Archive for November, 2008

Global Witness Encourages Donor Countries to Put Pressure on the Hole-in-the-Basket Government – Saturday, 29.11.2008

Posted on 30 November 2008. Filed under: Week 588 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 588

 
“A few days ahead of the meeting between big donor countries and international organizations and leaders of the Cambodian government, an organization, also big in the world, issued a statement for international donor countries to put pressure on the Hun Sen Cambodian People’s Party government to change the tradition and to eliminate corruption, and change its conduct of human rights abuses from which Khmer citizens suffer.
 
Global Witness, an organization that works actively to protect both the natural environment of Cambodia and Khmer citizens, released a statement, talking in detail about corruption under the responsibility of the Hun Sen Cambodian People’s Party government, on the destruction of the natural resources of Cambodia, and on human rights abuses, where Khmer citizens are the victims.

“According to a report of Global Witness which is based in London, the Hun Sen Cambodian People’s Party government did not make any improvement for Cambodia and for Khmer citizens during five years. The report directly addresses corruption against which, so far, the Hun Sen government has not created a law to suppress it effectively, a law against corrupt officials, who are mostly officials of the Cambodian People’s Party.
 
“This organization talked also about the human rights abuses happening around the country. This is entirely in line with the previous information from other human rights working groups, including high ranking representatives of the United Nations. It is almost entirely the same as a report of Mr. Yash Ghai, formerly the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Human Rights in Cambodia, who conducted studies, covered information and then released the report, stating that Hun Sen’s Cambodian People’s Party government lets human rights abuses happen against citizens, and he wrote that the power in Cambodia is gathered in the hands of one person, referring to Mr. Hun Sen of the Cambodian People’s Party.
 
“Global Witness talked also about the destruction of the country, including of the forests. An important concern for donor countries and for important individual observers from other parts of the world are the natural oil and gas resources which are in the initial process towards exploitation, to extract oil from the bottom of the Cambodian sea.
 
“This problem is raised while also important economists in the world used to comment to the Cambodian government: that not only the present Cambodian People’s Party government, but also any future governments will have to carefully think about the income from oil resources.
 
“Oil experts and economists have expressed concerns with the ruling of the country by the Hun Sen Cambodian People’s Party, which rules, including with very corrupt leadership, destroying resources of the country. Especially, the concerns related to corruption invite the anxiety that the exploitation of oil and gas, natural resources of Cambodia to be extracted from 2009 at the latest, might be ruined by corruption. The national income, which is estimated to be billions of dollar, might disappear by actions of corrupt officials.
 
“Oil in the Cambodian sea is estimated to provide millions of barrels and will make billions of dollar. It is enough to convert Cambodia into a developed country so that citizens can avoid poverty and misery, if the Cambodian leadership is competent to eliminate corruption.
 
“This concern is based on the the bad signals of a model like Nigeria in Africa, where there are oil resources worth billions of dollar, but so far, because corrupt officials control the sector of oil resource, the people of Nigeria are still poor. It is a disease which is named the ‘oil curse.’ Although Nigeria has oil resource worth billions of dollar, foreign loan to this country have grown, and the Nigerian people still live in poverty.
 

Note:

See also StatoilHydro’s Libyan “corruption” scandal shows need for oil industry disclosure laws. Troubling questions remain about oil deals in Libya and Angola.

A scandal over questionable oil industry payments in Libya, brought to light by the giant Norwegian company StatoilHydro, underlines the need for tougher regulations to deter companies from making undisclosed payments in return for access to oil rights.

“Because of the release of a statement by Global Witness some days ago, the Cambodian Ambassador in England responded by criticizing the statement of concerns by this global environmental organization about corruption in Cambodia.
 
“The mission of Global Witness, formerly supported by the World Bank, had been brought to an end by the Hun Sen government a few years ago, because it collected information, with photos attached, with claims and witnesses, about corruption and crimes of forest destruction in Cambodia, committed by high ranking officials of the Cambodian People’s Party government who collude with businesspeople as their partners.
 
“On 1 June 2006, just a few days after Mr. Hun Sen’s statement, boasting that there was no corruption leading to the destruction of forests in Cambodia, Global Witness released a document which precisely linked different witnesses and photos under the tile ‘Cambodia’s Family Trees – Illegal logging and the stripping of public assets by Cambodia’s elite.’ This organization mentioned officials of the Hun Sen government by name, saying that they are in the list of those ‘stripping of public assets,’ those who continue crimes of forest destruction in Cambodia.
 
“The meeting between donor countries and leaders of the Cambodian government will be held next week on 3 December 2008. At that time, the Hun Sen government plans to ask for much international aid of more than US$500 million.
 
“Global Witness, civil society organizations, and non-government organizations that closely observe the restoration of the Cambodian society and economy, both of politics and of human rights, welcome international aid, but they want the aid to be used efficiently, avoiding corruption. Therefore, Global Witness asked representatives of donor countries to put pressure on the Cambodian People’s Party to eliminate corruption, in order to bring the culture of exploiting the nation and the citizens to an end, a culture which increases the wealth of the powerful leaders who collude with businesspeople.” Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #293, 29.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 29 November 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1807, 29.11.2008

  • Protest by Medical Students Achieves Solution [the school decided to reduce the mark for passing from 50 points among 100 to 25 among 100]
  • [Five] Robbers Robbed a House, Taking Three Cases of Jewelry and Money [the owner of the house is in the military, and a jewelry vendor at the Olympic Market; all robbers escaped safely]

 
Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #293, 29.11.2008

  • Global Witness Encourages Donor Countries to Put Pressure on the Hole-in-the-Basket Government


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6512, 29-30.11.2008

  • Political Crisis in Siam [Thailand] Is Negatively Affecting Border Negotiations Next Month [said the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Hor Namhong]
  • A Fourteen Year-Old Girl Working in a Brick Kiln Earning Riel 70,000 [approx. US$17.40] per Month [to support her family] Lost Her Right Hand in a Clay Mixing Machine [Prey Veng]
  • Opium Provides US$470 Million for the Taliban [Afghanistan] This Year [according to a report of the United Nations]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3626, 29-30.11.2008

  • Authorities and Armed Forces Warn They Will Use Violence unless Citizens Leave Their Land [the director of the Bokor National Park, Mr. Chey Uthirith, said he will take action according to the law, if citizens refuse to leave state land – Chey Sena village, Ta Kaen, Chhuk, Kampot]

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4755, 29.11.2008

  • Agricultural and Rural Development Is the Main Topic of the 55th Anniversary Commemoration of Diplomatic Relations between Cambodia and Japan
  • Shooting at Three Different Places Killed One and Wounded Two [in Daun Penh and in Russey Keo – in one of the three cases, a man was shot dead by robbers when he tried to help a woman who was robbed for her motorbike; the perpetrator is not identified yet]
  • Man Died when a Truck Loading Sand Rolled over His Head [Kien Svay, Kandal]
  • The World’s Oldest Person, [Ms.] Edna Parker, Died in the United States [at the age of 115]
  • Special Forces Attacked Terrorists, while the Number of Deaths Is 130 [Mumbai, India, – and still rising]
  • China Condemns France about Tibet [after President Sarkozy announced he will meet the Dalai Lama]

 
Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3447, 29.11.2008

  • Siamese [Thai] Anti-Government Demonstrators Say They Will Continue to Occupy [public places] although the Prime Minister [Somchai Wongsawat] Declared a State-of-Emergency in [parts of] the Country

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Run Rath Veasna Tells Chiefs of Posts Countrywide Not to Listen to Sar Kheng’s Order – Friday, 28.11.2008

Posted on 29 November 2008. Filed under: Week 588 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 588

“Compared to what Khmer Machas Srok published a few days ago, the director of the Anti-Economic Crimes Police Department, Mr. Run Rath Veasna and his partisans really do not listen to Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior Mr. Sar Kheng, because they consider Mr. Sar Kheng, who follows the line of Mr. Chea Sim, the president of the Senate, to be a poisonous prolet snake.
 
“According to a source from the Ministry of Interior on 26 November 2008, Mr. Run Rath Veasna summoned the heads of all [anti-economic crimes] posts around the country, whom he had deployed to extort money from businesspeople, for a meeting in order to tell them not to listen to, and not to follow Mr. Sar Kheng’s orders.
 
“During a ceremony to assign four star insignia to Mr. Net Savoeun and to announce his appointment as director-general of the National Police, to replace Mr. Hok Lundy, who died in the helicopter crash, as well as to promote and to announce the appointment of Mr. Kang Sakhan as deputy director-general of the National Police to replace Mr. Net Savoeun on 21 November 2008, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior Mr. Sar Kheng seriously warned the economic police of Mr. Run Rath Veasna, and ordered him to recall all forces deployed to extort money from businesspeople who export goods illegally. It was reported that Mr. Run Rath Veasna plans to recall some immediately, leaving only two posts in Phnom Penh and in Kompong Cham.
 
“However, Mr. Run Rath Veasna thinks simply that Mr. Net Savoeun is easier to talk to than Mr. Hok Lundy; actually he still keeps his forces in all posts in order to seek money for him and for his wife who is staying at home.
 
“The same source of information added that some days ago, Mr. Run Rath Veasna told his mother to meet with Mr. Mao Chandara, the deputy director-general of the National Police who has close relations with Mr. Net Savoeun. The same sources added that Mr. Run Rath Veasna told his mother to persuade Mr. Mao Chandara to talk with Mr. Net Savoeun: if he wants ten thousand dollars per month, it is OK, just to be allowed to still stay in this position of director of the Anti-Economic Crimes Police.
 
“It seems that the talks of his mother with Mr. Mao Chandara, and then the talk between Mr. Mao Chandara and Mr. Net Savoeun, were successful, because Mr. Run Rath Veasna summoned all chiefs of the posts who are deployed to extort money from businesspeople, to meet at the Anti-Economic Crimes Police Department on 26 November 2008, and he ordered them not to listen to Mr. Sar Kheng’s order; they have to stay where they are, just they have to fulfill their obligation by sending in enough money regularly.
 
“Some Anti-Economic Crimes Police officers went on to say that they can, at different posts countrywide, earn a lot of money from illegal imports of goods, from wood business, and from the import of goods with no quality into the country, which severely affects the health of the citizens. Mr. Run Rath Veasna’s mother was told that she should go to pagodas to do good deeds rather than doing sinful acts by colluding with her son to seek money by allowing dishonest businesspeople to import goods with no quality into Cambodia which affect the health of Khmer citizens.
 
“Some people at the Anti-Economic Crimes Police said that Mr. Net Savoeun should serve the citizens well, because he is known to have a lot of money and property already, and his assignment to replace Mr. Hok Lundy should lead to more improvements compared to Mr. Hok Lundy’s work, especially to eliminate crimes, like the case of Mr. Run Rath Veasna, where recently Mr. Sar Kheng, without using his name, accused him of deploying forces to extort money, which results in the rising prices of goods.
 
“Mr. Net Savoeun is trusted by officials of the opposition party and of civil society, they hope he will improve the institution of the police to be better than at Mr. Hok Lundy’s time. But if Mr. Run Rath Veasna’s mother did contact Mr. Mao Chandara to discuss to provide monthly bribes in exchange for maintaining his position, that will invite criticism from citizens.
 
“However, many leaders of the Cambodian People’s Party are not happy with the character of Mr. Run Rath Veasna who dares to look down on high ranking leaders of the Cambodia People’s Party like Mr. Sar Kheng, refusing to recall his followers deployed to extort money from businesspeople, and even to ordered them in a meeting not to listen to Mr. Sar Kheng’s order. What Mr. Run Rath Veasna said is a brazen-faced refusal to obey leaders of the Cambodian People’s Party; he thinks he can rely on his money to bribe Mr. Net Savoeun, and he dares to look down on Mr. Sar Kheng.
 
Khmer Machas Srok could not reach Mr. Run Rath Veasna for any comment, and if this accusation is true, that means Mr. Run Rath Veasna is very insolent, so that the leaders of the Cambodian People’s Party should take immediate action, so that the reputation of the party will not suffer.” Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #292, 28.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 28 November 2008


Chakraval, Vol.16, #2829, 28.11.2008

  • The Development of Tourism Is Sustainable as Long as There Is a Tourism Law [to punish perpetrators and to achieve tourism with the intention to alleviate poverty, to promote the quality of tourism services, and to protect different natural and cultural resources which maintain the sustainability of tourism]

 
Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1804, 28.11.2008

  • The Cambodian Prime Minister Condemns the Bombay Attacks [killing more than 100 people; an Islamist group announced responsibility for the attacks]
  • Per Month More Than Twenty Cambodian Citizens Suffer from Mines and Unexploded Ordnance [according the Cambodian Mine Action Center, in ten months of 2008, there were 238 mine victims, compared to the same period in 2007, it declined by 67 people]
  • Woman Was Cruelly Shot Dead [by three attackers] to Robb Her Money Bag and Motorbike [the robbers are not identified yet – Sansam Kosal I, Boeng Tumpun, Meanchey, Phnom Penh]


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #292, 28.11.2008

  • Run Rath Veasna Tells Chiefs of Posts Countrywide Not to Listen to Sar Kheng’s Order
  • The Kompong Thom Authorities Are Disrespectful, Daring to Recruit Soldiers [against the statement of Prime Minister Hun Sen, saying that the government has no intention to recruit soldiers. The official letter for the recruitment is also published by Khmer Machas Srok]

 
Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6511, 28.11.2008

  • Whether or Not the ASEAN Summit Will Be Held in Chiang Mai in Thailand Next Month [scheduled for 15 to 18 December] Depends on the Actual Situation
  • A Russian Millionaire [Alexander Trofimov, called Sasa] Suspected of Raping a Thirteen Year-Old Girl Was Sentenced to Serve Six Years in Prison and Fined US$100,000 [Sihanoukville – it should be noted that he had been sentenced by a Phnom Penh court to serve thirteen years, but after he filed an appeal, his penalty was reduced to six years]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3625, 28.11.2008

  • People Who Dare to Reveal Corruption at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Should Receive Protection [to ensure that they will not suffer from any revenge, said the executive director of the US Open Society Justice Initiative, Mr. James Goldston]

 
Rasmei Angkor, Vol.15, #1385, 28.11.2008

  • Houses of Former Khmer Rouge Leaders [Khiev Samphan and Nuon Chea] Are for Sale [according to Ms. Ly Kim Seng, the wife of Nuon Chea, a former Khmer Rouge leader. She was expelled from the house in which she has lived for ten years, by a daughter of Ieng Sary, the former minister of foreign affairs of the Khmer Rouge regime, because those houses are owned by Ieng Sary]

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4754, 28.11.2008

  • European Union and Japan: Aid for Cambodia Will Not Be Affected by Global Financial Crisis [but they demand the government has to deal with corruption]
  • Australia Joins to Restore [the 637 km] Railroads in Cambodia [providing US$73 million]
  • Representative of Association of Disabled People in Cambodia [with more than 8,000 members] Ask Hospitals of Provinces and of Cities Not to Take Money from Them [when they go to receive medical treatment]
  • 100 Died and 300 Were Wounded by Attacks in Mumbai [aiming at foreigners, places attacked are the Taj Mahal Hotel and the Oberoi Trident Hotel, a railway station, hospitals, and a high class restaurant]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3446, 28.11.2008

  • Medical Faculty: Because Less Students Pass the Exam [at the end of the first year], Students Demonstrate Requesting Automatic Acceptance to Continue [demanding to follow the policy that the school will accept 1,180 students from more than 1,400 applicants, but now only about 300 students are accepted]

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The Ministry of Education Is Facing a Shortage of Foreign Language and Information Technology Teachers – Thursday, 27.11.2008

Posted on 28 November 2008. Filed under: Week 588 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 588

 
“Phnom Penh: School directors in Phnom Penh and in different provinces said that their schools are facing a shortage of foreign language and information technology teachers, important sectors to strengthen the quality of education.
 
“The Tuol Tumpung High School director, Mr. Chet Yam, said by telephone in the morning of 26 November 2008 that his high school is lacking English and French, and information technology teachers. Normally, students have to study French two hours, English five hours, and computer from two to three hours per week. He said that his school has 125 computers. But now there is a shortage of money to pay the electricity costs.
 
“He added that the teaching of English and French, and information technology, are part of the secondary education curriculum and of high school education.
 
“The Sisowath High School director, Mr. Seng Lim, made similar comments about the shortage of foreign language and information technology teachers, as his school lacks around five teachers. As for information technology teachers, there is a great need, because 60 classes have only one computer instructor.
 
“He went on to say that the teaching of information technology is for Grade 10 and for Grade 11 only.
 
“The Bak Tuk High School director, Mr. Sok Vanna, said that his school has nearly 10,000 students, but there are only two or three English and information technology teachers. He added that the training courses of the ministry for one intake have only between 20 and 30 technical teachers, and they have to be assigned all around the country; this is the root of the problem. 

“He went on to say , ‘We live today in an era of technology, we have to do whatever we can to make our students know this sector better, so that they can catch up with the other students in the region.’

“Mr. Chum Cheng, the director of the office of teacher training recruitment and of the management of the department of vocation training and refresher courses, said that each year, the ministry trains 60 French teachers and 200 English teachers to be assigned to secondary schools and high schools countrywide.
 
“He continued, ‘The ministry asks the government every year to increase the number of teachers to be trained, but there is no response from the government.’
 
“Mr. Chum Cheng added the government provides money to train 5,000 teachers to be assigned from kindergartens up to higher education, and to be sports teachers, which has the least numbers compared with the actual needs. He continued to say that there are between 2,200 and 3,000 kindergarten and primary school teachers in training; there are from 1,700 to 2,000 secondary and high school teachers in training; as for teachers for teaching monks in training – there are 50, or there is none, according to the real needs.
 
“He continued to say, ‘Now, the primary level has difficulties, because we are training primary school teachers who have high school diplomas to become secondary school teachers.’
 
“The secretary-general of the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports, Mr. Koeur Naileang, said on the same day, while recognizing that the ministry does lack French and English, and information technology teachers, the ministry has encouraged schools to hire more teachers by providing wages according to the number of hours they teach.

“He pointed out, ‘It is because the training is late and there is a lack of resources for teachers, as those who teach foreign languages and computer cannot earn much money. Now, most high school teachers in training receive also computer training, so that they can help ease this problem when they become teachers.’
 
“The president of the Cambodian Independent Teachers’ Association, Mr. Rong Chhun, said on the same day that there is a severe shortage of language and information technology teachers, and even many teachers themselves have no knowledge about computers.
 
“Regarding solutions for this problem, Mr. Rong Chhun said, ‘The government must provide a section of the budget to train teachers in these skills, because today we live in an era of technology, and Cambodia has to follow the countries in the region.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4753, 27.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 27 November 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1806, 27.11.2008

  • Property of Former Khmer Rouge Leaders Is Expropriated as State Property [according to a statement from the Khmer Rouge Tribunal about reparation payments for victims of the Khmer Rouge]
  • [The First Vice President of the National Assembly] Mr. Nguon Nhel Leads the Delegation of the Cambodian National Assembly to Attend the Third Asian Parliamentary Assembly – APA – Meeting [in Jakarta, Indonesia]
  • The Tokushima International Cooperation [of Japan] Grants Five Ambulances to the Ministry of Heath to Help Rescue Cambodian Citizens
  • The International Monetary Fund Granted US$7.6 Billion to Afghanistan [to help this country to pay back its loans and to stabilize the economy]


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6510, 27.11.2008

  • Reports Criticizing Monkey Raising Farms in Cambodia; Many Exported Monkeys Died because of Improper Care [according to the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, more than 10,000 monkeys were sold from Cambodia to China and to the United States last year, while the Minister of Agriculture, Mr. Chan Sarun, said that every year between 7,000 and 8,000 monkeys are sent to different research laboratories in foreign countries]
  • Protest at Ou Russey Market [by around 100 market vendors]: Prices of Fuels Decline while Cost of Electricity Shoots Up [from Riel 1,300 to Riel 1,500 per kw/h]
  • Man Admits He Killed His Second Wife [because of quarrels with her as she did not listen to him to stop gambling – Prampi Makara, Phnom Penh]
  • Chaos Becomes Deeper, Closing Two Airports [of Bangkok: Suvarnabhumi and Don Muang airports] because of the Invasion by Yellow-Shirt [anti-government] Demonstrators
  • Mr. Robert Gates Continues as [US] Secretary of Defense [according to Mr. Obama’s suggestion]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3624, 27.11.2008

  • [The president of the Sam Rainsy Party] Sam Rainsy: The Cambodian Economy Cannot Grow if Top Leaders Still Commit Corruption

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4753, 27.11.2008

  • The Ministry of Education Is Facing a Shortage of Foreign Language and Information Technology
    Teachers
  • Reparation for [Khmer Rouge] Victims Is Discussed [Judge Kong Srim, president of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, pointed out that the court decided to provide reparation to victims in response to victims’ demands. He emphasized that the court will provide collective reparation [for example by building shrines, but no personal compensation]
  • Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos Agreed to Maintain Agreement of Siem Reap from 2007 about Drug Control
  • Korea Provides US$1.300,000 for the Development of Water Resources in Cambodia
  • Indian Navy Sunk a Thai Ship where There Was also a Khmer Sailor, because of Confusing It as a Ship of Somali Pirates [according to the BBC, a Khmer sailor was rescued, while fourteen other sailors are missing]

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Lawyers Ask China, the United States, and Yuon to Testify Related to the Khmer Rouge Regime – Wednesday, 26.11.2008

Posted on 27 November 2008. Filed under: Week 588 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 588

 
“The laws governing the Khmer Rouge Tribunal do not state anything about related countries, although it is known that some countries strongly supported the Khmer Rouge regime. Regarding this problem, defense lawyers of Nuon Chea, the former president of the National Assembly and Brother Number 2 of the Khmer Rouge regime, asserted that evidence kept by China, by Yuon [Vietnam], and by the United States can expand the knowledge of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal about Democratic Kampuchea [the official name of the Khmer Rouge governed state] and show potential evidence of crimes which were the results of circumstances beyond the Khmer Rouge control.
 
“It should be noted that after different requests for investigations since August 2008 were made, the defense lawyers of Nuon Chea asked the court to request the governments of China, of the Untied States, and of Yuon to show all information they had gained through their spy networks, the air bombardments, and reports of investigations about the structure of power of the Khmer Rouge, and of S21 [the Tuol Sleng prison]. Nuon Chea’s defense lawyers asked for statements from three former US National Security Advisors, including from Mr. Henry Kissinger [National Security Advisor 1969 to 1975, and also US Secretary of State 1973 to 1977]. Defense lawyers of the suspect asked the co-judges of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal to present information about the number of Khmer citizens in April 1975, when the Khmer Rouge regime took power, and their number in January 1979, when this regime was overthrown.
 
“Co-defense lawyers of the suspect Nuon Chea said that the provision of precise numbers can help reject or review the contradictory claims, whether the number of citizens in Cambodia increased or decreased through the Maoist regime. On Monday, Mr. You Bunleng and Mr. Marcel Lemonde, co-investigating judges of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, which has suffered from corruption, did not make any comment related to the above problem, saying that they were very busy. As for representatives of the three countries, they gave different responses to the question about the potential for cooperation with the Khmer Rouge Tribunal. According to the procedures, the Khmer Rouge Tribunal can ask foreign governments to provide information, and the court can seek assistance from the Cambodian government or from the UN secretary-general if foreign governments do not cooperate.

Three defense lawyers of Nuon Chea – Son Arun, Khmer; Michiel Pestman and Victor Koppe, Dutch – asked the co-judges You Bunleng and Marcel Lemonde to be responsible for the investigation for Nuon Chea. Ms. Ngô Thị Hảo, from the Vietnamese embassy, said on Monday that the Yuon government is cooperating with the request of the tribunal, and if they have any information, they will provide it.
 
“The US embassy refused to comment on the above problem, while the third secretary of the Chinese embassy, Mr. Qian Hai, said that he did not know about the request for documents related to China. He added, ‘I think that the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia is a court dealing with internal affairs of Cambodia. I think that the Cambodian government will implement the laws which are relevant.’ Mr. Qian Hai denied that China was responsible for any crimes regarding the cruelty of the Khmer Rouges.
 
“It should be noted that on 18 August 2008, the defense lawyers of Nuon Chea said that China strongly supported the Khmer Rouge and probably knew that their economic and military aid, as well as their support of technology and of diplomats, triggered stronger crimes during the Khmer Rouge regime. The co-lawyers of the suspect Nuon Chea pointed out that Chinese officials did influence Khmer Rouge politics, and Beijing might have information about the Khmer Rouge structure of power during the Killing Field regime which might help Nuon Chea from being found responsible. In August, the co-defense lawyers of Nuon Chea asked the court to investigate the size of the spy network that Yuon kept in Cambodia.

“In a request in September, the co-defense lawyers of Nuon Chea said that the United States’ politics in southeast Asia helped to set the conditions for the Khmer Rouge to take power, and the Untied States kept spy agents in Cambodia after the collapse of the Khmer Republic [1970 to 1975] in April 1975. The co-defense lawyers of Khiev Samphan had asked for an investigation about the presence of a spy network of the United States, of the Soviet Unions, and of Yuon, in Cambodia, as well as for the responsibility for the people who died during the bombardment campaign of the Untied States from 1969 to 1973. Reacting to this problem, a professor said that Yuon and the United States were not directly responsible for the activities of the Khmer Rouge, but China was closely involved in the killing field regime.
 
“The Khmer Rouge tribunal is charged to deal with the crimes of the death of more than 1.7 million Khmer citizens between 17 April 1975 and early January 1979, when Yuon entered with tens of thousands of troops to invade the Khmer territory impudently [?]. At present, five former high ranking leaders, who were in positions of the highest responsibility of the Khmer Rouge regime, are held in special detention at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, waiting for the hearings on crimes against humanity and on war crimes. The five suspects are he former president of the National Assembly and Brother Number 2 of the Khmer Rouge regime, Nuon Chea; the former Deputy Prime Minister and Minster of Foreign Affairs, Brother Number 3, Ieng Sary; the former head of state Khiev Samphan; the former Minister of Social Affairs Ieng Thirith; and the cruel former Tuol Sleng Prison chief Kang Kek Iev, called Duch.
 
“However, so far, Khmer citizens and the international community seem to have no confidence in the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, which has strongly suffered from corruption and other irregularities, because this UN mixed tribunal has already spent millions of dollar, but there is no official sentence on any former Khmer Rouge leader yet. Instead, the special tribunal is seeking more millions of dollar to fill the corruption that has not yet been cleanly cleared.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3623, 26.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 26 November 2008


Deum Ampil, Vol.3, #95, 26-2.11-12.2008

  • [The Minister of Information] Mr. Khieu Kanharith Will Ask the Prime Minister to Expropriate 14 Hectares Land [for the Ministry of Information in Sihanoukville] from an Unnamed Merchant to Keep it as State Property


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1804, 26.11.2008

  • The Phnom Penh Municipality Assesses a Project to Construct a Fly Rail System [from the airport] to the City [being studied by Japanese and French experts; according to the studies, if a sky rail link is not constructed by 2017, there will be traffic jams that cannot be solved; the construction of one kilometer of a sky rail link costs US$35 million]

 
Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6509, 26.11.2008

  • Conflict over the Distribution of Rice of the Asian Development Bank between Villagers and Authorities Becomes Criminal Case [the villagers accused the authorities of seriously intimidating them after citizens from 102 families lodged complaints over irregularities during the rice distribution late October 2008 – Battambang]
  • [Two] Traffic Police Who Broke the Mirror of a Car Were Hit so that Their Faces Were Swollen [but three perpetrators, including the car owner, were released one day after police had arrested them – Siem Reap]
  • A Woman Was Stabbed Dead in Her House and a Man [her husband] Who Has Two Wives, Is Suspected and Was Arrested [Prampi Makara, Phnom Penh]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3623, 26.11.2008

  • Lawyers Ask China, the United States, and Yuon to Testify Related to the Khmer Rouge Regime
  • Crimes of Clearing Forest for Agricultural Land and for Tree Plantations for Illegal Exploitation Grow More Serious in Ratanakiri [according to civil society organizations observing the environment in Ratanakiri]

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4752, 26.11.2008

  • The Minister of Agriculture [Mr. Chan Sarun] Calls on Farmers Not to Sell Their Paddy Rice Soon while Its Price Is Declining [one tonne of paddy rice which previously costs US$585 now dropped to US$450]
  • Opposition Party Calls on the National Assembly to Again Check the Request to Change the Internal Procedures in the National Assembly
  • The Ministry of Planning Prepares to Conduct an Enterprise Census in 2009 Supported by the Japan International Cooperation Agency – JICA
  • First International Photo Exhibition of Khmer Journalists [scheduled to be held from 1 December 2008 in Phnom Penh]
  • A Khmer Activist against Human Trafficking and Sex Exploitation Received an Award Worth US$1.27 Million [Ms. Mam Somaly received the Roland Berger Human Dignity Award [Internet site in German and English; for the English version, click on “ENGLISH” in the German version] in Berlin; the President of Germany, Mr. Horst Köhler, said that this award is provided to a woman who used to experience unspeakable pain after she was forced to be a sex slave in her home country; according to the International Labor Organization, 2 to 4 million children and women around the world are sold to work as sex slaves each year]
  • The Ministry of Culture Documents the “Khmer Sculpture Book” for the Next Generations
  • Thai Prime Minister [Somchai Wongsawat] Calls the Rioters Traitors; 1.1 Million Thai Workers Will Be Jobless [next year]; Red-Shirt [pro-government] Groups Warn the Yellow-Shirt [anti-government] Groups to get out from the Government House
  • Stock Exchange Market Rises after Obama Selected Economists Group


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3445, 26.11.2008

  • The United States and England Provide Funds for Producing [OK] Condoms with Appropriate Price and Quality

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Amnesty International Condemns Eviction of Citizens by Military Force – Tuesday, 25.11.2008

Posted on 26 November 2008. Filed under: Week 588 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 588

“Amnesty International, based in London, England, issued a statement late last week condemning the Cambodian authorities who use soldiers to violently evicted around 300 families in Chhuk, Kampot.
 
“According to the statement of Amnesty International, issued late last week, the use of armed forces to violently evict citizens from their houses is a measure that is not compatible with Cambodia as a democracy, implementing the rule of law. The eviction of citizens in Anlong Krom village, Ta Kaen commune, Chhuk district, Kampot, by the military Brigade 31, by police, and by forestry administrators, which severely injured three citizens and destroyed nearly 300 houses, shows to Amnesty International that the activities of the Cambodian authorities are not respecting human rights and a policy of law as the basis, which upholds the protection of human rights and the provision of a safe habitat.
 
“Amnesty International also encourages all relevant authorities to provide an appropriate habitat, food, clean water, and medicines to those loosing their habitats, and to provide compensation to evicted citizens without any condition.
 
“A researcher of Amnesty International in Cambodia, Ms. Brittis Edman, pointed out that the policy used by the Kampot authorities to evict citizens from their houses, where they had been living for a long time, was not based on documents, as required by law, as a basis depending on the decision by a court. Again, Amnesty International called on the Cambodian authorities to stop evicting citizens, and the authorities must announce that citizens to be relocated will be temporarily assigned a place, until there are alternative solutions according to the law.

“Although there was severe criticism and condemnation by human rights organizations inside and outside of Cambodia, armed forces, police, and environmental officials continued to cruelly use force and gun without mercy in Anlong Krom. Relevant officials explained that they evict citizens to remove their houses from their land where they have lived since several years ago, because they live on forest land of the state which is prohibited by law.
 
“In the meantime, the Khmer Census League and the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights – LICADHO – asked the relevant authorities to stop the violent eviction on citizens by the Brigade 31 in Kampot, where houses were burnt and three people suffered serious injuries, when they were hit. Officials of LICADHO said that this was not the first time that soldiers of the Brigade 31 were ordered against citizens in that region. Since early of the year, more soldiers of Brigade 31 are assigned to control the land around the villages of Anlong Krom and Chey Sena. Previously, there were clashes between soldiers and villagers, where a shot was fired close to the head of a woman, and another woman was bitten; both of them hold a plot of land.
 
“The director of LICADHO, Ms. Pong Chiv Kek, also known as Dr. Kek Galabru, said that the situation there becomes worse and worse, and it must be brought under control before more citizens are wounded or loose their lives. Soldiers armed with AK 47 rifles are used against civilians in many circumstance.
 
“LICADHO asks for an immediate halt of the evictions, while the checking land complaints of the families living there still continue.
 
“It should be noted that the grab of land of weak citizens by some rich and powerful people, and by dishonest oknhas, happens almost in all provinces and cities around the country, while the government led by strongman Hun Sen has not taken any action against these wicked groups that grab citizens’ land.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3622, 25.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 25 November 2008


Chakraval, Vol.16, #2828, 25.11.2008

  • The Ministry of Health Permits Police to Stop Private Hospital Ambulances [that carry traffic accident patients, except if they carry patients from their hospitals to state hospitals or to patients homes]

 
Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1803, 25.11.2008

  • The Phnom Penh Municipality Supports the Development of a Company [promoted by Mr. Detlef Gutjahr – deputy president of the Thuringia-Cambodian Friendship Association in Germany] to Gain Benefits from the Stung Meanchey Garbage Dump [by creating bio-gas in a composting plant using it to generate electricity, investing around US$6 million]
  • Mr. Obama Promises to Provide More Military Aid for the War Effort in Afghanistan

 
Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #147, 25.11.2008

  • The National Assembly Agrees to Release the Salary of Prince Ranariddh [for nine-months, corresponding to US$12, 375], for the Time when He Was the President of the National Assembly
  • Woman Died Because She Has No Money to Buy Blood from the Doctors for a Cesarean Operation, while Her Baby Was Saved and Is Alive [“the director of the Kompong Chhnang Referral Hospital could not be reached for comment”]

 
Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6508, 25.11.2008

  • Summit Meeting of Leaders of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam Will Encourage Policies to Develop the Triangle Zone
  • [Thai Prime Minister] Somchai Refuses to Resign; Yellow-Shirt [anti-government] Demonstrators Surround the Parliament, while Red-Shirt [pro-government] Groups Assemble at a Suburb of Bangkok
  • Trial of [former Phnom Penh police chief] Heng Pov for Attempting to Assassinate [the commander of the National Military Police] Mr. Sao Sokha Is Delayed [because no lawyer was available]; His Lawyer Demands to be Paid to Continue to Defend Him [while Heng Pov’s request for permission to withdraw money from his bank account is blocked by the court]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3622, 25.11.2008

  • Amnesty International Condemns Eviction of Citizens by Military Force

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4751, 25.11.2008

  • Cambodian People Will Be Able to Travel to Vietnam without Visas starting from 4 December 2008
  • Cambodia Might Receive More Than US$200 Million from China to Build More Roads and Infrastructure [according to Prime Minister Hun Sen]
  • The Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst – DED – German Development Service – Offers Experts to Assist Work at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal [as a personnel agency – it does not have funds to provide]
  • DED Will Cooperate More with the Ministry of Interior to Help to Develop Good Governance

  • Child Labor at Entertainment Clubs and at Brick Kilns Are Serious Forms of Child Labor [states the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights – LICADHO]
  • Khmer Arts and Crafts Are Exhibited in Japan to Attract Japanese People to Visit Cambodia

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Mr. Sar Kheng Warns Against the Culture of Preparing Documents Asking for Ranks and for Positions – Monday, 24.11.2008

Posted on 25 November 2008. Filed under: Week 588 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 588

 
“Phnom Penh: Referring to the Anti-Economic Crimes Police Department as an obvious example, Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng, the Minister of Interior, warned police officers of the Minister of Interior they should eliminate the culture of preparing document to ask for insignia of rank and positions, and he warned officers who commit wrongdoings that not only their appointment to a certain position may be revoked, but also they will be dismissed from the the list of staff.
 
“This warning was affirmed by the Deputy Prime Minister and Minster of Interior again and again, as he presided over a program to announce and to assign the positions of the director-general of the national police, and to award insignia of rank to high ranking police officers of the Ministry of Interior in the afternoon of 21 November 2008.
 
“In front of many civil servants participating in the event, Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng said that over a course of time, we saw that some departments have fulfilled their duties rightly, but some departments have not. For example, the Anti-Economic Crimes Police Department, which was previously called the Economic Police. He said, ‘Then, because of many disagreements, I changed it to be called Anti-Economic Crimes Police. But how can they fight against economic crimes, when they commit wrongdoings themselves? Now, those preparing documents for positions of directors of departments are many. Some have been reassigned from positions of directors of departments, but they disagree to leave.’
 
“He continued to say, ‘I want to eliminate the culture of preparing documents to ask for insignia of rank and to ask for positions; such a culture must not exist any longer. Otherwise, at last, we do not have a police with the capability to work, because of these preparations of documents for higher insignia of rank and for positions. As for those who do not prepare document and who are expert police officers for a long time, they were seldom seen promoted. As long as there is such a culture, we cannot find capable police to work. This is the problem.’ He added that the government rules the nation, which it is not a simple work; it is not just to control a unit. Therefore, we must think of officers who have sufficient capability for the work.
 
“The Deputy Prime Minster Sar Kheng asked how many economic crimes the Anti-Economic Crimes Police is involve to fight so far? He answered himself that there are none. He said that he has not received any reports about the achievements of the Anti-Economic Crimes Police, but only reports of complaints against them. He continued to say that previously, there were cases that cars or trucks were caught and brought to police stations, but after there were solutions according to Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen’s policies, it seemed that there were no results as achievements. Moreover, there were cases that forces are deployed in order to block cars for extorting money.
 
“Regarding this problem, the Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng called on Khmer citizens to help report any real information related to the Anti-Economic Crimes Police to be dealt with, to end the present situation.

“He issued an order for the Anti-Economic Crimes Police to withdraw all forces from anywhere, because the director-general of the National Police is fulfilling his duty, saying that there is no legal basis to deploy forces to block cars or trucks for money.
 
“He pointed out that doing so, there will be no more people preparing documents to ask for positions of directors of the departments of the Anti-Economic Crimes Police.’ He added that he does not agree with the culture of preparing documents for higher insignia of rank and of positions.
 
“Mr. Sar Kheng asked, ‘If we fail to eliminate it, who will be cursed?’ It is the Prime Minister and the Minister of Interior only; therefore, if it would be allowed to continue, our police would loose its respectability.
 
“He drew the attention to look at the Anti-Economic Crimes Police in other countries, like to see what the French economic police does, that has achievements in preventing crimes, and he compared it with the Cambodian Anti-Economic Crimes Police that can only order one group of police forces to the National Road 4, and another group to the National Road 5, showing that they are not expert police forces to fight economic crimes. Mr. Sar Kheng emphasized that he means action, ‘If you continue to do as before, I will not only cancel your appointment, but I will also strike you from the staff list.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4750, 23-24.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Monday, 24 November 2008


Amnach Reas, Vol. 1, #29, 24-30.11.2008

  • The Prime Minister Intervenes to Reduce the Price of Fuel, but the Price of Goods Does Not Change

 
Deum Tnot, Vol.1, #46, 24-25.11.2008

  • Mr. Heng Pov [former Phnom Penh Police Chief who is now jailed in the Prey Sar Prison] Continues to Ask for Permission from the Court to Withdraw Money from a Bank Account

 
Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1802, 23-24.11.2008

  • Ms. Hilary Clinton Agrees to Take Up Position of the US Secretary of State in Mr. Obama’s Government

 
Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #289, 23-25.11.2008

  • [The director of the Documentation Center of Cambodia] Chhang Youk Asked [Prime Minister Hun Sen] to Recall Some Officials from the Khmer Rouge Tribunal [involved in financial irregularities at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal]

 
Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #146, 24.11.2008

  • Chief of the M1 Center [of the Prey Sar Prison] Denied Torturing a Prisoner to Death [he was jailed for stealing a chicken; his family suspects that the victim died from torture, because many scars were found on his body – his head was swollen, and he had vomited blood, while the chief of the M1 center, Mr. Mong Kimheng, said that that prisoner had hit his head himself to the wall, and he tried to bite his tongue]
  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Encourages Relevant Officials to Attract Foreign Aviation Companies to Cambodia [in order to attract more tourists]
  • Cambodian Prime Minister Will Go to Join the Fifth Cambodian, Vietnamese, and Laotian Summit Meeting [in Laos on 24 October 2008]
  • The Government Rejects the Thai Position that the Road to the Preah Vihear Temple Is on Thai Territory


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6507, 24.11.2008

  • A Singaporean Man Who Was Losing Money in Gambling Committed Suicide by Jumping from the Building of the Naga Casino


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3621, 24.11.2008

  • [The President of the Cambodian Free Trade Union of Workers] Chea Mony Warns He Will Lead Tens of Thousands of Workers to March to Demonstrate Non-Violently

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4750, 23-24.11.2008

  • Mr. Sar Kheng Warns Against the Culture of Preparing Documents Asking for Ranks and for Positions
  • Factory Owners Complained about Business Losses; They Asked [the government] to Reduce the Export Tax
  • Civil Society of Vietnam Apologizes to Cambodian Citizens [from the northeast of the country] Affected by the Yali Hydro Electric Dam [in a forum held at the Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok last week]
  • Penalty for Child Sex Abuse [in Cambodia] Is 15 to 20 Years in Prison
  • One Died and Seven Wounded by Bomb Attack ahead of Big Demonstration on 23 November 2008 in Bangkok

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“The Spreading of Disorder” – or: Impunity Creates More Violations of the Law – Sunday,23.11.2008

Posted on 23 November 2008. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 587 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 587

Three Dutch Behavior and Social Science scientists made a number of revealing experiments. They are described as follows:

“ A thesis known as the ‘Broken Windows Theory’ suggests that signs of disorderly and petty criminal behavior trigger more disorderly and petty criminal behavior, thus causing the behavior to spread. This may cause neighborhoods to decay and the quality of life of its inhabitants to deteriorate. For a city government this may be a vital policy issue. But does disorder really spread in neighborhoods? So far there has not been strong empirical support, and it is not clear what constitutes ‘disorder’ and what may make it spread. In this article, we generate hypotheses about the spread of disorder and test them… We found that when people observe that others violated a certain social norm or legitimate rule, they are more likely to violate even other norms or rules, which causes disorder to spread.”

Note: Reference to the study “The Spreading of Disorder” is published here in Science Magazine. Another version in German “Unordnung ist eine Seuche” is here.

The results are frightening:

“When people observe that others violated a certain social norm or legitimate rule, they are more likely to violate even other norms or rules, which causes disorder to spread.”

This is no longer just an opinion – it has been proven in some experiments with people who did not know that they were observed. We report about two of their six experiments.

In a shopping area – in Holland, in a place where people park their bicycles – a big sign was placed on a wall, where everybody coming in had to see it, saying “No writing on this wall!” – The experiment was carried out on two days: on one day, the wall was dirty, people had scribbled or drawn something on the wall; on the other day, the wall had been freshly painted during the night. All experiments were conducted at the same hours of the day, and both under similar weather conditions.

On both days, 77 people each were observed, coming to take back their bicycles. But while they were away, the social scientists had attached a paper flyer to each bicycle, saying: “We wish everybody happy holidays!” – and the name of a non-existing shop was printed on the paper flyer, which was so big that it had to be removed before walking and driving away. On the day when the wall was white and clean, one third of the cyclists threw the paper flyers on the ground, but two thirds took them away without littering; – but on the day when the wall was dirty, about two thirds threw the papers away,

Not only experiments about cleanliness and orderliness were made – also about stealing.

A partly transparent envelope of a letter with a 5-Euro bill – a value of over six dollars – was placed hanging half way out of a letter box, well visible for every passer-by. Then 71 people each, walking by alone, were observed. On one day, the letter box and its surroundings were clean; on another day, some things had been written on the mailbox making it dirty and disorderly, and there was trash on the ground around letter box: pieces of paper, orange peels, cigarette butts, and empty cans. – As long as everything was clean, only one person in eight stole the money; but on the day when the environment was made disorderly and unclean, one person in four stole the money.

What might be the lessons to be learned from these studies in the Netherlands?

  • Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior Sar Kheng is reported to have criticized the Economic Police – he hardly hears about achievements, but rather complaints against them.
  • The Senate is reported to start to investigate corruption in the judicial system.
  • The World Bank encourages the Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning, and Construction to investigate corruption of land management officials.

Was anybody punished? Some of these problems have a longer history already.

According to the experiments quoted above, when the context is in disarray, other people are drawn into it also. When there is big corruption going on, others will be drawn in.

Such a case is the poor mother, who is jailed for pick-pocketing during the Water Festival. We have these reports about how justice is administered:

  • “If Our Mom Is Jailed, We Will Go to Jail Too, Because We Have Only One Mother” [said three small girls, aged between four to nine years old, standing in front of the Daun Penh Police Station, waiting for their mother, who is jailed for allegedly pick-pocketing during the Water Festival]
  • Four Small Daughters [including a new born baby] Live Alone while Their Mother Is Jailed [at the Prey Sar Prison for pick-pocketing during the Water Festival]

This cannot be an example of the reformed justice system, which is talked about in so many reform programs.

According to the Dutch experiments, things go wrong when the environment is negative and when there is no authority in front of which to be responsible.

The Cambodian Constitution is clear about how to achieve the goal of a just society, according to the law:

Article 51:
…All power belongs to the people. The people exercise these powers through the National Assembly, the Senate, the Royal Government and the Judiciary.
The legislative, executive, and judicial powers shall be separate.

Article 130:
Judicial power shall not be granted to the legislative or executive branches.

As long as this principle is violated, as long as some people are protected under special powers and not under the law – like members of the economic police, some members of the judicial system suspected of corruption, some corrupt land management officials – and the judiciary cannot guarantee and uphold impartiality in law enforcement, things will continue to go like in the Dutch experiments: as long as nobody looks to intervene, many will use the opportunity to act irresponsibly and to grab what they can.

The Constitution provides also an outlook of hope, in case things go wrong:

Article 8:
The King shall be … the protector of rights and freedom for all citizens…

The King asked, during this week, the Minister of Justice to solve the problem of the detention of a journalist in Kompong Thom, arrested for performing her legal and professional duties, covering the activities of the executive.

So there is again some hope.

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Noppadon Pattama Discloses Internal Affairs in Negotiations about the Preah Vihear Temple Leading to Border Disputes – Saturday, 22.11.2008

Posted on 23 November 2008. Filed under: Week 587 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 587

 
“Five months after losing his position, the former Siamese [Thai] Minister of Foreign Affairs Noppadon Pattama [นพดล ปัทมะ], had to sleep with sorrow, before deciding to retire from politics and become a businessman, running an Italian restaurant at the Chao Praya riverside in Bangkok. Because he wanted to explain his recent pain, Mr. Noppadon Pattama wrote and published a book with the title “I Am No Traitor” to respond to different accusations against him.
 
“The following is an interview by local journalists in Siam with Mr. Noppadon Pattama, after he had published a book about the time when he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and was in charge of the dispute with Cambodia:
 
“Question: Why did the Preah Vihear Temple become a point that politicians attacked you?

“Noppadon: I took office in February 2008, but the UNESCO [World Heritage Committee] made its decision over the Preah Vihear Temple only in July 2008. At that time, we had only five months left to protest. I know that Siamese people from all levels would worry about a loss.
 
“In fact I took over this work from previous minister who has not finished the problem, because Cambodia sent a request to the UNESCO, including a 4.6 square/km disputed region. The government of Mr. Surayud Chulanont [สุรยุทธ์ จุลานนท์ – prime minister from 1 October 2006 to 29 January 2008, after the ouster of former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra] always opposed to move [in 2007], until Cambodia agreed to postpone, but [Cambodia] put pressure on Siam to agree with a new request next year. What was more important was that UNESCO found that the Preah Vihear Temple was really marvelous and well qualified to be listed, and the UNESCO World Heritage Committee just waited for an agreement between Cambodia and Thailand on some points.
 
“I used the negotiations in Koh Kong and in Paris [22 May 2008], until Cambodia agreed to withdraw [the claim for the 4.6 square km disputed region], and cut out the disputed region [see the Joint Communique of 18 June 2008, which says: “…the Kingdom of Cambodia accepts that the Temple of Preah Vihear be nominated for inscription on the World Heritage List without at this stage a buffer zone on the northern and western areas of the Temple”]. It was a significant success, but people accused me of selling the nation; it is not true at all. Previously, even Major-General Denmichoak [? – phonetic], the head of the Military Map Department, who just passed away, said that there was no invasion into Thai territory [sanctioned by the Joint Communique], and he claimed this, based on the border line in Map L7071.

“Question: Did Cambodia agree to exclude the disputed region because of pressure or because we negotiated?
 
“Noppadon: First, it was because we negotiated while Cambodia disagreed, because the Preah Vihear Temple waited to be listed on the World Heritage Site list. Moreover, Cambodia had issued currency with images of the Preah Vihear Temple. One year before [in 2007], Cambodia missed the chance once, so before the elections [27 July 2008], the Cambodian government urgently wanted to have the temple listed; therefore, when we opposed to include the disputed region, Cambodia was concerned that it could not get it listed in time, and they agreed to exclude the disputed region.
 
“Question: What was negotiated in Koh Kong?
 
“Noppadon: On that day, I flew in a helicopter to Koh Kong to inaugurate the Siamese-Cambodian Friendship Road, and I took the opportunity to talk to Deputy Prime Minister Sok An. Mr. Sok An disagreed with me immediately, ‘Mr. Noppadon Pattama, that area is not in the buffer zone, because the International Court had decided [in 1962] that the area belongs to Cambodia.’ I explained to Mr. Sok An that the International Court only decided that the Preah Vihear Temple belongs to Cambodia, but did not decide on the territory. We argued with each other, and at that time, I suggested whether it was possible or not to include the Preah Vihear Temple only. Then, Mr. Sok An took it for a discussions with the leaders of the Cambodian government. At that moment, I felt that Cambodia simply agreed, because there were only two months left before the elections, and they were unsure whether it could be listed or not.
 
“After that, we agreed that there was need for a trustworthy document to assure to list the temple only. Cambodia withdrew the old maps they had sent, and replaced them with a new one. At last, we met in Paris [on 22 May 2008] and finally agreed at 11:30 p.m. I looked at the new map and signed it, saying that it was usable, if it would be adopted by the cabinet, but the president of the opposition party, Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva [อภิสิทธิ์ เวชชาชีวะ]​​, accused me later of secretly signing something with Cambodia.
 
“Afterwards, I brought it back and reported it during a meeting of the parliament on 26 May 2008. Can I carry the problem of the whole nation alone? Officials must understand this. I took this problem to the Council for National Security, where General Winai Phatthiyakul, who was National Security Council secretary-general at that time, praised me very much. General Anupong Paochinda [อนุพงษ์ เผ่าจินดา], the army commander-in-chief, told me that it was good to have made these achievements through the negotiations, because it was a long lasting problem.
 
“Finally, I was told to be guilty. I thought that I became a political hostage, because of a small number of demonstrators who use the law of the jungle, and because of some politicians in Thailand.
 
“They see the Preah Vihear Temple as a delicious bait to destroy our government, because through territorial and ethnic problems, they can agitate the citizens easily.
 
“Question:
There has been stronger opposition since you returned from Paris [22 May 2008]. What do you think about it?
 
“Noppadon:
I think about it too, but I think that if I had let Cambodia list also the disputed 4.6 square km area, I would have been cursed much stronger than I was.
 
“Question:
Is Noppadon’s success related to the former prime minister, Mr. Thaksin, or not?
 
“Noppadon:
There is no involvement at all. Mr. Thaksin did not call Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen by phone. I used to be Mr. Thaksin’s advisor, and Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen and Deputy Prime Minister [Sok An] knew it, but I never asked Mr. Thaksin to call and give advise. Cambodian leaders know this and Cambodia and Siam are neighboring countries.
 
“Question:
Have you ever felt that your mistake led to the death of soldiers at the Cambodian-Thai border dispute?
 
“Noppadon:
I feel pity, but it is not me that made it happen. I dare to say that if one had followed me, those problems would not have happened, and it would not have led to soldiers to confront each other. There is no need to shed blood. Officials of the government would not need to negotiate again and again and have replacements for three or four Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and the relations with Mr. Hun Sen’s government would still be good.” Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3443, 22.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 22 November 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #18021, 22.11.2008

  • The Government Announces to Pay Passport Fees for Legal Workers to Work Outside of the Country [the government will provide US$100 subsidy of the US$124 passport fee]
  • The Government Forces Private Electricity Companies [except in Phnom Penh] to Reduce Fees [electricity costs Riel 4,000 [approx. US$1.00] per KW/h in Battambang, Riel 3,800 [approx. US$0.95] in Soutr Nikom in Siem Reap, Riel 3,500 [approx. US$0.87] in Chhuk district in Kampot, and Riel 2,200 [approx. US$0.55] and Riel 2,100 [approx. US$0.52] in Stung Hav and in Prey Nob, Sihanoukville]
  • Somali Pirates Demand US$25 Million in Exchange for the Release of the Large Arabian Oil Tanker

 
Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #288, 22.11.2008

  • Brad Adams [Asia Division director, Human Rights Watch] Said that the Death of Hok Lundy [director general of the National Police] Cannot Weaken Hun Sen’s Power [because he still has many other officials loyal to him]
  • [The president of the Human Rights Party] Kem Sokha Criticizes [for the first time since the elections] that the Projected Expenses of the National Budget Are Not Appropriate [because budget allocations for agriculture, for health, and for the administration of the national education are too small, which is against the policy to alleviate poverty and the needs of the Khmer citizens]

 
Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #145, 22.11.2008

  • Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior] Mr. Sar Kheng: I Have Never Received Reports about Achievements of the Economic Police, but Reports about Complaints [against them]
  • Four Small Daughters [including a new born baby] Live Alone while Their Mother Is Jailed [at the Prey Sar Prison for pick-pocketing during the Water Festival]

 
Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6506, 22-23.11.2008

  • The National Assembly Plans to Adopt the National Budget for 2009 Early December; the Budgets for the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Interior, and the Ministry of Education Are Increased
  • Military Police Hunted a Taiwanese Man Dealing with Drugs and Seized 1.8 kg Heroin, Two Short Guns, and Material for Producing Drugs
  • A Major, Who Served also as a Bodyguard, Shot Himself Dead in a Guesthouse [reason not known – Siem Reap]
  • Thai Anti-Government Demonstrators Announce a Big Demonstration for 23 November 2008 to Dismiss [Prime Minister] Somchai [because an explosive fired at protesters on 20 November 2008 killed one, and wounded 22 persons]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3620, 22-23.11.2008

  • The Khmer Senate Starts to Investigate the Corrupt Judicial System [according Mr. Ouk Bunchhoeun, the chairperson of the Commission on Legislation and Judiciary of the Senate]
  • Victimized Citizens [of more than 300 families in Chey Sena village, Ta Kaen commune, Chhuk district, Kampot, evicted by soldiers of Brigade 31] Struggle to Sleep on the Ashes [of their burnt houses] without Caring about Their Lives [Chey Sena village, Ta Kaen commune, Chhuk district, Kampot]
  • Dramatic Decline of Income from Garment Sector Makes Workers to Face Unemployment [according to the Ministry of Commerce; in ten months, the growth rate of exports dropped from 39% in 2006 to 15.5% in 2007 and to 2.5% in 2008]

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4749, 22.11.2008

 
Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3443, 22.11.2008

  • Noppadon Pattama Discloses Interna in Negotiations about the Preah Vihear Temple Leading to Border Disputes

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Lao Mong Hay Says Hok Lundy Was Involved in Many Cases of Killing People, and His Death Has Brought Relief to Many – Friday, 21.11.2008

Posted on 22 November 2008. Filed under: Week 587 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 587

“A senior researcher at the Asian Human Rights Commission in Hong Kong, Dr. Lao Mong Hay, said that the death of Mr. Hok Lundy, the Director General of the National Police, in a helicopter crash on 9 November 2008, has brought relief to many people, and he added that Mr. Hok Lundy was involved in many cases of killing people.

Khmer Machas Srok translated a two pages English statement of Mr. Lao Mong Hay on 19 November 2008 as follow:


Note:

Dr. Lao Mong Hay’s original article under the title “Cambodia Needs a Neutral Police Force” was brought to its Khmer language readers by Khmer Machas Srok. In order to “mirror” this article, we did not translate the Khmer translation again back into English, but we rather link to the original UPI Asia publication: click here and you will see the original article.

This is then followed by the final paragraph from the Khmer Machas Srok publication, as usual.

“Nevertheless, Dr. Lao Mong Hay’s statement focused on the feeling of Khmer citizens about the death of Mr. Hok Lundy and it talked about the involvement of Mr. Hok Lundy in many cases of killing people, when he was still alive.” Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #287, 21.11.2008

Final Note:

The following four paragraphs of the original article were not included in the Khmer language report by Khmer Machas Srok:

“Commenting on Hok Lundy’s death, Cheam Yeap, a senior party official and parliamentarian, said, ‘The CPP and all Cambodians have suffered a huge loss.’

.

“By law, the Cambodian police should treat all persons equally. Citizens are entitled to protection without discrimination, as called for in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to which Cambodia has explicitly agreed. The police need to be impartial and respect the rights of all individuals, regardless of their origin, social status or political, religious or philosophical convictions.

“This will require the Cambodian police to be politically independent and neutral, without affiliation to any political party. The national police commissioner should be placed directly under the authority of the minister of the interior, as he is supposed to be, and not under the prime minister. The police should be answerable to Parliament, through the minister of the interior and the prime minister.

“Good conduct, political independence and neutrality of the police, as well as accountability to the Ministry of the Interior, should be explicitly incorporated into the police law that is currently being drafted. The same law should have penalties for any misconduct or breach of political independence and neutrality, and also create an independent institution to deal with complaints from the public against the police.”

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 21 November 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1800, 21.11.2008

  • [Minister of Foreign Affairs] Hor Namhong: Siam [Thailand] Should Conduct Studies Well before Reacting over the Preah Vihear Problem [Thailand had reacted to the Kathen procession – a Buddhist ceremony – to the Keo Sekha Kiri Svarak pagoda, and to the erecting of world heritage flags at the Preah Vihear temple area, claiming that these were violations of Thai territory]
  • The Royal Government Denies Information That Students Are Forced to Become Soldiers for Frontline Fighting [Prime Minister Hun Sen said that the implementation of the military conscription law is not necessary, and at present the government is lacking money anyway]
  • Just because of a Traffic Jam, a Bodyguard Pulled Out a Gun and Shot into the Air so that Others Should Open the Ways [for his car to go ahead – Boeung Keng Kang I, Chamkar Mon, Phnom Penh]
  • Al-Qaida Warns to Hurt Obama [after the US president elect Obama had stated on Sunday that to arrest or to kill Osama bin Laden is important for the security of the USA]

 
Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #287, 21.11.2008

  • Lao Mong Hay Says Hok Lundy Was Involved in Many Cases of Killing People, and His Death Has Brought Relief to Many
  • Does the Minister of Justice Take Action Responding to a Letter from the King [sent on 8 November 2008 – related to the supposedly unjust detention of Ms. Chhon Chansophal, the editor-in-chief of Eysan, because she was accused of disturbing police activities, as she took photos of activities of the police, checking many citizens’ houses in Achar Leak village and commune, Stung Saen, Kompong Thom]?

 
Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #144, 21.11.2008

  • The Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights – LICADHO – Asks the Ministry of Defense to Order Soldiers Not Get Involved in Evicting Citizens [the houses of about 300 families in Anlong Krom village, Chhuk, Kampot, were burnt by soldiers to evict the people]

 
Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6505, 12.11.2008

  • An Official Letter from the Thai Embassy in Cambodia Responds to the Accusation That Thai Soldiers Killed Khmer Workers [on 10 November 2008, Thai police saw three suspects and called them to stop, but the group fired an AK 47, in this fight, two Cambodian suspects were killed. At the site drugs and an AK 47 etc. were found, which the Thai authorities keep as evidence, and they are contacting the Cambodian authorities]
  • All Salaries of Workers per Year Amount to Approximately US$400 Million; the Garment Sector Plays an Important Role in Developing the Economy and in Alleviating Poverty [according to the Ministry of Commerce]
  • Grenade Attack on Yellow Shirt Groups [anti-government demonstrator] Kills 1 and Wounds 22 in Bangkok

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, # 3619, 21.11.2008

  • In 2008 Income from Casinos Was US$20 Million [compared to US$12 million in 2005, US$16 million in 2006, and US$18 million in 2007 – according to the Ministry of Economy and Finance]; Many Khmer Citizens Are Affected by Gambling Sites Growing Like Mushrooms in Cambodia
  • Some Reshuffles of Police Officials after Net Savoeun Becomes Director General of the National Police [Battambang Police Chief Kang Sakhan is assigned as deputy director general of the National Police, and Lieutenant General Chan Ien is assigned as director in charge of public affairs of the Ministry of Interior]


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4748, 21.11.2008

  • The National Assembly Requests the Government to Check to Reduce Unimportant Expenses and to Increase the Budget for the Military Sector [for 2009]
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross Encourages Cambodia to Improve the Difficult Situation of Prisoners and of Prisons
  • The European Union Promises to Provide Technical Aid to Cambodia and to Siam [Thailand] for Clearing Mines
  • The Number of Registered Motorbikes Is Nearly 1,000,000, but There Are Only More Than 10,000 Drivers Who Have Licenses
  • Negotiations Going on with [Somali] Pirates to Release a Hijacked Large Saudi Arabian Oil Tanker

 
Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3442, 21.11.2008

  • The Prime Minister [Hun Sen]: Cambodia Will Not Start War with Thailand over Border Disputes [he said, ‘We have no intention to continue war and we need peace only, but please do not come again. What we want is peace not war.’]

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The Government and Civil Society Organizations Disagree over Draft Law to Control Non-Government Organizations – Thursday, 20.11.2008

Posted on 21 November 2008. Filed under: Week 587 |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 587

“Phnom Penh: Officials of the Cambodian government announced their intention to adopt a law to control non-government organizations during the fourth term government in order to solve problems and irregularities of civil organizations in Cambodia. However, civil society and human rights organizations, that do significant work, are opposed to the intention to create this law, because they think that it will reduce their activities and restrict the rights of these organizations.
 
“During a workshop about human rights, democratization, and reforms, which were discussed by state and by civil society representatives, that had been organized by the Commission of the European Union in the afternoon of 19 November 2008, Mr. Ouch Borith, a secretary of state of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, said that non-government organizations have proceeded with their activities nearly three decades freely since 1980 in Cambodia. The Royal Government recognizes and welcomes the role and the essential involvement of civil society organizations in developing and in restoring the economy and society, and in promoting democracy, human rights, and dignity. The Royal Government always encourages and supports them, and continues to strengthen cooperation with civil society. In this sense, they serve as a sector of reforms of law and of encouragement for the rule of law; therefore it is time that Cambodia must have legislation (an ‘organization law’) that everyone understands and follows in an open society.
 
“Regarding the draft law to control non-government organizations, an undersecretary of state of the Ministry of Interior, Mr. Sieng Lapresse, presented, in English, during the workshop, the [draft] organization law, consisting of ten chapters and thirty five articles, that has been being drafted since 1995, following laws in the Sangkum Reastr Niyum era as the basis, as well as organization laws of France and of other countries in Asia. But so far, the organization law is still a draft, because it is opposed by some organizations.
 
“On the other hand, Mr. Sieng Lapresse added that the Cambodian government is already committed that the organization law will be adopted during the fourth term, although some organizations argued with reasons against it. The present draft is the third organization law draft, in which nine articles were corrected at a cost of more than US$200,000 in aid, and it was revised by the Ministry of Interior and other relevant ministries, with the participation by experts of the World Bank.
 
“Mr. Sieng Lapresse went on to say that the government makes efforts to encourage the adoption of an organization law, so that the government can deal with irregularities of civil society organizations, and also, so that the Ministry of Interior can list statutes of structures for describing goals and intentions, management, roles, and ways to recruit and dismiss staff. Especially also to regulate affairs so that the government can know the resources of civil society organizations.
 
“As soon as the presenters of the government had finished their presentations about the plan for the creation of an organization law, the president of the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association – ADHOC – Mr. Thun Saray, who represented the civil society in Cambodia, said that it has been fifteen years already since civil society organizations proceed with their activities in Cambodia without any problem. During that period, civil society organizations were involved a lot to develop the country. Being partners of the government, civil society organizations provide assistance, paid attention and provided materials as well as training, in all sectors.
 
“Mr. Thun Saray continued that during these fifteen years, civil society organizations are always under the control by different laws of the country, including the Constitution, the internal criminal law, announcements by the Ministry of Interior, and some other laws, which assured that civil society organizations acted under the control of sufficient laws, so that it is not necessary to have additional laws. In addition, the control of the finances of civil society organizations – through which, as some said that they might become sources for terrorism – are generally and regularly monitored by international audit companies as required by donors. So there is no corruption or irregularity.
 
“Also joining to listen to the discussion, a Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian, Mr. Son Chhay, supported what civil society organizations stated above. Parliamentarian Son Chhay said that normally, our country does not have national institutions functioning with responsibility; therefore, to provide freedom to civil society organizations to fulfill their duties properly without threats and restrictions is critical. The government should pay more attention to discuss the adoption of an anti-corruption law, so that all institutions can fulfill their work successfully according to the Rectangular Strategy of the new term government.
 
“Nevertheless, the head of the Royal Government, Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen, stated clearly during the opening of the first session of parliament of the fourth term Royal Government on 26 September 2008, that during this fourth term government an organization law will be adopted together with the anti-corruption law. Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4747, 20.11.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 20 November 2008


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1799, 20.11.2008

  • Cambodia Encourages Least Developed Countries to Try to Make the Economy Challenging
  • Venezuela Will Construct Nuclear Plants with Assistance by Russia [according to President Hugo Chavez]

 
Khmer Sthapana, Vol.1, #143, 20.11.2008

  • Citizens’ Houses of More Than 300 Families Were Burnt and Removed in Anlong Krom Village [eviction by Brigade 31; seven citizens were injured – Kompong Speu]
  • 2,000 Garment Workers of the Full Fortune Knitting Company’s Branch Demonstrate [because of bad working conditions – they are forced to work without days off on Sundays – otherwise their salaries will be cut, and they cannot request for leave for marriages, for parents’ death, or for very important duties; the working environment is bad because there are not enough toilets, no dining room, and when falling ill in the factory, there is no medical care]
  • Citizens and Students Welcome Reduced Fuel Prices [prices are not yet in line with fuel prices at international markets – the normal quality fuel costs Riel 3,650 – approx US$0.90 – per liter at Sokimex]
  • Englishman’s Body [who hanged himself] Found in Taxi Station [Poipet – in a letter for his family, he wrote that if he returned home, he would die or be jailed]

 
Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6504, 20.11.2008

  • The Khmer Rouge Tribunal Continues to Keep Three Former Khmer Rouge Leaders in Detention [Ieng Sary, Ieng Thirth, and Khiev Samphan] for One More Year; the Hearing for Khiev Sampan’s Appeal [delayed because of documents not translated timely into French] Is Scheduled for 4 December 2008
  • All Rumors [that Suon Pheakdey, known as DJ Ano, was cut all over the body by an anonymous woman, the wife of an Excellency] Are Not True; Ano [a TV presenter] Said that She Was Just Traveling when There Was Unfortunate Information about Her [she said so in a program of TV3 on 19 November 2008]

 
Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3618, 20.11.2008

  • A Civil Society Organization [Committee for Free and Fair Elections – COMFREL – Criticizes that the National Assembly Is under the Control of [only one,] the Ruling Party [because the position of the president, of the vice-presidents, and of chairpersons of the commissions of the National Assembly are all controlled by the Cambodian People’s Party]
  • The World Bank Encourages the Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning, and Construction to Investigate Corruption of Land Officials [who are accused to extort money from villagers recently for the creation of land planning in Kandal and Prey Veng]

 
Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4747, 20.11.2008

  • The Government and Civil Society Organizations Disagree over Draft Law to Control Non-Government Organizations
  • National Budget for 2009 Will Be Presented for Discussion with Non-Government Organizations [on 20 November 2008]
    Gunnar Bergström [a Swedish photographer who visited Cambodia during the Khmer Rouge Regime [now expressed deep regret that he supported that regime and apologizes to the Cambodian people; his photos are exhibited at the Reyum Institute of Art and Culture]

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