Week 564

Week 564 – 2008-06-15: The Independence of the Judiciary as a Pillar to Uphold the Constitution

Posted on 15 June 2008. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 564 |

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The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

Greetings to our readers – this time I am writing from a hospital in Bangkok. I hope by next weekend I maybe back in Phnom Penh again.

So I can write only briefly this time.

During the past week, the arrest of the editor-in-chief of the newspaper Moneaksekar Khmer, Mr. Dam Sith, who is also a candidate of the Sam Rainsy Party in the upcoming parliamentary elections, is without doubt the most unfortunate and difficult to understand news item.

I can make here reference only to things which have been in the press, and they pose many questions about the working of law enforcement and the legal system, and their independence from general political opinion. Just to list up a few points:

  • Mr. Dam Sith was arrested because his paper reported about certain statements by the leader of the opposition party. What the leader of the opposition said had led to a court case against him, initiated by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. But Moneaksekar Khmer just reported this – it did not make a statement to the same effect. So the reporting a fact led to his arrest.
  • The arrest was made in response to a warrant issued on a Sunday, when the court is normally not in session to issue warrants.
  • It is reported that the warrant on which Mr. Dam Sith was detained did not contain his name.
  • Early in the week, it was reported that even the Minister of Information delivered a letter to the court to request the release on bail for Mr. Dam Sith.
  • The arrest triggered international surprise and protests: such organizations as Reporters without Borders, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International condemned the arrest.
  • Embassies of different countries expressed concern about the political situation before the election and may abstain from sending election observers.
  • The US ambassador expressed the hope that Mr. Dam Sith will be released soon.
  • The Club of Cambodian Journalists not only expressed their strong disapproval with this arrest, they were also able to express their solidarity by a visit in prison.
  • The court rejected to grant a release on bail.

I remember here the Articles 128 and 129 of the Constitution, which say:

“The Judicial power shall be an independent power. The Judiciary shall guarantee and uphold impartiality and protect the rights and freedoms of the citizens.”


“Trials shall be conducted in the name of Khmer citizens in accordance with the legal procedures and laws in force.”

How can trials be conducted in the name of the Khmer citizens, if so many details are not made publicly known?

As for the judicial power as an independent power, I had the opportunity to see, on Thai television, when the Thai King solemnly addressed a group of newly appointed judges of the Constitutional Court, and then another group of judges of the Administrative Court. There are at present some cases where part of the public is accusing some courts to have acted not independently, but in response to pressure by the government or by political forces, violating the principle of the independence of the judiciary and the separation of powers. It is on this background that the Thai King is quoted to have stressed: “The Constitution is a pillar needed in running a country. With this pillar, and with people determined to follow these principles, the country will function well.”

The firm adherence to and application of this principle of maintaining the constitution, whatever powers may have their own momentum, is surely equally important in any country based on liberal democracy, to uphold the state of law, as the Cambodian Constitution requires.

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Saturday, 14.6.2008: The Department of Agriculture Publishes Contract System to Farmers’ Associations to Plant Sugar Cane

Posted on 14 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

“Svay Rieng: In the afternoon of 11 June 2008, the Department of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishery announced a contract system to farmers’ associations’ representatives in the province to plant sugarcane, to change to new crops planting which can provide high yields and can obtain suitable income. The president of the provincial department of agriculture, Mr. Thach Ratana, the representative of Kamadeno [phonetic] Venture Cambodia Limited (KVCL), Mr. Nagarayu [phonetic], and 197 farmers’ associations’ representatives from all districts of the province participated in this act.

“Mr. Thach Ratana said that because some farmers, nowadays, have land that is not used for rice farming, and because the planting of paddy rice does not provide very good yields, and because farmers lack capital for the cultivation and some leave their land unused, the agricultural department contacted a company to invest in the agricultural sector and agro-industry by providing loans to farmers to plant sugarcane in order to increase the cultivation as much as possible on the land they have. Mr. Thach Ratana added that this year, the Indochina Food Industrial Company of Singapore is interested in Cambodia and invests with the farmers to plant sugarcane on 500 hectares of land as a test; and the company provides seeds of sugarcane, teaches techniques for planting, for caring, for using fertilizer, and for harvesting, and provides capital and fertilizer to farmers for planting until the farmers obtain their first yield. This is the day to provide information to farmers’ associations by the department of agriculture, to spread this information to other members at the villages, so that they can prepare themselves and the land for doing rice farming and for planting sugarcane in 2009.

“The Representative of KVCL, Mr. Nagarayu, said that the company has practiced the program of planting sugarcane in Vietnam successfully for twelve years in Long An Province of Vietnam with farmers on 20,000 hectares of land to produce sugar and wine. The waste from sugarcane is used to create 45 megawatt electricity for the villages; and the company is interested in Cambodian fertile soil that can provide 70 tonnes to 100 tonnes per hectare. He added that because Mr. Thach Ratana, the president of the provincial department of agriculture, has organized farmers’ associations in a proper structure at the local level, the company wants to invest directly with farmers to plant sugarcane. If farmers have at least half a hectare of land, the company will provide loans of sugarcane seed and fertilizer to farmers, and train them in the ways to plant, to choose seeds, to use fertilizer, to take care, to harvest, and to protect their plants etc. The company also provides tractors and machines for planting, and teaches farmers how to use them by themselves.

“Mr. Nagarayu continued that sugarcane can be harvested in four years; and per year, one hectare of sugarcane can be harvested once and can provide from 70 tonnes to 100 tonnes. The company buys it for US$20 per tonne. So, with just 60 tonnes, they can get US$480; US$560 from 70 tonnes; US$640 form 80 tonnes; US$810 from 90 tonnes; and US$1,000 from 100 tonnes. From 60 tonnes to 80 tonnes, the company gives 40% of the profits to farmers; with 90 tonnes they can earn 50%; and if farmers have 100 hectares of land, the company will dig channels to bring water, charging for it.

“Mr. Thach Ratana said that the provincial agricultural department organized the center for the publication of the planting of sugarcane in Ou Smach Village, Chamlang Tralach Commune, Svay Chrum District by planting sugarcane on five hectares of land with the cooperation of KVCL. He went on to say that the planting of sugarcane needs much capital, and many citizens cannot afford it. In Vietnam, people are rich so they have their own capital to plant sugarcane, when they harvest, they sell it directly to the company. As for Cambodia, because they cannot afford it, the company provides equipment, techniques, seeds, and fertilizer, and the farmers just invest their land and their labor. When they get their yields, the company shares 50% of the profits; this is a good opportunity. Citizens can decide to use some land for sugarcane planting and some for rice farming. If we compare, 2 tonnes to 2.5 tones of paddy rice are from one hectare of land which is equal to US$250 to US$300, but nowadays prices of land increase and if we cut out other expenses, the most profits are form US$100 to US$150. Therefore, we must change the kind of crops for plating in order to obtain suitable income that can improve the living standard.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6371, 14.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 14 June 2008

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1667, 14.6.2008

  • Japan Prepares to Send Twenty Five Observers and Provide US$3 Million for the Election in Cambodia

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #177, 14.6.2008

  • US Ambassador [Joseph A. Mussomeli] Hopes that the Editor-in-Chief of Moneaksekar Khmer [Mr. Dam Sith] Will Be Released Soon

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #28, 14-17.6.2008

  • Club of Cambodian Journalists Visited the Editor-in-Chief of Moneaksekar Khmer at Prey Sar Prison [13 June 2008]
  • Degrees Are Sold and Bought after Higher Education [according to Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association president Mr. Rong Chhun]
  • Phnom Chor [Mountain] Is Seriously Affected by Illegal Logging [Siem Reap]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6371, 14.6.2008

  • The Department of Agriculture Publishes Contract System to Farmers’ Associations to Plant Sugar Cane
  • Twenty One Civil Society Organizations Jointly Signed a Motion Asking the National Election Committee to Prohibit Drinking of Alcohol on Election Day [12 June 2008]
  • On the 46th Anniversary of The Hague the Verdict [of the International Court of Justice] in Den Haag, Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen: We Must Keep a Good Attitude with Thailand over the Case of the Preah Vihear Temple

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3486, 14-15.6.2008

  • A French Company [Total] and a Chinese Company [National Oil Corporation of China] Might Get Licenses Silently to Explore for Oil in Cambodia
  • Whether Donor Countries Provide More Funds to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal or Not, We Will See on 20 June 2008

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4615, 14.6.2008

  • The Court Rejected the Request to Release the Editor-in-Chief of Moneaksekar Khmer [13 June 2008]
  • The Government Approved the Investment for Hydro-Electricity Plants in Stung Ta Tai and Stung Russey Chrum Krom
  • China and Taiwan Signed an Historical Agreement [to stop restrictions on traveling and to promote relations by tourism – 12 June 2008]
  • Zimbabwean Opposition Leader [Mr. Morgan Tsvangirai] Faces Death Penalty over the Accusation of Betraying the Nation

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #680, 14-15.6.2008

  • [Funcinpec Secretary-General] Nhek Bun Chhay: Funcinpec Will Be Able to Maintain the Twenty Six Seats [same as in the 2003 election]

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

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Friday, 13.6.2008: 1,344 Primary Schools Will Receive Breakfast Again

Posted on 13 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

“Phnom Penh: The World Food Program [WFP] announced that, with important special funds received, it can begin again the program to provide breakfast to children at primary schools. Funds which have just been received enable the WFP to distribute food to different schools in Cambodia soon, in order to provide food to children for the period of three weeks before these schools go into vocations. The provision of US$5.4 million at the last minute was made at a time when WFP was almost forced to stop its breakfast program in Cambodia, because food prices are more and more expensive, and at that time it faced a shortage of funds. The contribution is part the funds of WFP to help to keep these programs running in each country, and to continue to provide food aid, although prices of food are more expensive than before.

“Mr. Thomas Keusters, the WFP country director in Cambodia, said, ‘WFP is delighted to hear the news of new funds. Now, food can be distributed to 1,344 primary schools; so that the breakfast program for primary schools will restart, and it will continue until 5 July.’ Mr. Thomas added, ‘However, the future fate of the meal program will very much depend if we will receive donations in the coming weeks and months.’ WFP announced in March that its program could not continue to help the government and other partners to improve the attendance of primary school students at their classes. The shortage of funds and the rising cost of food made it impossible to buy the needed food. Rice supplying companies did default on their contracts with WFP, citing that prices of imported rice were higher than before.

“The Secretary of State of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports, Mr. Im Sethy said, ‘The achievement of the Millennium Development Goals for primary education is one priority of other priorities of the Cambodian government. We would like to thank the international community for this support.’” Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6370, 13.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 13 June 2008

Areyathor, Vol., #1334, 13-14.6.2008

  • [Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian] Mr. Son Chhay Asks for Explanation from [Minister of Information] Mr. Khieu Kanharith about the Closure of Radio FM 105.25 MHz>/em> [in Kratie]

Chakraval, Vol.16, #2785, 13.6.2008

  • [Phnom Penh] Municipal Court: During the Period of Six Months [of 2008], There Were More than 700 Lawsuits for Divorce [only 7% of all lawsuits were filed by men]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1666, 7.6.2008

  • Civil Society Ask the Eleven Parties Not to Use Alcohol for Propaganda to Attract Voters
  • Memorandum of Understanding on Law and Judicial Reforms with the German Technical Cooperation [GTZ] Was Signed [on 11 June 2008, agreeing on three priority strategies for law and judicial reforms – 1. Support for an the Ombudsman system for Cambodia to be included; 2. Support for surveys at the local level about the knowledge of laws and about the capacity of some Ministries to draft laws; and 3. Support for the printings of law collections and of legal standard documents]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #176, 13.6.2008

  • National Election Committee [NEC] Is Creating Suspicion Among All Political Parties about Ballot Fraud [because the NEC made the final decision to print the ballots without political parties attending]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6370, 13.6.2008

  • 1,344 Primary Schools Will Receive Breakfast Again
  • Actions against the Illegal Logging in Phnom Kuleaen National Park Has Been Called for [in Siem Reap]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4614, 13.6.2008

  • French Company [Ream Resort with Alain Dupuis as president] Invests US$250 Million in the Construction of a Resort in Ream [near Sihanoukville]
  • Banks in Cambodia Are Making Loan Interests to Decline
  • Officials of Seventeen Non Government Organizations Joined the Workshop on a New Tuberculosis Project [for research on and treatment of tuberculosis]
  • A Woman Was Robbed of US$27,000 [which she had just withdrawn from a bank] in a Pharmacy in the Center of Phnom Penh

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3332, 13.6.2008

  • Well-Known International Organizations [Human Rights Watch’s Asia and Amnesty International] Condemn the Arrest of [the editor-in-chief of Moneaksekar Khmer] Mr. Dam Sith

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #679, 13.6.2008

  • Son Chhay Complains Why New Commune Councilors Are Reshuffled so Late [to replace those who left the Sam Rainsy Party to Join the Cambodian People’s Party]
  • US Naval Criminal Investigative Service Holds Workshop about Forensic Assessments for Cambodian Law Enforcement Officials [from 9 to 14 of June]
  • Russia Seized Two Fishing Ships Flying the Khmer Flag [but all fishers are not Cambodian nationals, they are Russians, Indonesians, and Koreans – 12 June 2008]

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

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Thursday, 12.6.2008: In 2009, ILO Will Assist Child Scavengers with Health Problems

Posted on 12 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

“Phnom Penh: A technical advisor to the International Labor Organization [ILO], Mr. M.P. Joseph, said that from 2009 to 2020, ILO will implement a project assisting child scavengers with heath problems who are in the worst forms of child labor.

“Some years ago, ILO focused on children who were in the worst forms of child labor by assisting them to attend school, so that they can be free from this serious labor. In this project, ILO cooperates with the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training.

“The Secretary of State of the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training, Ms. Prak Chantha, said that in Cambodia, 1.5 million children are child laborers, among whom 250,000 children are in the worst forms of child labor. She added that in the first step from 2001 to 2004, more than 4,000 children were taken out from the worst forms of child labor. In the second step from 2004 t0 2008, 18,000, children were taken out from the worst forms of child labor, which was more than the goal set by ILO to assist 16,000 children.

“Mr. M.P. Joseph said that in the third step from 2009 to 2012, ILO will assist in helping child scavengers with their health problems, because previously, ILO has assisted children who are in the worst forms of child labor by helping them to attend school, but ILO had not implemented any heath project for those children yet. Children who are in the worst forms of child labor are those who work at brick kilns, those who are house servants, those children working at salt fields [see an old, 13 May 2005, related report here], at rubber plantations, and those who are child scavengers.

“The elimination of child labor is complicated and it relates to the children’s education. However, in many countries, including in Cambodia, children who are not cared for regularly have no access to go to school. Many poor families do not have the possibility to pay for school fees and for other learning materials at schools. Those families depend on children to help find income for the whole family; and such work is more important for them than the children’s education.

“If those families can send their sons or daughters to school, they choose their sons, while daughters mostly lose the opportunity to go to school.

“Mr. M.P. Joseph said that the removal of children from all forms of child labor is very important in developing the country, because children are very important resources, and if children cannot attend school, the country will not develop.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1665, 12.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 12 June 2008

Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #36, 12-19.6.2008

Deum Ampil, Vol.2, #72, 11-17.6.2008

  • Phanimex Company Is Accused of Using Armed Forces to Remove Land Markers of Ou Andoung, where Villagers Having a Dispute with Sok Kong Company [Prek Pra Commune, Meanchey District, Phnom Penh]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1665, 12.6.2008

  • In 2009, ILO Will Assist Child Scavengers with Health Problems
  • During nearly Four Months, Almost 200 Girls and Women Were Sexually Abused [according to ADHOC]
  • [Mr. Dam Sith’s] Lawyer Chuong Chougy: Warrant to Detain [the editor-in-chief of Moneaksekar Khmer] Mr. Dam Sith Did Not Have His Name
  • In 2010, Cambodia Will Host Military Exercise of the UN and of Cambodia [said Prime Minister Hun Sen]
  • 120 People Died and 97 Survived in a Plane Crash While Landing in Sudan

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6369, 12.6.2008

  • Those Who Have Degrees Have No Jobs while Some Institutions Lack Human Resources [this is a topic raised in a meeting at the Council of Ministers on 10 June 2008]
  • Khmer Children in the United States Gather to Lean to Read and Write Khmer
  • Nepalese King Left the Royal Palace and the Monarchy Came to an End [11 June 2008]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3484, 12.6.2008

  • Embassies of Important Countries [the United States, Germany, France] Are Worried about Political Situation in Cambodia before the Election [and warn they will not send their election observers to Cambodia if Mr. Dam Sith is not released]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4613, 12.6.2008

  • Methane Company [phonetic] Plans to Create Bio-Energy in Cambodian Rural Areas [to get electricity for citizens]
  • Sam Rainsy and Dam Sith’s Wife Visited Dam Sith at Prey Sar Prison
  • Mangrove Forest in Chranouk Commune Is Being Destroyed [to get land for rice farming – Kompong Chhnang]

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

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Wednesday, 11.6.2008: Sam Rainsy Is Prepared to Let Himself Be Imprisoned in Exchange, so that Dam Sith Would Be Released

Posted on 11 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

Sam Rainsy Prepares to Sue Hor Namhong, with [the former Khmer Rouge Leader] Ieng Sary as His Witness

“Phnom Penh: ‘The editor-in-chief of Moneaksekar Khmer Dam Sith should not be arrested, it is better to arrest me because this editor-in-chief just wrote repeating my words, saying that Hor Namhong was involved in the Khmer Rouge regime.’ This said the president of the opposition party, Mr. Sam Rainsy, to journalists at his party headquarters.

“Stating this in a press conference which lasted nearly an hour, from 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. yesterday 10 June 2008, Mr. Sam Rainsy asked to arrest him in exchange for the release of Mr. Dam Sith, who has no guilt.

“Mr. Sam Rainsy said the arrest of Mr. Dam Sith is a totally political issue, and it might affect the upcoming election. ‘I consider it to be political war, or the failure to buy Mr. Dam Sith and arresting him, in order to intimidate the Sam Rainsy Party before the election.’ Mr. Sam Rainsy said, ‘Mr. Dam Sith just reported the words I had said in his newspaper, related to Hor Namhong’ case. So, if they want an arrest, they should arrest me, because I said these words. Mr. Sam Rainsy stressed, ‘I talked about Hor Namhong by relating him to the Khmer Rouge regime, but I just repeated the words of Samdech Euv [the Father King] Norodom Sihanouk. Therefore, if they want to arrest Sam Rainsy, they must firstly arrest Samdech Euv.’

“He said, ‘I consider the arrest of Mr. Dam Sith to be illegal, also because he was arrested on a Sunday, which is a day when the [court] administration is normally not operating.’

“Mr. Sam Rainsy added that they should release Mr. Dam Sith soon. Now, there are already reactions from everywhere over this arrest. There are international observers who prepare to join as election observers in Cambodia soon, but now consider to cancel their travel to Cambodia, as long as this journalist is not released.

“Mr. Sam Rainsy referred to some documents, showing that Mr. Hor Namhong was formerly head of the Boeng Trabaek prison during the Khmer Rouge regime. Mr. Sam Rainsy also instructs two lawyers, Mr. Chuong Choungy and Mr. Kong Sam On, to sue Mr. Hor Namhong. Mr. Sam Rainsy requests Ieng Sary to be his witness in this lawsuit. However, he must first sue him at the Phnom Penh court, in order to clarify the procedures, whether the Khmer Rouge Tribunal allows Ieng Sary to be his witness or not. Previously, Mr. Hor Namhong sued at the Phnom Penh court, suggesting to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal to let Kang Kek Iev, alias Duch, to be his witness, but this request has been rejected by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal.

“Mr. Sam Rainsy uses a document from Rasmei Kampuchea when they had interviewed Deputy Prime Minister Hor Namhong, now using this document to accuse Mr. Hor Namhong, saying that he was loyal to Ieng Sary during that period. Mr. Sam Rainsy also said that during the period of Democratic Kampuchea, Mr. Van Piny had been the chief of the Boeng Trabaek prison – called the ‘K17 Prison, – and when he resigned, Mr. Hor Namhong replaced him in this position; his wife was head of the women’s unit, and one of his sons was head of the children’s unit.

“This is the explanation of Mr. Sam Rainsy with some documents as reference to link Mr. Hor Namhong to the Khmer Rouge regime.

“Mr. Hor Namhong has rejected the accusation, saying that in the Khmer Rouge regime he was not the chief of Boeng Trabaek Prison, but he said he was also a victim. With a similar accusation, Mr. Hor Namhong had sued and won against Samdech Euv already – so why does Mr. Sam Rainsy want to dig up this old story? What Mr. Sam Rainsy raised by repeating Samdech Euv’s words means that he had already made a mistake, because a court has already decided that Mr. Hor Namhong was the winner in that court case.

“In this press conference, Mr. Sam Rainsy expressed also concerns that the monarchy might be dissolved. Now, some politicians claim the monarchy to belong be their own party, which might bring problems in view of the constitution, and also result in problems for the throne. Mr. Sam Rainsy considers that there may be an aim to eliminate the opposition party, then to send the King into exile abroad, and change Cambodia into a country under a dictatorship.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1664, 11.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 11 June 2008

Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #118, 11.6.2008

  • [Father King] Samdech Euv: The King Norodom Sihamoni Does Not Abdicate, but the King Might Be Exiled Abroad [according to his letter on 9 June 2008]
  • The Power of the Criminal Chea Ratha’s Money Might Free Her from the Net of the Law [she has millions of dollars and knows many high-ranking officials, so she could bribe corrupt officials of the court]
  • The Number of Tourists Increases, but Their Money Is Collected by a Foreign Merchant [referring to Oknha Sok Kong]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1664, 11.6.2008

  • Sam Rainsy Is Prepared to Let Himself Be Imprisoned in Exchange, so that Dam Sith Would Be Released
  • Cambodia Will Eliminate Serious Child Labor Entirely by 2016
  • Meeting with Movie Producers to Find Solutions for Crimes of Producing Illegal Videos [on 10 June 2008]
  • Man Failed to Rape a Woman, But then Hit and Killed Her with a Hoe [Preah Vihear]
  • Entire Cabinet of South Korea Offers Resignation from Their Positions because of Public Anger about Beef Imports [on 10 June 2008, after demonstrations against the government’s agreement to open the markets to US beef imports]

Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #590, 11.6.2008

  • The Government Should Not Be Indifferent about the Dramatic Flow of Yuon [Vietnamese] Immigrants to Cambodia [no specific information about a ‘dramatic flow’ provided in the article]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6368, 11.6.2008

  • One [of two] Youth Was Seriously Hit by a Crocodile when They Were Trying to Catch It in a Pond [Kompong Chhnang]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4612, 11.6.2008

  • Civil Society Organizations Urge the Cambodian Government to Focus on the Effects that Might Be Created by the Construction of a Hydro-Electricity Plant in Laos
  • [Chea Sovannareach,] A Cambodian Student Wins the World Mathematics Gold Medal in an Internet Based Test
  • Thai Opposition Party Urges to Claim the Preah Vihear Temple, but [Thai Foreign Minister] Nophadon Patama Said It Is Too Late

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3330, 11.6.2008

  • Garbage Is a Hot Issue in Phnom Penh Which Has Not Been Solved by the Authorities

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #677, 11.6.2008

  • Seventeen Cambodian Graduates Prepare to Travel to Study in the United States under the Fulbright Program

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

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Tuesday, 10.6.2008: Club of Cambodian Journalists and Cambodia Independent Journalism Foundation Invite a Trainer from the USA to Train Cambodian Journalists

Posted on 11 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

“As a part of its committment to strengthen journalism, the Club of Cambodian Journalists began a five day training course for Cambodian journalists from different institutions and with different political trends.

“Journalists from Rasmei Kampuchea, Koh Santepheap, Kampuchea Thmey, Moneaksekar Khmer, Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, and the Radio Voice of Democracy are among the twenty two journalists attending the training, organized by the Club of Cambodian Journalists and sponsored by the Cambodia Independent Journalism Foundation.

“The President of the Club of Cambodian Journalists, Mr. Pen Samithi, said, ‘This training is very important; it will help to strengthen the professional work of Cambodian journalists.’ He added that this training aims to provide participants with useful techniques and skills of writing and reporting with the goal to make it easy to cover information and to report information to the readers.

“He expressed his optimism that after the training finishes, the trainees will be able to use new techniques as the basis to cover information, to make interviews, and to write. Also they will know how to find data – data that can be trusted, experts, and resources to produce reports on different topics.

“The Cambodian Independent Journalism Foundation, with the Club of Cambodian Journalists as partner, invited Ms. Margaret Freaney, who is an experienced journalist from the United States of America, for the five day training course. Ms. Margaret Freaney is a founding academic director of the Caucasus School of Journalism in Georgia. Working for the Independent Journalism Foundation and the International Center for Journalists in Washington, she has trained many journalists, including Journalists from Cambodia and Vietnam.

“The representative of the Independent Journalism Foundation in Cambodia, Mr. Peter Starr, said, ‘The Independent Journalism Foundation is satisfied to sponsor this second workshop in Cambodia, where Ms. Margaret Freaney is the trainer, who is an excellent trainer for international journalists and a former editor of several newspapers in the United States. She has also great experiences of being a reporter on the health sector.’

“The Club of Cambodian Journalists is an independent organization committed to serve the interests of journalists and to protect journalists, as well as to promote press freedom and to strengthen journalism in Cambodia.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4611, 10.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 10 June 2008

Chakraval, Vol.16, #2784, 10.6.2008

  • Merchants Still Sell Illegal Medicines and Fake Nutrition Food [Elken Spirulina brand] on the Market, No Health Officials Care

Chouy Khmer, Vol.2, #117, 10.6.2008

  • Khieu Kanharith Delivered [on 9 June 2008] a Letter to the Court to Request the Release on Bail for [the editor-in-chief of Moneaksekar Khmer and candidate of the Sam Rainsy Party in the upcoming parliamentary elections] Dam Sith; Judge Chhai Kong Has Not Released Dam Sith from the Prey Sar Prison
  • [Senator from the Cambodian People’s Party] Oknha Ly Yong Phat Grabs Citizens’ Land in Srae Ambel District [Koh Kong], the Government Dares Not to Take Any Action

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1663, 10.6.2008

  • [The Father King] Samdech Euv, [the former Queen] Samdech Mae, and the King Will Go to China on 1 August 2008 [to participate in the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games and then to have medical check-ups in Beijing]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #173, 10.6.2008

  • Diesel Fuel in Britain Costs More than US$2 per Liter – How Much Income Does a Person Earn?

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3482, 10.6.2008

  • Immigration Police of Poipet Border Crossing Fake Identification Documents to Extort Money from Citizens [who want to cross the border to work in Thailand]
  • The Arrest of the Editor-in-Chief of Moneaksekar Khmer Is a Method to Silence Voices before the Election

Prachea Chun Khmer, Vol.2, #38, 9-13.6.2008

  • Season when Fishing Is Prohibited Approaches, but Fishing Crimes Continue

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4611, 10.6.2008

  • Cambodia Called for Development Assistance in the Field of Agriculture from Rich Countries [at the high-level conference on world food security in Rome]
  • Samdech Dekchor: “To Minimize Gap between the Cities and the Rural Areas, It Is Important to Minimize the Knowledge Gap”
  • The European Community Will Send Election Observers Soon [for the forth term election in Cambodia]
    [Former Thai Prime Minister] Anan Panyarachun: Quarrelsome Political Parties Cannot Be Reconciled

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3329, 10.6.2008

  • While Hun Sen Is Boasting, Economic Growth Drops from 10% to 7%

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #676, 10.6.2008

  • Civil Society Organizations Ask Leaders of the Eleven Parties to Include Anti-Corruption Law into Their Policy Priorities

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

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Monday, 9.6.2008: Memorandum of Understanding between UNODC and the Ministry of Health on Drug Issues Follow-Up

Posted on 10 June 2008. Filed under: Week 564 | Tags: , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 564

Development of Community-Based Drug Abuse Counseling, Treatment and Rehabilitation Services in Cambodia

“Phnom Penh: The workshop based on the Memorandum of Understanding between the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime [UNODC] in the Asia Pacific region and the Ministry of Health on Development of Community-Based Drug Abuse, Counseling, Treatment and Rehabilitation Services in Cambodia for five cities and provinces seriously affected by drug use is very important. This was stated by Lieutenant-General Lour Ramin, the secretary-general of the National Authority for Combating Drugs, during the workshop at the Cambodiana Hotel on the morning of 6 June 2008.

“The secretary-general added that the Project TD/CMB/04/H83 “Development of Community-Based Drug Abuse Counseling, Treatment and Rehabilitation Services in Cambodia” [as part of the Asia & Pacific Amphetamine-Type Stimulants Information Center] had been implemented in the 2005 to 2010 national planning of the National Authority for Combating Drugs. The H83 project agreement had been signed by Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng, head of the National Authority for Combating Drugs, and UNODC, and its implementation is administered and monitored by the general-secretariat of the National Authority for Combating Drugs. This project has started to create groups engaged in counseling, treatment and rehabilitation services, and the members of these groups come from government institutions and non-government organizations that support these polices and anti-drug programs, including concerns for health, HIV, AIDS, education, social affairs, human rights, justice, and good governance. Based on the results of the survey on drug addicts in 60 communes of twelve cities and towns badly affected by drugs, there is hope that state institutions and non-government organizations, that have the ability and have the necessary human resources, will initiate community based counseling, treatment, and rehabilitation services for drug addicts. At the same time while the program is implemented in selected places, there will also be training about treatment and rehabilitation services, and methods to protect persons who get easily involved in drug use.

“At the workshop following from the Memorandum of Understanding of 29 May 2008, members from twelve cities and provinces which are seriously affected by drugs, formulated the following recommendations: 1. Publish the results of the surveys in the cities and provinces. 2. Evaluate the needs for training and for the strengthening of the capacities on the provincial and city levels, in order to intervene at the communities. 3. Plan training and strengthen capacities based on the evaluation of the needs. 4. Link health centers, referral hospitals, and drug addicts’ treating centers to reduce the need for many drug related actions on the commune level; and 5. Collect and organize documents providing multi-sector solutions for counseling and community based treatment for drug addicts, which include drug addicts’ treating centers at the localities of the rehabilitation services, including education, preventive education, creation of supporting groups, the control of problems etc.

“Lieutenant-General Lour Ramin pointed out that documents of the project, signed by Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng, president of the National Authority for Combating Drugs, on behalf of the Royal Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia, agreed to the following points:

The funds will be managed on an annual basis by the Ministry of Health for expenses of salaries and of other expenses related to medicines for the centers selected, and for centers created by the royal government countrywide in the future.

Staff of the Ministry of Health will continue to train different skills such as psychology to doctors and medics through the International Organization for Migration [IOM] and other relevant programs.
Asia & Pacific Amphetamine-Type Stimulants Information Center]

Continue training of different skills for staff of the Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation, regarding rehabilitation and other relevant programs. Be prepared to accept new good methods when projects finish, and include new methods to the learning programs of the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation.
Train law enforcement officials to use drug control laws which consider the situation of drug users who are victims, and allow those who voluntarily receive treatment, to have the right to get treatment. Create more centers for counseling on treatment and on rehabilitation at cities and provinces, such as Sihanoukville, Siem Reap, and Kompong Cham.

“This program provides very important solutions to reduce drug use in Cambodia, and it is expected to be highly efficient for the rehabilitation of drug addicts in different localities, with the involvement of the National Authority for Combating Drugs to fight drugs as well as the Royal Government, to prevent drug use and to reduce different problems which might happen because of the spread of illegal drug use.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6366, 9.6.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Monday, 9 June 2008

Chouy Khmer, Vol.2, #116, 9.6.2008

  • Police Took Editor-in-Chief of Moneaksekar Khmer, Mr. Dam Sith, to Prey Sar Prison on the Accusations of Defamation and Disinformation [8 June 2008 – for quoting what Mr. Sam Rainsy had said. – Even the Minister of Information is said in the Cambodia Daily to propose a release on bail]
  • [President of a nongovernmental border commission based in Paris] Sean Peng Se Criticizes the Government over the New Border Demarcation of Preah Vihear Temple Affecting Khmer Territory

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1662, 8-9.6.2008

  • Political Parties [and Civil Society Organizations] Support the Letter of the Great Heroic King [the former King Norodom Sihanouk, asking political parties to stop using the monarchy for election propaganda]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #172, 8-10.6.2008

  • Election Observers Request the Presence of Independent Organizations to Observe the Printing of Ballots
  • Civil Society Organizations Ask the Khmer Rouge Tribunal to Comment on the Serious Illness of [former Khmer Rouge leader] Khiev Samphan
  • Khieu Kanharith Rejects the Call [by the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights – LICADHO] for the Government to Reopen the Angkor Ratha Radio Station in Kratie

Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #589, 9.6.2008

  • Hun Sen Said if He Were Really Addicted to Drugs [as accused by opponents], He Would Order Soldiers and Tanks to Kill All Opposition [he said on 7 June 2008]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6366, 9.6.2008

  • 139 Cambodian Troops Left to Fulfill Mine Clearing Duty in Sudan [8 June 2008]
  • Memorandum of Understanding between UNODC and the Ministry of Health on Drug Issues Follow-Up
  • A Surprise in Thailand: Father Chained His Daughter for More than Twenty Years [she is supposed to be mentally ill]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3481, 9.6.2008

  • It Is Time that the Government Should Release Rice Stocks of Nearly Two Million Tonnes to Be Sold for Citizens at a Cheap Price

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4610, 9.6.2008

  • [900 meters] Bridge Construction Connecting Koh Puos [island off Sihanoukville beach] Began Under an Investment Project of Euro 300 Million
  • [US based] International Republican Institute: Knowledge about the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Becomes More Widespread

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3328, 8-9.6.2008

  • National Authority for Solving Land Disputes Plans to Reclaim Illegally Taken Land of 300,000 Hectares during 2008
  • Phnom Penh Authority Remains Unable to Motivate CINTRI Company [garbage collecting] to Collect Garbage More Efficiently

Have a look at last week’s editorial: Realizing that energy problems are not simply oil problems – so what shall we do?

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