Week 580

Week 580 – Sunday,2008-10-05: “Cambodia is a Rule-of-Law Country”

Posted on 6 October 2008. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 580 |

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Saturday, 4.10.2008: The Company’s Armed Persons Harassed the Residents of the Boeng Kak Lake Strongly

Posted on 5 October 2008. Filed under: Week 580 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 580

“The smell of Num Ansam [cooked sticky rice with sweet or salty fillings in banana leaves] made for the Khmer traditional festival of the Pchum Ben days, has not gone yet, but the residents at the Boeng Kak Lake started to worry again, as the forces of the company, that received the right to develop the Boeng Kak Lake, began to cause disturbance by driving a boat to destroy the water convolvulus [trakuon in Khmer ត្រកូន, widely known in southeast Asia also as water spinach, swamp cabbage, water morning-glory, kangkung (Indonesian, Malay), kangkong (Tagalog), eng chai (Hokkien), tangkong (Cebuano), kang kung (Sinhalese), pak boong (in Thai ผักบุ้ง) (Thai), rau muống (Vietnamese), kongxincai (Chinese: 空心菜; pinyin: kōngxīncài – literally ‘hollow heart vegetable’), home sum choy (Hakka), and ong choy or tung choi (Cantonese for 蕹菜, ngônkcôi; pinyin: wéngcài)] planted by the citizens for sale. They used a gun to threaten to shoot anyone who dares to stop their activities.

“A resident told reporters in the morning of 3 October 2008 that in the evening of 2 October 2008, a boat was driven around the Boeng Kak Lake. Moreover, they drove it to destroy the water convolvulus patches [planted on the water of the Boeng Kak Lake] by the people, planted for sale. This resident added that when they got out from their houses and shouted, ‘Why are you driving a boat to destroy our water morning-glory plants like this?’ the persons who drove that boat pulled out a gun and threatened to shoot.

A picture of the Boeng Kak Vegetable Plantations can be seen by clicking here.

“Many residents said that the persons who drove that boat might be armed persons of the company that is dredging sand to fill the Boeng Kak Lake, because previously, there was nobody driving a boat to destroy the residents’ water morning-glories like that, and the boat was found moored near the company’s site disposing the dredged sand. Such activity is considered by the residents to be harassment aiming to force the residents to leave the Boeng Kak region, since the residents protested against being forced by the authorities to leave the area in exchange to a little money, which they regard as an unacceptable solution.

“Because the solutions suggested by the Phnom Penh authorities and by the company are improper and unacceptable, many residents started to protest and to lodge complaints to the court by asking for an injunction to stop dredging sand temporarily and to wait to find solutions. However, the complaint of the residents meant nothing to the Phnom Penh court of first instance, and finally, the court rejected the complaint of the residents and allowed the company to continue dredging sand. Even during the Pchum Ben days, the company continued dredging sand, making the sewage water to rise and almost flood the residents’ housing; therefore, they could not go to celebrate the Pchum Ben days at far places, because they worried that their housing would be flooded.

“So far, the activity of driving a boat to destroy the residents’ water convolvulus plantations is a sign showing that they began harassing the people to make them leave the area, and they assumed that if the residents do not agree to accept the small solutions offered, other activities might happen towards the residents, because the people in Phnom Penh know the iron fist of our municipal governor who never helped the people in the past, but he is good at ordering armed persons to carry out destructions; they always hear the words, ‘Take it or not – and if not, get nothing.’ Like the eviction of people at the Monivong site, at Sambok Chab, and the Dey Krahom communities, because of the struggle for profit, some residents were arrested, and now, they are still in detention because of different accusations.

“As for the residents at the Boeng Kak Lake, many in the general public said that their fate might not be much different from that of the residents at the Dey Krahom or the Monivong communities. The company and the Phnom Penh authorities have never shown to the people the contract for leasing the Boeng Kak Lake. On the contrary, they tried to hide it from the people and tried to calm the situation, so that it should not become too bad before the fourth term parliamentary elections.

Note 1:
Some sections from the Mirror of 21.2.2007, according to Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #5971, 20 February 2007:

Hun Sen’s 11-Point Recommendations for the Environment: Over-Exploitation of Natural Resources Caused by Business Activities Will Result in the Loss of Natural Opportunities

“Phnom Penh: Samdech Prime Minister Hun Sen presented some key points and recommendations relating to possible challenges in the future for natural resources and some environmental activities, during a conference on the environment looking back at the year 2006. The meeting also set some goals for 2007. His recommendations are as follows:

2. “Conservation and protection of protected natural resources: Samdech Prime Minister emphasized that offenders must be held fully responsible. Actions have already been taken against those who committed offenses in Vireakchey Park and in Koh Kong Province.

3. “Strengthening the management of protected national resources and related communities: To successfully and effectively achieve these goals, local people should participate in the implementation of related programs. Samdech Prime Minister recommended that the Ministry of Environment should work with officials at all levels to create community statutes for their management and to ensure equity in receiving benefits from protected natural resources.

7. “Assess Sources of Impacts: Samdech Hun Sen encouraged the Ministry of Environment to transparently assess impacts of any investment projects.

10. “Duties of local authorities: It is hard to believe that local authorities do not know about offenses committed in their communities. Some authorities do not cooperate well with the Ministry of Environment but have to improve.”

“What was seen was that, as soon as the elections were over and the results were released, the company started dredging sand to fill the Boeng Kak region immediately, without caring to find solutions, making many residents protest in front of the Phnom Penh Municipality. The Phnom Penh authorities appeared to solve the problems instead of the company, and still urge the residents to take US$8,000 or a small flat in a Phnom Penh suburb in exchange for leaving the Boeng Kak area, in order to let the company develop it.

“Some information sources said that some residents agreed with the solutions suggested by the Phnom Penh authorities, because they have no hope that the protests according to the law will help, and they know many similar experiences [of other evicted residents in some communities mentioned above]. Another point is that the residents, who had agreed with the solutions offered, lived in small housing on stilts over the surface of the water, for them the money given is appropriate. As for residents who own big houses or land, they do not agree with such solutions, and they ask the Phnom Penh authorities for solutions according to the market price of US$2,000 per square meter.

“Probably because of that protest, armed persons from the company began harassing the citizens, so that they give up and agree to accept the improper solutions.” Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3418, 4.10.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 4 October 2008

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1759, 4.10.2008

  • Teachers’ Day [5 October 2008] Is Taken to Be a Day to Demand the Decrease of the Price of Fuel [to Riel 4000 per liter and for an appropriate increase of teachers’ salaries – according to Mr. Rong Chhun, the president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association]
  • The Sam Rainsy Party and the Human Rights Party Intend to Create an Alliance in the National Assembly [in order to have a stronger voice in the National Assembly – a party or an alliance needs at least 10 seats to speak in the plenary – this will allow the Human Rights Party deputies also to speak]
  • Cambodia Restricts the Import of Milk Powder Productions Contaminated with Melamine
  • UN Calls on Burma to Release [more than 2,000] Political Prisoners

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #256, 4.10.2008

  • Khmer Krom Representatives Put Hope on the US Embassy in Phnom Penh to Help Khmer People in Kampuchea Krom [in Vietnam – after a meeting with US Embassy officials in Phnom Penh on 2 October 2008]

Khmer Sthapana,Vol.1, #108, 4.10.2008

  • Cambodian-French Naval Exercise Will Be Held in the Sea off Sihanoukville [on 4 October 2008]
  • Thailand Plans to Transport 122 Tonnes of Milk Powder Back to China

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6464, 4-5.10.2008

  • A Hearing of [five] Former Khmer Rouge Soldiers in Anlong Veng over the Killing of an English Deminer and a Khmer Man [who was his interpreter] in 1996 Is Opened [the suspects could not deny the accusation, because about 20 deminers witnessed the event; the judgment will be announced on 14 October 2008]
  • Cambodia Can Earn US$500 Million per Year from Palm Trees [if exploitation is fully conducted on palm trees though the productions of sugar, wine, or other products – according to Confirel, between US$101 and US$224 can be earned from one palm tree per year, and there are 2.5 million palm trees at present]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3579, 4-5.10.2008

  • Sam Rainsy: The Attendance [by the Sam Rainsy Party] at the First Session of the National Assembly Was to Guarantee the Official Recognition of the Opposition Party
  • The President of the Opposition Party [Mr. Sam Rainsy] and Hun Sen Plan to Meet Samdech Euv [the Father King] Separately in Beijing
  • The United States Played an Important Role for the Process of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal [because it was from the USA that the initiative came to create the Khmer Rouge Tribunal – this is to what national and international observers point]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4707, 4.10.2008

  • Thai Black-Clad [border protection] Soldiers Opened Fired on Cambodian Troops at the Preah Vihear Border Region [according to Colonel Yiv Vann Thorn, there was a group of armed Thai soldiers, entering Cambodian territory at Phnom Trop at the top of Dangrek Mountains which is not far from the Keo Sekha Kiri Svarak Pagoda; then, the Cambodian troops told them to withdraw and they agreed, but after leaving 100 meter from the point, Thai solder fired a rocket on Khmer solders, slightly injuring a Khmer soldier on his arm, and to protect themselves, Khmer soldiers returned fire, injuring a Thai soldier]
  • The United States Worries that Khmer Islam Would Create Turmoil [delegations from Kuwait and Qatar pledged to provide US$700 million loans and to invest in Cambodian infrastructure, Khmer Muslim might be sent to be trained in anti-Western theories in southern Thailand and in Pakistan; however, Kuwait and Qatar, and Mr. Othsman Hassan, the president of the Cambodian Islamic Development Foundation, rejected these allegations]

Note 2:

Both Phnom Trop and the Keo Sekha Kiri Svarak Pagoda are located in ‘buffer zones’ which the representative of the Cambodian Government signed in the Joint Communique of 18 June 2008 – the final document presented to UNESCO before the listing of the Preah Vihear Temple as a World Heritage Site, as follows: ‘The Kingdom of Cambodia accepts that the Temple of Preah Vihear be nominated for inscription on the World Heritage List without at this stage a buffer zone on the northern and western areas of the Temple.’ – The Mirror had carried more details here.

Note 3:

Report from the other side – from the Bangkok Post:

Border shootout prompts protest to Cambodia government

Five Troops Wounded in Exchange of Fire

by Thania Tansubhapol and Wassana Nanuam

The Thai Foreign Ministry yesterday protested to the Cambodian government for what it sees as aggression and a violation of Thailand’s sovereignty and territorial integrity committed by Cambodian soldiers. On Friday, Thai and Cambodian soldiers in the border area of Si Sa Ket province clashed.

Two Thai and three Cambodian soldiers were wounded.

Cambodian charge d’affaires to Bangkok Ouk Sophoin was summoned last night to meet permanent secretary Virasakdi Futrakul at the ministry and was given an aide-memoire.

Speaking after the one-hour meeting, Mr Virasakdi said Thailand had protested to Cambodia after its troops opened fire on the Thai troops.

”The Thai government demands the Cambodian government ensure that a similar incident does not recur because this incident might affect attempts by both countries to seek a peaceful solution to the Thai-Cambodian border dispute,” said Mr Virasakdi.

The Thai para-military rangers from Suranaree Task Force were patrolling along the Thai-Cambodian border inside Thai territory near Phu Ma Khua last Friday.

When they arrived in an area about one kilometre to the west of Preah Vihear temple, they discovered an intrusion into Thai territory by a group of Cambodian soldiers who were digging trenches in the area around Preah Vihear temple.

Four unarmed Thai para-military rangers were told to notify the Cambodian soldiers that they had intruded into Thai territory and asked them to leave.

But the Cambodian soldiers consulted their superiors by radio and were heard to receive instructions to fire at the Thai soldiers.

The Cambodian troops started firing their guns into the air. The Thai para-military rangers decided to leave the scene when the Cambodian soldiers opened fire at them, prompting the Thai unit stationed nearby to return fire to protect the Thai troops.

”The Thai government considers the intrusion of the Cambodian soldiers into Thailand’s territory a serious violation of its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

”Firing on unarmed Thai para-military rangers is a brutal and aggressive act and is contrary to the spirit of friendly relations between the two countries,” said the aide-memoire.

Mr Virasakdi said digging trenches violated the agreement between the two armed forces made during the Special Meeting of the Thailand-Cambodia Regional Committee in Surin province on Aug 13, that both sides must refrain from digging trenches close to the Preah Vihear.

The Cambodians’ action also violated the agreement between the two foreign ministers for soldiers from the two sides to exercise restraint, he said.

”Mr Ouk Sophoin was still adamant that the incident occurred inside Cambodian territory, according to their report,” he said.

The Thai ambassador to Phnom Penh was summoned to a protest by the Cambodian government.

Former deputy army chief Vichit Yathip, who has a close relationship with Cambodian military leaders, said he had spoken to Cambodian Defence Minister Tea Banh about the clash.

Gen Vichit said a soldier cracked under the strain and fired shots into the air, prompting the exchange of gunfire.


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3418, 4.10.2008

  • The Company’s Armed Persons Harassed the Residents of the Boeng Kak Lake Strongly

Click here to have a look at the last editorial: Pchum Ben – remembering those before us – to think into the future

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Friday, 3.10.2008: Law to Control Non-Government Organizations Triggers War of Words

Posted on 4 October 2008. Filed under: Week 580 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 580

“During a speech on Friday, 26 September 2008, about general policies, Samdech Hun Sen announced that a law to control civil society organizations will be adopted during this term. Samdech Hun Sen explained that Cambodia is a rule-of-law country, so it is necessary for us to know ‘the origin, resources, and the activities of those organizations.’ He raised a surprising reason, ‘Terrorists might come to the Royal Government of Cambodia and hide themselves under the banners of non-government organizations.’ Obviously, a Muslim organization, called Om Al-Qura, was involved with the Al-Qaeda networks.


Om Al-Qura is one of Kuwait’s leading educational services – and Cambodia is in the process of setting up closer relations with Kuwait, since the visit of the Kuwaiti Prime Minister.

There are also a series of educational institutions under the name of Om Al-Qura in Saudi Arabia, under the Ministry of Eduction of Saudi Arabia.

When, in 2004, the Al Qaeda operative Riduan Isamuddin, alias Hambali, and others, spent some time in Cambodia – probably to organize an Al Qaeda cell, this was, of course, not organized or registered as a non-government or civil society organization.

“The head of the government raised another reason: non-government organizations always talk about transparency and accountability related to income and expenses of the government, but the government has never cared about income sources of those organizations; they want to know all activities of the government, but when we want to know their activities, they oppose it; doing so is not fair. This is the complaint by Samdech Hun Sen. According to his speech, so far, local non-government organizations or associations just register at the Ministry of Interior or at the Council of Ministers, and everything is done. As for international non-government organizations, they just register at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Samdech Hun Sen added that after the registration, some organizations and associations act differently from providing humanitarian assistance. Therefore, there must be one strict law to control civil society organizations.

“However, this kind of law is not what civil society organizations would like to have. The director of the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association – ADHOC – Mr. Thun Saray, said that since more than 10 years, non-government organizations do their activities in Cambodia. They are thoroughly monitored by donors through audits by independent companies working according to international standards. Mr. Thun Saray said that civil society organizations never cause trouble, but they help the society and the poor. Are civil society organizations afraid of such a law? No. This was the response that Mr. Thun Saray gave immediately. He clarified that if that law aims to facilitate our work, there is no problem, but if that law aims at limiting the activities of civil society organizations, there are two points to be worried about. The first relates to the finance of non-government organizations if they were administered by the government. This point might be a major obstacle for the activities of civil society, if the government would try to create any trouble. The second point relates to the prohibition for civil society to be involved in politics – but it is not clearly stated what political activities are. Mr. Thun Saray worries that this point might be used to stop the activities of any organization. He raised as an example that an organization, which does activities to strengthen democracy or human rights, might be accused to be involved in politics. The director of the Center for Social Development, Ms. Seng Theary, said that in the present situation, Cambodia does not need such a law, while many other important laws do not yet exist. However, Mr. Sok Sam Oeun, the director of the Cambodian Defenders Project, did not want to make any comment, because he had not yet seen a draft of that law. He said that if this law is formed to ease the work of civil society, it would be better, but he knows that in some dictatorial countries, such laws just aim at limiting the activities of civil society organizations. Nevertheless, he hopes that this law must not go against democracy, since Cambodia follows democracy.

“But during the speech of nearly five hours, Samdech Hun Sen announced, ‘Civil society always want us to follow the law, but as for them, they do not want the law to control themselves. This is unfair.’ This is the response of the Prime Minister to the criticism by non-government organizations. The head of the government said, ‘Non-government organizations have to curse the government, so that they can receive aid. I had told the former UN Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Annan, that I do no longer hope to be able to read positive reports about Cambodia, as long as those reports are organized by human rights expert agencies, or by local human rights organizations.’” Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #52, 3-8.10.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 3 October 2008

Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #52, 3-8.10.2008

  • Law to Control Non-Government Organizations Triggers War of Words

Chakraval, Vol.16, #2815, 3.10.2008

  • Samdech Euv [the Father King, born 31 October 1922] Asked His Children and Grand Children [= the Khmer citizens] to Send Him Birthday Wishes [through letters, faxes, emails, or other presents] for His Birthday [according to his letter from Beijing]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1758, 3.10.2008

  • Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh] Announced to Retire from Politics [announced during his press conference at the Himawari Hotel in Phnom Penh]
  • [Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation] Hor Namhong: More Khmer Students Should Learn French in Order to Be Well Equipped to Learn Technical Skills [since most technical skills use French]
  • Thai Former Prime Minister, Mr. Samak, Resigned from Position of President of the Ruling People’s Power Party – according to a Thai official]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #255, 3.10.2008

  • Samdech Euv [the Father King] Granted Sam Rainsy [and his family] an Audience [in Beijing]; Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh] Left Politics

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #107, 3.10.2008

  • Amnesty International: 150,000 Khmer Weak Citizens Face Eviction from their Housing [during land disputes in Cambodian, the authorities arrested and accused weak citizens in order to intimidate and to punish them, and the powerful were allowed to proceed with expensive housing development projects on disputed land, with the collusion of local authorities; however, the government rejected this view]
  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Affirmed Again to Not Include the Norodom Ranariddh Party into the Government

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6463, 3.10.2008

  • Samdech Euv [the Father King] Welcomed Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen, from Beijing, because He Is Appropriate to His Name [as ‘Samdech Akkak Moha Senapadei Dekchor,’ the Strongman, as he became prime minister for the fourth term – according to a letter dated 24 September 2008]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3578, 26.10.2008

  • The Sam Rainsy Party Presented Their Position to an Official of the US Department of State of Not Recognizing the Package Vote [one single vote for many different positions]
  • [Deputy Secretary-General of the Sam Rainsy Party] Mu Sochua: We Do Not Want Such A Big Number of Members of the Council of Ministers [which consist of 444 members in total], There Should Be a Reduction

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4706, 3.10.2008

  • In 2030, Approximately 70% of the Cambodian Citizens Will Have Access to Electricity [because of the development of hydro-electric plants in the country – according to Mr. Tun Lean, Director of the Energy Development Department, Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy, and of the Board of the Council of the Cambodian Hydro-Electric Plants]
  • France Agrees with Cambodian Request to Strengthen and to Expand Cooperation to Develop the Sector of Education in Cambodia [Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Hor Namhong requested France to assist French study programs at all levels, to supply technical materials, to support the teaching of French in different universities in Cambodian, and to create an institute for agricultural food production]
  • Royal Cambodian Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief [Ke Kim Yan] Welcomes the Port Visit of a French War Ship [at Sihanoukville on 3 October 2008]
  • A Man Tried to Shoot Those Who Broke His Car’s Mirror, but Missed and Killed a Woman and Injured Two Others [at 1:30 a.m. at the park in front of the Royal Palace – the man escaped]
  • The Number of Deaths Increased to 224 People [by 2 October 2008] in a Stampede at an Indian Temple

Click here to have a look at the last editorial: Pchum Ben – remembering those before us – to think into the future

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Thursday, 2.10.2008: Officials of Opposition Parities and of Civil Society Organizations Call on the Fourth Term Package Voted Government to Create Anti-Corruption Laws Soon

Posted on 2 October 2008. Filed under: Week 580 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 580

“Officials of opposition parties and of civil society organizations call on the fourth term package voted government to soon adopt anti-corruption laws, which have been delayed for long, in order to avoid criticism that the government led by Prime Minister Hun Sen, the vice president of the Cambodian People’s Party, again has no intention to fight corruption. The appeal by officials of political parties and of civil society organizations was made after Prime Minister Hun Sen stated during the first session of the Council of Ministers on Friday during the previous week that the fight against corruption remains a priority agenda item of the fourth term government.

“Prime Minister Hun Sen stated during that session that the government is still strongly committed to organize and to adopt anti-corruption laws, depending on other major laws as a basis to be adopted in advance. The fourth term package voted Prime Minister said, ‘When we will have created a one-way counter system, the operation [of multiple counters] for corruption will be closed. Before, investors had to go to this ministry a bit and to that ministry a bit, and the gap in approach between the different ministries was the gap of corruption to enter.’

“It should be noted that anti-corruption laws were drafted in 1998 by the opposition party and then, the government redrafted them. Now, the Council of Ministers is checking and editing them again before they are sent to the National Assembly to be adopted. A high-ranking official of the Sam Rainsy Party said that the Sam Rain Party will demand that the government will adopt the anti-corruption laws soon with no further delay, so as to serve the benefit of the citizens and of the nation. The government must not just promise without setting a clear time line by raising different reasons as pretexts like it did previously.

“Regarding the above issue, Mr. Yim Sovann, a member of the National Assembly from the Sam Rainsy Party, said that the government talks very little about measures to fight corruption in its political program, compared to the third term government. Mr. Yim Sovann added, ‘The leaders of this term government do not have really the political will and sufficient commitment to fight corruption – that is a concern for Cambodia. The promise to adopt anti-corruption laws appears on paper only, but to stamp out corruption remains ineffective, because anti-corruption draft laws lack many points, so that they cannot lead to efficient enforcement.’

“Mr. Ny Chakrya, the head of the Monitoring Unit of the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association – ADHOC – said that anti-corruption laws are abundant for ruling the country towards transparency and trust. Mr. Ny Chakrya continued, ‘These anti-corruption laws do not need to wait for the adoption of additional criminal laws, because these laws have their own penalties and procedures. These laws would be better adopted early during the present mandate in order that the process of the fourth term government is transparent from early on until the end of the mandate.’

“Previously, Prime Minister Hun Sen, the head of the Cambodian government, had promised in front of the international community and donor countries to have anti-corruption laws adopted by 2006, but there is no result from Hun Sen’s promise. As for important institutions granting aid to Cambodia, they do not urge the Hun Sen government to take action to eliminate corruption effectively, especially the World Bank. Therefore, an international organization publicly criticized that the World Bank smiles at the corruption in Cambodia.

“People who observe the political and the economic situation in Cambodia said that if Hun Sen does have the will to fight corruption, anti-corruption laws according to international standards might be created early by the fourth term government or even late in 2008. If there is further delay, it means that the fourth term government led by Prime Minister Hun Sen, the vice president of the Cambodian People’s Party, again does not have the intention to fight corruption, which is deeply rooted in Khmer society; this will lead to corruption and bureaucracy spreading stronger in important state institutions, and the Cambodian economy might not develop like the economy in neighboring countries.

“Recently, Transparency International, with it’s headquarters based in Germany, published a report showing that Cambodian ranked 166th among 180 countries worldwide with serious corruption. This report said that Cambodia was the worst corrupt country in Southeast Asia after Burma, a dictatorial country, even worse than Laos. Such serious corruption makes Cambodia to not progress, even though this country has received loans and has received huge amounts of aid from the international community.

“Observers assessed already that if Prime Minister Hun Sen, the vice president of the Cambodian People’s Party, does not care to adopt anti-corruption laws early during the fourth term government, corruption might become more serious than during the third term government, because corrupt officials who steal from the nation continue to administer important state institutions, like during the third term package government – most of them are people from the ruling party. Therefore, if anti-corruption laws cannot be adopted soon, there is nothing to cope with the strong corruption during the fourth term package voted government.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3577, 2.10.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 2 October 2008

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6462, 2.10.2008

  • Samdech Krom Preah Norodom Ranariddh Ended His Exile Abroad [he arrived in Siem Reap on 28 September 2008, and he said that he has no intention to unite the Norodom Ranariddh Party and Funcinpec, but still he is ready to join the fourth term government]
  • Positions of the Previous Mandate Came to an End, and 205 Officials Were Assigned to be Under-Secretaries of States of the Fourth Term Royal Government [25 September 2008]
  • The Thai Prime Minister [Somchai Wongsawat] Plans to Visit Cambodia, and also the Ministers of Foreign Affairs [of both countries] Plan to Discuss how to Solve the Border Disputes [on 13 October 2008 – according to the spokesperson of the Council of Ministers, Mr. Phay Siphan, and the Thai Embassy in Phnom Penh]
  • During Nine Months of This Year, 320 People Died from Traffic Accidents in Phnom Penh
  • A Wicked Man Raped Two [11 and 9 years old] Step-Daughters while Their Mother Was Not at Home; Surprised Villagers Called the Police [who arrested him – Basedth, Kompong Speu]
  • A Chinese Man Was Stabbed to Death in a Boiled-Corn Selling Stall at Prek Lieb [the murderers are not identified – 30 September 2008, Phnom Penh]
  • 27 People Are Indicted over the Toxic Milk Crisis in China [that made more than 50,000 children fall ill]
  • Afghanistan: 2008 Is the Year with the Highest Number of Deaths of Foreign Soldiers [there were at least 221 soldiers killed]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #254, 2.10.2008

  • [Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian from Phnom Penh] Yim Sovann: Leaders of This Term Government Do Not Have the Real Will to Stamp out Corruption
  • The Development of Hun Sen’s Government Serves Opportunist Merchants as Top Priority, but Not the People

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3577, 2.10.2008

  • Officials of Opposition Parities and of Civil Society Organizations Call on the Fourth Term Package Voted Government to Create Anti-Corruption Laws Soon
  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Criticized the Plan for Non-General Provincial and City Governor Elections That Do Not Reflect the People’s Will
  • There Is a Plan to Change Members of the Council of Ministers and of the National Assembly Next Year [according to an official of the Council of Ministers]

Click here to have a look at the last editorial: Pchum Ben – remembering those before us – to think into the future

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