which contributes to develop the country. Women and children must be provided with wellbeing, services, resource management, and opportunities to fully and equally join all sectors of society, and all forms of discrimination in their lives must be prevented.

“Ms. Sy Define added that so far, frequently Cambodian women are still discriminated, even though the Royal Government promotes their rights and provides opportunities for women. She went on to say that domestic violence, human trafficking, sex exploitation, and rape still exist, and these activities are human rights violation which strongly affect Cambodian women and children, adding that domestic violence against women seriously impacts family wellbeing, particularly the capability of children and their development. In total, domestic violence affects everyone – both victims and perpetrators – it affects communities and the whole nation.

“The Executive Director of the Open Institute, Ms. Chim Manavy, said that there are many types of domestic violence against women, including physical and mental violence. She referred to a report which estimated that one among three women of the world, one will suffer from the pain of gender related violence some time in their lives. This may be through beatings, rape, attacks, trafficking, killing, contempt, or restrictions on their moving and walking around freely, and through restricting their social communications. She added that domestic violence against women damages their natural capabilities and the lack of women power is against the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.

“Ms. Chim Manavy said therefore that publishing the laws about the rights and related various measures is crucial to reduce and to prevent domestic violence against women, where information and communication technology plays a very important role to prevent domestic violence against women.

“Ms. Sy Define acknowledges the importance to publish rights, laws, measures, and interventions to reduce and to prevent domestic violence against women, for which information and communication technology plays a fundamental role, ‘…but we need more time to promote also the understanding of citizens, so that they change their behavior which is conditioned in their minds since a long time ago.’ Ms. Chim Manavy said that most women who suffer from domestic violence do not dare to speak out, because they are afraid of being looked down by society, and they are afraid to receive more violence. She thinks that to stay quiet under domestic violence is wrong, because staying silent will just make perpetrators feel free to continue and to increase violence. Therefore, women must dare to speak up about such problems. She continued to say that there are many ways to report about violence, where information and communication technology is a safe and most effective tool, which can can be used without fear that other people might know about it.

“The discussions in this workshop will lead to see the root of these problems better, and also to see different solutions, and it will lead to closer cooperation with different institutions to lessen violence against women, and move towards gender equality and the promotion of women’s rights in Cambodian society.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1831, 27.12.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 27 December 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1831, 27.12.2008

  • Domestic Violence Affects Family Wellbeing and the Development of Society
  • The King Issues Decree to Change Three Cities into Provinces [Kep, Pailin, and Sihanoukville]
  • Siam [Thailand] Expresses Position about Samdech Hun Sen and the Preah Vihear Temple [Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs Kasit Piromya said that Thailand has no intention to take control of the temple again, but it continues to cooperate with Cambodia on related matters]; the New Siamese [Thai] Minister States that He Had Known Samdech Hun Sen since 1989 [when peace efforts began in Paris in 1989, leading to the Paris Peace Conference in 1991]; Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Is the First Foreign Leader Who Welcomed Abhisit Vejjajiva after Becoming Prime Minister [according to Mr. Kasit Piromya]
  • German Navy Saved an Egyptian Cargo Ship from Somali Pirates

 
Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #313, 26.12.2008

  • The Sam Rainsy Party Welcomes to Unite Forces for the Elections of Provincial and City Councils in 2009
  • Khmer Gambling Addicts Gather in the Phnom Penh Hotel [of Oknha Ly Yong Phat] and at Naga Casino [after gambling clubs outside hotels were closed by the government]

 
Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #169, 27.12.2008

  • There Are 25 Cases where Armed Forces Violated Citizens over Land Disputes [according to the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights – LICADHO]

 
Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6536, 27-28.12.2008

  • The Thai Prime Minister Wants to Punish [demonstration] Leaders Who Occupied Airports [which led to the loss of billions of dollars ]
  • A Belgian Man Died Immediately after Driving on a Motorbike and Hitting a Truck Carrying Soil [in Phnom Penh]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3650, 27-28.12.2008

  • The International Monetary Fund Asked the Government to Reduce the Budget for the Military Sector [from US$500 million to US$160 million, otherwise they will reconsider aid for Cambodia]
  • [Boeng Kak Lake] Residents Oppose the Decision of the Appeals Court Letting the Shukaku Company Continue Filling the Boeng Kak Lake

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4779, 27.12.2008

  • New Cancer of Samdech Euv [Father King] Delays His Return to Cambodia
  • The Fifth Commission [the Commission on Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation, Information and Media] of the National Assembly Encourages Vietnam to Invest in Agriculture in Cambodia
  • [Film star] Vang Sreyno’s Fortune Drops: The [Phnom Penh] Municipality Will Probably Not Forgive Her [for causing an accident, damaging the lion statue at the Samdech Preah Sanghareach Chuon Nath Memorial]

 
Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3464, 27.12.2008

  • Cambodia Will Show Present Border Disputes at International, Regional, and World Forums [according the a member of the National Assembly and chairperson of the Commission on Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation, Information and Media, Mr. Chheang Vun]

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Saturday, 6.9.2008: Kol Sokhum and World Famous Film Star, Mr. James Bond, 007, Join to Make Investments Together, Shaking Asia

Posted on 7 September 2008. Filed under: Week 576 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 576

Note:

We mirror this article, though there are some problems – still it serves our purpose to mirror selected articles showing the original Khmer press. First of all, “James Bond” cannot visit Cambodia, because James Bond is not a person, but a fictional character, created in 1953 by the writer Ian Fleming. Secondly, the role of the Agent 007 was played, over the years in the different James-Bond-Movies, by the following actors: Sean Connery · George Lazenby · Roger Moore · Timothy Dalton · Pierce Brosnan · Daniel Craig.

The name given here phonetically in Khmer is ជេម​ ស្បន “Jem Sbon” for “James Bon(d?)” – [here written in standard Khmer UNICODE system; if you do not have it, you can download it here].We assume that it is “the 007 Agent James Bond,” and not the also well known actor “James Bone 007” from the Philippines.

It is not clear who might have come.

“A well known English Hollywood film star visited Cambodia for two weeks. His visit focusesd first of all on many touristic sites in Cambodia, especially the seashore regions in Sihanoukville that are beautiful natural tourism sites in Cambodia.

“Mr. James Bond, who is known worldwide and is named ‘Agent 007,’ visited Cambodia for the first time.

Note:

In his first mission since being formally knighted, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Sir Roger Moore visited Cambodia on 23 and 24 October 2003 to promote the increased production and use of iodized salt to combat iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), a major threat to the health and development of Cambodian children. Therefor the recently visiting “James Bond” canot have been Sir Roger Moore.

“The unofficial visit of nearly twenty days in Cambodia by the world famous film star, Mr. James Bond, was organized together with a marvelous Khmer woman, Ms. Kol Sokhum, for two weeks in Sihanoukville, in order to study development projects for big centers according to international standards.

“Ms. Kol Sokhum, the director of the LLK Company, reported to Khmer Machas Srok yesterday that, regarding the visit to study development projects in Sihanoukville, the world famous film star again and again admired our Khmer natural resources, a very rich wealth. She said, ‘Mr. James Bond said that Cambodia is small, but it is rich in beautiful natural wealth, and he said he wants to report [to his friends and to the world] about Cambodia so that they will try to help Cambodia, since he is very interested in Cambodia. He told me that it was the first time that he knew Cambodia, and it was incredible; he continued urging the Khmer people not consider themselves to be without values; the country is like a diamond which has not yet been polished.’

“Hearing the admiration by this English Hollywood film star, Ms. Kol Sokhum called on Khmer women to be strong and to be brave and to make themselves to be good models for all women preparing their lives well. She went on to say, ‘We women, we have to try to make ourselves good, both in ideas and in intelligence, in order to attract investments from the world to Cambodia. I would like to ask Khmer women to enhance their knowledge in order to appeal to the world – as for me, I will make further efforts. Whatever I tried is for our country and our citizens, although I have to sacrifice everything for all Khmers. I want to be a good model for Khmer women in order to shake the world, both in work and in the field of investments…’

“She continued that Mr. James Bond said he will visit Cambodia again. During his two-weeks visit, Mr. James learned to live like Khmers do, and even he liked to eat Khmer food, such as sour soup.

“Ms. Kol Sokhum said also that the film star James Bond admired that Khmer women are beautiful with petite figures, but somewhat short.

“Mr. James Bond left Cambodia on 4 September 2008 and he promised he will visit Cambodia again soon, to join to make investments together with Ms. Kol Sokhum to surprise Asia. In the meantime, Mr. James Bond said also that he will create good documentation about the reality he had seen in Cambodia to be published in world magazines. Mr. James Bond hinted the natural tourism sites he has seen in Cambodia motivate him to plan to come to produce also films soon.” Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #138, 6.9.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 6 September 2008

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1739, 6.9.2008

  • Family of Khim Sambour [Moneaksekar Khmer journalist who was killed] Quietly Goes Abroad, Affecting the Investigation
  • [Beer garden restaurant 16-year-old] Waitress and Her [54-year-old] Mother Threatened With a Gun to Get into a Car, Taken to Tuek Meas Guesthouse, and Two Men Then Raped the Daughter [the men escaped, 4 September – Phnom Penh]


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #238, 6.9.2008

  • Kol Sokhum and World Famous Film Star, Mr. James Bond, 007, Join to Make Investments Together, Shaking Asia


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #92, 6.9.2008

  • The Council for the Development of Cambodia: Developments Increase at the Beginning of 2008 in Cambodia


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6443, 6-7.9.2008

  • Sand Pumping at Boeng Kak Lake Suspended in Order to Seek Solution to End the Problem [with the residents – Phnom Penh – this article contradicts an article in Rasmei Kampuchea]
  • Vietnamese Immigrants, Who Beg from Tourists, Have Been Moved Away from Chong Khnies [Tonle Sap Lake – Siem Reap]
  • War between Black Monkeys and Grey Monkeys Shakes Phnom Bak Mountain [there are more black monkeys than grey monkeys]; Female [grey] Monkey Carry Their Babies and Flee to Kiri Seila Phnom Bak Pagoda [Kompong Trach, Kampot]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3558, 6-7.9.2008

  • Federal Bureau of Investigation Will Send Experts to Investigate Murder of Mr. Khim Sambour in Late September


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4687, 6.9.2008

  • Businesspeople Rush to Transport Luxury Wood from Ratanakiri to Phnom Penh by Hiding It under Pieces of Furniture
  • Sand Pumping to Boeng Kak Lake Continues, but It Does Not Affect People’s Houses [this article contradicts the an article in Koh Santepheap]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3403, 6.9.2008

  • Cambodian People’s Party Will Take Over All Ambassadorial Positions from Funcinpec [according to a Funcinpec senior official]

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Friday, 5.9.2008: Freedom of Press Increases, but Freedom of Expression in Public Declines

Posted on 6 September 2008. Filed under: Week 576 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 576

“Phnom Penh: The Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association – ADHOC – assessed that over the course of time, the freedom of the press has increased, but the freedom of expression in the public has declined.

“Mr. Thun Saray, the president of ADHOC, reported on 4 September 2008 to journalists in a meeting to sum up the results of the 2005 to 2009 strategic plans, that Cambodia goes through a high rate of economic growth and noticeable poverty reduction. As for the freedom of the press, ADHOC is not the evaluator, but different press organizations assessed that the situation is better than from 2005 to 2006. While the economy and the freedom of the press flourished, the freedom of expression in public went down.

“Mr. Thun Saray added that previously, the freedom of expression included the right to hold demonstrations in public, and so the poor were allowed to protest by marching in public places or in front of different embassies. But at present, their rights are almost completely eroded, while land disputes still exist without proper solutions; high ranking officials, the powerful, and the rich, still violate land rights of communities and of citizens.

“According to reports of ADHOC, observing the human rights situation in Cambodia, Cambodia gained a high rate of economic growth and achieved noticeable poverty alleviation during more than 15 years. However, the distribution of the benefits of the economic growth is not equal, which results in increasing inequality on the receiving side of the gains. One important reason for this inequality is that natural resources are not equally distributed, especially land. Based on reports of the United Nations Development Program – UNDP – in 2007, the rich, in total about 20% of the population, own between 59% to 70% of the land, while the land ownership of the poor, approximately 40% of the total populations, declined from 8.4% to 5,4% during 1999 to 2003 and 2004 (in a period of 4 to 5 years only). Inequality in owning important cultivation property, like land, leads to a major crisis, because it relates to the everyday living of almost 80% of the total populations who live in rural areas, and this will lead to continue to increase the inequality of production, of income seeking, and of land use in the future. Land grabbing and poor administration of natural resources (specifically, in the field of forestry and fisheries) are major factors for the increase of a status of having no land, of inequality of land ownership, and in the distribution of benefits from those resources.

“Land grabbing is mostly committed by the powerful and the rich, by using different tricks, and by private companies that had received economic land concessions from the government, but they do not properly implement what they contracted.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1738, 5.9.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 5 September 2008


Chakraval, Vol.16, #2808, 5.9.2008

  • Norodom Ranariddh Party Spokesperson [Suth Dina] Rejects Information about Intention to Join the Government


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1738, 5.9.2008

  • Freedom of Press Increases, but Freedom of Expression in Public Declines
  • Best-Selling Cambodian Dry Season Paddy Rice Is Transported to Siam [Thailand] Through Special Crossing Points [despite serious Cambodian-Thai border disputes]
  • [Thai Prime Minister] Samak Vows to Stay in Power Although [Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs] Taj Bunnag Resigned [he is also an advisor to the Thai King]


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #91, 5.9.2008

  • Municipality Rejects Demand for Market Prices; Boeng Kak Lake People Struggle [demanding solution for compensation at market prices]
  • Fisheries Official Expects that the Volume of Fish Raising Fish Will Increase This Year [in a workshop on 3 September 2008, Nao Thuok, the director of Fisheries Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, said that people in Cambodia and worldwide have high need of fish]
  • US to Provide $1 Billion [economic] Aid to Georgia


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6441, 4.9.2008

  • Khmer Vendors Enter to Sell Things as Normal in Rong Kloeu Market [in Thailand, near the Poipet border crossing]
  • Related to the Trial of the [former] Chief of the Tuol Sleng Prison, There Are More Than 1,800 Complaints, Among Them 28 Are Civil Complaints [according to Khmer Rouge Tribunal officials]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3557, 5.9.2008

  • Yuon [Vietnamese] Authorities Issued a Letter to Release Tim Sakhan [who had been defrocked on accusation of having perpetrated an offense against the Buddhist law, because he was accused to have destroyed the harmony between Vietnam and Cambodia] from Prison but It Does Not Allow Him to Travel to Cambodia
  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Writes to the King, Asking for Permission to Take the Oath [installing memberss of parliament] Separately [not on 24 September but on 25 September – because the Sam Rainsy Party is not satisfied with the results of the fourth term parliamentary election]


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4686, 5.9.2008

  • Japanese Government Grants ¥369 Million [approx. US$3,415,000] to the Royal Government of Cambodia [to increase food production and to improve the National Television Programs]
  • Intel Plans to Invest in Information Technology in Cambodian Education

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Thursday, 4.9.2008: Census Results Show that the Population of Cambodia Is 13,388,910

Posted on 5 September 2008. Filed under: Week 576 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 576

“Phnom Penh: On 3 September 2008, the Ministry of Planning announced, under the presidency by Mr. Sar Kheng, a Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior, the results of the general census of Cambodian citizens in 2008.

“According to the temporary results of a countrywide census published on 3 March 2008, the number of Cambodian citizens is 13,388,910 persons, out of which 6,495,512 are male and 6,893,398 are female. Based on these results, the numbers of citizens increases slower than before, because the birth rate declined, which is in line with the predictions and the expectations.

“Mr. Chhay Than, Senior Minister and Minister of Planning, said that after the 1962 census which concluded that the number of citizens of Cambodia was 5.7 million, there was no other census conducted during a period of more than three decades because of a continuing internal crisis. The fist census was conducted in 1998, and the second in 2008 – exactly ten years ago.

“Mr. Chhay Than continued that the census in 2008 coverd 2.8 million families living in different regions of the twenty four provinces and cities countrywide. Almost all families were interviewed and counted during a time period of eleven days. Families living at home, but also at institutions such as hotels, guesthouses, pagodas, hospitals, and prisons were interviewed and counted also.

“Senior Minister Chhay Than added that special arrangements were made to count the number of citizens who are homeless, citizens who move from place to place, and citizens living on boats.

“There were 28,000 interviewing officials and 7,000 supervising officials to meet all families to count and to interview the members of families, and to complete questionnaire tables. There were 72 provincial and city census officials, 500 instructors, 370 district census officials, 1,621 commune census officials, 500 translators, and more interviewing and supervising officials for special regions, such as camps and military bases.

“Mr. Chhay Than went on to say that according to the temporary results of the general census in 2008, compiling all figures [from the previous eleven days of interviews] by 0:00 a.m. on 3 March 2008, the population of Cambodia was 13,388,910, among which there are 6,495,512 males and 6,893,398 females. Compared to the population in the Southeast Asian region, the number of Cambodian citizens is 2.3% of the numbers of citizens in the [completely undefined] region.

“Mr. Sar Kheng, a Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior, said that a census is a task that aims at getting all statistical data needed for the creation of policies, activity programs, administrative management, as well as various decisions that follow the reality of the country.

“Mr. Sar Kheng added that so far, the tasks of the census, its operation at the basis, and the data collection went smoothly according to plans. The Deputy Prime Minister said that a census is the only source of information about the number, and the characteristics of the citizens.

“Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng said also that the census provides also the basis for selective patterns of society, as well as the starting point using population numbers for predictions of future population developments, and it is an important factor when planning for various sectors.

“Mr. Sar Kheng thanked the United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], the Japan International Cooperation Agency [JICA], and the government of Germany that had provided technical assistance and funds to support the census in 2008, which is important in the history of Cambodia to develop the country.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1737, 4.9.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 4 September 2008


Deum Tnot, Vol.1, #84, 3-9.8.2008

  • Authorities and Company Representatives Claim that Boeng Kak Lake Development Plan Is Progressing Smoothly Despite Some Protests


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1737, 4.8.2008

  • Census Results Show that the Population of Cambodia Is 13,388,910
  • Thai Demonstrators Disregard [Thai Prime Minister] Samak’s Declaration of a State of Emergency


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #236, 4.8.2008

  • [Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association President] Rong Chhun Demands Phnom Penh Government Reduce Fuel Prices on Market


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #90, 4.8.2008

  • Khmer Rouge Tribunal Received Complaints about Gender Violence [rape and killings of cross-gender persons living as the gender other than that assigned at birth, during Khmer Rouge regime]


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6441, 4.8.2008

  • Norodom Ranariddh Party Supports Election Results, but Sam Rainsy Party and Human Rights Party Still Continue to Protest


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3556, 4.8.2008

  • Everything Is Ready for the First National Assembly Session to Hold a Package Voting [says Leng Peng Long, Secretary-General of the National Assembly Secretariat]
  • Sam Rainsy: Khmer Rouge Killed People, but the Cambodian People’s Party Kills Citizens’ Rights [on 3 September, Sam Rainsy Party and Human Rights Party held a joint press conference showing documents as evidence of irregularities in the fourth term parliamentary election]


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4685, 4.8.2008

  • Parliamentarians of the Sam Rainsy Party and of the Human Rights Party Will Not Swear an Oath together with the Parliamentarians of the Cambodian People’s Party [because they do not believe that the Cambodian People’s Party won 90 seats]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3401, 4.8.2008

  • Whoever Does Not Swear an Oath [as member of the National Assembly] Will Not Have Parliamentary Immunity [Cambodian People’s Party senior official Nguon Nhel warns parliamentarians who plan not to participate in swearing the oath in the first session of the National Assembly]

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Tuesday, 2.9.2008: Cambodia and Vietnam Agree to Finish Setting Border Markers by the End of 2008, while Siam Continues to Invade in the West

Posted on 3 September 2008. Filed under: Week 576 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 576

“Phnom Penh: The government of Cambodia sent another working group to Vietnam to continue the negotiations regarding the setting of land border markers, while Siamese [Thai] troops continue to invade the west of Cambodia.

“Early this week, Mr. Var Kim Hong [the head of the Cambodian Border Committee] and Mr. Long Visalo [Secretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs] led a border working group to Vietnam to discuss details of the border markings, mutually agreed at the end of 2006, in order to put land border markers as agreed previously.

“An official of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that during one-day negotiations on 28 August 2008, Cambodia and Vietnam agreed to finish setting 100 land border markers by the end of 2008.

“The official continued that the 1,270 km land border between Cambodia and Vietnam will be marked with more than 300 border markers, both on land and on the sea. The maps for the discussion used by both working groups are based on 1:100,000 scale maps. The maps will be used as basis for the discussions with Vietnam and Laos, in order to mark the unclear border points along the borders of both countries.

“As for the maps for the discussions and as reference with Siam [Thailand], they are based on the international French and Siamese maps or the 100/200,000 map [sic! – though this is maybe not correct, as it is not a usual scale, and it is also not probable that an old, but very detailed 1:2,000 map exists of the whole borderline, made at the time when France was the colonial power in Cambodia and negotiated with Thailand]. However, the official said that to put border markers at the Cambodian and Vietnamese border, and border markers at the Cambodian and Laotian border is easy to be achieved, because Vietnam and Laos recognize the maps mentioned above. As for Siam, it bases its arguments on the maps made between Siam and France without any discussion with Cambodia [because at that time, there was no Cambodian government, but the French held the state authority]. This is the point why Cambodia does not accept the demands by the Siamese side.

“Mr. Var Kim Hong, the head of the Cambodian Border Committee, reported to Kampuchea Thmey that the Cambodian working group visiting Vietnam early last week signed an agreement on the points of convergence between Cambodia and Vietnam, and between Cambodia and Laos. ‘We met as the working groups of the three countries, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos, to discuss about the setting of 100 border markers by the end of 2008. During this meeting, we wanted to speed up the marking of the border lines of the three countries according to each stage.’

“Mr. Var Kim Hong added, ‘We will continue to study to set more than 300 border markers between Cambodia and Vietnam, according to our legal policies and the Indochina Scale Map. During the meeting we confirmed to fulfill more of the agreements of early 2005. Nevertheless, Cambodia is optimistic that solutions for the Cambodian and Vietnamese border, and for the Cambodian and Laotian border are easy to be discussed, because we depend on [intergovernmental] memorandums of understanding.’

“An official of the government said that after the working groups of the three countries agreed about common maps, ‘we will use instruments receiving the data of the Global Positioning System – GPS – by pressing at the locator button [to identify the location]; for some points – the three sides said – if the GPS shows that Cambodia extends into Vietnamese territory, and in some areas Vietnam extends into Cambodia – and similarly for Laos – then each side will have to withdraw from those points.’

“As for the border between Cambodia and Siam, Mr. Var Kim Hong said that ‘we now cannot say how to solve it, because negotiations are stalled.’ He added, “We have sufficient maps as references, but we cannot talk now, because the negotiations cannot proceed, as there is a crisis in Siam’ [which started some days ago]. He went on to say that he is still confident that Cambodia and Thailand can solve their dispute.

“Although the government of Cambodia hopes the borders between Cambodia and Siam can be clearly established, Siam still continues to invade Cambodia with no end. Though now a crisis erupted in their country, they still let their troops invade Cambodia along the border.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1735, 2.9.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 2 September 2008


Chakraval, Vol.16, #2807, 2.8.2008

  • Boeng Kak Lake Residents Protest at Municipal Office Demanding a Solution from the Company Before Soil Is Pumped in [1 September 2008]
Boeng Kak Lake in Phnom Penh

Boeng Kak Lake in Phnom Penh

In spite of the concerns of Prime Minister Hun Sen and of the President of the Natinal Assembly Heng Samrin, this lake may disappear – see also the editorial of the previous Sunday: Click here to have a look at the last editoria.


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1735, 2.8.2008

  • Cambodia and Vietnam Agree to Finish Setting Border Markers by the End of 2008, while Siam Continues to Invade in the West
  • Political Crisis in Siam [Thailand] Leads to a Complete Deadlock


Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #88, 2.8.2008

  • People Demand Municipality Stop Filling Boeng Kak Lake
  • Forest Crimes Increase in Batheay District [Kompong Cham]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3554, 2.8.2008

  • Income from Oil Will Benefit Only Leaders and Corrupt Officials
  • Siamese Troops Enter and Build Base, 2 km inside of Khmer Land at Dangrek Mountains [Oddar Meanchey]


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4683, 2.8.2008

  • Sam Rainsy and Kem Sokha Will Complain to the International Community after the Announcement of the Election Results Today
  • National Election Committee Did Better Than UNTAC Did [United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia 1992/93]; the National Election Committee Counted Votes Immediately After Elections [says National Election Committee chairperson Im Suorsdey]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3399, 2.8.2008

  • Mystery of the Cobra Two Karaoke Parlor: Women Working there [are required to] Wear No Underwear [Kien Svay, Kandal]

Click here to have a look at the last editorial – will the Prime Minister’s concern for the environment continue to be violated?

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