Archive for May 30th, 2008

Friday, 30.5.2008: Handicap International Belgium Provided 215 GPS Receivers to the Commissioner General of the National Police

Posted on 30 May 2008. Filed under: Week 562 | Tags: , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 562

“Phnom Penh: On the morning of 29 May 2008, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed by H.E Ouk Kim Lek and Mr. Bruno Leclercq, the Country Director of Handicap International Belgium for Cambodia, according to which 215 GPS receivers [satellite supported Global Positioning Systems] and other emergency equipment for road traffic safety were provided by Handicap International Belgium to the National Police at the Ministry of Interior.

“The Deputy Director of the National Police, H.E. Ouk Kim Lek, said that the aid now provided by Handicap International Belgium to the National Police is most important, because it is urgently needed by Cambodian people to reduce traffic accidents which are continually increasing.

“His Excellency continued, ‘Cambodia is developing, and at the same time, also traffic accidents increase. The aid provided today will contribute a lot to reduce traffic accidents in the future. Now, we are improving the traffic police to be much better than before to help reduce traffic accidents.’

“Mr. Bruno Leclercq stated that the equipment delivered will contribute to reduce traffic accidents. It is observed that traffic accidents increase in Cambodia, and he hopes that the number will decline after the new traffic law have been implemented.

“The manager of the Cambodia Road Traffic Accident and Victim Information System of Handicap International Belgium, Mr. Sem Panhavuth, said that the Memorandum of Understanding covers approximately US$100,000 for a period of two years from 2008 to 2009, which includes the 215 emergency GPS receivers, the training for traffic police countrywide on how to use the GPS receivers, and the training courses in emergency life saving skills for traffic police so that they can help traffic accident victims before they are referred to hospitals.

“Mr. Sem Panhavuth went on to say that these GPS receivers are used for road traffic safety work to find and to identify the locations where traffic accidents occur very often on some important roads. The locations which are noted as places that often have traffic accidents will be changed to avoid hazards and will be marked with warning signs to lessen traffic accidents.

“It should be known that during the period of the first four months of 2008, there were 2,249 accidents which caused 560 deaths, injured seriously 1,792 people, and injured 2,088 people lightly. The accidents which had happened involved 217 heavy trucks, 755 cars, and 186 other vehicles, 217 pedestrians, and 2,262 motorbikes. As for 2007, there were 9,449 accidents in which 1,545 people died, 7,150 people were badly injured, and 17,655 people were lightly injured.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4602, 30.5.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 30 May 2008

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1654, 30.5.2008

  • US Embassy Supports Survey Result of the [US based] International Republican Institute Inquiry
  • The 240 Years History of the Monarchy of Nepal Came to a Complete End [Nepal becoming a republic on Wednesday, 28 May 2008; the King is expected to leave the palace in 15 days]
  • The Government Gives Opportunity to Teachers Who Have Bachelor Degrees to Take Another Examination to Get the BAC II Certificate [according to Prime Minister Hun Sen]


Khmer Amatak, Vol.9, #585, 30.5.2008

  • [Prime Minister] Hun Sen Forces People, the Voters, to Accept the Result [that the Cambodian People’s Party will win the election and will lead the next government] before the 2008 Election
  • Man Chhoeun Colludes with [Tuol Kork governor] Khlaing Huot and [Phnom Penh Thmey governor] Chum Saray to Take Citizens’ Land from 250 Families [citizens’ representatives said the Phnom Penh Municipality had decided to give the land to the 205 families, but Chum Saray, who got the authorization from the municipality, created ghost names and his group’s people’s names to get that land]


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #165, 30.5.2008

  • [Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior Ministry] Sar Kheng Was Very Upset and Announced He Might Cancel the Ceremony to Accept Members from the Sam Rainsy Party That Were Only Names on Paper [there were names, but the holders of the name did not show up]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3473, 30.5.2008

  • The Editor-in-Chief of Moneaksekar Khmer Was Charged [on 29 May by the Minister of Foreign Affairs], Accused of Publishing False Information
  • [Prime Minister] Hun Sen Declared that He Cannot Guarantee Ministers’ Seats of [Minister of Health] Nuth Sokhom and [Minister of Education] Kol Pheng [both from Funcinpec]
  • The [US based] International Republican Institute Shows that 58 Percent of the Citizens Want Serious Penalties to Be Put on Corrupt People
  • New Deputy Director of the Office of Administration of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal [Mr. Knut Rosandhaug – until now Executive Director of the Kosovo Property Agency and the Kosovo Property Claims Commission of the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo] Will Get the Position Tomorrow [after the former Deputy Director Ms. Michelle Lee retired]


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4602, 30.5.2008

  • Angkor Ratha Radio in Kratie [which criticized the government] Was Closed [on 29 May 2008 by the Ministry of Information] because Its Broadcasts Were Against the Terms of License
  • British Newspaper [The Sun]: The Explosion in the Sky over Kampot Can Have Been the Explosion of an UFO
  • Handicap International Belgium Provided 215 GPS Receivers to the Commissioner General of the National Police


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3321, 30.5.2008

  • Chargé d’Affairs of US Embassy to Cambodia [Ms. Piper Cambel]: Cambodia Should Not Use the Judicial System to Shut Up Politicians
  • US Troops and Troops of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces Cooperated to Give Medical Treatment to People In Kompong Chhnang and Kompong Cham [29 May 2008]


Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #667, 30.5.2008

  • International Police Surrounded the Hiding Place of [former police general] Ms. Chea Ratha in Thailand [who is implicated in an acid attack on Ms. In Soklida’s aunt, according to information from the Ministry of Interior]

Have a look at last week’s editorial: The oil price spiral – special investments – and a comparison of the activities in Myanmar and in China

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Thursday, 29.5.2008: Legal and Judicial Reform Remain Main Problems for Cambodia

Posted on 30 May 2008. Filed under: Week 562 | Tags: , , , , , , , , |

The Mirror, Vol. 12, No. 562

“Phnom Penh: The Senate of Cambodia, in cooperation with the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Center for International Migration and Development, held a conference about ‘Legal and Judicial Reform for the Modernization of the Kingdom of Cambodia’ on 27 May 2008.

The chairperson of the Commission on Legislation and the Judiciary of the Senate, Mr. Ouk Bunchhoeun, stated, ‘The main problems for our commission to deal with are the legal and judicial reforms towards modernization.’

“Mr. Ouk Bunchhoeun said that strategies for reforms in the fields of legislation and of the judiciary were adopted by the Royal Government in June 2003, to consider four basic areas: individual rights, democracy, the separation of powers, and legislation [cf. the address on ‘Doctrine of Precedents, Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances‘ by Minister Sok An at a ‘Workshop on National Vision and Priorities on the Rule of Law and Judicial Reform,’ 10-11 June 2002].

“Mr. Ouk Bunchhoeun hopes that the Royal Government will speed up the reforms on legislation and the judiciary, and also push to take policy initiatives to promote the wider provision of legal and judicial services, which are key conditions for a continuous development of social justice and for poverty alleviation.

“Mr. Kong Phaleak, a professor of law and a member of the Arbitration Council, mentioned that the legal and judicial reform process in Cambodia, from the past until now, has four main concerns: the general view of the legal and of the judiciary reforms, strategies for organizing the reforms, the implementation of the reforms, and the results of the implementation of the legal and judiciary reforms.

“The professor said that the general view of the legal and judiciary reforms is related to the political will of the Royal Government of Cambodia, where a Council for Legal and Judicial Reform was created in 2002. A permanent coordinating unit was created in 2002, and a project management unit was also created in 2002.

“Mr. Kong Phaleak stressed that the goal of the legal and judicial reforms is to create a state of law and a court system which can be trusted and which have the necessary stability to support the policies of individual rights, the separation of powers, and of the legislative process.

“The professor raised the question, ‘What should be done to achieve the goal of the legal and judicial reforms?’ Strategies for organizing the legal and judicial reforms have to consider basic values when organizing related documents, and these involve the four basic considerations of the Constitution of 1993: those views are individual rights, democracy, the separation of powers, and the constitution itself.

“The President of the Royal Academy for the Legal Professions, Mr. Tep Darong, intervened by pointing to the fact that the law is a tool which plays a most important role to guarantee economic growth, the progress of politics, of the culture, and of many other sectors.

“Mr. Tep Darong stated that a large number of judges and prosecutors working in the courts countrywide were not educated in professional legal educational institutions. Their basic capacity is low, which makes it difficult to implement important laws which will be adopted soon.

“Dr. Jörg Menzel, a Senior Legal Advisor to the Senate, said that in the process of the legal and judicial reforms in Cambodia, one should look and focus on minor points and start from there.

“Dr. Menzel raised as an example that now, when traveling at night and the traffic light is red, still there are vehicles crossing. At this point it is necessary to think what people should do when there are traffic lights, but people do not obey them.

“A Senate member from the Sam Rainsy Party, Mr. Kong Korm, said that so far, legal and judicial reforms have not yet clearly focused on the separation of the legislative, the executive, and the judicial powers, as well as on the decentralization policy – all this is very difficult.

“Mr. Tep Darong explained that so far, the separation of the three powers has not yet been clearly established, i.e. the separation is still weak.

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia:

Article 128:
The Judicial power shall be an independent power…

Article 130:
Judicial power shall not be granted to the legislative or executive branches.

“He affirmed that if we want to achieve the separation of powers, we have to wait until an elected party fully adopt that absolute principle of law. Talking about decentralization, a part of the [executive] power is transferred to the communes, but this is not the whole power.

“He added that the reason why the Royal Government proceeds step by step is that the capacity for training for commune councilors is limited, and most of the commune councilors have a low level of knowledge.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4601, 29.5.2008

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 29 May 2008


Cambodge Soir, Vol.1, #27, 29-4.5-6.2008

  • ‘If We Can Reduce Domestic Violence, the Number of Divorces Will Also Decline’ [says Director of the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights – LICADHO – Dr. Kek Galabru]


Chuoy Khmer, Vol.2, #108, 29.5.2008

  • [Municipal Governor] Kep Chuktema Is Successful in Moving Citizens from Expensive Areas to Suburbs [where there is no development, and the very poor infrastructure makes it difficult for them to live there]


Deum Tnot, Vol.1, #18, 29-30.5.2008

  • Minister of Social Affairs and Labor H.E. Ith Sam Heng and the Director of a Department of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor Mr. Chea Son Have Been Criticized over Their Partisanship [nepotism in employment]
  • Rubbish Piles of the CINTRI Company [rubbish collection] Destroy the Beauty and Reputation of Phnom Penh, the Heart of the Country


Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.7, #1653, 29.5.2008

  • There Are Some Reactions [from the Sam Rainsy Party, the Norodom Ranariddh Party, and Funcinpec] Related to the Survey Results of the [US bases] International Republican Institute [which show that 77% of citizens think that the government walks in the right direction]
  • [Human Rights Party president] Kem Sokha Will Hold a Farmers Congress on 30 May, but Some in Civil Society Said It Is Political Trick


Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.2, #164, 29.5.2008

  • Former Yuon [Vietnamese] Expert [Mr. Uy Tin] Talked about the Invasion by Yuon Soldiers into Cambodia [in 1979 – he said that the war in Cambodia by Vietnam was caused by China, he accused China to have urged the Khmer Rouge to fight against Vietnam in order to weaken Vietnam, which had just been united after the war against the US]


Koh Santepheap, Vol.41, #6357, 29.5.2008

  • Samdech Dekchor [Hun Sen]: Some Developing Partners Are not Qualified because They Believe Other Reports and Do Not Ask the Government
  • The House Arrest of [Burmese elected democracy leader] Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi Was Extended for One More Year [on Tuesday, 27 May 2008]


Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.15, #3472, 29.5.2008

  • The US Checks the Possibility to Provide Funds to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal


Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.16, #4601, 29.5.2008

  • Samdech Dekchor: ‘Reforms Are Crucial to Make the Royal Government to Die or to Live’ [he said so on 28 May 2008 in the annual review meeting on financial reform]
  • Legal and Judicial Reform Remain Main Problems for Cambodia
  • The Ministry of Public Works and Transport Called the Sou Guon [phonetic] Company to Evaluate the Use of Old Trucks [which cause many problems on the roads]


Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.15, #3320, 29.5.2008

  • Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh]: Hun Sen Wants to Take Me to Prey Sar Prison, so Why Not they Arrest Murderers Murdering Film Stars, Singers, and Politicians?


Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #666, 29.5.2008

  • Poipet Immigration Police Cause Damage to Khmer Laborers [by extorting money from Khmer poor laborers]

Have a look at last week’s editorial: The oil price spiral – special investments – and a comparison of the activities in Myanmar and China

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