Week 549

Week 549 – 2008-03-02: Kampuchea Krom and Kosovo

Posted on 3 March 2008. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 549 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 549

Two situations with the possibility to develop into deep conflictive crises have been in the news this week – far away from each other, but both related to questions of the role of ethnic identities. It is interesting – and scary – how problems of ethnic identities can attain, on the one hand, fundamental crisis character, while we live, on the other hand, in a time of globalization, where international cooperation, across the borders between close neighbors, and also across large distances with or without much historical links, is considered quite normal. Some recent examples:

  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Will Participate in Inauguration of South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak
  • Japan Continues to Provide Technical Cooperation with Cambodian Customs
  • India and Cambodia Plan to Create a Modern Technology and Information Technology Center in Phnom Penh
  • Samdech Prime Minister Inaugurated Site for Establishment of Sihanoukville Special Economy Zone [with Chinese cooperation] Worth $320 Million
  • US Government Launches a Comprehensive Development Assistance Program for ASEAN

How does this happen at the same time when deeply emotional and possibly dangerous observations and intentions are made public – dangerous, because in the past similar expressions led sometimes also to violence, misery, destruction, and the loss of many lives.

Emotional discussions relate also to neighboring Thailand and Laos – but we concentrate here mainly on neighboring Vietnam.

Now the Prime Minister commented again – using quite strong words – “regarding those who want to claim back Kampuchea Krom territory to rule it like under the French regime, he is prepared to have coffins made for those strong people.” The subject of the Kampuchea Krom region comes up repeatedly under three different aspects: the history and geographic delineation of the region; the ethnicity, evident from the use of the language; and questions related to the general atmosphere of different freedoms in society. If these three aspects would be rationally considered and publicly discussed separately one by one, it might also be easier to defuse their sometimes explosive nature. And as often in the past in the Mirror, references and comparisons to the situation in other parts of the world may shed some light on the present discussion, and provide some hints to work towards a better understanding and commonly acceptable considerations.

History and geography

In which historical context are solutions to be sought, which can settle most concerns peacefully? Whoever looks at the historical records of most political entities – small fiefdoms, larger kingdoms, or huge empires – can immediately see that their geographical extensions were constantly changing over the time of history. If every historical heir would claim the largest extension in the past, different claims would overlap, clash, and provide ample basis for conflicts and animosity. The longer we go back in history, the more complicated things can get. Why go back to the time of French colonial rule and claim it as the norm? Why not go further back when the present north-western regions of Battambang were part of Thailand and consider this as the norm? Why not go back before that time, before the beginning of the French Indochinese colonial time? But how far back? Different steps into the past result in ever changing lines of political loyalties.

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia states that the size of the country is 181,035 square kilometers. Some months ago, somebody had discovered that a web site of the ASEAN Secretariat stated the size of all ASEAN member countries in units of thousand square kilometers – the sizes given were, to give some examples:

  • Indonesia 1,919
  • Laos 236
  • Malaysia 329
  • Myanmar 678
  • and thus for Cambodia 181.

There was a protest movement in Cambodia, claiming that ASEAN had violated the sovereignty of Cambodia by cutting the size by 35 square kilometers, as a result of not reading that all countries’ sizes had been given in units of thousands – quite usual in international statistics. Responding to this, the ASEAN secretariat changed the size units from thousand square kilometers to simple figures for all, revealing that, of course, other countries’ detailed sizes were also somewhat different:

  • Indonesia 1,919,440
  • Laos 236,800
  • Malaysia 329,750
  • Myanmar 678,500
  • and Cambodia got the requested 181,035, averting diplomatic tensions.

Actually, the first figure had just resulted from a general statistical procedure; of all the ASEAN countries, only Cambodia thought that this presented a problem, while all the other countries had “lost” more.

But there are other reasons why some observers point to the fact that the number of 181,035 square kilometers in the Constitution deserves some mathematical-scientific attention (without questioning the legal-constitutional value of this figure).

The border between Cambodian and Vietnamese regions had never been precisely marked in past centuries, and the French colonial power considered this delineation more as an internal French issue, and again did not see any need to mark it precisely. At the time of independence the “Brévié Line” was drawn, separating the two countries, based on maps scaled 1:100,000 and 1:50,000, without clear markers set along the length of the Cambodian-Vietnamese border. Whoever has ever worked with such raw maps in an unmarked territory knows that there is quite a margin of different interpretations. That means: a more precise marking of the actual border on the ground, using modern optical precise surveyor’s instruments, is necessary before the final borderline can be marked. Only after that is done around the whole country, including regularly at the changing coastlines, will the mathematicians be able to calculate the actual physical size of the land. The different border treaties – after Independence, in 1985, and the additional agreements of 2005 – provide the basis for such physical verifications.

The modern principle, also part of the basic understandings which led to the present framework of international law and the United Nations, tries to resolve conflictive border claims by insisting to start with presently established and recognized borders. This, of course, requires mutual agreements, if there are different understandings of what is internationally recognized. But the United Nations agreements do not recognize any right to change borders by force.

Languages and states

It is surprising that the notion, that the use of the same language by many people would be a reason to change borders, so that all those people would live in the same country, exists. Though some people might automatically assume that as normal, in fact there is only one country in Asia – at present divided into two states, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea), and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) – where all the native people speak the same language. In all other countries in Asia there live, since centuries, people who speak different languages, and people of the same language live in different countries.

There are no political movements to split India into 12 different countries (according to the 12 different official languages and scripts printed on the money), or into the more than 60 different smaller language groups which make up the Indian population. Neither are there any known political movements to integrate the 15 to 20 million Thai citizens in North-East Thailand who speak a Lao language with the 4 million citizens of Laos (where only half of them speak Lao as their own family and daily language). If anybody would like to create pure language-based states like Korea, there would be decades and centuries of negotiations, movement of millions of people, and probably endless wars. State borders and the regions and settlements of language communities are two very different things.

Cultural and human rights

There is a statement by an “unidentified official from the Norodom Ranariddh Party… that the issue, which has been raised in the past, is not to send troops to protest and reclaim Kampuchea Krom territory, but to insist that Vietnam respects human rights, universally declared values” as the Vietnamese government is also a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This statement gives some hope that others will share this position, which is oriented to basic values and against armed conflict, so that a dangerous escalation can be avoided.

The present international discussion about the declaration of independence by the Serbian province of Kosovo, which seems to be a small and far away problem, is obviously much more disruptive than the powers which prepared it had assumed.

It is not necessary or possible to review here the whole history of the creation and destruction of former Yugoslavia – the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was composed of different states with different mixed languages and cultural traditions, living within a wider community, with hegemonic ambitions and marginalized, or suppressed minorities. However, a brief summary helps to understand some of the present problems, which do not have any easy solution.

The regions of Albania and Kosovo were populated by different people over time, starting – in known European history – as part of the Roman empire in the West; the Albanian language is derived from Latin. On the other side, its Slav population was oriented to the East.

Under the Serbian King Stefan Dušan, who reigned from 1331 to 1355, political power extended far to the east and to the north-west. He established Christian Orthodox churches and monasteries throughout his kingdom. The political, cultural, and religious center was in Kosovo.

Maybe it is not wrong to remember that King Jayavarman VII, who built the Angkor empire to its highest and promoted Buddhism throughout the extended kingdom, ruled about the same era – he reigned from 1181 to 1220.

The kingdom that had been centered in Kosovo was defeated in 1389 in the Battle of Kosovo, and Serbia lost its sovereignty to the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Only after the dissolution of the Ottoman empire in the 19th and early 20th century, the different peoples in the Balkan region of South-East Europe were reorganized in different states – mostly, of course, multi-ethnic and multi-cultural.

Even during the dismemberment of Yugoslavia since 1991 as a result also of the rise of nationalism – with one of the member states after the other going independent, mostly through violent wars: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, leaving Serbia with the Province of Kosovo, the historic center of its religion and culture. The declaration of independence of this province is, for Serbia, like a cultural operation – as if the Province of Siem Reap with Angkor Wat would declare its independence from Cambodia.

Some people see this as an act to pacify the ethnic tensions between the Serb and the Albanian sections of the population of Kosovo. Vuk Jeremić, the foreign minister of Serbia, sees it differently. The UN Security Council had affirmed the sovereignty of Serbia over Kosovo in 1999, establishing at the same time a structure of internal administrative autonomy, but not independence, for Kosovo. That the United States and some few other countries recognized Kosovo as an independent state, seems to legitimize ethnic conflicts to create new states, forgetting the 1999 decisions of the UN. Will this now lead to declarations of independence of one part of Bosnia-Herzegovina? And of some regions in Spain (which has declared not to recognize Kosovo). Will it encourage secessionist movements all over Africa and Latin America, and in a number of countries in Asia? Will it bring a large sequence of new wars?

Ethnic conflicts seem to be the most dangerous new forms of deadly conflicts, next to efforts to control limited natural resources – being they wars or just unending sequences of deadly confrontations – after many of the former ideological conflicts have less of a motivation. Cambodia is a country with much potential: either for promoting ethnic confrontation, or for overcoming it on the way into a new, future community countries where ethnic differences are not allowed to grow into deadly strife.

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Saturday, 1.3.2008: Interview Between Ms. Chim Manavy, Director of the Open Institute, and Koh Santepheap

Posted on 2 March 2008. Filed under: Week 549 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 549

Question 1:

“On 8 March 2008, what programs will the NGO Open Institute implement to celebrate the International Women’s Day?


“The topic for the Open Institute this year is ‘Women and Independence.’ We intend to widely promote awareness and knowledge about gender equity for Khmer women.

“To improve the situation of Cambodian women, we think that women’s independence is a crucial factor, apart from policies. Nothing new and different can be achieved if we do not begin from ourselves. We want all women to know that changes start from ourselves. We have to develop knowledge to increase self-confidence and to participate in the integration of social development.

“The Open Institute, which is a member of the Cambodian NGO Committee on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women [CEDAW – full text of the Convention], will organize a series of activities to participate in the celebration of the International Women’s Day on 8 March 2008. We would like to welcome your participation by all means available, and we also invite you to visit the Women’s Web Portal, our women’s website on the Internet at:


“Our activities include the following:

  1. Network information resources and electronic mail: We use network information resources and a mailing list – gender@lists.open.org.kh – which is a forum for discussions via electronic mail – e-mail – about issues of women and gender, in order for everybody to share opinions and observations about the situation of women. To stimulate communication and discussion, we would like to invite you to share your ideas and opinions about our network information resources, using our mailing list.
  2. Publication of articles about the International Women’s Day: We will extract and publicize information on activities of institutes and organizations working on women’s affairs. We welcome and encourage you to also write articles and news to be posted on the web portal on women’s affairs; or if you can send them to us, we will publish them for you. [see also: ‘International Women’s Day 2007 in Cambodia’]
  3. Editorials: Our editorials will focus on issues about the International Women’s Day.
  4. Participation and cooperation with the Cambodian NGO Committee on CEDAW, governmental institutions [reference: ‘Cambodia – Combined initial, second and third reports‘ – look up ‘Cambodia’], and local non-governmental organizations [references: ‘Joint Coalition Shadow Report for the CEDAW Committee‘ – look-up ’34th CEDAW Session, Cambodia – 1’ and [‘Women’s anti-discrimination committee considers cambodia’s report‘] to celebrate the International Women’s Day.
  5. Monitoring of various media’s reporting news on the International Women’s Day. We will release a monitor report on examining and monitoring media news to the public after the International Women’s Day.

Question 2:

“Currently, a number of children and women have suffered from being raped, and there has been a steady increase in the cases of rape. What main reasons do you think have led to such rapes, especially fathers raping their own children, older siblings raping their younger siblings, for example?


“This is an important question. To fully respond to the question, I understand that we need to conduct another research [see also: ‘Rape and Indecent Assault in Cambodia Report‘ by LICADHO]. We see that the cases of raping are reported daily in almost every issue of the newspapers, and sometimes in one issue there are two or three different cases reported. We cannot accept such a serious situation. Newspapers reported the confessions of offenders about the reasons for causing them to do so. Most of them said that it was because of drinking alcohol or watching sex videos, others wanted to have sex only to satisfy their sexual desire. There are questions, but not all who drink alcohol or watch sex videos are rapists.

“There is a succession of increasing cases of rape. The majority of cases occur in rural areas, where most poor people receive little or no education at all. There are many factors that lead to an increase in the cases of rape. Social morality is on the decline, and poverty makes most people unable to receive appropriate education. Therefore, they do not know and understand the law. They do not value social morality. Moreover, people now have the tendency towards materialism rather than valuing morality in their life.

“People do not understand clearly about their rights and so they discriminate against victims. Therefore, we see also that sometimes victims are willing to accept money as compensations and agree not to lodge a legal complaint against offenders. Lax laws, a judicial system without independence, corruption of the judicial system and of the police, and a culture of impunity – these are the factors which do not lead to a decrease in offenses.

Question 3:

“Do you agree with the head of the government’s statement, claiming that good cooperation between the national police and judicial institutions is a crucial factor determining success or failure in bringing offenders to court?


“This is also a factor relating to punishing offenders. It can result in the reduction of the cases of rape. The problem is still linked to the strict implementation of the professional work by the national police and the judicial institutions, without any political influence or corruption. The national police must be a politically neutral force, without affiliation to political parties, and they have to carry out their role based on the principles for their work. The courts must be independent without political influence, they must be clean, be concerned first of all with the law, and seek justice for all citizens. Meanwhile, both institutions also have to strengthen their respective skills.

Question 4:

“Do you support the idea of imposing additional serious punishments upon criminals?


“Additional punishment are not a total solution. Most important is the question what should be done with offenders? Is it the full implementation of existing law, as indicated above? Even though the law states that offenders must be seriously punished, many are still at large, as the law is not effectively implemented. Meanwhile, we have to widely disseminate information about various laws to the people, so that they know that rape is a crime.

Question 5:

“What are your recommendations about the prevention of crimes of rape and the trafficking of children and women?


“To be able to do such work, we have to cooperate with the relevant ministries and institutions, and to provide education to the people. The aim of cooperation with civil society organizations is to make people aware that:

  1. Rape is a crime. Therefore, even though victims may be the children or siblings of an offender, offenders will be punished if they commit a crime.
    Rape can destroy a women’s future, because some women lose the opportunity to work. The problem will affect not only an individuals but also families and society. The loss of human resources will also affect social development.
  2. Offenders must be fined and imprisoned, and they should not be able to pay some money in order to avoid being punished by law.

“Meanwhile, the government must strengthen the capacity of law enforcers by providing those in charge with appropriate training in skills, procedures, and relevant laws.

“In relation with the prevention of trafficking of children and women, local authorities clearly know about some problems related to migration, and the ministries should strengthen the monitoring and supervision of Khmer workers who want to work in foreign countries. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Khmer embassies abroad must supervise and make it easy for Khmer laborers working abroad to contact their embassy if any problem arises. The Ministry of Tourism has to study about developments in the tourism sector, to make every effort to protect Khmer culture and Khmer people’s dignity, and to prohibit sex tourism and punish sex tourists. The trafficking of children and women must be prohibited, and offenders must be punished by law.

Question 6:

“The day of 8 March is International Women’s Day. What will your Open Institute talk about gender and other issues which Khmer women want to know? And in what way do you expect the participation from people in society?


“We want Khmer women to know that they have the same rights as men to receive education and information, and the freedom to express their ideas to participate in decision making, in allocating and in managing resources. Women have to try their best to build up their capacities, to have more active participation in their work. The society has to encourage and empower women to contribute to the steady reduction of the gender gap. At the International Women’s Day next year, we will talk about the talents of women, and the achievements that women have attained, rather than speaking about women’s issues in general.

“Khmer women need the right to participate in all economic, social, and political activities, and have the right to decide. Women’s rights are human rights. Article 1 in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights stipulates, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” Article 3 provides that, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person..”

“Women request to participate in building a society with the basic knowledge to reduce poverty.

“Meanwhile, we all have to jointly implement the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women to promote social morality, by valuing educated persons and not valuing materialism, because materialism causes people to commit wrong acts. We all have to participate in changing social attitudes without any discrimination against victims, and by eliminating the culture of impunity.

“Most importantly, the society has to further promote and strengthen the media sector, which is a reflection of society and works toward a society with a high-level of civilization.

Question 7:

“Currently, some women have positions as leaders in institutions, as members of some government authority bodies, or as politicians. In what way do you urge that women should have more participation?


“We see that, even though Samdech Akak Moha Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen, the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia, pays attention to promoting gender equity and suggesting that the main ideas of gender equity should be included in the government’s and into all the institutions’ policies, the results are still limited. There is still less participation from women in all these sectors.

“According to the Human Development Report of the United Nation Development Program [UNDP] on women’s participation in politics, even though Khmer women were eligible to vote and stand for election since 1955, the 2007 figure indicates that women have only 14.8 percent of seats in the Senate, and account for 7.1 percent of a total of ministerial positions. According to the same document, gender empowerment measures indicate that Cambodia ranks at position 83 among 93 countries, and has a Development Index of 0.377. With regard to the Human Development Index [HDI], Cambodia has an HDI of 0.598, and therefore ranks at position 131 amongst 177 countries. According to the eduction indicators for 2004 and 2005, there were 37 and 44 percent of female students who received high school education.

“The figures above are indicative of the interrelatedness of human resources development, and the promotion of women’s participation in Cambodia. The participation of a few women is shown in pictures of gender pyramids, which means that the roles of decision makers and managers are dominated by men, whereas most women have positions at medium and low levels. This affects the social development, as the women in the labor force of the country account for up to 74.4 percent of the total labor force. Therefore, we have to eliminate the glass ceiling which prevents women from participating in social development by encouraging more girls to go to school.

“We have to work more cooperatively with the government, with civil society organizations, and with the private sector to empower women by mainstreaming gender policies in all activities of work, by formulating policies and making other plans, and by providing quotas for women, so that they have more opportunities to participate actively in all these sectors.” Koh Santepheap, Vol. 441, #6284, 29.2.08

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 1 March 2008

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1581, 1.3.2008

  • Sam Rainsy Calls for International Community Not to Recognize the 2008 Elections [if the elections are not accepted to be conducted free and fair]
  • 713 Members of Other Parties in Siem Reap Join the Cambodian People’s Party
  • Mountains and Trees of Thousands of Hectares in Samlot Destroyed [through illegal logging by powerful people – Battambang]
  • Prince Harry [of UK] Went for Military Service in Afghanistan

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6284, 29.2.2008

  • Interview between Ms. Chim Manavy, Director of Open Institute, and Koh Santepheap

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6285, 1-2.3.2008

  • Head of Royal Government: Cambodian Population Census Is Not Related to Elections or for Political Benefit
  • Krakor District Authorities Took Strong Action to Burn [six illegal] Sawmills [many saw chains, nearly 1,000 pieces of logs, and many cubic meters of timbers – 24-27 February – Pursat]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3501, 1-2.3.2008

  • Sam Rainsy: Economic Growth Exists Only for a Handful of Businesspeople and Powerful People
  • US Ambassador [Joseph A. Mussomeli] Wants Transparent Use of Money from Oil
  • Some Analysts Say China Helps Cambodia in the Way of Sipping Soup but Looking for the Pieces of Meat in It

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4529, 1.3.2008

  • Cambodia Will Establish Municipal, Provincial, and District Councils

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Friday, 29.2.2008: National Election Committee Publishes Voter List on a Website so that It Can Be Reviewed

Posted on 29 February 2008. Filed under: Week 549 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 549

“Phnom Penh: The National Election Committee [NEC] posted its voter list on the website


so that citizens, political parties, and non-government organizations can check the names and data of their staff in the voter list, according to a press release from the NEC on 27 February 2008.

“NEC Secretary General Mr. Tep Nytha said that the list of more than 8 million voters for the 27 July 2008 parliamentary election was posted on a website, and citizens can look into the information on the website given above, from 26 February to the election day. If citizens cannot find their names or lose their data, they can contact the National Election Computer Center of the NEC during working hours at the following phone numbers: 011-787766, 015-867766, 017-467766, 092-797766, or 099-787766, so that the staff on standby can help them.

“He added that currently, the NEC has two websites. The first website has the address


General information on elections was entered into the website which was started for the 2003 parliamentary elections, and it is in operation until now. The second website has the address http://www.voterlist.org.kh, which has been operational just this year. The website carries only the voter lists. He continued to say that citizens, political parties, and institutions related to the elections, can print or download and copy information concerning the voter list from the website.

“On 27 February 2007, the NEC held a press conference to disseminate the official voter list and to announce the number of the organizations which had given their opinions about the draft regulations and procedures for the 2008 fourth-mandate parliamentary election. Mr. Im Suosdey, the chairperson of the NEC, had examined and approved the voter list already on 26 February 2008. The list has a total of 8,124,092 voters. He confirmed that for the fourth-mandate parliamentary election, there are a total of 15,254 voting offices. Regarding the opinions that the organizations and institutions gave, in order to contribute to the draft regulations and procedures, Mr. Im Suosdey said that they came from the Ministry of Interior, from the Cambodian People’s Party, from the Sam Rainsy Party, from Funcinpec, from the Norodom Ranariddh Party, and from two NGOs – from the Committee for Free and Fair Elections in Cambodia, and from the Neutral and Impartial Committee for Free and Fair Elections in Cambodia.

“In the press conference, representatives from political parties and NGOs proposed to the NEC to organize a meeting with relevant institutions which had provided recommendations about the draft regulations and procedures before the NEC approved them. The chairperson of the NEC responded that the NEC would organize a meeting between its general secretariat and representatives from institutions and NGOs which had given ideas about the draft regulations and procedures, in order to provide clear explanations about the reasons why the NEC had not included all into the draft. In the press conference, representatives from political parties requested the NEC to cease using Form 1018 [identity documents required to vote: national identification card, or passport, or civil servant, police, or army identification card, family booklet with identification pictures, and documents identifying monks; if Cambodian eligible voters do not have any of these documents, they could ask their Commune Council to establish an identification form know as Form 1018], and they also asked the NEC to urge the Ministry of Interior to issue Khmer nationality identification cards for all citizens as soon as possible, so that they can use these documents to vote.

“With regard to Form 1018, Mr. Im Suodey confirmed, “We cannot stop using the form, because sometimes those who already had identification cards might have lost them, for example because of a house fire, or when they were living on a dangerous boat that leaked… What documents would they have to cast their votes?” He added that for the national elections, the NEC plans to instruct commune chiefs and district chiefs not to issue Form 1018 before the election day.” Koh Santepheap, Vol. 41, #6284, 29.2.08

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 29 February 2008

Chakraval, Vol.16, #2758, 29.2.2008

  • New Thai Prime Minister Will Visit Cambodia First [in early March]

Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #54, 29.2.2008

  • If Hun Sen Wants to Know if Yuon [Vietnam] Takes Khmer Land or Not, He Should Ask Heng Samrin [president of National Assembly – because Vietnamese soldiers moved border line into Heng Samrin’s home village in Ponhea Kraek, Kompong Cham]
  • Strongman Hun Sen Denies He Has Secretly Met His Friend Thaksin [Shinawatra, former Thai Prime Minister – in Phnom Penh]
  • Older Sister [Pov Chansotheary] of [female singer] Pov Panhapich Does Not Dare to Bring Her Younger Sister [Pov Panhapich] Back to the Country for Fear of Being Shot by Murderers Again

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1580, 29.2.2008

  • Royal Government Checks the Granting Political Asylum by UNHCR to Foreign Citizens in Cambodia
  • Thaksin [Shinawatra, former Thai Prime Minister] Shed Tears on Arrival in Thailand [he was surprised about tens of thousands of people greeting him at the airport]; Samdech Hun Sen Denies He Has Met Thaksin in Cambodia; Police Detained Mr. Thaksin for a Short Time
  • Japan Provides Aid of More Than US$172,000 to Promote Maternal and Child Health Services by Non-Government Organizations

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #119, 29.2-1.3.2008

  • Mr. Son Chhay [Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian from Phnom Penh]: To Accept that there Are Contested Areas Causes Cambodia to Lose Land at Borders
  • Mr. Yim Sovann [SRP parliamentarian from Phnom Penh]: Sam Rainsy Party Will Take Unemployment as Priority [if it wins elections]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6284, 29.2.2008

  • National Election Committee Publishes Voter List on Website so that It Can Be Reviewed
  • Denial of Thai Newspaper [The Nation] Report; Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen: If I Met Mr. Thaksin [Shinawatra, former Thai Prime Minister], There Is No Need to Hide It

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3400, 29.2.2008

  • Hun Sen Boasts that Cambodia Does Not Lose Land, Causing Strong Critical Reaction [by border activists and observers]
  • Head of Royal Government Angry about UNHCR Using Khmer Land as a Refugee Camp
  • Chinese Investment Does Not Speed Up Cambodian Economy [but it destroy environment and Cambodian natural property, such as minerals and trees]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4528, 29.2.2008

  • Samdech Prime Minister Calls Citizens to Participate in Cambodian Population Census [2008]
  • Thai Prime Minister Asks His Soldiers to Send Reports on Preah Vihear Temple Before He Visits Cambodia
  • Samdech Dekchor [Hun Sen] Says He Will Still Be Prime Minister and He Waits to See Future of Khmer Oil
  • KOICA [Korea International Cooperation Agency] Invites Twelve Officials of the National Election Committee to Attend Election Management Training in [South] Korea
  • Canada Provides CA$1 Million [approximately US$1.02 million] for the 2008 Elections in Cambodia
  • Millionaire Kith Meng [chairperson of the Royal Group] Leases the Biggest Island [Koh Rung] in Sihanoukville

Sakal, Vol.15, #3187, 29.2.2008

  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen: The Area of 181,035 Square Kilometers Remains the Same for the Kingdom of Cambodia
    Slot Machine Gambling Invades Phnom Penh

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #633, 29.2.2008

  • Does Hun Sen Waste $2 Million Each Month for Advisors to the Royal Government?

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Thursday, 28.2.2008: Hun Sen Reiterates That He Is Prepared To Have Coffins Made For Those Who Want To Reclaim Khmer Kampuchea Krom Territory

Posted on 29 February 2008. Filed under: Week 549 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 549

“Prime Minister Hun Sen reaffirmed yesterday that regarding those who want to claim back Kampuchea Krom territory to rule it like under the French regime, he is prepared to have coffins made for those strong people. The Prime Minister stated that some people always talk about the loss of the land of hundreds of meters [per day], but it is not true. If it were the truth, the eastern border [with Vietnam] would by now be in the region of Kompong Chhnang, while the western border [with Thailand] would be in the region of Pursat. To say so is misled political demagogy.

“Prime Minister Hun Sen said so in Kandal Province, bordering Vietnam. He also confirmed that he did not want to talk about the issue of Khmer Krom territory. He added that anyone who claims to be strong – “please go ahead.” He is prepared to help to have coffins made for them, and he has sympathy to help to have their corpses buried. It is not the first time that Prime Minister Hun Sen made such statements. The Prime Minister has claimed already many times that there is not any loss of land in relation to Khmer Krom as well as to Khmer territorial integrity. If there is such loss as claimed by some people, the Khmer land would not have remained until now.

“It is noted that this is not the first time that Prime Minister Hun Sen has said so. He also expressed his ‘welcome’ with strong language, such as saying that Prime Minster Hun Sen is sympathetic in helping to have coffins made for those who want to protest and to reclaim Khmer Krom territory.

“For Prime Minister Hun Sen, those who want to protest claiming Khmer Krom territory are ignorant. It is a problem inherited from a previous generation, and Prime Minister Hun Sen claims that he just protects the Khmer territory from being lost.

“In Koh Thom, Kandal, bordering Vietnam, where the Prime Minister conducted demagogy to seek votes yesterday, he said that the people in Koh Thom know whether or not territory was really lost to the Vietnamese who are accused to have occupied some land. According to the Prime Minister, no territory was lost.

“Territorial integrity is a hot topic, and because Prince Norodom Ranariddh raised the territorial issue, he resigned from the position of president of the National Assembly. Until now, Prince Norodom Ranariddh has continued to raise the territorial issue, as he understands that it is a vital issue for the nation, and he continues to mention it again and again. Even though an additional agreement [in addition to the border treaty of 1985 with Vietnam] was signed, it remains a problem, as the ruling party did not allow partners in the government to directly supervise the measuring of the border line. The problem was so serious that Prince Norodom Ranariddh decided to resign from his role as president of the National Assembly. Some Cambodian people understand that it is only Prime Minister Hun Sen who still claims that there is not any loss of Khmer territory. However, many Cambodian people, except Prime Minister Hun Sen, know that the Yuon [Vietnamese] and the Siam [Thai] people never give up. But why keeps the Prime Minister claiming that no Khmer land is lost?

“The issue of Khmer territorial integrity made many Khmer people scared, but they thank those who were arrested when they protested against the ratification of the additional border agreement. Mam Sonando, the director of Sambok Khmum Radio, Kem Sokha, the former president of the Cambodian Center for Human Rights, and Rong Chhun, the president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association, had been arrested and were imprisoned, because they talked about these complementary border agreements, claiming that they result in the cutting off of a piece of land to give it to Yuon. Now, those who formerly had shown a strong attitude turned around and softened their attitude toward Prime Minister Hun Sen.

“However, an unidentified official from the Norodom Ranariddh Party claimed that the issue, which has been raised in the past, is not to send troops to protest and reclaim Kampuchea Krom territory, but to insist that Yuon respects human rights, universally declared values, and the Yuon government is also a signatory to human rights conventions.” Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3258, 28.2.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 28 February 2008

Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #53, 28.2.2008

  • Mr. Kem Sokha [president of Human Rights Party] Is Prime Ministerial Candidate to Compete in the 2008 Elections
  • Cambodia Has a Bad Name for Culture of Impunity and for Cambodia’s ‘Family Tree’ [Global Witness’ anti-deforestation study]
  • Krek Rubber Plantation Company Bulldozes Foundations of Five Ancient Temples in Svay Leu District
  • Krakor District Forestry Administration Officials Conduct Forest Crimes with Businesspeople [Pursat]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1579, 28.2.2008

  • Samdech Dekchor [Hun Sen]: People at Borders Are Live Witnesses of Territorial Issues
  • [Former Khmer Rouge head of Tuol Sleng prison] Duch Deeply Sad While He Arrived at Tuol Sleng [Genocide Memorial, for a Khmer Rouge tribunal organized visit – 27 February 2008]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6283, 28.2.2008

  • After 29 Years, Duch Had Lunch in the Room That Was His Former Office at S-21 [Tuol Sleng Prison – now during his visit]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3399, 28.2.2008

  • Inflation of 10.8% Harms Livelihood of Poor People and Low-Level Public Servants
  • Sam Rainsy: Traitors [Sam Rainsy Party officials who join the Cambodian People’s Party] Have to Curse the Sam Rainsy Party Much so the Cambodian People’s Party Trusts Them
  • Hun Sen Warns Again that He Will Prepare Money to Buy Coffins for Those Who Attack Yuon [Vietnam]

Rasmei Angkor, Vol.15, #1284, 28.2.2008

  • Fast Progress Makes Big Investors Worldwide to Enter Cambodia [says Mr. Sok Chenda, secretary general of the Council for the Development of Cambodia, at a conference of the Club of Cambodian Journalists]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4527, 28.2.2008

  • Thaksin [Shinawatra, former Thai Prime Minister] and Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Are Said to Have Met Each Other in Phnom Penh [between 22 and 24 February 2008 – according to the Thai daily newspaper The Nation]

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3258, 28.2.2008

  • Hun Sen Reiterates That He Is Prepared To Have Coffins Made For Those Who Want To Reclaim Khmer Kampuchea Krom Territory
  • More Than 1,800 Families Seek Appropriate Compensations from the Repair of National Road 1 [from Neak Loeang to Bavet]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #632, 28.2.2008

  • Rong Chhun [president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association] Still Demands that Hun Sen Increases Salaries for [garment] Workers

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Wednesday, 27.2.2008: Son Chhay: Social Morality Declines Due to Attitude of Current Leaders and Foreign Culture

Posted on 27 February 2008. Filed under: Week 549 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 549

“The Khmer society has been dominated by the influx of foreign cultures and drugs which cause young people, who will become the future pillars of the nation, to forget taking responsibility for the fate of the country. Khmer culture and Buddhism are trampled down and degraded by a number of opportunists.

“Acts of insulting Buddhism in Khmer society resulted from the violence which many policemen imposed upon about 40 Khmer Krom monks on 17 December 2007, when those monks tried to submit a protest motion to the Yuon [Vietnamese] government through the Yuon embassy in Cambodia.

“Moreover, politicians from the currently ruling party have used money and benefits to persuade monks who follow the teaching of Buddha to become propagandists for their party, and to use pagodas as forums to propagandize for the ruling party, the Cambodian People’s Party [CPP].

“According to a general observation, top-ranking monks and head monks in provinces and cities are all activists who serve the CPP. The top leadership of Buddhism is [the Patriarch] Tep Vong, and he is using Buddhism as a political tool for the CPP, as if he would consider that Buddhism was born on 7 January 1979 [the liberation day from the Khmer Rouge regime by the early leadership of the CPP].

“Mr. Son Chhay, a Sam Rainsy Party [SRP] lawmaker from Phnom Penh, and a leader of the SRP lawmakers, said on 25 February 2008 through the Candlelight radio program [Sam Rainsy’s radio program], that it is the politics in our society and the mistakes of the leaders of the country that lead neighboring countries to influence Khmer people very easily.

“Mr. Son Chhay referred to the strategy of the attacking Thais in the 16th century [in 1594], throwing Duong silver coins [as bait] for the poor people into the bamboo protection around Lungvek, and the people cut the protecting bamboos around the military outpost, to get the Duong coins – this kind of foreign influence destroyed Lungvek.

He added that after Cambodia was invaded by Yuon troops [in 1979], the influx of the way of ruling and training in the new society made Khmer citizens forget about their national interests by thinking only about seeking pleasure – for example television and radio stations broadcast only dancing and singing programs. The society is full of gambling, drugs, sex, and alcohol, which drive Khmer young people crazy.

“Mr. Son Chhay said that Khmer citizens have to be careful and not to indulge anymore in these things, even though foreigners intoxicated Khmer society with intoxicants, drugs, and gambling. Khmer citizens have to admonish each others to understand what is important and of advantage for Khmer society, by not letting themselves fall into a death pit because of such indulgence and its attractions.

“Mr. Son Chhay added that Khmer leaders should stop letting foreigners make storm and rain [= to stir up turmoil and trouble] according to their wishes, because Cambodia has a citizenship law, and an immigration law to apply.

“Mr. Son Chhay said when the SRP will have won the elections in July 2008, he will create a fund which will be recognized by King Norodom Sihamoni, to offer honorary medals to those who contribute to serving the country, for example, doing social work and doing good deeds to promote the society. He added that government officials will not need to implore the powerful to be promoted. When the SRP wins the elections, it will ensure that citizens have appropriate employment, to live with dignity in the society, appropriate to their living standards. Therefore, when the SRP leads the government, it will help citizens and government officials to have better living standards.

“Mr. Son Chhay added that leaders must not use insulting and immoral words, because such actions can spread to the whole Khmer society.

“So far, Hum Sen, the Prime Minister of Cambodia, often uses inappropriate words, such as ‘…these guys….’ Such expressions have drawn much criticism from some scholars. Having said so, Hun Sen is not suited to be a leader.

“Regarding drug trafficking, Cambodia has become a transit-point for drug export into third countries, and it is also a place of secret drug production, even though there were some crackdowns. But the important ringleaders who produce and traffic drugs could not be arrested.

“If there would not have been a crackdown on the big location of drug production on 1 April 2007 in Phnom Srouch in Kompong Speu, the products from synthetic drugs, using nearly 6 tons of raw materials, would have been put into circulation by criminals across the country.” Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #117, 27.2.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 27 February 2008

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #58, 27.2-4.3.2008

  • Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng Agrees with Action against [Ou Chrov District] Police Inspector Ing Song You Who Committed Misdeeds [he collude with smugglers]
  • Funcinpec Should Merge with Cambodian People’s Party

Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #561, 27.2.2008

  • [Director of Sambok Khmum Radio] Mam Sonando Tells Sam Rainsy and Kem Sokha [presidents of the Sam Rainy Party and of the Human Rights Party] to Board a Ship Together with Samdech Krom Preah, but not a Ship Built only from Banana Trees, to Cross the Sea [= democrats should join together]
  • Corruption System Will Not Allow Cambodian People’s Party to Get 81 Seats [as it expects]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #117, 27.2.2008

  • Son Chhay: Social Morality Declines Due to Attitude of Current Leaders and Foreign Culture
  • National Assembly Replaces Six Parliamentarians from the Sam Rainsy Party and from Funcinpec [who had left their parties]
  • Rong Chhun [president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association] Says Teachers Have Not Been Paid for Nearly Two Months

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6282, 27.2.2008

  • [Former Khmer Rouge head of Toul Sleng torture prison] Duch Cried in front of Choeung Ek [Killing Fields Memorial – 26 February 2008]
  • Canada Satisfied with Smooth Process of Khmer Rouge Tribunal

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3398, 27.2.2008

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Calls for Pressure on Burma While US Provides Assistance to Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  • Garment Sector Declines because of Corruption of Ministry of Commerce and Ministry of Labor
  • Khiev Samphan Does Not Cooperate with Khmer Rouge Tribunal [as he does not want to be tried]
  • Appeal [by Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights] for the Creation of an Independent Committee to Inspect the Cambodian Courts

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4526, 27.2.2008

  • Sam Rainsy: Krom Preah [Price Ranariddh] Is Not Stable; It Is Difficult to Merge [our parties: the Sam Rainsy Party and the Norodom Ranariddh Party]
  • [South] Korean Prime Minister Will Visit Cambodia This Year
  • Former President of Japanese Senate [Tsuchiya Yoshihiko] Promises to Bring More and More Investors to Cambodia
  • Thaksin [Shinawatra, former Thai prime minister] Will Return to Thailand on 28 February [according to his close friends]

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Tuesday, 26.2.2008: US Government Launches a Comprehensive Development Assistance Program for ASEAN

Posted on 27 February 2008. Filed under: Week 549 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 549

Top Official of the US Embassy and the Secretary-General of ASEAN Point to the Plan to Strengthen the Secretariat and to Achieve the Goal to Establish the ASEAN Community by 2015

“Phnom Penh: The U.S. Department of State and the US Agency for International Development [USAID] announced a development assistance program to help the Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] to achieve its goal of establishing a peaceful, prosperous and stable community of nations, namely the ASEAN Community, by 2015.

“According to a press release of the US embassy in Cambodia on 25 February 2008, the announcement was made by Mr. Scot Marciel, the U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, East Asia and Pacific Bureau, and Mr. Olivier Carduner, the USAID’s Regional Mission Director, and the new Secretary-General of ASEAN Mr. Surin Pitsuwan today.

“The ‘ASEAN Development Vision to Advance National Cooperation and Economic Integration’ program, in short ADVANCE, will be operated for eight years to match ASEAN’s time frame for establishing the ASEAN Community. ADVANCE received $7 million in funding in 2007 and will continue to be funded on an annual basis.

“Mr. Scot Marciel, the U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, East Asia and Pacific Bureau, and Mr. Olivier Carduner, USAID’s Regional Mission Director, made the announcement today with Mr. Surin Pitsuwan, the new Secretary-General of ASEAN.

“Mr. Carduner said, ‘ADVANCE is the cornerstone of USAID’s regional assistance program to ASEAN. This program is designed to strengthen the ASEAN Secretariat as an institution which provides assistance to select ASEAN sub-regions and member nations, and facilitates greater economic integration and good governance within the region.’

“Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Marciel underlined the Support of the U.S. government for ASEAN, saying, ‘The Joint Vision Statement of the ASEAN-US Enhanced Partnership, announced by President George W. Bush and ASEAN leaders in 2005, demonstrates the commitment of the US and our friends and allies in Southeast Asia to work together. We have a strong record of cooperation with ASEAN, and ADVANCE will deepen our engagement in the region.’


“ADVANCE, which stands for ASEAN Development Vision to Advance National Cooperation and Economic Integration, is intended to realize the developmental goals established under the ASEAN-US Enhanced Partnership Plan of Action signed by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in July 2006. The program will complement the ASEAN-US Trade and Investment Framework Arrangement (TIFA) which was signed by Ambassador Ms. Susan Schwab, the US Trade Representative, the following year.

“Mr. Surin said, ‘We welcome ADVANCE, which reflects the strong commitment of the US to a vibrant dialogue between ASEAN and the US.’

“Recently, USAID has launched three regional programs under the ADVANCE program.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4525, 26.2.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 26 February 2008

Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #51, 26.2.2008

  • 80% of Media Support Cambodian People’s Party
  • Ken Sara [president of Student Movement for Democracy] Threatens to Hold Large Demonstration against Siam [Thailand] over the Case of the Preah Vihear Temple
  • Civil Society Organizations Criticize Use of National Funds for Ruling Party’s Interest
  • Hun Sen Government Classified for Human Rights Violations and Impunity [ironic]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1577, 26.2.2008

  • Civil Society [Dr. Kek Galabru, president of the human rights organization Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights]: Demand for Ieng Sary to Also Be Sent to Visit Sites of Killing People
  • Samdech Hun Sen Goes to Participate in Inauguration Ceremony of South Korean President [Lee Myung-Bak – Text of President Lee Myung-Bak’s inauguration speech]
  • Royal Government of Cambodia Continues Cooperation with US Government on Child Adoption Procedures
  • 25 Officials Appointed as Advisors to Samdech Akak Moha Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen at Tuol Krasaing [Prime Minister Hun Sen’s headquarters]
  • Mobile Customs Officers and National Military Police Seized 23 Trucks Which Illegally Transported Fruit in Kompong Speu [24 February]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #116, 26.2.2008

  • Student Movement [for Democracy] Pushes Khmer Government to Carry Out the Verdict of The Hague Court [concerning the Preah Vihear Temple]

Meatophum, Vol.52, #678, 25-29.2.2008

  • Prime Minister Supports Further Constructions of Khmer Scholars’ Statues

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4525, 26.2.2008

  • US Government Launches a Comprehensive Development Assistance Program for ASEAN
  • Samdech Krom Preah Agrees to Select a [joint] President if Sam Rainsy and Kem Sokha [presidents of Sam Rainy Party and of Human Rights Party] Join to Create a New Party
  • Former President of Japanese Senate [Tsuchiya Yoshihiko] Acknowledges Progress in Cambodia
  • A Malaysian Man Gets Seven Years’ Imprisonment and a Fine of Riel 15 Million [approx. US$3,750] for Drug Trafficking [Phnom Penh]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #630, 26.2.2008

  • To Vote for Cambodian People’s Party Is Like to Support Dishonest Businesspeople to Rob Citizens’ Land [Sralanh Khmer editorial]

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Monday, 25.2.2008: India and Cambodia Plan to Create a Modern Technology and Information Technology Center in Phnom Penh

Posted on 25 February 2008. Filed under: Week 549 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 549

“Phnom Penh: A senior official of the Indian Embassy in Cambodia pointed to a plan for cooperation between Cambodia and India through the establishment of a center for modern technology and information technology in Cambodia in the near future.

“Mr. Aloke Sen, the Indian Ambassador to Cambodia, said that India would like to increase and enhance the cooperation with Cambodia by creating a center for modern technology and information technology in Phnom Penh. This is a new project, through which India would like to cooperate with Cambodia in order to provide professional training services and to improve the use of information science in Cambodia.

“Mr. Aloke Sen said so during a discussion with Deputy Prime Minister Sok An, Minister in Charge of the Office of the Council of Ministers, at the Council of Ministers in Phnom Penh in the afternoon of 22 February 2008.

“Furthermore, Mr. Aloke Sen talked about the visit of a big delegation of Indian investors to Cambodia in future. The potential investors include an Indian film production company which is interested in coming to conduct studies and assessments on the market in Cambodia.

“Deputy Prime Minister Sok An, the Minister in Charge of the Office of the Council of Ministers, said also on behalf of the Royal Government of Cambodia, that he would like to welcome the delegation of Indian investors who intend to pay a visit to Cambodia in the future, and he hailed the strengthening of cooperation between Cambodia and India through the creation of a center for modern technology and information technology. Meanwhile, Deputy Prime Minister Sok An extended thanks to the Indian government for having assisted in various sectors in Cambodia in the past until the present.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1576, 24-25.2.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Monday, 25 February 2008

Apyea Kroet, Vol.6, #66, 25.2.2008

  • Those Who Leave One Party for Another Are Politicians Who Just Want to Boast in Front of the Citizens
  • Journalists Are Enemies of Corrupt Officials and Those Who Do Business Illegally, but Good Friends of Clean Officials and Those Who Do Business Legally

Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #50, 25.2.2008

  • [President of Human Rights Party] Kem Sokha Calls Citizens to Vote to Change the Leader on 27 July
  • Keo Remy: Government and Ruling Party Cannot Solve Land Crisis
  • Corruption in Cambodia Can Be Combated if Hun Sen and Cambodian People’s Party Lose Power

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1576, 24-25.2.2008

  • India and Cambodia Plan to Create a Modern Technology and Information Technology Center in Phnom Penh
  • Samdech Prime Minister Inaugurated Site for Establishment of Sihanoukville Special Economy Zone Worth $320 Million
  • Sar Kheng Cancels Registration of Two South Korean Companies Seeking Marriage Partners in Cambodia [in an attempt to prevent fake marriages]
  • Duch Will Be Embarrassed at Tuol Sleng Prison and Choeung Ek Killing Fields Memorial on 26-27 February [where he used to work, as he will be sent to visit these places]

Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #560, 25.2.2008

  • Director of Ratanakiri Education Department [Phan Phirum] Spends Riel 20 Million [approx. US$5,000] to Silence Inspectors [over corruption scandal]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6280, 25.2.2008

  • Vietnam Is Leading after China in Exports to US Market

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3396, 25.2.2008

  • Duch Acknowledges Torturing People in Tuol Sleng Prison and Taking Them to Be Killed in Choeung Ek Lake
  • Corruption and Bureaucracy Become Serious Diseases in Khmer Society

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3256, 24-25.2.2008

  • Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh] Asks Khmer People to Learn from Pakistani People to Vote Out Ruling Party from Power

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #629, 24-25.2.2008

  • Illegal Yuon [Vietnamese] Immigrants in Cambodia Have Better Luck Than Khmers in Kampuchea Krom [Vietnamese government visits and gives gifts to illegal Vietnamese immigrants in Cambodia]

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