Archive for December 14th, 2008

Cambodian Center for Study and Development in Agriculture Suggests to Create National Foundation to Support Irrigation Systems – Saturday, 13.12.2008

Posted on 14 December 2008. Filed under: Week 590 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 590

“Phnom Penh: The director of the Cambodian Center for Study and Development in Agriculture – CEDAC – called on the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology to create a national foundation to support the irrigation systems around the country, as this sector needs more investment to increase agricultural yields.

“There was a meeting to exchange ideas organized by CEDAC in the morning of 12 December 2008 where many officials in charge of water resources from thirteen important provinces participated, as well as many representatives of communities using water; the topic of the meeting related to problems faced and opportunities for agricultural development in Cambodia.

“On that occasion, representatives of communities using water from irrigation systems in some provinces shared different uses of water for paddy rice cultivation.

“A community representative from the Kouk Tnot Dam in Kompong Cham region, Mr. Poumot Treng, said that two communes of his community agreed to pay Riel 40,000 per hectare so that water is brought to their rice fields every year, through a committee that they had created. If there are repairs and maintenance necessary for the broken dam, more money has to be collected from its members based on the actual situation. This management does not have any problems.

“As for the community representative of the Sdao Kang Dam region in Prey Veng where water is pumped by electric pumps for dry-season rice cultivation, it has many problems. The price of fuel is not stable, creating difficulties for the members of the community to pay the costs to pump water into their rice fields. If the electricity is expensive, farmers dare not to spend money money for it. But the rice fields require water. The community finds it hard to manage the situation, and the community lost much money which almost cause a financial collapse, though this community had been created only six years ago.

“The community representative of the Tuek Pray Dam of Prey Nub district in Sihanoukville mentioned the ways by which they control the water through a system with a clear structure, so that it can earn millions of Riel into their bank, to be used for maintaining and repairing the dam, extending for 90 km, with a 30 km main canal. There are more than 10,000 hectares of rice fields supplied in a community of 43 villages.

“The director of CEDAC, Dr. Yang Saing Koma, said that Cambodia has wide land and much water during the rainy season. Sometimes, water flows away without being used, while in the dry season there is a shortage of water. Therefore, there is time to manage the water, as there is water in the rainy season and water can be reserved for the dry season, so that there is no shortage. He requested that the Ministry of Water Resources as well as the government should create a national foundation to support the irrigation systems countrywide. There should be extension programs encouraging communities using water that join also, to maintain the irrigation systems and to extend the potential of the proper use of water resources.

“The irrigation system and community coordinator of CEDAC, Mr. Seng Sopheak, presented information that there are 2,190 big and small irrigation systems in Cambodia, 22% can work during the dry season, 51% can work during the rainy season, and 23% can serve the fields during both seasons. 7% of the 2,190 irrigation systems are not operating, and 29% depend on mechanical pumping. 17% operate through the flow of water, and 11% depend both on the flow of water and on pumping. There are 201 communities using water where only 30% can do well.”Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4767, 13.12.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 13 December 2008

Areyathor, Vol.15, #1370, 13-14.12.2008

  • [The Poipet Immigration Police chief] Mr. Pich Saran Is Replaced by [the deputy chief] Mr. Sao Bunrith at the Poipet Border Crossing Point

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1804, 26.12.2008

  • [Around 100] Sovanna Joint Market Vendors Protest and Ask the Market Owner to Reduce the Costs per Stall [because there are not many customers to buy their goods]
  • Cambodia Welcomes Siam [Thailand] That Wants to Raise Mine Problems at International Institutions [said Sam Sotha, secretary general of the Cambodian Mine Action and Victims Assistance Authority]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol. 2, #303, 13.12.2008

  • Chea Mony [who succeeded his brother Chea Vichea as the president of the Cambodian Free Trade Union of Workers] Said that Born Samnang and Sok Samoeun Are Not the Murderers Who Killed Chea Vichea [in 2004 – both of them were sentenced to 20 years in prison in August 2005 and the Supreme Court will review their case again on 31 December 2008]

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.2, #303, 13.12.2008

  • A French Court Will Announce the Decision on [Minister of Foreign Affairs] Hor Namhong’s Complaint against [the president of the Sam Rainsy Party] Sam Rainsy on 27 January 2009 [Mr. Hor Namhong sued Mr. Sam Rainsy for defaming him by saying that he was involved with the Khmer Rouge regime when he was the chief of prisoners at the Boeng Trabaek Prison]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6524, 13-14.12.2008

  • A Cambodian Young Person in Kandal Stung District [Kandal] Contracted Bird Flu and Is Being Cared for [at Calmette Hospital – it is the 8th cases of bird flu in Cambodia]
  • The Government Plans to Train Officials in Public Relations to Solve the Problems of Having No Spokespersons
  • Vang Sreyno [a well-known actress] Appeared Silently at a Military Police Station [tree days after her car accident resulting from high speed driving, causing damage to the statue of a lion at the Samdech Preah Sanghareach Chuon Nath Memorial]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4767, 13.12.2008

  • Cambodian Center for Study and Development in Agriculture Suggests to Create National Foundation to Support Irrigation Systems
  • The Government Plans to Create an Anti-Corruption Ministry [according to Mr. Pen Ngoeun, an advisor of the Council of Ministers]
  • The Khmer Rouge Tribunal Met to Decide to Hold a Hearing of Duch [former Tuol Sleng Prison chief] in the Middle of January 2009
  • Three Men Are Arrested over Taking Passport Fees from Workers beyond the Limit [set by Prime Minister Hun Sen, who announced that workers have to pay only US$20 out of the normal US$120 for a passport, but these three men demanded up to US$60 each]
  • The Cambodia Mines Clearing Campaign Wins the 10th Asia Human Rights Award [in Japan – created in 1998 to assists many activities to clear mines in Cambodia, providing medicines to landmine victims, and building schools for Cambodian children]
  • Phua Thai Party Warns They Will Dissolve the Cabinet if Their Party Cannot Form the Government
  • Journalists Can Use the Internet Free of Charge in the Club of Cambodian Journalists [which is located in the Tuol Tumpung I commune – this program is assisted by the European Commission]

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror.

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