World Situation Might Slow Down the Development of Cambodia – Monday to Friday, 10 to 14.11.2008

Posted on 15 November 2008. Filed under: Week 586 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 585

Further down also:

A Memorandum of Understanding Which Hinders to Solve the Problem of Immigrants

“A groups of industry and business leaders from developing countries in Asia met in Phnom Penh to exchange ideas regarding economic growth and poverty alleviation at a time when Cambodia is energetically making efforts to alleviate poverty by adding a lot of work in a growing economic sector – that might contain obstacles to development.
“The Minister of Commerce, Mr. Cham Prasidh, said that the exchange of experience is fundamental while the world moves toward a very painful financial crisis, due to the collapse of stock markets, the losses of banks, the sale of many banks, and the volume of exports goes down which make many people around the world to fall into poverty. He added that we meet under unclear circumstances, and only those who can adapt themselves to these changes can escape from poverty.
“Mr. Habib Ouane, the director of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development [UNCTAD] Division for Africa, said that among the 49 Least Developed Countries in the world, 14 are in Asia Pacific.

“He continued that since the 1990ies, many Least Developed Countries in ASEAN have gained fairly successful results, achieving a change of infrastructure with industry and with services, which play an important role in the economy, as economic growth occurs mostly in the industrial sector.
“However, he added that 69% of the citizens of the Least Developed Countries in the ASEAN countries live by earning less than US$2 per day, and they have no chance to a more comfortable life, especially when this would require further development of techniques as measures to encourage more economic growth.
“Mr. Cham Prasidh said that Cambodia is developing towards further reduction of poverty, adding that Cambodia’s economic growth was 9.4% per year from 2000 to 2006, and foreign investment increased from US$33 million in 1992 to US$149 million in 2000, to US$483 million in 2006, to US$2.7 billion in 2007, and to 8.9 billion from January to August in 2008.
“Mr. Cham Prasidh went on to say that in the meantime, the poverty rate in Cambodia dropped from 45% in 1993 to 35% in 2004, and to 31% in 2007; every year we could reduce the poverty rate by 1% in Cambodia. But if everything happens at the same time of the global financial crisis, I might affect the 1% poverty reduction development of Cambodia.
“He added that these are problems for which he is very concerned, and these are important factors for Cambodia and for other Least Developed Countries; therefore, it is crucial to make joint efforts, so that our country is rightly and surely known and supported by developed countries, and so that Cambodia achieves development to alleviate poverty and to boost the economy to grow mainly in the industrial sector.” Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #138, 11.11.2008

– – –


A Memorandum of Understanding Which Hinders to Solve the Problem of Immigrants

“Recently, high ranking officials of the Ministry of Tourism said that the exemption of visas between Khmer and Yuon [Vietnamese] citizens to cross the border removes an obstacle to encourage tourism to develop further. High ranking officials of the Ministry of Tourism reported in the morning of 12 November 2008 to journalists that the visa exemption is a new milestone in the present situation between both countries, Khmer and Yuon. But political observers in Cambodian voiced concerns, because of the fear that the exemption of visas might facilitate more Yuons to come to live in Khmer territories illegally.

“The visa exemption between Khmer and Yuon is based on a memorandum of understanding singed by both governments during a visit by a Khmer delegation, led by the Prime Minister Hun Sen to Yuon on 5 November 2008. According to high ranking officials of the Ministry of Tourism, the exemption of visas will be in force starting in three months, while both countries’ Ministries of Foreign Affairs are trying to achieve it by January 2009. So far, Cambodia has practiced exemption of visa fees with some countries that are members of ASEAN – including Laos, the Philippines, Singapore, and Malaysia.
“Until now, visa fees for Khmer citizens crossing into Yuon are US$25, while Yuons crossing into Cambodia have to pay US$20, which are fairly high prices. According to figures from the Ministry of Tourism, in 2007 there were more than 120,000 Yuon tourists visiting Cambodia, while there were over 140,000 Khmers visiting Yuon. As for the number of Yuon immigrants coming to live in Cambodia illegally, the Ministry of Interior has not provided any clear numbers, although a lot of Yuon immigrants are living here.
“In late 2006, the census committee for checking and registering foreigners living in Cambodia led by the Secretary of State of Interior Em Sam An, started to conduct a census to register foreigners living in Cambodia in some main provinces and cities. However, so far, the committee, led by Em Sam An and by the Ministry administered by Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng, have not provided any results of the census, checking and registering foreigners living in some important provinces and cities. This leads to the suspicion that the Ministry of Interior seems to intend to hide the number of Yuon immigrants living illegally in Cambodia.

“Some independent observers, said that at present, the number of Yuon illegal immigrants is between three and four millions living in Cambodia who are warmly protected by the government led by the Prime Minister Hun Sen, the vice-president of the Cambodian People’s Party. Therefore, the exemption of visas for Yuons might let more Yuons come to live in Cambodia, because they can enter easily and freely by just having passports. Those Yuons might come through Yuon associations with more than 50 offices in many important provinces and cities in Cambodia, and they might bring severe danger to Khmer society and to nation in future.

“All in all, the Memorandum of Understanding for visa exemptions between Khmer and Yuon is a worrying memorandum, if one looks beyond the benefit in tourism, which relates only to a small numbers of Yuons who visit Cambodia. That means the Memorandum of Understanding is more beneficial to Yuon than to Khmer, because more Yuons can use passports without visas to come to live in Cambodia illegally. Particularly, it might be a method for the Cambodian government to solve the problem of the immigrants, because the Hun Sen government has a clear policy to protect Yuons coming to live in Cambodia illegally.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3610­-#3613, 11-14.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Monday to Friday, 10 to 14 November 2008

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1790-#1794, 9-14.11.2008

  • The National Election Committee Will Sue if [the president of the Sam Rainsy Party] Sam Rainsy Does Not Pay [Riel 10,000,000 or approx. US$2,500] as a Fine [for an alleged defamation of the Cambodian People’s Party leaders during his election campaign]
  • Military Police of the Municipality Are Disappointed Seeing an Accused [a military officer of the Ministry of Interior, involved in the grabbing of land of 84 families in Dangkao] Released by the Court [after being questioned for a few hours]
  • A Woman Involved in Child Trafficking Was Arrested by the Ou Chrov District Police, but Was Released by the Provincial Police [although there are witnesses to identify her – Banteay Meanchey]
  • England Withdrew Visas of [ousted former Thai Prime Minister] Thaksin and His Wife, so They Cannot Enter the Country
  • A Boat Racer of the “Raingkel Senchey” Boat from Pursat Drowned during Boat Training
  • Obama: “It Is Unacceptable” that Iran Continues to Produce Nuclear Weapons
  • Indonesian Extremists Announce Revenge after the [Indonesian] Authorities Executed Three Jemaah Islamiyah Militants [who exploded bombs in Bali in 2002, killing 202 people including 160 foreigners]

Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #138, 11.11.2008

  • World Situation Might Slow Down the Development of Cambodia

Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6496-#6499, 11-14.11.2008

  • Solution for Problem Region: There Should Be 73 Khmer-Siamese [Thai] Border Markers, 29 Markers Are Found, 19 Are Being Checked, and 25 Are Being Sought [according to the chairperson of the National Border Committee, Mr. Var Kimhong, during a meeting with Thailand in Siem Reap]
  • Helicopter Crash Killed [Director General of the National Police] Hok Lundy, Lieutenant General Sok Sa Em, and Two Pilots [in bad weather, at night]
  • Lieutenant General Net Savoeun Is Appointed as Acting Director General of the National Police to Replace Mr. Hok Lundy After His Death
  • Siamese [Thai] Police Killed Two Khmer Men Accused of Drug Dealing and of Having [an AK-47] Weapon , while the [Cambodian] Authorities Demand Evidence [from the Thai side]
  • Sixty Injured People Are Brought to Calmette Hospital during the Water Festival [because of traffic accidents around Phnom Penh]
  • Prices of Fuel Are Dropping, as Citizens of Prek Dambouk Commune Drop Tears, Because the Price of Electricity Is between Riel 4,500 and 5,000 [approx. US$1.12 and 1.25] per Kilowatt/hour [in Srei Santhor, Kompong Cham]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3610­-#3613, 11-14.11.2008

  • A Memorandum of Understanding Which Hinders to Solve the Problem of Immigrants
  • The UN Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs [Ms. Patricia O’Brien] Will Come to Observe the Process of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal [next week]
  • More Than 3,000 Citizens Make and Present Thumbprints [through the Pig Feeding Association] to Ask the Ministry of Agriculture to Stop Allowing the Import of Pigs from Siam [Thailand] and from Vietnam
  • A Powerful Oknha Exploits Mondolkiri Citizens through Skyrocketing Fuel Prices [of more than Riel 6,000 per liter, while in Phnom Penh, the prices are between Riel 4,000 to Riel 4,200]
  • A Point That Created Tension Is that the Siamese Side Wants to Put the Words “Pra Viharn” [in the Thai language] after the [Khmer] Words “Preah Vihear”

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4737-#4742, 9-14.11.2008

  • More Than 70,000 People Marched to Welcome the Independence Day
  • Prey Veng Authorities Collude by Taking Between US$180,000 to US$200,000 per Year from Vietnamese Merchants Coming to Buy Paddy Rice
  • Vietnam Agrees to Sell Electricity to Cambodia at Riel 200 per Kilowatt/hour [approx. US$0.05 – according to Cambodian high ranking officials after a visit to Vietnam]

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3439, 9-10.11.2008

  • At the Poipet Border Crossing Point Pich Saran [the Poipet immigration police chief] Continues to Demand Baht 200 [approx. US$5.75] Each from Khmer Workers Coming Back from Siam [Thailand]

Have a look at the last editorial – you can access it directly from the main page of the Mirror. – And please recommend us also to your colleagues and friends.

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