Archive for June 25th, 2009

Nixon Papers Show Democrats Endorsed Cambodia Invasion – Thursday, 25.6.2009

Posted on 25 June 2009. Filed under: Week 618 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 618

Deum Ampil took the following report from the Washington Post of 24 June 2009

“Five days before U.S. and South Vietnamese troops made their surprise move into Cambodia on 29 April 1970, then-President Richard M. Nixon got the approval of the top Democrat on the Senate Armed Services Committee for that action, according to documents released yesterday by the Nixon library.

“The unexpected U.S. incursion into Cambodia came as a surprise to the American public, most members of Congress, and the new Cambodian government. What followed were a series of public demonstrations in Washington and later at Kent State University in Ohio, which, in turn, expanded the opposition to the war.

“In a 24 April 1970 telephone conversation with Senator John C. Stennis (Demorat-Mississipi), who was then chairman of the Armed Services Committee, Nixon said the administration was going to provide arms to the Cambodian government to prevent its overthrow by pro-communist elements, and continue secret B-52 bombing raids, ‘which only you and Senator Russell know about.’ Richard Russell (Democrat-Georgia) was the former committee chairman.

“‘We are not going to get involved in a war in Cambodia,’ Nixon reassured Stennis. ‘We are going to do what is necessary to help save our men in South Vietnam. They can’t have those sanctuaries there’ that North Vietnam maintained.

“Stennis replied, ‘I will be with you. . . . I commend you for what you are doing.’ Several days earlier, in a memo to then-National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger, CIA Director Richard Helms proposed a plan to covertly deliver thousands of AK-47s and other military equipment to the Cambodian government with help from Indonesia. Yesterday, about 30,000 pages of documents were opened to the public at the National Archives facility in College Park and the Nixon library in Yorba Linda, California, part of a staggered declassification of papers and tapes from the Nixon years.

“The memos and tapes shed light on fateful moments of Nixon’s second term, the Associated Press reported, among them a peace deal with North Vietnam, changes in domestic and foreign policy, and management of the Cold War. They also give insights into a well-known characteristic of Nixon and his aides – a hair-trigger sensitivity to political rivals and quick resort to machinations against them.

“A 1972 meeting between Nixon and his chief of staff produced an informal directive to ‘destroy’ Democratic vice presidential candidate Thomas Eagleton, according to scribbled notes among the documents released yesterday that referred to Eagleton as a ‘pip-squeak.’

“In a 1969 memo, Nixon’s staff assistant describes placing the movements of the Kennedys under observation in Massachusetts after Senator Edward M. Kennedy drove off a bridge in an accident that drowned his female companion. The materials show Nixon as sharp-witted, crude, manipulative and sometimes surprisingly liberal in comparison with mainstream Republicans today. In one letter, he solidly endorses the Equal Rights Amendment, saying that for 20 years ‘I have not altered my belief that equal rights for women warrant a constitutional guarantee.’ The amendment failed.

“The library posted online more than 150 hours of tape recordings. The tapes cover January and February 1973, spanning Nixon’s second inauguration, the peace deal with Hanoi, and the trial and conviction of burglars whose break-in at the Democratic headquarters at the Watergate complex precipitated the coverup that wrecked Nixon’s presidency. He resigned in August 1974 under threat of being forced out by Congress.” Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #219, 25.6.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:

Thursday, 25 June 2009

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #219, 25.6.2009

  • Nixon Papers Show Democrats Endorsed Cambodia Invasion

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1979, 25.6.2009

  • Phnom Penh Traffic Police Chief [Tin Prasoeur] Is Reshuffled by Major Heng Chantheary
  • Mr. Obama Condemns Unjust Violence in Iran [which strongly restricts demonstrations in Tehran]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6685, 25.6.2009

  • Fist Cases of A/H1N1 Flu Is Reported in Cambodia, Found on an American Female Student and a Canadian Woman and a Philippine Man Who Are Suspected to be Infected [Phnom Penh]
  • A Report of the World Wildlife Fund in Cambodia Says that Porpoises Almost Become Extinct [because of polluted water of the river] – but It Is Dismissed [by the Committee for the Conservation and Development of Porpoise Tourism Sites of the Council of Ministers, and it demands this organization to correct its report]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3793, 25.6.2009

  • The Municipality Can Only Warn Oknha Khy Pov’s Company [David Construction, by revoking the license of this company] over Constructed Roads with No Quality
  • The Resignation of a Foreign Co-Prosecutor Is a Loss for the Khmer Rouge Tribunal

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4929, 25.6.2009

  • [Former Tuol Sleng Prison chief] Duch Prays to Jesus Christ to Ask for Pardon from the Dead People
  • [Foreign co-prosecutor of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal] Robert Petit: My Leaving Is Not Related to Misunderstandings with My Colleague [who is the Cambodian co-prosecutor of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Ms. Chea Leang, for she opposed his suggestion to accuse more former Khmer Rouge leaders who are holding positions in the government]

Sereypheap Thmey, Vol.16, #1737, 25.6.2009

  • [The Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian] Mr. Son Chhay Said that the Cambodian People’s Party’s Government and National Assembly Do Not Try to Create an Anti-Corruption Law, but Encourage Laws to Restrict the Rights of Citizens to Demonstrate

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Foreign Diplomats Are Disappointed with the National Assembly for Withdrawing the Immunity of Two Parliamentarians and with Hun Sen’s Warning about Interference – Wednesday, 24.6.2009

Posted on 25 June 2009. Filed under: Week 618 |

The Mirror, Vol. 13, No. 618

“Diplomats who wanted to enter to listen to the meeting about the withdrawal of the immunity of two Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarians are greatly disappointed, as the National Assembly did not allow them to enter, and that Prime Minister Hun Sen had warned the international community not to interfere with this case in a speech from Krang Yov [Kandal]. The deputy head in charge of the British Embassy, Ms. Elizabeth Evan, who was outside of the National Assembly as security guards prevented her from entering, said, ‘Diplomats from the US, Germany, from the UK, and from the French embassy appeared at the National Assembly and regrettably were not allowed to go in. We don’t know why they did this.’ Not only Ms. Elizabeth Evans who was barred, but also the German ambassador, Mr. Frank Marcus Mann, and the Chargé d’Affaires of the French Embassy, Mr. Roland Le Marchand expressed their disappointment at the National Assembly as they were prevented to enter. [Normally the sessions of the National Assembly are open to be observed by the public.]

“In the National Assembly, the microphones for the Sam Rainsy parliamentarians were all switched off in order to prevent them from expressing their opinion. This shows a well-prepared plan of the National Assembly, controlled by the Cambodian People’s Party, which attempted to silence not only the opposition party, but also to lock out foreign diplomats in Cambodia, so that they could not know the procedings to remove the immunity of two Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarians at the same time. The case of the Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian Ho Vann was not even included in the agenda to remove his immunity on Monday. Only Ms. Mu Sochua had to face the discussion to revoke her immunity during a [previous] meeting of the Permanent Committee of the National Assembly.

“Outside of the National Assembly, armed forces were deployed, concerning and attracting the diplomat’s attention. The concern is that the freedom of expression is completely suppressed, when even the international [diplomatic] community is not allowed to observe anything. This prompted the spokesperson of the US Embassy, Mr. John Johnson, to say that his embassy is ‘surprised and disappointed’ because of the decision not to hold the meeting publicly. He added, ‘It is a worrying problem if the Cambodian people are not allowed to witness and take responsibility for the activities of their elected parliamentarians in the National Assembly.’

“Many observers expressed similar opinions to that of the diplomats. Opposition party parliamentarians, wearing masks [as symbols of being silenced], said that it is unjust that the members of the Cambodian People’s Party in the National Assembly did not consider the national interest, but cared only about the interest of the party and of Prime Minister Hun Sen. Ms. Mu Sochua said, ‘Our country is facing danger, as the court system is influenced by higher powers.’

“The parliamentarian and spokesperson and the Sam Rainsy Party, Mr. Yim Sovann, condemned the withdrawal of the immunity of Ms. Mu Sochua and of Mr. Ho Vann, and consideres it as a threat to, and a restriction of the freedom of expression of the Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarians. He added that it is the strongest restriction ever imposed on the Sam Rainsy Party, compared with the many obstacles that it had already experienced, which have also been clearly observed by the international community.

“The international community could only stand outside and see the injustice that was oppressing the Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarians, as even these diplomats were not permitted to go into the National Assembly to observe the meeting. This strongly makes them interested in, but disappointed with the National Assembly, led by the honorary president of the Cambodian People’s Party Heng Samrin. However, [the Cambodian People’s Party parliamentarian and chairperson of the National Assembly’s Commission on Economy, Finance, Banking, and Audit] Cheam Yeap claimed that the withdrawal of the immunity of two persons, of Ms. Mu Sochua and of Mr. Ho Vann, was included in the agenda, and is in accordance with the law.

“The international community, observers, as well as the local civil society are not only disappointed, but also regret very much what has happened, because it violates the law and the rights of parliamentarians who were installed into their positions through elections, and everything is not in accordance with the law. On the contrary, these were only actions following the anger and the feeling of the powerful. Thus, the international community, with the presence of their diplomats outside the National Assembly on Monday, expressed their disappointment.

“Despite this disappointment, Prime Minister Hun Sen had already warned against any inference into the internal affairs of Cambodia. This warning was a preemptive action of Prime Minister Hun Sen, as he knows that the Cambodian government will be pressed by the international community regarding the withdrawal of immunity of two Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarians at the same time.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3792, 24.6.2009

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 24 June 2009

Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #218, 24.6.2009

  • UNESCO Dismisses Request of the Siamese [Thai] Prime Minister “to Jointly Register the Preah Vihear Temple”
  • Cambodia and Myanmar Find Land that Can Be Rented to Establish Embassies [in both countries]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.8, #1978, 24.6.2009

  • A Branch of the Sacom Bank [of Vietnam] Is Opened in Cambodia
  • Expert Officials Spray Pesticides on Trucks Importing Pigs from Thailand to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.3, #431, 24.6.2009

  • The Head of the UN Human Rights Office [Mr. Christophe Pescheux] Denies Trying to Take Duch Abroad [as accused by Prime Minister Hun Sen]
  • An American Research Organization [Heritage Foundation] Says There Is 80% Corruption in the Cambodian Economy

Koh Santepheap, Vol.42, #6684, 24.6.2009

  • A Site Illegally Producing Mreah Prov [large softwood tree] Oil at the Kravanh Mountian Range Is Found and 142 Containers of Mreah Prov Oil [ingredient to produce ecstasy], Equal to 5.7 Tonnes, Are Confiscated

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.16, #3792, 24.6.2009

  • Foreign Diplomats Are Disappointed with the National Assembly for Withdrawing the Immunity of Two Parliamentarians and with Hun Sen’s Warning about Interference

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.17, #4928, 24.6.2009

  • International Co-Prosecutor [Robert Petit] of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Will Resign [on 1 July 2009 for personal and family reasons]
  • Thailand Sends Troops and Artillery to the Border while Its Deputy Prime Minister Will Come to Cambodia on Saturday
  • Brunei Prepares to Buy 1,500 Tonnes of Rice from Cambodia
  • UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights [Mr. Surya Prasad Subedi] Says He Will Cooperate with Cambodia on Human Rights

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror.

And please recommend us also to your colleagues and friends.

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