19 Human Rights Groups and Associations Issue an Official Statement – Friday, 12.12.2008

Posted on 13 December 2008. Filed under: Week 590 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 590

“Phnom Penh: During the 60th International Human Rights Day on 10 December 2008 [a National Holiday in Cambodia], commemorating the univerdal declaration of human rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948, civil society organizations of Cambodia and international organizations were eager to celebrate this 60th anniversary under the moto ‘Dignity and Justice for All’ and ‘Human Rights, Our Rights’ around the Kingdom of Cambodia. In its statement, 19 organizations focused on Article 31 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, which states to recognize this universal declaration as part of national law. Article 1 of this declaration describes some important positions about human rights as it states, ‘All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.’

Note:

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 31 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia:

The Kingdom of Cambodia shall recognize and respect human rights as stipulated in the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human rights, the covenants and conventions related to human rights, women’s and children’s rights.

Every Khmer citizens shall be equal before the law, enjoying the same rights, freedom and fulfilling the same obligations regardless of race, color, sex, language, religious belief, political tendency, birth origin, social status, wealth or other status. The exercise of personal rights and freedom by any individual shall not adversely affect the rights and freedom of others.

The exercise of such rights and freedom shall be in accordance with the law.

“The statement recognized that although Cambodia recognizes the universal declaration of human rights and has ratified also other charters and treaties related to human rights, as stated in the Constitution of 1993, civil society sees that there is little improvement regarding the respect and the promotion of human rights. While there have been achievements, civil society organizations point out that there are still some serious abuses of human rights, like the prohibition of peaceful gathering, freedom of expression, freedom of association, land disputes, trafficking and exploitation of children and women, and other human rights abuses, as special cases the rights of the ethnic minority tribespeople, of minority people, of disabled people, and of workers.

“In order to respond to the commitment of Cambodia that recognizes and promotes human rights through the Constitution, which is the supreme law of Cambodia, we – civil society organizations – would like to take the opportunity of this great 60th International Human Rights Day to ask the Royal Government of Cambodia, especially the authorities at all levels, and the judicial system, for some measures to take, as follow: Broadly open the way for freedom of expression, and for the freedom of gathering at public places, in order to participate in all public governance activities, and to promote and to protect human rights, the rule of law, and democracy. Please stop evicting citizens from their houses during land disputes. City and economic development plans must necessarily allow citizens living at the targeted regions to participate in planning, because the developments of the whole Cambodia is for all, not just for investors and the authorities. Please stop arresting innocent citizens because of land disputes and provide justice to everyone, equally including the victims whose rights are abused, not just the rich and the powerful.

“They continue to call – please eliminate corruption of all kinds in order to develop the nation, and to achieve the full rule of law in Cambodia, by strengthening the public administration with efficiency and accountability, and adopt laws about the right to access of information. Please strengthen the independence and neutrality of the judicial institution on all levels, in order guarantee that court hearings are conducted justly without bias. Please promote and obey workers’ rights, and particularly develop procedures to solve work disputes peacefully. Please check legal policies again by clarifying the definition of gender discrimination, and to have special procedures to eliminate all discrimination against women in public affairs. Please continue to help promote the rights of ethnic minority tribespeople, of other minority people, and especially the rights of the people of Khmer Kampuchea Krom, so that they have the freedoms like other citizens, in order to avoid discrimination of any kind. Please halt and get rid of all forms of trafficking and exploitation of women and children, punish those who buy services of such exploitation and trafficking, and please create a special law to promote and protect the rights of disabled people.”Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6523, 12.12.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 12 December 2008

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1818, 12.12.2008

  • Russia Denies Information to Have Canceled 70% of All Loans Owed by Cambodia
  • A Cambodian-Chinese Friendship Voice Radio Was Officially Inaugurated in Cambodia
  • Another Cambodian Citizen Was Shot Dead [by unknown persons] while Crossing into Siamese [Thai] Territory [Sakaeo]
  • A Military Officer Was Shot at by a Gunman in Front of His House and Was Seriously Injured, but His Family Tries to Hide It [Prampi Makara, Phnom Penh]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #302, 12.12.2008

  • While Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh] Retires from Politics, Some High Ranking Officials of Funcinpec Join the Cambodian People’s Party

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #156, 12.12.2008

  • Japan Provides Approximately US$1 Million for Work of Local Authorities and of Non-Government Organizations in Cambodia
  • [Secretary of State of Economy and Finance] Ouk Rabun: In 2009 Cambodia Can Pay Back US$30 Million of Foreign Loan per Year
  • Rate of Cambodian People Smoking Cigarettes Is High [1,900,000 people of the population of 14 million smoke cigarettes, among whom 1,200,000 are men – according to research conducted in 2005 by the Ministry of Planning]
  • A 65 Years Old Woman Was Raped by Unidentified Person in the Evening [Battambang]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6523, 12.12.2008

  • 19 Human Rights Groups and Associations Issue an Official Statement
  • Economic Problem Fields in 2009 that Cambodia Will Face: 1. Food Prices, 2. Garment Export, 3. Construction Sector, 4. Tourism
  • The National Assembly Provided a Vote of Confidence to Nominate Mr. Teng Savong [the deputy chairperson of the National Authority for Combating Drugs] as Secretary of State of the Ministry of Interior [to Replace Mr. Sin Pinsen who passed away recently]
  • Construction Site to Organize Bousra Waterfall and Ou Phlay Natural Tourism Sites in the Northeast Have Started to Work [Mondolkiri]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3637, 12.12.2008

  • The Cambodian Government Side and the Untied Nations Organize a Meeting to Monitor Irregularities at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal

Rasmei Angkor, Vol.15, #1390, 12.12.2008

  • A Father Was Killed by His Ungrateful Son [because of getting angry with his father who was drunk and always caused trouble for the family – Siem Reap]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4766, 12.12.2008

  • Worker’s Passports: Samdech Dekchor Said US$20 Should Be the Price, but Workers Are Requested to Pay US$60 [to get a passport]
  • The Mixing of Vitamin A into Daily Food Is a Measure to Eliminate Malnutrition [in Cambodia]
  • A Stone of Angkor Wat Slipped and Fell Down from the Top [of a temple, but the Apsara Authority could not yet be reached for comment]

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror.

And please recommend us also to your colleagues and friends.

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