Week 606

To Be on Time – and to Remember – Sunday, 5.4.2009

Posted on 9 April 2009. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 606 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 606

First: Sorry for the delays, I was already out of hospital care for some days, but still not yet quite OK. After all, the “backbone” is the backbone of the body – and if it is out of order, that has a lot of side effects.

In order not to delay the daily translations too much, I will only collect and highlight some observations from the news of the week and leave it open for reflection – How comes? What does it mean?

Norbert Klein

Monday:

“The Number of Rapes of Underage Persons Is Higher Than the Rapes of Adults [there were 419 rapes of women and children in 2008, out of which 280 cases were against underage persons]”

“[The director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia] Mr. Chhang Youk Questions Why Duch Alone Is Heard in Court, but Not Also Nearly 200 Other Prison Chiefs”

Tuesday:

“More Than US$12 Million Is Collected from the Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese Friendship and Charity Golf Event [in Vietnam]”

Golfers seem to have a lot of money to spend,
in spite of the economic problems.

Wednesday:

“Duch read out from a drafted paper with a plain voice, admitting his crimes at the S-21 or Tuol Sleng prison, ‘I accept, according to the law, responsibility for all crimes, especially torture and carnage. For torture, I would like to express remorse for all crimes during the Khmer Rouge Democratic Regime.’

In contrast, I remember the statements of the former
Head of State of “Democratic Kampuchea,” Khiev Samphan: “Let bygones
be bygones…”
when asked about the past [in 1998, after the defection
of their Khmer Rouge faction to the Cambodian government]. And of
Brother Number Two Nuon Chea (after Brother Number One, Pol Pot),
who told a news conference in 1998, “Naturally, we are sorry – not
only for the lives of the people, but also for the animals.”
And
more recently: “I was aware of some killing – just some killing –
but how could I have controlled it? There were too many factors,”

Nuon Chea said, softening his one-time denial that he never
knew of any deaths [16 February 2007].

Thursday:

“Citizens who read Sereypheap Thmey greatly wonder why there is drug distribution and abuse at the place where laws should be strictly enforced. There are many police and persons of authority and other people who had visited their relatives in prison at the M-1 Prey Sar rehabilitation center who said that when they go to see their relatives in prison, they have to pass three checkpoints: one post of front line security guards, one post to note down the names of visitors, one post to check food and other materials.”

“Nearly US$3 Million [from funds of the municipality] Is Used to Construct a Main Channel and the Kab Srov Pumping Station to Avoid Flooding at the North of Phnom Penh.”

So the Phnom Penh taxpayers pay now to try to fix problems,
created by the filling up of Boeng Kak lake by a private company, which
plans to exploit the former lake as a modern construction site for its own profit?

Friday:

“On 31 March 2009, in Sihanoukville, the Cambodian Prime Minister, Mr. Hun Sen, said, ‘If they would try 20 people, until the trials are finished, war would break out…”

“Also, Mr. Hun Sen wished that the United Nations or the Khmer Rouge Tribunal should run out of money.”

“The president of the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights – LICADHO, Ms. Pong Chhiv Kek [also known as Dr. Kek Galabru], criticized Prime Minister Hun Sen’s speech of 31 March 2009 in Sihanoukville, saying ‘To accuse or not to accuse is the court’s duty, and this needs no decision outside of the court.’”

Saturday:

“The Royal Government will offer priority for land ownership for housing construction, for farming and small-scale utilization for poor families, and for most vulnerable people. To ensure efficiency in land use, the Royal Government encourages the creation of plans to allocate land for farming development, tourism industry, urban and rural areas, housing areas, reserved areas, and conservation areas, in order to avoid land use which does not meet the best potentiality.”

“In a Land Dispute in Chi Kraeng District [in Siem Reap], [around 100] Residents Walk to Phnom Penh to Request a Solution [after walking 13 days, they arrive in Phnom Penh]”

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Experiences and Goals to Implement Land Allocation Social and Economic Development Projects – Saturday, 4.4.2009

Posted on 8 April 2009. Filed under: Week 606 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 606

I am out of hospital care, but still not yet quite OK. Trying to catch up with the delays.

Norbert Klein

“Phnom Penh: At the Sunway Hotel, there was a workshop about Land Allocation Social and Economic Development (LASED) projects on 2 April 2009, under the presidency of the Minister of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction, who is also chairperson of the Land Policy Council, and chairperson of the National Land Allocation Concession Committee, Senior Minister Im Chhun Lim.

“This workshop was organized while LASED projects are being carried out as an experiment in Kratie, Kompong Cham, and Kompong Thom. The major aim of LASED projects is to combine the implementation of social concession land use countrywide, following Sub-Decree #19 from 2003, to encourage equal land allocation and economic growth by making use of unused land and labor force more effectively, and to contribute to strengthen basic relations of society.

“Previously, land allocations were carried out based on the previous land law, and the new land law in 2001; looking at it since 1979, the policy to allocate state land as private ownership land to people has been implemented in three big land allocation phases:

  • The allocation in 1989: The state provided special possessions to general people, recognizing land that they actually controlled at that time.
  • The allocation in 1992: The state provided land to people who were repatriated as pat of the arrangements of the Paris Peace Accords.
  • The allocation in 1998: The state recognized land ownerships of people as part of the integration of people living in the last areas which had been controlled by the Khmer Rouge forces.
  • Besides the big land allocation phases mentioned above, the Royal Government has continually distributed land to people in relation to the establishment of new villages, new settlements, mine clearing project implementation, and illegal land regularization for poor people where more than 17,000 families in total own more than 2,000 hectares of land which is mostly housing land.

“Recently, the Land Concession Committees at national and at province and city levels are cooperating with the National Authority for Solving Land Disputes to allocate land to people who need real land ownerships for land controlled illegally, and land that has previously been expropriated.

“The Royal Government will offer priority for land ownership for housing construction, for farming and small-scale utilization for poor families, and for most vulnerable people. To ensure efficiency in land use, the Royal Government encourages the creation of plans to allocate land for farming development, tourism industry, urban and rural areas, housing areas, reserved areas, and conservation areas, in order to avoid land use which does not meet the best potentiality.

“To gain experience in implementing ways to provide social land concessions very effectively, a testing plan for social land allocation and economic development has been developed to be taken as a good model for countrywide implementation. This testing plan supports social land concessions initiated by commune councilors at the local levels with technical support from district and provincial working teams. LASED programs being implemented at present are conducted in Cham Kravieng commune, Memut district, Kompong Cham, in Sambok and Changkrang communes, Kratie district, Kratie, and in Kompong Thom.

“For five years from 2008 to 2013, the project has around US$15 million available in total, out of which US$11.5 million is from the World Bank for operations and public investments, Euro 1.2 million [US$1.6 million] technical aid from Germany, and US$300,000 shared by the Royal Government of Cambodia. All funds are for social land concession implementation in 20 communes in the three provinces mentioned above. LASED projects started to be implemented on 11 September 2008.

“As a result, LASED projects have allocated social concession land to 775 poor families (525 families in Kratie, and 250 families in Kompong Cham), and continue to be implemented in a second component for the provision of some necessary rural development services and for the provision of food-for-work for the fist year to families that have acquired land in order to help support their livelihood.

“Besides implementing the above projects which are fully in line with Sub-Decree #19 on social concession land, the Royal Government has also provided social concession land to poor families that own no land or lack sufficient land. Consequently, 286 hectares of cleared landmine land were distributed to 9,416 families in total, where 79.17 hectares are farming land for 135 families, 15.57 hectares are housing land for 55 families, land for rural road construction for 7,731 families, 16.54 hectares are for rural road safety for 981 families, and 19.18 hectares are land for building schools for 350 families. In Kompong Speu, there are 224.5 hectares of disputed land in total, which has been solved where 18 hectares is housing land in Roleang Kreul commune, Samraong Tong district, that has been provided to 88 families, and 206.5 hectares of production land for 826 families (among them, 479 families had received land).

“LASED programs have faced some challenges from illegal land control after land had been registered as land of the state for social land concessions. Working teams will make broader publicity about it and the commune, district, and provincial authorities have to prevent such illegal land control. Besides, there will be more publicity so that poor families who own no land know and come to apply for concession land according to legal procedures.

“This workshop is a good opportunity for all members of working teams that implement LASED projects at national and sub- national levels, for World Bank, German GTZ, and for other non-government organizations to better understand social land concessions, and to discuss to find better solutions for experiments and follow-up goals of LASED programs with better results.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6620, 4-5.4.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 4 April 2009

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #157, 4.4.2009

  • The Court Orders Samdech Krom Preah Norodom Ranariddh to Return Residence Number 32 to the State

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1915, 4.4.2009

  • In a Land Dispute in Chi Kraeng District [in Siem Reap], [around 100] Residents Walk to Phnom Penh to Request a Solution [after walking 13 days, they arrive in Phnom Penh]
  • G20 Leaders Agree to Deal with the Global Economic Crisis with US$1.1 Trillion
  • North Korea Says It Will Attack Japanese Big Bases if Its Rocket Is Shot Down

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.3, #379, 4.4.2009

  • Ieng Sary Continues to Be Detained [after the request to be bailed out due to his illness, and due to corruption at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, failed]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6620, 4-5.4.2009

  • Experiences and Goals to Implement Land Allocation Social and Economic Development Projects
  • The Authorities Evacuate Citizens from Preah Vihear for a While for Security [after clashes between Cambodian and Thai troops]

Meatophoum, Vol.17, #728, 3-4.4.2009

  • Contraband Enters through the Robeang Border Crossing Point without Control in Poipet

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3729, 4-5.4.2009

  • Civil Society Encourage the Government to Solve Big Land Disputes Affecting the Right of Living of Citizens
  • [Opposition party leader] Sam Rainsy: Under the Pretext of Development, the Hun Sen Government Sells Land to Foreign Companies

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4863, 4.4.2009

  • Two Clashes: Siamese [Thai] and Cambodian Troops Fought Large Scale Battles – and Three Siamese Soldiers Died and Many Were Injured [government officials of Cambodia said that Thai troops entered Khmer territory in the contested Veal Intry region where the clash broke out]
  • The World Bank Assesses the Investment Atmosphere, and the Government Prepares US$7.3 Million to Help Jobless People

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Civil Society Officials Criticize Hun Sen for Exercising Power over the Khmer Rouge Tribunal – Friday, 3.4.2009

Posted on 8 April 2009. Filed under: Week 606 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 606

I am out of hospital care, but still not yet quite OK. Trying to catch up with the delays.

Norbert Klein

“Khmer civil society organizations reacted against Prime Minister Hun Sen, who warned foreign co-prosecutors of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal not to accuse any more suspects who were former high ranking cadres of the Democratic Kampuchea regime which massacred nearly two million Khmers between 1975 and 1979.

“The president of the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights – LICADHO, Ms. Pong Chhiv Kek [also known as Dr. Kek Galabru], criticized Prime Minister Hun Sen’s speech of 31 March 2009 in Sihanoukville, saying ‘To accuse or not to accuse is the court’s duty, and this needs no decision outside of the court.’

“Ms. Pong Chhiv Kek’s speech, saying, ‘If there are more convictions, citizens who were victimized directly or indirectly by the Khmer Rouge regime, will be satisfied,’ is in contrast to Prime Minister Hun Sen’s speech.

“The former Khmer Rouge top leaders, who were responsible for killing nearly two million Khmer citizens, are accused by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal and are being detained and investigated, are: former Tuol Sleng or S21 prison chief Kaing Gek Eav, alias Duch; former deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs Ieng Sary; former head of state, Khiev Samphan; former president of the National Assembly, Nuon Chea; and former minister of health and social affairs, Ieng Thirith. All of them are accused of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide, and are waiting for follow-up hearings.

“The director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia, Mr. Chhang Youk, said that the Khmer Rouge Tribunal has much more time to think about accusations on more suspects. He added that the number alone cannot define to achieve justice from the genocidal regime for the Cambodian people.

“Mr. Chhang Youk said, ‘I think that there is still time for considerations, because additional accusations create concerns.’

“A prosecutor of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Mr. Robert Petit, was quoted by foreign newspapers refusing to comment on Prime Minister Hun Sen’s reaction against the intention for additional accusations. The spokesperson of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Mr. Reach Sambath, said that this is a matter between the United Nation and the Royal Government of Cambodia.

“Mr. Reach Sambath said, ‘What Samdech [Hun Sen] had said is a matter between our Cambodian government and the United Nations, but not related to the court.’

“On 31 March 2009, in Sihanoukville, the Cambodian Prime Minister, Mr. Hun Sen, said, ‘If they would try 20 people, until the trials are finished, war would break out, which then would lead to the deaths of thousands of people. Who will solve it? But now, if [former KR troops] were asked to come out [to go again into the jungle to fight the government], they will not come. Sorry, that should be clear.’

“Also, Mr. Hun Sen wished that the United Nations or the Khmer Rouge Tribunal should run out of money.

“Recently, the Documentation Center of Cambodia, administered by Mr. Chhang Youk, released a survey report which found that 57% of Khmer citizens among the 1,110 respondents support and want that the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, which is a joint effort by the United Nations and the Cambodian government, should accuse more suspects who are former Khmer Rouge top leaders, who killed almost two million Khmer citizens.

“Duch’s defense lawyer, Mr. Ka Savuth, had said that there are still, in addition, 14 top Khmer Rouge leaders to be accused and arrested for prosecution according to the law, and he will ask the Khmer Rouge Tribunal to accuse 195 prison chiefs of the Khmer Rouge regime, who were involved in massacring tens of thousands of Khmer citizens, where the number of killings is higher than that in the Tuol Sleng prison controlled by Kaing Gek Eav alias Duch. He added that convicting Duch alone is not right.

“On Tuesday, retired King Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk dismissed the opinion that Vietnam was involved in the creation of the Khmer Rouge, but conversely, he said that American forces are to be blamed for the formation of this movement.

“Writing on the first page of a copied news text on 18 March 2009, Preah Bath Norodom Sihanouk called the accusation by Mr. David Chandler, a researcher on Cambodia, that Vietnam trained, supported, provided weapons, and cooperated with the Khmer Rouge, to be absolutely wrong. Continuing on this point, the retired King, aged 87, also criticized America for its bombardment campaign between the 1960s and the 1970s on Cambodian territory, saying that they killed ordinary Khmer citizens who were not communists. Preah Bath Norodom Sihanouk wrote by hand on the margin of the text about the argument of the US historian Ben Kiernan, who had said that the air bombardment could only increase the power of the Khmer Rouge while North Vietnam was defeated, but at the end, America knew that it was not North Vietnam, but the Khmer Rouge who got stronger. He continued to say that it is a shame for the most powerful country of the world that they attacked villagers who were mistaken, though they were Sihanoukists.”Cheat Khmer, Vol.1, #52, 3.4.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 03 April 2009

Cheat Khmer, Vol.1, #52, 3.4.2009

  • Civil Society Officials Criticize Hun Sen for Exercising Power over the Khmer Rouge Tribunal

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #156, 3.4.2009

  • An Old Mine Exploding at the Veal Intry Region Caused a Siamese [Thai] Soldier to Lose His Left Leg
  • The National Assembly Adopts a Draft Agreement Encouraging and Protecting Cambodian-Kuwaiti Investments
  • Lawyer Nou Chantha Drove a Car and Hit a Tuk-Tuk, Escaped, and Started a Shootout [against the police, but finally was arrested – Phnom Penh]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1914, 3.4.2009

  • US Navy Ship Docks in Sihanoukville Port

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.3, #378, 3.4.2009

  • Duch’s Apology [for killing people in the Tuol Sleng prison] Cannot Be Accepted [by Khmer citizens]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6619, 3.4.2009

  • [Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs] Kasit Piromya: In Thai, [the word mistranslated as] “Gangster” Means Also a Lion-Hearted Person and a Brave Gentleman

Rasmei Angkor, Vol.17, #4862, 3.4.2009

  • [Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs] Kasit Makes an Apology and Samdech Hun Sen Says That’s OK

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4862, 3.4.2009

  • A Kirirom National Park Deputy Direct Is Arrested for Illegally Using Weapons and for Attempted Murder [Kompong Speu]

Sereypheap Thmey, Vol.16, #1688, 3.4.2009

  • [The US Cable Network News] CNN Published Worldwide that there is Corruption [paying kickbacks to get positions] an the Khmer Rouge Tribunal on the Day of the Opening of the Hearing of Duch
  • Duch’s Defense Lawyer Ka Savuth Said Duch Is Accused of Killing Vietnamese, but Why Yuon [Vietnam] Is Not Accused of Killing Khmers [he said that war was like splashing water, and both sides suffered]

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Additional Information about Drug Abuse in Prey Sar Prison – Thursday, 2.4.2009

Posted on 8 April 2009. Filed under: Week 606 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 606

I am out of hospital care, but still not yet quite OK. Trying to catch up with the delays.

Norbert Klein

“After Sereypheap Thmey published that there is drug distribution and abuse at the M-1 Prey Sar rehabilitation center, we have gained much support and we even received new reports about inactivity by the authorities and illegality in the biggest rehabilitation center of Cambodia.

“According to reports we received, in March, 19 packages of ‘ice yama’ were brought in by people who visited prisoners. Those who brought ‘ice yama’ into the prison cannot be identified, because they left the prison already. That drugs were brought into the prison shows that prisoners must have used and have been using drugs there.

“Citizens who read Sereypheap Thmey greatly wonder why there is drug distribution and abuse at the place where laws should be strictly enforced. There are many police and persons of authority and other people who had visited their relatives in prison at the M-1 Prey Sar rehabilitation center who said that when they go to see their relatives in prison, they have to pass three checkpoints: one post of front line security guards, one post to note down the names of visitors, one post to check food and other materials.

“Officials working in the Prey Sar prison told Sereypheap Themy that drugs are not only used by prison officials, but they are also used in prison cells.

“The Prey Sar Prison chief, Mr. Mong Kim Heng, could not be reached for comments by Sereypheap Themy over this scandal yesterday.

“An official of a human rights organization in Phnom Penh told Sereypheap Themy anonymously that they had heard prisoners talking about the abuse of drugs sold by prison officials, and most prisoners who abuse drugs are children of the rich who provide them money every week. Because this information was secret, Sereypheap Themy dares to publish it now. This non-government organization official asked the director of the Prison Department, Mr. Heng Hak, to take urgent measures to prevent drug trafficking, and that the Prey Sar prison chief must be held responsible for this problem.” Sereypheap Thmey, Vol.16, #1687, 2.4.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 02 April 2009

Cheat Khmer, Vol.1, #51, 2.4.2009

  • The Secretary General of the Cambodian People’s Party and Second Vice-President of the National Assembly, Mr. Say Chhum, Is Seriously Sick [he suffers from a stroke]

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #155, 2.4.2009

  • Japan Announces to Step Up Aid for Developing Countries

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1913, 2.4.2009

  • Nearly US$3 Million [from funds of the municipality] Is Used to Construct a Main Channel and the Kab Srov Pumping Station to Avoid Flooding at the North of Phnom Penh
  • The Woman Who Pretended to Faint near the Body of Her Husband Who Was Killed by Cutting His Throat Is the One Who Organized the Murder Plan

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6618, 2.4.2009

  • Thai Minister of Foreign Affairs Says that There Was a Problematic Translation Using the Word “Gangster” [in relation to the Cambodian prime minister] and He Prepares to Give a Diplomatic Explanation
  • Over Two Months after a Marriage a Man Beheaded His Wife because He Does Not Love Her [Kompong Cham]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4861, 2.4.2009

  • On the Third Day of the Hearing, There Is a Request [by a French defense lawyer] for Duch to Be Let Out on Bail [because the legal limit of pre-trial detention of six months was exceeded by several years]
  • There Are Nearly 200 Cambodians Getting Infected with Tuberculosis Every Day [according the a secretary of state of the Ministry of Health, Dr. Mao Tan Eang]

Sereypheap Thmey, Vol.16, #1687, 2.4.2009

  • Additional Information about Drug Abuse in Prey Sar Prison

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Duch: “I Apologize for Torture and Killings” – Wednesday, 1.4.2009

Posted on 8 April 2009. Filed under: Week 606 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 606

I am out of hospital care, but still not yet quite OK. Trying to catch up with the delays.

Norbert Klein

“Phnom Penh: The former chief of Tuol Sleng prison or S-21 Center, Duch, recognized his guilt and publicly apologized for torture and murders in the Tuol Sleng prison between 17 April 1975 and 6 January 1979.

“Wearing a short sleeves shirt with red patterns during the hearing, Duch was allowed to stand up and express his position. Duch read out from a drafted paper with a plain voice, admitting his crimes at the S-21 or Tuol Sleng prison, ‘I accept, according to the law, responsibility for all crimes, especially torture and carnage. For torture, I would like to express remorse for all crimes during the Khmer Rouge Democratic Regime.’

“Duch added that, based on the trace that he had acted at Cheung Ek and at the [present] Tuol Sleng Museum, he would like to be allowed to express his apology to those who survived and to the families of victims who lost their lives in the S-21. ‘Now, I would like to ask these people to please witness that I want to apologize. Please take this intention into consideration. But I don’t really demand that you pardon me already now.’

“Also, Duch stated that his crimes against human lives, especially women’s and children’s lives, are grave crimes that cannot be tolerated. His present request is to keep the door open for him to apologize.

“With a voice like feeling a lump in his throat but without tears, Duch stated his very painful remorse that whenever he recalls his past, he feels painful. He is terrified recalling past activities that he had committed and which he was ordered to enforce that mostly harmed many innocent lives, including those of women and children. Even though he followed orders of the Angkar [the ‘Organization’ of the Khmer Rouge], he is really responsible himself for these crimes.

“Duch added that in his position as the S-21 Center chief, he did everything following orders from superiors, although he knew that enforcing orders would lead thousands of people to die. Duch’ superiors were Son Sen [who was executed in 1997 as a result of an internal power struggle] and Brother Number 2 (Nuon Chea) [who is also facing the same Khmer Rouge Tribunal]. Duch claimed that if he did not follow his superiors’ orders, he and his family’s members would also have been executed.

“The public who attended to directly observe the hearing at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal does not accept Duch’s apology. Interviewed attendees whose relatives were killed during the Khmer Rouge regime said that torture and murders cannot be tolerated. Let the court prosecute him. And Duch’s claim that torture and murders were enforced by his superiors’ orders, and that he and his family would also have been killed if he not did follow them are just Duch’s excuses.

“Nevertheless, this former Tuol Sleng prison chief put blame on the Communist Party led by Pol Pot at that time as responsible for the murders during the Khmer Rouge regime. He said in the hearing, ‘The Communist Party is absolutely responsible for the murders since 17 April 1975 to 6 January 1979.’

“On the second day of the hearing, Duch showed a painting drawn by himself with the title ‘The Final Day of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.’ The painting showed the anniversary of the party in 1978, with the sickle sign, and with three leaders of the party: Nuon Chea sitting at the right hand side of Pol Pot and Ta Mok at the left hand side. Under the three leaders, there are four piles of bones and skulls.

“It is announced that the hearings of Duch will continue on 1 April 2009.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4860, 1.4.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 1 April 2009

Cheat Khmer, Vol.1, #49, 1.4.2009

  • The Prime Minister Warns Not to Accuse More Former Khmer Rouge Leaders, otherwise War Will Break Out

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #153, 1.4.2009

  • The Khmer Prime Minister Warns the Siamese [Thai] Minister of Foreign Affairs [Kasit Piromya] to Withdraw the Word “Gangster” [which he had used, referring to Prime Minister Hun Sen – the Thai side claims that this is a linguistic misunderstanding – the same word can also refer to a skillful strong person]
  • Hun Sen Announces that All Cock Fighting Sites in the Country have to be closed [including the famous site of Deputy Prime Minister Sok An]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1912, 1.4.2009

  • A Police Was Killed Cutting His Throat – His Wife Fainted [police are waiting for the woman to wake up so that she can indicate who are the murderers] Kompong Speu]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.3, #376, 1.4.2009

  • Hun Sen Plans to Reduce the Number of Generals [by the end of this year]s, Which Stands Now at 13,684

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6617, 1.4.2009

  • ADB: In 2009 Cambodia Will Not Be Severely Affected by the Global Economic Crisis as Forecast [by economists and by the International Monetary Fund, which forecast that the Cambodian economy will achieve 2.5% growth in 2009, and 4% growth in 2010, depending on three factors: garment exports, increase of tourists arriving, and the construction industry]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4860, 1.4.2009

  • Duch: “I Apologize for Torture and Killings”
  • A UNESCO Delegation Goes to Check the Preah Vihear Temple [as a part of activities to help develop and conserve this old-age temple, and to see the preparation for the joint Cambodian-Thai administration of Preah Vihear, set as a condition for the listing as a World Heritage Site in 2008]
  • The Cambodian Disabled People’s Organization Calls on the National Assembly to Adopt a Cambodian Handicapped Law Soon

Sereypheap Thmey, Vol.16, #1687, 1.4.2009

  • New Regulation from the Municipality: Khmer Gamblers Will Be Jailed and Foreigners [who commit offenses and violence] Will Be Expelled from Cambodia

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The Trial Chamber Opens New Page and Former Tuol Sleng Prison Chief ‘Duch’ Is Accused during the First Hearing – Tuesday, 31.3.2009

Posted on 7 April 2009. Filed under: Week 606 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 606

“The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia heard Tuol Sleng Prison Chief Kaing Gek Eav, alias Duch, on 30 March 2009, while the Khmer Rouge Tribunal read out the indictment against Duch, related to crimes that this suspect committed during his office in the Khmer Rouge regime from 1975 to 1979.

“Duch was transported by security guards of the tribunal from the detention center at around 9:00 a.m. to the courtroom under very careful guard. In the courtroom, judges publicly announced to open the hearing. Then judges directly addressed Duch and ordered two clerks to read out the indictment for the whole day, not permitting any arguments. The spokesperson of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Mr. Reach Sambath, said that Duch’s indictment read by clerks during the hearing on 30 March 2009 consists of hundreds of pages. He added that on 31 March 2009, the co-prosecutors will accuse Duch officially. That is the time when Duch’s lawyers can argue and pose questions.

“It is noticed that, when the presiding judge, Mr. Nel Non, asked the accused about his biography and his activities, the accused described his biography following questions asked by the judges in front of Khmer and foreign co-prosecutors. There were around 500 people attending to observe the procedures of the process, to hear Duch who is the former Tuol Sleng prison chief, for whom Khmer citizens have been waiting for justice for nearly 30 years. Anyway, participants expressed satisfaction toward the tribunal which tried the Tuol Sleng prison chief, because during Duch’s control, nearly 20,000 people are known to have been killed, some died from torture in the Tuol Sleng prison, or were sent to be executed at the Boeng Cheung Ek execution site.

“According to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal’s procedures, while clerks were reading the indictment against Duch, nobody was allowed to argue. The hundreds-of-pages-long indictment raised Duch’s responsibility at the S-21 prison [the Tuol Sleng prison], the Cheung Ek execution site [the Killing Fields], the Takhmao prison, the Prey Sar prison, and other prisons around the country with relations to the S-21 prison.

“At the same time, around 300 students from the provinces and cities attended in the afternoon, in the compound of the tribunal, in order to study Duch’s hearing, but they could not come into the courtroom, because there were no seats available for them. Mr. Reach Sambath said that they might not believe what their parents had told them about the executions during the Khmer Rouge regime, but now, they want to see the in practice.

“The Tribunal allows Duch’s hearing to be broadcast live through National Television (TVK) and through national radio. Mr. Reach Sambath went on to say that the co-prosecutors will accuse Duch and Duch’s defense lawyers can argue. There was no response from the accused Duch while the clerks were reading the indictment for the whole day, and he just sat and listened, but Duch and his defense lawyers can argue the next day.

“Mr. Reach Sambath continued to say that the tribunal plans to publish the indictment, read by the clerks of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, in the court’s website, if the legal team gives the permission. According to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Duch’s hearing might take up to four months. Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6616, 31.3.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 31 March 2009

Cheat Khmer, Vol.1, #49, 31.3.2009

  • Electricity Generators of the Naga Casino Create Disturbing Noise and Stand High over the National Assembly [Naga, the biggest Casino in Phnom Penh, is located next to the National Assembly and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, and the Buddhist institute]

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #153, 31.3.2009

  • Research Found that Nearly 9 Million Cambodians Discharge Waste Outside of Toilets
  • Almost 100 Chi Kraeng District Residents Protest in Front of the National Assembly over the Shootout in the Land Dispute [in Siem Reap]
  • Canada Helps Train [40] Cambodian Police in Investigation Skills on Human Trafficking
  • The United Nations Announces that Up to One Billion People Will Starve
  • The United States of America Announces It Will Not Shoot Down the Missile of North Korea

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1911, 31.3.2009

  • The King Returns from Beijing after Receiving a Medical Checkup
  • Duch’s Hearing Will Last until July
  • The Opposition Party Asks the [US] FBI to Release the Investigation Document about the Grenade Attack in Front of the National Assembly [in 1997, which killed nearly 20 people]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6616, 31.3.2009

  • The Trial Chamber Opens a New Page and the Former Tuol Sleng Prison Chief ‘Duch’ Is Accused during the First Hearing
  • More Than US$12 Million Is Collected from the Cambodian, Laotian, and Vietnamese Friendship and Charity Golf Event [in Vietnam]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4859, 31.3.2009

  • Cambodia Decided to Remove Mine Danger Signs after Siamese [Thai] Black Clad Soldiers [special border protection units] Said They Wait for a Decision from Higher Levels
  • Fire Burned down a Bike Shop at Night, Killing Three Persons, and Destroying All Property [Kampot]
  • Two Men Jumped in to the Sea to Escape from a Thai Fishing Boat [where they were forced to work] – They Were Rescued by a Vietnamese Boat [Kampot]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3725, 31.3.2009

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Asks for the Creation of an International Court to Convict Criminals Who Threw Grenades in Front of the [former] National Assembly, after Ron Abney [an American citizen injured at that time] Had to Have One Leg Amputated [because of the attack]

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One Million Cambodians Have Diabetes and Hypertension – Monday,30.3.2009

Posted on 31 March 2009. Filed under: Week 605, Week 606 | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 606

“Phnom Penh: As living becomes more modern and nourishing food increases, Cambodian people are facing two types of diseases that up to one million people have: diabetes and hypertension.

“The director of the Disease Information Center which is treating, counseling, and observing 1,300 people having diabetes in Phnom Penh and in Takeo, Mr. Maurits van Pelt, said, ‘At present, in Cambodia there are one million people having diabetes and hypertension.

“According to observations by the World Health Organization and of the Ministry of Health, 12% of people in Siem Reap and 20% in Kompong Cham have hypertension. Also, a similar observation which was conducted from 2004 to 2005 found that 5% of people in Siem Reap and 11% in Kompong Cham have diabetes.

“What is the cause of the high prevalence hypertension? Mr. Maurits van Pelt explained that it is because not many Cambodian people do exercise, and many eat much, making them fat and pot-bellied. Furthermore, it is also a result of genetic factors, since in China and in India, many people have such diseases, and Khmers have much genetic material in common with the two people.

“He added, ‘Laziness not to do exercise, no roads for walking, and some other factors resulting from different diseases, make people have hypertension. Also some urinary diseases may lead to hypertension and other diseases.’

“The president of the Disease Information Center questioned why leaders of rich countries are often slim and leaders of poor countries are fat and pot-bellied. He went on, ‘Khmer leaders do not act as models of the people, because they are too fat. Khmers like pot-bellies showing that that they are wealthy.’

“He continued to say that slim people have about 50 % of all diseases that exist, but fat people have more diseases, and overweight people are found to live seven years less than others. Urban people have twice as often hypertension, compared to those living in the countryside.

“He added, ‘Normally, we need to sweat half an hour per day, but many people say that the weather is too hot and they do not want to sweat; this is not right. To avoid overweight, we need to do physical work at least 30 minutes per day, and should not eat too much.’

“What should we eat to prevent hypertension and diabetes? Mr. Maurits van Pelt said that we should eat much vegetable, and eat some fish; Khmers should rather eat unpolished rice, for it contains Vitamin B, but Khmers like eating white rice for its taste, yet it contains much sugar and lacks vitamins.

“He said also, ‘If people are overweight, they must do exercise to put off their weight. Their health will be better. When they can put off a lot of weight to be in the right proportion with their height, they will no longer have hypertension.’

“Mr. Maurits warns, ‘The spreading of these diseases will increase, because there are more overweight people than before, more vehicles, more American food imported to Cambodia, which contains a lot of cholesterol, and such long-processed food is not good.’

“Regarding people having diabetes, Mr. Maurits said that diabetes patients have to be careful not to have hypertension. He added that if they have diabetes for five years, they may get urinary diseases and continue to have hypertension. Therefore, people who have diabetes have to do exercises, eat food that is not salty, and take care not to get overweight.

“He added that besides providing education through a Friends-Educate-Friends Program for people with diabetes in a district in Takeo and at poor regions in Phnom Penh, he is asking for funds from the European Unions to expand the program at Thma Puok district in Banteay Meanchey. But, there is no response from donors yet.

“He criticized donors, “I asked them once, but they did not agree to provide funds, saying that it is not important. They tell me to work with AIDS, but there are only more than 60,000 AIDS patients, while there are one million people having hypertension and diabetes.’

“He added that donors provide 60% of their funds for AIDS and less than 1% for non-infectious diseases. He said, ‘There are many AIDS and tuberculosis experts, but why aren’t there non-infectious disease experts?’

“Mr. Maurits continues to say, ‘I think Khmers dare not to ask for aid for this field. I think that is wrong.’

“The director of the World Health Organization in Cambodia, Mr. Michael O’Leary, said during the closure of the health convention last week that the high prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and the changes of the pattern of living is a clear sign of the spreading of interaction between these in Cambodia.

“He added that a study shows that about half of the Cambodian men smoke cigarettes, and this number is still increasing. With these interrelated problems, progress must be made to deal with health care needs, for which the government has to find responses.

“However, [the Minister of Health] Dr. Mam Bunheng said, ‘The rate of smokers among men and women declines, but the indicators of the program have not yet achieved their goal in 2008. That is diabetes, hypertension, and the identification of people suffering on their heads in traffic accidents are difficult to measure. Therefore rechecking is necessary.”Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4858, 30.3.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 31 March 2009

Amnach Reas, Vol.2, #45, 30-5.3.2009

  • Rate of Students Dropping Out of School Is Still High
  • The Number of Rapes of Underage Persons Is Higher Than the Rapes of Adults [according to a report of the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association – ADHOC, there were 419 rapes of women and children in 2008, out of which 280 cases were against underage persons]

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #150, 29-30.3.2009

  • [Thai ousted prime minister] Thaksin Calls on Red Shirt Group to Demonstrate against [Prime Minister] Abhisit until He Resigns
  • England Asks G-20 Economic Summit Session to Increase Fund to Assist Impoverished Countries by Around US$100 Billion

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1910, 29-30.3.2009

  • Phnom Penh Governor Allows the Opposition Party to Hold a Buddhist Commemoration Ceremony in Front of the Former National Assembly [for those who were killed by the grenade attack on 30 March 1997]
  • A Dam Broke in Jakarta and Killed 60

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6615, 30.3.2009

  • Siamese [Thai] Merchants Come to Buy Dry Cassava Like Normal

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4858, 30.3.2009

  • The Government Will Not Set the Start of the Trial of Khmer Rouge Leaders on 30 March as a National Holiday
  • One Million Cambodians Have Diabetes and Hypertension
  • The United Nations Highly Assesses the Royal Government for Combating AIDS and Human Trafficking

Sereypheap Thmey, Vol.16, #1684-685, 29-30.3.2009

  • [The director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia] Mr. Chhang Youk Questions Why Duch Alone Is Heard in Court, but Not Also Nearly 200 Other Prison Chiefs
  • Khmer Side Demands Siamese [Thai] Troops to Withdraw Mine Danger Signs Put [along the Border in Samlot, Battambang]
  • [The chairperson of the Cambodian Committee for Solving Border Disputes] Va Kimhong Acknowledges that Solving Border Disputes Bilaterally Is Useless [he had said so nearly one year ago already, negotiations were useless]
  • [The president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association] Rong Chhun: The Prime Minister Acknowledged that the Quality of Education in Cambodia Is Low [recently in a public speech], while [the Minister of Education] Im Sethy Is Very Angry [about a survey by the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association – allegedly not carried out carefully, and producing some wrong data, especially about high dropout rate]

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