Week 558

Week 558 – 2008-04-27: UNESCO: Freedom of Expression, Access to Information, and Empowerment of People

Posted on 5 May 2008. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 558 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 558

When some international non-government organizations publish annual reports about data concerning many different countries and ranking them – like the Corruption Perception Index published by Transparency International – such reports are often criticized, saying that the people working at such organizations misunderstood the situation and therefore the report is wrong. Sometimes such criticism is wrong. Such reports are based on clearly defined questionnaires, used in all countries involved, and the responses are added up, sorted and published. Especially in the case of a “perception index” it does not make sense to say that it is wrong – it lists up the perception of people. The results of such an opinion poll say what people express as their experience of corruption. One cannot deny that they feel what they feel.

The World Press Freedom Report 2007, published by Reporters without Borders on the occasion of the UN sponsored World Press Freedom Day on 3 May 2008 has been welcomed by the Club of Cambodian Journalists, in spite of the fact that Cambodia is ranked on the position of 85 of the 169 countries monitored. Such ranking is not decided by some staff member in the head office of Reporters without Borders, but is based on published criteria:

  • it relates only to events between 1 September 2006 and 1 September 2007
  • it does not monitor the situation of human rights in general, but only things relating to press freedom
  • the report is based on a questionnaire with 50 criteria – relating to violations affecting journalists (murder, imprisonment, attacks, threats), and media (censorship, confiscations, searches, harassment)
  • the report includes observations on impunity for those responsible for press freedom violations
  • the level of self-censorship is also evaluated, including the possibilities to do investigative journalism and to criticize as a means of influencing content is also evaluated
  • the legal framework is considered (penalties)
  • the role of state controlled and operated media, and their relation to independent public media, and finally,
  • for the first time violations of the free flow of information on the Internet are also considered; bloggers now threatened as much as journalists in traditional media.

Nevertheless, the ranking just in the middle of the scale of 169 countries is appreciated, as it comes together with the fact that Cambodia Has the Highest Level of Press Freedom in Southeast Asia. And Cambodia is ahead of the following countries in the level of press freedom – in the order listed: Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Philippines, Bangladesh, Thailand, Nepal, Singapore, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Laos, Vietnam, China, Burma, North Korea.

This is reason to congratulate this achievement. But as it is reported: “These figures and this evaluation satisfy us, but it also tells us that we must make more efforts to make Cambodia rank better.”

The Club of Cambodian Journalists identified some essential points towards this goal:
journalists must have the freedom to report, have the rights to get enough information, and have good working condition, without economic and political pressure, and
to assure this, to create and to adopt legislation assuring the right to access to information is essential.

This is obviously not only a question which concerns the media as a kind of professional environment. The message of Matsuura Koïchirô, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of World Press Freedom Day points to the wide implication for a whole society which the freedom of the media have:

“Press freedom and access to information feed into the wider development objective of empowering people by giving people the information that can help them gain control over their own lives. This empowerment supports participatory democracy by giving citizens the capacity to engage in public debate and to hold governments and others accountable.

As we celebrate World Press Freedom Day 2008, let us remember three things: First, the courage of those journalists who have put themselves at risk in order to provide the public with accurate and independent information Second, that press freedom and freedom of information, are the founding principles for good governance, development and peace Third, that new technology can provide enormous information benefits, but needs to be underpinned by measures that empower people to make use of it.”

That such a statement is not just nice words from a highly placed international public servant, but that they have a very practical implication is shown by a statement of a job consultant in an agency working on the so far not solved social challenge: how to bring those businesses which are looking for staff, and those young people looking for jobs, together. The experts criticize that neither the government nor the educational institutions have a vision how to handle the fact that maybe only one out of ten graduates will get a job compatible to the education received. But the job consultant criticizes also the young people’s weak points: that they did not orient themselves towards understanding the environment of their future life: “Seeing most applicants’ weak points, the consultant suggested, ‘Our youth must seek more knowledge from society, by reading newspapers or attending workshops, to gain more knowledge.”

That Cambodia is moving toward the fourth term parliamentary elections on 27 July 2008, is, of course, a special challenge for the media: real and non-biased information is very important for all Cambodian citizens to choose their representatives as well as to be the real owners of their lives and their fate.

As Matsuura said: “This empowerment supports participatory democracy by giving citizens the capacity to engage in public debate and to hold governments and others accountable.”

Without exercising this critical function, the media would fail in their mission. That this is not only difficult, but in some situation dangerous, shows that current monitoring by Reporters without Borders for 2008:

Since the beginning of the year, 9 journalists have been killed, 129 journalists and 7 media assistants have been imprisoned, and 63 persons are imprisoned because of information and opinion they shared on the Internet.

The Club of Cambodian Journalists does not just “report”, but it closes with human concerns among colleagues: ”Would like to send our sad condolences to the families of the 86 journalists and their families of 20 media agencies in the world who were killed. We also ask for the release of the 67 journalists who have been abducted, and we ask for justice and for the release of the 887 journalists in detention. All of them were either killed, abducted, or arrested while they were doing their work of seeking for real information for other human beings in different parts all over our world.”

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Saturday, 3.5.2008: Press Freedom Day: Cambodian Journalists Reveal Corruption, Land Grabbing, and Human Rights Violations

Posted on 4 May 2008. Filed under: Week 558 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 558

“Every year Cambodian journalists and other journalists in the region and in the world meet together to celebrate the 3 May as World Press Freedom Day, which is a deeply meaningful day, and it is not only a day for journalists, but also for the people of all sections in Cambodia and in the world. Journalists have organized different activities as professionals, to show the importance of their freedom, and they joined together to check and reevaluate the press freedom conditions within the past one year, and they made efforts as well, to find solutions, to guarantee that journalists can fulfill their duties honorably and without intimidation, threats, or any violent reactions.

“This year, UNESCO observes the World Press Freedom Day under topic of Freedom of Expression, Access to Information, and Empowerment of People, recognizing the great importance of journalists and of the media. This organization considers democracy and social development to be difficult to travel on a smooth road, if the citizens in society do not get access to accurate, fair and politically unbiased information. In this sense, the press plays an important role in empowering the citizens by providing rich and useful information that helps people to gain control over their own lives .

“Last year, the Club of Cambodian Journalists continuously monitored the situation and has seen that journalists and the media in Cambodia substantially participated in changing society towards improvement, by providing information in many different ways and with content, related to the revealing of corruption, of land grabbing, and of human rights violations. Meanwhile, Cambodian media are working actively while Cambodia is moving toward the fourth term parliamentary elections on 27 July 2008, and all recognize that real and non-biased information is very important for all Cambodian citizens to choose their representatives as well as to be the real owners of their lives and their fate.

“On World Press Freedom Day, there surely are different commentaries about the situation of press freedom in Cambodia, but when we look at the press freedom in the region and in the world, we can see many positive points related to the situation of press freedom in Cambodia. According to a report by Reporters Without Borders, 86 journalists were killed, and most of them were in North Africa and the Middle East in 2007, but no Cambodian journalist was killed. This organization said that press freedom of Cambodia ranks 85th among 165 countries observed. Cambodia is considered as the country which has the highest level of press freedom in Southeast Asia. These figures and this evaluation satisfy us, but it also tells us that we must make more efforts to make Cambodia rank better. According to the observation of the Club of Cambodian Journalists, during the one year starting from 3 May 2007 to 3 May 2008, there were seven lawsuits against journalists for publishing articles which are now still in hands of the courts, and there were eleven threats against journalists while they were working.

“However, the Club of Cambodian Journalists finds that it has to insist that a requirement for journalists to fulfill their mission effectively, is that journalists must have the freedom to report, have the rights to get enough information, and have good working condition, without economic and political pressure.

“On the occasion of this Press Freedom Day, we would like to stress two main issues: to promote the right to access to information in Cambodia quickly – that means to create an effective system of spokespersons in ministries and state institutions, and to create and adopt legislation assuring the right to access to information. Moreover, we should also focus on working conditions and the living standard of journalists, because most journalists in Cambodia get low salaries, making it difficult to live appropriately in society, and many conditions, stated in the labor law, are hardly implemented. Thus, the Club of Cambodian Journalists would like to call on all media companies to give more attention to their journalists – both their working conditions, and their salaries.

“On this Press Freedom Day, the Club of Cambodian Journalists would like to send our sad condolences to the families of the 86 journalists and their families of 20 media agencies in the world who were killed. We also ask for the release of the 67 journalists who have been abducted, and we ask for justice and for the release of the 887 journalists in detention. All of them were either killed, abducted, or arrested while they were doing their work of seeking for real information for other human beings in different parts all over our world.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6335, 3-4.5.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 3 May 2008


Deum Tnot, Vol.1, #15, 3-4.5.2008

  • Report of National Audit Authority Shows that AZ Company Loses Profits on Its Investments in National Road 4 in 2004 and 2005
  • Royal Government of Cambodia Must Support and Provide Right to Information Openly
  • For Cambodia to Become a Rule of Law Country, Dr. Nhek Kosol Vithyea, after Being Removed from His Position, [as Telecom Cambodia director-general] He Should Be Punished


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1631, 3.5.2008

  • A Lieutenant-General’s Son [Khmer Machas Srok says Keang Savuth’s son] Fired Four Guns [at a truck in a traffic accident dispute], Astounding Phnom Penh [1 May 2008 – Chamkar Mon, Phnom Penh]
  • Mr. Bush Calls for Approval of US$770 for Food Aid


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #146, 3.5.2008

  • [Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association president] Rong Chhun: If Government Is Not Able to Deal with Inflation, You Should Resign and Let Those Who Are Competent Do It!

  • Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #16, 3-6.5.2008

    • Cambodia Has the Highest Level of Press Freedom in Southeast Asia
    • More than 100 Ethnic Minority Tribespeople in Busra Commune Protested in Order to Expel the Khov Chily Company from a Site [over a land dispute in Mondolkiri]


    Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6335, 3-4.5.2008

    • Press Freedom Day: Cambodian Journalists Reveal Corruption, Land Grabbing, and Human Rights Violations
    • Khmer Rouge Tribunal Allows Accused Spouses Ieng Sary and Ieng Thirith to Meet Each Other in Detention


    Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3450, 3-4.5.2008

    • The Ruling Party Has Never Dared to Speak about Solving the Issue of Illegal Yuon [Vietnamese] Immigrants


    Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3300, 3.5.2008

    • Cambodian People’s Party Mobilizes Cambodian Mine Action Center Staff from Work Sites to Listen to [Cambodian People’s Party Standing Central Committee chairperson] Say Chhum’s Speech [propaganda]

    Have a look at last week’s editorial: The Prime Minister is concerned with suffering people’s patience

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    Friday, 2.5.2008: Inappropriate Qualification and Lack of Information Make It Difficult for Youth to Find Jobs

    Posted on 3 May 2008. Filed under: Week 558 |

    The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 558

    “In an office of a private company located along Sothearos Boulevard, opposite from the Phnom Penh Center, many people go in and out to submit application forms. The company, which functions as a bridge for job hunters and those who need staff, started in Cambodia more than five years ago, but the director of this private institution still complains that only a small number of students have contacted him.

    Ms. Suy Sokha, a consultant of the staff recruitment company HR Incorporated, a leading staff recruiting company, working for other institutions including organizations, companies, and state institutions, said that she finds it difficult to estimate whether there are more open positions than people who need jobs, or whether there are fewer open positions than people looking for jobs in Cambodia. However, she observes that there are anyway many open positions in Cambodia, and there are also many students graduating from universities. The expert said that the lack of information is a major factor which prevents job hunters from being successful. Ms. Suy Sokha explained that most Cambodian students do not know which company or institution needs staff. She said, ‘I think that job hunters and those who need staff seem not to have a chance to meet each other. But to meet would reduce unemployment. Some job applicants do not know where staff is needed. Some international institutions want staff that meets the standard of their countries, so it is difficult for them to find the staff which meets their requirements in Cambodia. To deal with this problem, my company has explained to those companies or institutions that we have applicants responding to only 7 or 8 points of their requirement of 10 points; however, we still hope that they can do the job.’

    “HR Incorporated receives around 20 application forms per day. The job hunters are students, graduated from higher education institutions, or they are still students, or those who want to change their job. There are about ten companies in Phnom Penh that help to find jobs. She noticed that now the ability of students is better, compared to previous years. She said, ‘Last year, we could not accept even the curriculum vitae of some students, but now most of them know how to write their curriculum vitae. Though, in general, we notice that the skills that they have learned from school are not sufficient for the jobs. Some students learn computer, but their ability to use a computer is limited.’ Ms. Suy Sokha explained, ‘When accepting a curriculum vitae from an applicant, we check it in order to call them for interviews. We require mainly good English knowledge, courage, and intelligence, but many applicants are not able to meet our requirements.’

    “Seeing most applicants’ weak points, Ms. Suy Sokha suggested, ‘Our youth must seek more knowledge from society, by reading newspapers or attending workshops, to gain more knowledge. Moreover, most applicants are nervous during an interview; this is also a factor that makes them loose an opportunity of success in their job hunting.’ Theara, who graduated in management from a private university, accepts that hunting for a job is not easy, although he has earned a bachelor’s degree. The young man said with shame, ‘I work in a hotel and get less than US$100, and this job is different from the skills I studied at school. I have applied to other institutions, but there is no response, so I must continue this job for which I have no qualification.’ Theara continued that there are three factors that make it difficult for him to get a job – first, because there are many job hunters, second, because staff recruitments in different institutions are not announced openly, and third, because their qualification is limited, i.e. they do not have enough work experience. The former student stated that not only he cannot find a good job, but also many of his friends cannot get jobs. An assessment shows that the labor force in Cambodia increases by approximately 300,000 persons per year, while the job market requires only 30,000; so it is very difficult for Cambodian youth to get jobs when they have graduated.

    “The independent economist Dr. Sok Sina said that because of the lack of information about jobs in the country, while there is information about jobs abroad, and those jobs are well-paid, many Khmer workers go to work abroad, overlooking the jobs in their own villages. He stated, ‘If we say that our country lacks employment, it is not right, because when we check in some provinces, there are many employment opportunities, but our Khmer youth are not interested. For example, in Kompong Cham, there are potato processing factories and rubber factories, but many citizens in that area go to work abroad; this happens because of a lack of information.’ The economist asked the Royal Government to organize an employment information system so that job hunters and those who need labor can meet each other.

    “It should be stated that the report of the Ministry of Labor shows that by the end of 2007 there were 505 enterprises and garment factories countrywide, with a total number of more than 366,000 workers including 329,000 women. There were 1,863 enterprises with 74,212 employees, besides the garment industry countrywide, including 29,145 employed women. According to the presentation of the ministry, for the whole year of 2007, there were 47,619 people who got new jobs in the country, and 8,939 people went to work abroad.

    “The president of the Cambodian Economic Association Mr. Chan Sophal expressed his view that learning, which does not consider the requirements of the market, the lack of qualified skills, and the lack of technical schools are factors that make it difficult for many people to find jobs. He raised an example, ‘At present, Cambodia needs construction workers, and bridge and building construction engineers, but such human resources are rare. At most universities at present, they teach mostly economics, and it has no clear focus. Thus, we need to create more technical schools to respond to the market. Such schools are not on the higher education level, but just short term training courses of three or six months. Khmer construction workers cannot compete with Vietnamese construction workers, because the Vietnamese construction workers who graduated from such schools can earn Riel 20,000 [approx. US$5] per day while our Khmer workers who work without any special formal preparation for this job from any school earn only Riel 8,000 [approx. US$2] per day.’

    “Dr. Sok Sina said that the future job market of Cambodia will depend on agricultural products rather than on heavy industry. ‘Agro-industry is the potential that our country has. It is a very big market for Khmer citizens. Our country is an agricultural country, so we must process agricultural products by using many factories; that is also our job market. We don’t expect to compete for jobs in the technical field of the oil industry, which we expect in the future, because we have no resources in that sector.’

    “Cambodia has more than 50 universities countrywide; among which 80% are private. Minister of Education Mr. Kol Pheng stated in a conference at the World Bank, ‘The construction of a school building needs only five years to be finished, but capacity building needs many more years.’

    “A director of a private university said that because of the competition to attract students, private schools decrease their tuition fees, making the quality of the studies decline. ‘Private universities are economic enterprises like companies, but because there are many schools, so the tuition fees have to be competitive, and if we do no reduce the fees like others do, we will have no students coming to study at our university. When our income is low, we must cut down the expenses on learning materials and teachers; this is the factor that limits our studies.’ This is an explanation of the rector of an university, who asked not to be named. According to the same leader, private schools cannot run vocational courses such as engineering, because to teach this field requires to spend a lot of capital.

    “The Khmer Youth Association deputy director, Mr. Him Yun, claimed that young people are living without hope, because the government has no clear policy to develop them. This organization’s deputy director stated that youth policy is very important to encourage them. ‘Although we find that the economy grows and the number of investors increases, the Royal Government still does not have a youth development policy.’ For instance, Cambodia is an agricultural country but there are few schools offering training for this field. Youth who have the ability to study in densely populated cities do only accounting course – so they will not be able to return to their localities in the provinces. Therefore, they all have to race for jobs in the cities. According to the study of an organization that works with Cambodian youth, only one young person among ten can get a job.” Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #30, 1-7.5.2008

    Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
    Friday, 2 May 2008


    Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #30, 1-7.5.2008

    • Inappropriate Qualification and Lack of Information Make It Difficult for Youth to Find Jobs
    • Three Fields [tourism, garment industry, and construction] Provide Labor for More Than 500,000 People


    Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #91, 2.5.2008

    • No Longer Appropriate Opposition Party Chief [Mr. Sam Rainsy] Ashamed as [the Free Trade Union of the Workers of the Kingdom of Cambodia president] Chea Mony Rejects [financial] Offer [US$3,000] for 1 May International Labor Day [celebration]


    Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1630, 2.5.2008

    • [Human Rights Party president] Mr. Kem Sokha: A Government of the Human Rights Party Would Provide Salaries of US$80 per Month for Workers [as Sam Rainsy says US$75]


    Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #576, 2.5.2008

    • Samdech Krom Preah Still Stands as a Candidate for the Elections, Although Hun Sen Tries to Obstruct Him


    Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #145, 2.5.2008

    • Sam Rainsy Party’s Success Is the Workers’ and Khmer Citizens’ Success Countrywide
    • Duch Says Nuon Chea Decided the Prisoner’s Fate In S-21 Prison


    Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6334, 2.5.2008

    • Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand Agree to Create Checkpoints to Control Cross-Border Drug Trafficking


    Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3449, 2.5.2008

    • More Than 5,000 Workers Participated in International Labor Day Celebration with the Sam Rainsy Party
    • Cambodia Is Among the 12 Countries Facing Famine [worldwide]
    • Foreign Newspaper [The Guardian, UK] Publishes that Corruption and a Lack of Transparency Block Cambodian Economic Growth


    Rasmei Angkor, Vol.11, #1307, 2.5.2008

    • Chea Mony: Demonstration Changed to Gathering, to Find Solutions to Be Submitted to the Royal Government; Sam Rainsy: Continues to Hold Large Demonstration


    Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4578, 2.5.2008

    • [Four] Mines Set on the Road against Officials Who Traveled to Solve Land Disputes: Three Wounded [on 29 April 2008 – Samraong, Oddar Meanchey]


    Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3299, 2.5.2008

    • Hun Sen Does Not Say Anything about the An Mardy Company Which Destroyed Sre Pok River Bridge by a Truck [overloaded with Wood from Ratanakiri]
    • 85% of Farmers [among the Cambodian population] Own Only 20% of the Land While a Handful of High Ranking Officials Own 80%

    Have a look at last week’s editorial: The Prime Minister is concerned with suffering people’s patience

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    Thursday, 1.5.2008: International Labor Day – no texts

    Posted on 2 May 2008. Filed under: Week 558 |

    The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 558

    Cambodian garment workers – most of them young women – create a large segment of Cambodia’s export earnings.

    Have a look at last week’s editorial: The Prime Minister is concerned with suffering people’s patience

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    Wednesday, 30.4.2008: Economic Dragon for Cambodia: Samdech Prime Minister Shows His Stance to Continue to Restore and Build Infrastructure

    Posted on 1 May 2008. Filed under: Week 558 |

    The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 558

    “National Road 7 from Katie to Stung Treng to Trapeang Kreal [at the Cambodian-Lao border] of 196.8 km including the Sekong Bridge of 1,057 meters and the Prek Chhloung Bridge of 137 meters, built with credit without interest provided by the People’s Republic of China, was officially inaugurated on the morning of 29 April 2008, presided over by Samdech Akkak Moha Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen, the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia, and the Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to Cambodia H.E. Madame Zhang Jin-Feng.

    “In his speech, Minister of Public Works and Transport Mr. Sun Chanthol said that the maintenance plan of National Road 7 is for a length of 196.8 kilometers; separately for roads of 192.8 kilometers in which there are 225 culverts and twelve small and medium bridges of 761 meters, and there is a new long bridge of 1.057 meters crossing the Sekong River in Stung Treng, costing totally about US$80 million, of which Yuan 530 million [approx. US$75.8 million] is a loan without interest from the government of the People’s Republic of China, and a co-financing of approximately US$ 4.3 million from the Royal Government of Cambodia.

    “The Minister continued that, furthermore, the Royal Government of Cambodia also received grant aid from the government of the People’s Republic of China to connect the rest of the road of about four kilometers from National Road 7 of Cambodia to Road 13 of Laos, which has also been finished at this time. At the same time, the Chinese government also added a grant aid of US$600,000 to clear mines and unexploded ordnance on both sides of National Road 7 from the Kratie provincial town to the Cambodian-Laotian border. Mr. Sun Chanthol confirmed that the roads are constructed according to the third-class of technical road construction standards of the People’s Republic of China, by paving the roads thee times by the Shanghai Construction General Company, and have it checked technically by the 3rd Chinese’s railroad institute for research and planning. According to the plan, it takes 44 months for the construction, so it would be finished during the coming August 2008, but clearly it was achieved one year before the plan, excluding the second step of the road construction of four kilometers.

    “The ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to Cambodia, H.E. Zhang Jin-Feng, said that National Road 7 is an important project among the Chinese government’s aid in Cambodia. Since the beginning of the construction on 18 November 2004, China and Cambodia have cooperated honestly and closely to find all ways to ensure that the engineering progressed smoothly.

    “She went on to say that the success in the construction of National Road 7 is also one more great achievement of the Chinese-Cambodian cooperation. National Road 7 has been constructed and opened for traffic as a good and big present for the 50th anniversary of diplomatic relations between both countries – China and Cambodia. The right way takes all of us to a better future. Surely, the opening of traffic on National Road 7 will ease the living standards of the Cambodian citizens alongside the road. At the same time, this road links some roads of the countries in the region to China, and it is also very meaningful in promoting the construction of transport corridors of the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, to speed up the integration in the region. So it can be said that this road is a road for cooperation for development, and it is a road which has advantages for all towards a win-win together, and it is also a road full of hope.

    “She continued that at the 3rd Summit of the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, which was held in March this year, the Chinese Prime Minister Mr. Wen Jiabao presented eight requests, among which the accelerated constructions of roads and to push for economic development in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, were the first priority goal. This shows the intention of the Chinese government to strengthen the cooperation with the countries in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, and its support towards a joint, prosperous development.

    “On that occasion, Samdech Akkak Moha Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen stated that this is a great accomplishment of mutual cooperation, and is a present for the 50th anniversary of Cambodian-Chinese cooperative relations, which all Cambodian citizens have noted in their heart.

    “To make the right judgment, hitting exactly on the root of the problem, is to really and successfully achieve the alleviation of poverty of the people, especially to achieves the Millennium Development Goals, which require each country to have alleviated poverty by 2015. Samdech Dekchor stressed that the opening of National Road 7 is strengthening new opportunities in organizing the basis for economic growth, to take benefits as much as possible also to the northeast of the country.

    “Samdech Dekchor stated that the National Road 7 is not just a trunk road for a joint development program of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, but also it shows new evidence, clearly the involvement of our country by implementing the infrastructure development policy of the Royal Government, by strengthening the transportation system all over the Kingdom of Cambodia, to facilitate commerce and to push the development of rural areas and tourism, and to integrate these within the region and with the world. Today is also a grand day, to be noted in the history of both Cambodia and Laos, when the National Road 7 of Cambodia is connected to the National Road 13 of Laos, with six kilometers, with a cooperative grant financing from China for both countries. The link of the Asia Road Number 11, which starts from Vientiane, crossing Lao provinces, Trapeang Kreal and Stung Treng to Sihanoukville, is a result of close and long-term cooperation of the governments of the countries in the region, based of the current of globalization and cooperation, promoting joint development for the nations of Asia which are facing many problems, such as the increase of the prices of fuel and food.

    “Samdech went on to say, “I name this Asia Road Number 11 the Economic Dragon for Cambodia.” The connections within a road system where each road is connected to the others, will, in the near future, after the National Road 76 from Snuol to Sen Monorum and Dak Dam (at the Cambodian-Vietnamese border), National Road 78 from Ou Pong Moan to Ban Lung and to Ou Ya Dav, and National Road 66 from the the iron mine area in Rovieng [Preah Vihear], to Thala Barivat, which connects the Cambodian Economic Dragon, create connections with each other in the economic current towards the dragon’s head area in Sihanoukville, to ship goods to other countries over the high seas.

    “I still adhere to the stance to continue to restore and build more infrastructure, to be the basis of the internal integration by connecting to every area throughout the country – the cities, populated areas, and remote areas, and to continue to integrate the region to facilitate business.

    “The construction of infrastructure represents an actual success, and it helps the transport within the economic sector very well.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6332, 30.4.2008

    Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
    Wednesday, 30 April 2008


    Areyathor, Vol.14, #1225, 30.4.2008

    • Poor Citizens Who Buy Land by Installment Fear Being Cheated by 7NG Company


    Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #89, 30.4.2008

    • The Production of the Film “Eliminated Without Bleeding” [by Khmer Krom Federation executive director Thach Ngok Thach] about Khmer Kampuchea Krom History Has Been Finished
    • National Election Committee Lacks US$2.5 Million, and if It Is Independent and Not to Be a Puppet of the Cambodian People’s Party, International Community Will Provide the Funds

    Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #66, 30.4-6.5.2008

    • Samdech Dekchor Prohibits Officials of the Cambodian People’s Party from Gambling, but He Lets Officials of Other Parties Do


    Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1628, 30.4.2008

    • Sam Rainsy Wants the Khmer Rouge Tribunal to Work on Hor Namhong’s Lawsuit [because he does not count on the Phnom Penh Municipal Court]
    • Sam Rainsy Declares to Demonstrate Again without Asking for Permission

    Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #143, 30.4.2008

    • [Sam Rainsy Party deputy secretary-general] Mu Sochua: When It Is a Case against Mr. Sam Rainsy, Courts Always Speed up the Lawsuit

    Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6332, 30.4.2008

    • Economic Dragon for Cambodia: Samdech Prime Minister Shows His Stance to Continue to Restore and Build Infrastructure
    • Municipal Authorities Guarantee that by 2010 Phnom Penh Will Be Free from Floods; Construction of Sewer Systems and Canals to Be Sped Up
    • Result of the Research [National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STDs] on Women Whose Work May Involve Sexual Contacts Shows that Women Working in Beer Garden Restaurants Have Fewer Sex Partners Than Other Groups

    Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4576, 30.4.2008

    • Khmer Rouge Tribunal Refuses to Solve Hor Namhong’s Suit against Sam Rainsy
    • Pursat Tax Office Orders Rice Sellers to Increase Price by 10 Percent, Adding Tax
    • Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries Warns that Crude Oil Price May Increase up to US$200 per Barrel


    Samleng Sadeav, Vol.1, #4, 30.4.2008

    • Sam Rainsy Says if Hor Namhong Sues Him, Court Must Also Summon Samdech Sihanouk

    Have a look at last week’s editorial: The Prime Minister is concerned with suffering people’s patience

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    Tuesday, 29.4.2008: Samdech Prime Minister Grants an Audience to South Korean Energy Technology Company

    Posted on 29 April 2008. Filed under: Week 558 |

    The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 558

    “Samdech Akkak Moha Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen, the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia, received Mr. Lee Sang-Sun, the president of an energy technology company from the Republic of Korea on the morning of 28 April 2008 at his house in Takhmao, Kandal.

    “Samdech Prime Minister’s advisor H.E Om Yentieng told reporters after the meeting that Mr. Lee Sang-Sun told Samdech Prime Minister about the projects and the study of iron minerals for which his company has received a license from the Ministry of Industry, Mines, and Energy, and he also asked Samdech Prime Minister for land concessions to facilitate investments in bio-energy.

    “Regarding iron mine investment, Samdech Prime Minister asked the company to continue to study cautiously before dealing with big projects, such as the creation of an iron foundry or big investments in the future.

    “As for the investment in energy, Samdech also encouraged and advised to check clearly the location in order that the relevant ministries, such as the Ministry of Agriculture, can check and give their opinion about which areas should be preserved [for agriculture] and which areas should be encouraged for investments.

    “Samdech Prime Minister also encouraged the company to check the possibility to produce bio-electricity by using rice straw, corn husks and stalks, and other waste. The first advantage would be that we get electricity for rural areas, and the second advantage would be that we can create more income for farmers from what they throw away.

    “Samdech also suggested that the company might make detailed plans on transportation and about storehouses.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.7, #1627, 29.4.2008

    Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
    Tuesday, 29 April 2008


    Apyea Kroet, Vol.6, #69, 28.4.2008

    • Creation of National Authority for Solving Land Disputes a Waste of National Funds

    Chakraval, Vol.16, #2723, 29.4.2008

    • Prime Minister Orders 7NG Company to Remove Machinery from Khsach Kandal District [likely because of land disputes with people – Kandal]


    Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #88, 29.4.2008

    • [Human Rights Party vice-president] Keo Remy Considers [Minister of Agriculture] Chan Sarun’s Speech Advising People to Eat Manioc Tubers as a Shame for the Government; World Food Program Stops Providing Alimentation to More Than 400,000 Students [because of high costs beyond the long-term planned budget, while prices of goods and transportation services increased]


    Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1627, 29.4.2008

    • Samdech Prime Minister Grants an Audience to South Korean Energy Technology Company
    • Vietnamese Big Boats Rush to Buy Paddy Rice in Takeo
    • Dalai Lama Prepares to Negotiate Carefully with China


    Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6331, 29.4.2008

    • Cambodia Reconfirms Its Stance: Memorandum of Understanding [on border] Contains No Problem for Border with Thailand
    • [Cambodian] Red Cross Spends More Than US$1 Million for Humanitarian Activities Each Year
    • First KFC Restaurant [world’s most famous chicken restaurant chain] Officially Inaugurated [on 28 April 2008 on Monivong Blvd] in the Kingdom of Cambodia
    • [14-year-old] Girl Searching for Crabs Raped and Strangled [Kandal Stung District, Kandal – her body was found on 27 April 2008]
    • Man Held His Daughter in the Basement Nearly 24 Years Abusing Her Sexually, so She Has 7 Children [he was arrested by police on 27 April 2008 – Austria]


    Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3441, 29.4.2008

    • Samdech Euv [former King] Recalls Pain from the Coup [by Field Marshal Lon Nol] on 18 March 1970
    • Many Big Businesspeople Run to Seek for Fourth Term Cambodian People’s Party Parliamentary Seats [according to a senior official of the Cambodian People’s Party who asked not to be named]


    Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4575, 29.4.2008

    • Municipal Court Speeds up [Minister Hor Namhong’s] Lawsuit against Mr. Sam Rainsy
    • Forest Crimes Seriously Continue in Chhloug District, Kratie

    Have a look at last week’s editorial: The Prime Minister is concerned with suffering people’s patience

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    Monday, 28.4.2008: Apologies – for technical communication reasons, today we have only headlines, no translated article

    Posted on 29 April 2008. Filed under: Week 558 |

    The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 558

    Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
    Monday, 28 April 2008


    Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1624, 27-28.4.2008

    • US Parliament Delivers Gold Medal to Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi [Burmese elected democracy leader on 24 April 2008]


    Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #574, 28.4.2008

    • The Prime Minister’s Party Does Not Dare to Publicize that Cambodia Faces Shortage of Rice because It Fears Loosing in Elections and Loss of Power
    • Yuon [Vietnamese] Associations Plan to Open 170 Offices in All Districts throughout Cambodia

    Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #142, 28-29.4.2008

    • Sam Rainsy: Khmer People Will Now Not Resist until Death Like Those Who Did It During Khmer Rouge Regime, but They Must Vote to Remove Corrupt People from Power
    • Prince Ranariddh Boasts That He Has Never Used Samdech Euv’s [the former King’s] Name for Political Benefits
    • Staff Member of Electricité du Cambodge Carrying Samurai Sword Chased and Attempted to Slash [Ou Baek K’am] Electricité du Cambodge Branch Officials [on 23 April 2008, because the office leaders had reported him to higher levels, to dismiss him]


    Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #14, 26-29.4.2008

    • Samdech Hun Sen Threatens to Cancel Contracts of Any Company that Forces Citizens to Sell Their Land to Them
    • Cambodia Sells 6,000 Tonnes of [lowest quality white] Rice to Senegal


    Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6330, 28.4.2008

    • Samdech Dekchor: It Is Said that Sdach Korn [the legendary King Korn] Was Born in Me, because I Dare to Arrest and Jail Royal Family Members


    Meatophum, Vol.52, #687, 28-30.4.2008

    • Ambition of Samdech Hun Sen Is That by 2015, Cambodia Has 8 Million Tonnes of Paddy Rice for Export
    • Khiev Samphan’s Friend [his French lawyer and his former classmate in France in the 1950ies] Disturbs the Khmer Rouge Tribunal [by requesting that the regulations of the tribunal should be kept: that relevant documents must be translated into all three official languages: Khmer, English, and French]


    Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3445, 28.4.2008

    • Hun Sen Warns to Remove Some Cambodian People’s Party Officials, if the Cambodian People’s Party Loses Elections in Phnom Penh


    Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3295, 27-28.4.2008

    • Domestic Violence in 2007 Increased [based on Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association report 2007]


    Samleng Sadeav, Vol.1, #3, 28.4.2008

    • Hun Sen Government Plans to Put Toll Gates to Collect Toll Fees on National Roads 2, 3, 5, and 6 [according to a deputy provincial governor who asked not to be mentioned]

    Have a look at last week’s editorial: The Prime Minister is concerned with suffering people’s patience

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