Archive for November, 2007

Friday, 16.11.2007: Suppressing Those Who Cut Trees to Claim Land: Gunfire Kills two People and Wounds Seven – 15 People Arrested, and Hundreds of Houses Burned Down

Posted on 16 November 2007. Filed under: Week 534 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 534

“Preah Vihear: Finally, the authority’s patience ended after unsuccessful five-day negotiations, demanding that more than 300 families leave the site at the Preah Vihear temple mountain at the Ou Chheu Teal area, Sra’aem Village, Kantuot, Choam Khsant, but the citizens refused to leave.

“Around 8:30 a.m. on 15 November, officials from different forces rushed, accompanied by gunfire, into an area of houses of citizens who had tried to cut trees to block a road and a bridge, using knives, sticks, and axes as weapons to resist the officials. However, the assault accompanied with gunfire resulted in two people dead, one woman, who is the wife of the citizens’ representative Man Chanthan, who died on the spot, and one man named Oeun En, 28, who died at a hospital. Moreover, seven other citizens were seriously wounded – those whose hands or legs were hurt were taken to Choam Khsant District Referral Hospital and to Preah Vihear Referral Hospital. Furthermore, 317 cottages and houses built along six kilometers of the road were burned down.

“During the assault against the land grabbing at Ou Chheu Teal, fifteen people, including Man Chanthan, were arrested. The total number of people arrested is as follows: two people were arrested before, and fifteen were arrested during the assault. According to a report, only one of the officials was wounded. Choam Ksant District officials said that the officials involved were 283 police, military police, and forestry administration officials altogether; after starting the operation, they completed it at 1:30 in the afternoon of the same day. Hundreds of citizens – young, old, male, and female – were arrested and carried by car to Sra’aem and Kor, approximately 20 kilometers from the place of the assault. The citizens, who were carried to Sra’aem, call for assistance, as they have nothing with them, not even sufficient clothes and food. Some of them cried for losing their children, and some cried for losing their mothers, because, according to a report, some citizens even ran into the forest away from their children. Mr. Kao Lung, the Choam Ksant district governor, who was asked what kind of solutions the authorities have for the citizens, said that there is no solution at all, because they had negotiated, offering them land in exchange for leaving, but they did not agree; therefore, at this time, they have to go back where they came from.

“An official said that the citizens had two guns – one AK gun and one CKC gun – to fire at the officials which led to them firing back. Concerning the guns, it is not confirmed whether they have been confiscated or not. The campaign was led by Mr. Sar Sam Ol, a deputy provincial governor, Mr. Pol Khamnare, a forestry administration official, and Mr. Kao Lung, the Choam Ksant district governor. One official said that the officials from different forces have been deployed in the area, they have not yet been withdrawn, and they are to maintain public order and also to arrest the people who escaped to hide in the forest. The officials denied a report that foreigners had been taken hostage by the citizens.

Information about the Detention of a Deputy Provincial Governor

“Mr. Meas Savoeun, a deputy provincial governor of Preah Vihear, who was brought to Phnom Penh on 14 November by National Military Police forces, was taken to court on the morning of 15 November. After questioning Mr. Meas Savoeun from morning till evening of the same day, Mr. Chiv Keng, a judge and the president of the Phnom Penh Municipal Court, issued a verdict to detain Mr. Meas Savoeun temporarily in Prey Sar Prison on the accusation of grabbing state land and destroying trees [clearing forests to claim land].” Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6194, 16.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 16 November 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1494, 16.11.2007

  • A Woman Comes to Calmette Hospital and Claims that She Is Khiev Samphan’s First Wife [she is prevented by officials from visiting Khiev Samphan]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6194, 16.11.2007

  • Suppressing Those Who Cut Trees to Claim Land: Gunfire Kills Two People and Wounds Seven – 15 People Arrested, and Hundreds of Houses Burned Down
  • Verdicts Released for Temporary Detention of Ieng Sary and His Wife [Ieng Thirith] for One Year Each, While Khiev Samphan’s Health Gets Somehow Better

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3313, 16.11.2007

  • War of Land Disputes in Preah Vihear Killed Two People, Wounds Four People, More Than 200 Arrested, and a Number of People Escaped into the Forest

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4438, 16.11.2007

  • World Bank: Cambodian Economy in 2008 Will Still Have High Growth
  • More Than 40 Political Parties Have Registered at the Ministry of Interior [to participate in 2008 Election]

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.14, #3153, 16.11.2007

  • Hun Sen Gets Angry at Khmer Intelligence Web Site [which often post his words]
  • Hun Sen Armed Forces Shoot Two Citizens to Death, Wound Four, and Arrest Eight in Land Disputes in Preah Vihear

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Thursday, 15.11.2007: Khiev Samphan Has High Blood Pressure; Prime Minister Orders Bringing Him by Helicopter to Phnom Penh

Posted on 16 November 2007. Filed under: Week 534 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 534

“Phnom Penh: Khiev Samphan, the former Khmer Rouge head of state, suffered from high blood pressure during the night 13 November. His health worries the Cambodian Government, so that Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen ordered to bring him by helicopter from Pailin to Phnom Penh for medical treatment.

“Khiev Ratana, Khiev Samphan’s daughter, said on the afternoon of 14 November that her father had had high blood pressure during the night of 13 November. During the night, he felt half paralyzed, but he gets better now.

“She continued that her father was flown by helicopter to a hospital in Phnom Penh for medical treatment. Now her father is in Calmette Hospital.

“Mr. Khiev Samphan’s health condition made Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen order this action, for fear that he might die. In a ceremony awarding certificates at the Asia-Europe University on 14 November, Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen said that he ordered a helicopter to be used to carry him from Pailin, in order to avoid any accusation against the government in case he dies. Samdech Dekchor went on to say that he has also to observe even the health of the Khmer Rouge leaders; or, if someone might do something against them, the government will be blamed and Samdech Hun Sen will be affected first.

“Khiev Samphan, the former head of state of the Democratic Kampuchea regime, suffered from high blood pressure only one day after Mr. Ieng Sary, the former Khmer Rouge minister of foreign affairs and his wife, were arrested from their villa on 12 November in Phnom Penh.

“According to a report from Pailin, Mr. Khiev Samphan, the former head of state of Democratic Kampuchea, suffered from high blood pressure at 10:30 a.m. on 14 November 2007; he was cared for by his family, doctors, and government officials, to carry him by helicopter for medical treatment to Calmette Hospital in Phnom Penh. His wife, children, and some friends also accompanied him.

“Mr. Chhuon Makara, the chief of the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association in Pailin, told Rasmei Kampuchea on 14 November that at about 6 p.m. on 13 November 2007, when Mr. Khiev Samphan, 77, stood up from a hammock to sit down, he fell on the floor, and then he felt dizzy and was not able to speak, because his tongue got stiff. He has high blood pressure.

“After that, his family sought help; then doctors from the Pailin Referral Hospital arrived to help him. At midnight, doctors and an ambulance from the Battambang Referral Hospital also arrived to help.

“The doctors checked his health and gave him oxygen and injections. From the evening of 13 November to the morning of 14 November 2007, dozens of police and military police were deployed to protect his house and Mr. Khiev Samphan.

“Mr. Chhuon Makara continued that until 10:30 a.m. of 14 November 2007, Mr. Khiev Samphan was held back by Pailin officials and doctors from traveling from his house in Khlong, Ou Ta Vau, Pailin, by ambulance about four kilometres, before flying to Phnom Penh by helicopter, which had landed in Ou Praeus in Ou Ta Vau.

“Neighbours and the fimily members of Mr. Khiev Samphan said that before and after the arrest of Mr. Nuon Chea, Mr. Ieng Sary, and his wife Ms. Ieng Thirith, Mr. Khiev Samphan and his wife live in a house next to Road 57 in Khlong, Ou Ta Vau. Their children do not live with them, but their grandchildren and other relatives do.

“Mr. Khiev Samphan got high blood pressure and other old age sicknesses; so he had traveled to Phnom Penh for treatment three or four times. He travelled in his children’s car and by taxis which he trusts in terms of security and secrecy.

“Mr. Khiev Samphan and his wife So Socheat have four children. The oldest son, Khiev Dom, has a wife and children and they live in Onlong Veng, Oddar Meanchey. Their second daughter Khiev Ratana, called Thay, continues her studies in a private higher education institution and lives in Phnom Penh. As for her two younger siblings who live with Khiev Ratana – her sister Khiev Maly, and her youngest brother, Khiev Vordet, they are studing in a high school in Phnom Penh. Mr. Khiev Samphan’s house is surrounded with barbed wire and decorated with flowers. Inside the house, there are no equipements and no food which could be considered to be part of a modern and rich lifesyle.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4437, 15.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 15 November 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1493, 15.11.2007

  • Khiev Samphan Brought to Phnom Penh from Pailin after He Had High Blood Pressure
  • [Municipal Governor] Mr. Kep Chutema Checks Construction Plan and Construction of CAMKO City
  • Miracle Is Said to Have Happened: Dragons Came to Bath [some marks made on a newly-built concrete terrace are said to be imprints made by dragons – Kampot]
  • Floods Kill 20 People in Southern Vietnam

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6193, 15.11.2007

  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Denies Information Which Says [his son] Hun Manet Is a Candidate for the Parliament

Mohaboros Khmer, Vol.8, #92, 14.11.2007

  • If Dr. Mok Mareth, Minister of Environment and Dr. Chan Sarun [Minister of Agriculture] Do Not Take Action, All Trees in Oral District Will Be in Ruin [Kompong Speu]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3312, 15.11.2007

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Urges Keat Chhon to Take Action to Reduce Gasoline Prices to Be at a Similar Level to Neighboring Countries
  • Quietly, Cambodia and Yuon [Vietnam] Have Finished 20% of Border Demarcation Based on Supplementary Treaties

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4437, 15.11.2007

  • Khiev Samphan Have High Blood Pressure: Prime Minister Orders Bringing Him by Helicopter to Phnom Penh
  • Samdech Dekchor [Hun Sen] Affirms that His Eldest Son [Hun Manet] Is Not Involved in Politics
  • Cambodian Prime Minister Explains that Burmese Prime Minister Cancels Visit to Cambodia [in fact, Cambodia is busy with public holidays in November]
  • Funcinpec Stops Expelling Prince Thomico and Lets Him Find a Solution with Samdech Krom Preah Norodom Ranariddh
  • Club of Cambodian Journalists Prolongs Accepting Investigative Articles for Competition until Late January 2008
  • A French Embassy Female Staff Member Had Her Purse Snatched by Pickpockets; She Fell Down on the Road and Was Killed by a Speeding Car [Chamkar Mon, Phnom Penh]

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.14, #3186, 15.11.2007

  • Yuon [Vietnam] Bulldozes a Road of More Than Ten Kilometers into Cambodia
  • Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh] Says Kol Pheng [Minister of Education, from Funcinpec] and Nuth Sokhom [Minister of Health, from Funcinpec] Collude with High Ranking Power Holders to Sell Nation’s Property

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #552, 15.11.2007

  • Hun Sen Violently Angry at [Sam Rainsy’s] Words “Current Government Makes People Frightened, Hungry, and Ignorant”

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Wednesday, 14.11.2007: Public Opinion about the Arrest; Detaining Ieng Sary Is Not Related to Amnesty from Death Penalty

Posted on 15 November 2007. Filed under: Week 534 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 534

“Phnom Penh: Persons from civil society and politicians welcomed on 13 November that Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife Ms. Ieng Thirith were brought to the Khmer Rouge tribunal, based on an arrest warrant by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal co-prosecutors and investigating judges, for questioning about crimes against humanity and war crimes,.

“Ms. Pong Chiv Kek [Dr. Kek Galabru], the president, Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights, said that she welcomes the detention of Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife Ms. Ieng Thirith at the Khmer Rouge tribunal for questioning over crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide. She continued, ‘We welcome their detention, because our citizens have waited for it for a long time.’ Ms. Pong Chiv Kek added, ‘Now the Khmer Rouge tribunal is in progress, it does not stand still any longer.’ She continued that she hopes that the court can find justice for the victims, though surely not for all.

“Mr. Ou Virak, the President of the Cambodian Center for Human Rights, stated that he also welcomes the detention of Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife, as well as of the other former Khmer Rouge leaders for questioning over the killing of millions of people during their regime of darkness (1975-1979). He went on to say, ‘Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife are the people most responsible for their regime, and to detain them for questioning is right.’

“Mr. Keo Remy, a vice-president of the Human Rights Party, stated that he welcomes that Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife are brought to the Khmer Rouge court, because they were top leaders of the Democratic Kampuchea regime (1975-1979). However, he continued that the Khmer Rouge tribunal judges – Khmers and foreigners – should make fair judgments in order to find justice for nearly 2 million dead victims of the Democratic Kampuchea regime.

“Mr. Ieng Vuth, deputy governor of Pailin and Mr. Ieng Sary’s son, did not make any comments – by phone on 13 November 2007 – on the detention of his father and his mother by justice police officials of the Khmer Rouge tribunal, he just said, ‘I am a bit busy, I cannot answer.’

“Mr. Reach Sambath, the Khmer Rouge tribunal spokesperson, stated on 12 November 2007 that the arrest of Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife Ieng Thirith is a big case. He continued, ‘Journalists must be careful about writing reports related to this issue.’ However, Mr. Reach Sambath did not say whether Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife Ieng Thirith are to be kept in detention.

“Mr. Ieng Sary was given an amnesty by former King Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk in 1996 [for the death penalty which had been pronounced in absentia in 1981]. However, Ms. Pong Chiv Kek stated that this amnesty is related only to this death penalty sentence, not to the arrest at this time. She continued that now he is accused of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide.

“Mr. Sok An, a Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Council of Ministers, said that while we nearly reach the hearings of the pre-trial of the first case, we find that the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia is in progress faster than other international courts or other mixed courts. This progress is welcome, especially by Cambodian citizens who are victims of the crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge regime, who have waited for nearly 30 years.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6192, 14.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 14 November 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1492, 14.11.2007

  • Mr. Ieng Sary and Ms. Ieng Thirith Decide to Select Lawyers
  • Representatives of Workers Say Some Officials of the Ministry [of Social Affairs and Labor] Work as Advisors to [garment] Factories [Phnom Penh]
  • Unqualified Doctor Runs Illegal Clinics; He Injects a Patient [an overdose of] Medicines and the Patient Dies [his clinics is closed – Russey Keo, Phnom Penh]
  • Mreah Prov [large softwood tree] Oil Ovens with 30 Pots of [Vietnamese businessman] Lay Heng Operate in Pursat [with monthly corrupt payments of $50,000-$60,000 to officials]
  • Pursat Economic Police Seize Truck Transporting Anteaters
  • Pepper Plantation Starts to Have Market; Memut District Residents Rush to Plant Pepper Again [Kompong Cham]

Khmer Amatak, Vol.8, #525, 14.11.2007

  • Samdech Krom Preah [President of Norodom Ranariddh Party]: Mr. Sam Rainsy [President of Sam Rainsy Party] and Kem Sokha [President of Human Rights Party] Should Not Wait So Long to Join Together
  • Arrest of [former] Khmer Rouge Leaders Does Not Cause War, Like Hun Sen Was Afraid [mocking]
  • Gasoline Prices Skyrocket Because of Corruption

Khmer Mekong, Vol.5, #310, 14-16.11.2007

  • Political Parties Compete with Each Other to Gain Benefits through Gasoline [prices]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6192, 14.11.2007

  • Public Opinion on the Arrest; Detaining of Ieng Sary Is Not Related to Amnesty from Death Penalty
  • Municipal Authority Prepares 3,141 Security Forces to Maintain Security during Water Festival
  • US Government Provides Fund [of $74,000] for Cultural Conservation in Cambodia
  • Man Rapes Two Daughters of His Older Widowed Sister [he escapes – Trapeang Prasat, Oddar Meanchey]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3311, 14.11.2007

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Denies Secret Talk with Hun Sen in Tuol Krasaing [Hun Sen’s headquarters]
  • Ieng Thirith Cries in Detention Center; Nuon Chea Appeals against the Accusation against Him
  • Military Officials of Brigade 70 and Corrupt Officials Still Collude with Dishonest Businesspeople to Export Wood

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4436, 14.11.2007

  • The Amnesty by Preah Mohavirak Khsatr [the Great Heroic King] Cannot Help Ieng Sary from Being Tried at Khmer Rouge Tribunal
  • Former Deputy of Ta Mok Detained on Accusation of Killing a British Deminer [and a Khmer translator in 1996]
  • Committee for Free and Fair Elections: Parliamentarians of Cambodian People’s Party [CPP] Are Leading in Visiting Voters
  • Delegation of the Cambodian People’s Party Visits Vietnam
  • Japanese Company [World Link Japan] Wants to Come to Plant Acacia Trees for Export

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.14, #3185, 14.11.2007

  • State Collects Gasoline Tax of Riel 1,270 [approx. US$0.30] per Liter

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #551, 14.11.2007

  • Khmer Rouge Tribunal Has Psychiatrists for Treatment of Sickness of Ieng Sary and Ieng Thirith; 5th Suspect Khieu Samphan Leaves Phnom Penh for Pailin

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Tuesday, 13.11.2007: Ieng Sary and Ieng Thirith Detained in Separate Rooms

Posted on 14 November 2007. Filed under: Week 534 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 534

“Phnom Penh: The fourth important person among five people whose names are on the list of the Khmer Rouge tribunal – Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife [Ieng Thirith] – were arrested on the morning of 12 November.

“Mr. Ieng Sary, who is known as the former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic Kampuchea regime, and his wife Ms. Ieng Thirith, the former Minister of Social Affairs and Labor and President of the Red Cross, were arrested.

“In the early dark morning, officials, including military police and police from the Ministry of Interior, surrounded the quiet house of Mr. Ieng Sary opposite the Russian Embassy, behind Wat Svay Popeae in Tonle Basak, Chamkar Mon. Some of the people, who live near Mr. Ieng Sary’s house, were astonished and affirmed that they had not even known where Mr. Ieng Sary’s house is there, because they seldom saw people getting in or out of the house. However, on the day of the event, many officials went there, the people were astonished and they asked the officials, then they knew that the officials came there to arrest Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife.

“Though Mr. Ieng Sary’s house was surrounded since the early morning until 9:20 a.m. when Ieng Sary and his wife were taken out, no one protested or prevented the arrest at his house.

“The arrest of Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife at this time is based on an arrest warrant by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal co-investigating judges – Mr. You Bunleng, and Mr. Marcel Lemonde who is French.

“Before taking Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife from the house at 9:20 a.m., the two co-prosecutors read the warrant, and encouraged Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife not to be frightened. The officials did not handcuff them, but led them to enter a police car from the Ministry of Interior, with the black glass windows closed.

“The car carrying Mr. Ieng Sary and Ms. Ieng Thirith arrived at the tribunal at 9:40 a.m..

“Mr. Reach Sambath, the Khmer Rouge tribunal spokesperson, told Kampuchea Thmey that arresting Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife at this time is based on an arrest warrant by co-investigating judges, for questioning and investigating them.

“Mr. Reach Sambath said that the co-judges accuse Ieng Sary of war crimes and crimes against humanity. As for Mr. Ieng Sary’s wife Ms. Khiev Thirith, she is accuse of crimes against humanity.

“However, Mr. Reach Sambath said that the co-judges have not yet made an indictment officially, because at present, it is still a process of questioning and investigating.

“Mr. Ieng Sary and his wife are of high age, and both of them are not very healthy. Mr. Reach Sambath said that they have sicknesses related to old age, but at the time when officials took them to the tribunal, both of them were still actively healthy. However, they are under strict supervision by the tribunal.

“Mr. My Meak, the Pailin Deputy Governor, told Kampuchea Thmey on 12 November that he and other people are surprised why he has to be taken to court, because Mr. Ieng Sary had received an amnesty from the former king,.

Brief history of Ieng Sary and his wife

“Mr. Ieng Sary was born in 1930 in Traninh, Khmer Kampuchea Krom in Southern Vietnam, and Ms. Khiev Thirith was born in 1922.

In 1950, Mr. Ieng Sary received a scholarship to study in France, and he became a member of the French Communist Party. He married Ms. Khiev Thirith, called Ieng Thirith in France, while they were at school.
In 1957 Ieng Sary worked as a teacher at the Kampuchabot High School.
In 1963, Ieng Sary entered the jungle to join the resistance movement, and he became the military commander of the Eastern region.
In 1976, Ieng Sary was appointed as First Deputy Prime Minister in charge of foreign affairs, then he became also a member of the Central Committee and a permanent member of the party.
In 1996, Ieng Sary controlled his forces in Malai, which was aq Khmer Rouge stronghold after Pailin.

“It is remembered that Pol Pol, known as Brother Number 1 of the Democratic Kampuchea regime, was Ieng Sary’s older brother-in-law. Ms. Khiev Thirith, Mr. Ieng Sary’s wife, is the younger sister of Ms. Khiev Ponnary, who was Pol Pot’s wife. This relationship shows that important leaders of the Democratic Kampuchea regime – the Killing Fields regime – were related to Pol Pot.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1491, 13.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 13 November 2007

Chakraval, Vol.15, #2730, 13.11.2007

  • Drunken Karaoke Actor Heng Dary Drove Car and Hit Two Ciclos from Behinh; Eight People Injured [Meanchey, Phnom Penh]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1491, 13.11.2007

  • Ieng Sary and Ieng Thirith Detained in Separate Rooms
  • Kandal Court Releases Suspect of Raping His [16-year-old] Daughter [reason not known]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6191, 13.11.2007

  • Man Rapes His Two [underage] Daughters 16 Times [he is arrested – Chamkar Leu, Kompong Cham]
  • Drunken Man Burns Neighbors’ House [he is arrested – Takhmao, Kandal]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3310, 13.11.2007

  • Many Citizens Will Vote in 2008, This Will Bring Important Changes

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4435, 13.11.2007

  • Ieng Sary and His Wife [Ieng Thirith] Arrested and Sent to Khmer Rouge Tribunal
  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Opened Angkor Museum in Siem Reap

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Monday, 12.11.2007: Ministry of Interior Urges Creation of Law on Selection of Provincial, Town, and District Council Members through Elections

Posted on 13 November 2007. Filed under: Week 534 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 534

“Phnom Penh: The Ministry of Interior is proposing to create a law on the management of provinces, towns, and districts through general elections, as part of effectively implementing management reforms. The Ministry of Interior wants this law to be implemented by 2010. The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia states that the governing of provinces, towns, and districts requires an organizational law; now the Ministry of Interior is studying such a draft organizational law which is the most important and the main goal of the decentralization and deconcentration reforms, to strengthen the effectiveness of a unified administrative management system at the lower national level, which the basic goal – to improve good governance and local development.

“Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sar Kheng, the Minister of the Ministry of Interior, said in a conference at the Ministry of Interior recently that they have struggled with difficulties for a pretty long time to pave the way in order to draft this organizational law, because it is aiming at the stability of management – to maintain the stability of the present management and to link it to the reforms. If only a law for the management is made, but no reforms are conducted, this would not comply with the Rectangular Strategy guidelines of the government on administrative reform.

“The Deputy Prime Minister continued that so far, they have finished the draft organizational law that was discussed many times within the framework of the Ministry of Interior, deciding on a procedure for selecting the council members of provinces, towns, and districts, and a procedure for selecting the heads of district councils. However, the draft law contradicts the Constitution at the point which states that the territory of the Kingdom of Cambodia is divided into provinces and towns, and provinces and towns are divided into districts, and districts are divided into communes and subdistricts. This is an obstacle on the way to the reform policy and it does not correspond to the specific situation of Cambodia at present.

“Mr. Sar Kheng said that therefore it is necessary to see the Constitution, how to solve this issue. There are problems. He raised another example, related to some provinces such as Battambang, Kompong Cham, and Siem Reap, where their provincial towns become cities, because of their development and the increase of population. Differently, in three towns – Pailin, Kep, and Sihanoukville – where in most areas of them 80% to 95% of the people earn their living by farming, and the number of citizens who receive other services besides those provided to farming communities is very small. The examples raised by the Deputy Prime Minister shows one goal: to arrange that some provincial towns become cities in those provinces, and some cities to become provinces by using the names of the cities and retaining them as cities, for example Pailin to become a province and the provincial town of Pailin to become Pailin City. As for Kompong Cham, its provincial town is to become Kompong City.

“Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sar Kheng affirmed that if issues like this are not solved, the organizational law cannot be adopted, because the managements and the provision of services in cities and the managements and the provision of services in rural areas are different.

“The Deputy Prime Minister said that despite these difficulties, they have nearly finished the preparations, and if there are no changes or big obstacles, the implementation of this law can start in early 2009 – i.e. after the National Assembly adopts it, then the full implementation will start in 2010. This is just the planning, and the Minister will propose to the Royal Government to finish this draft law within the first three months of 2008 in order to send it to the National Assembly to check and to adopt it.

“The implementation of this draft law will require elections for provincial and for district councils.

“Ms. Pong Chiv Kek, the president of LICADHO [Dr. Kek Galabru, Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights], said that she supports and welcomes this law. She went on the say that say that she also wants the provincial and district governors to be selected through elections. It would be best if the elections were not to be conducted with parties – they should be conducted according to the simple majority system and independent from parties. She said that to do so will make those, who are to be elected by people, to try to work for the people. If those who are voted into office by the people do not work well, the people will not vote for them again in the next term.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4434, 11-12.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Monday, 12 November 2007

Chuoy Khmer, Vol.1, #13, 12-13.11.2007

  • Strongman, Who Is Addicted to Position of Prime Minister, Promotes 13 of His Closely Loyal Officials to Help Hold Power
  • Chan Sarun [Minister of Agriculture] and Ty Sokun [Director General of Department of Forestry and Wildlife] Have Their Spectacles Broken; Therefore [they do not see well that] Forest Crimes in Stung Treng Exist Like Kathen Ceremonies [all over the province – mocking]; A Company Transports Wood to Yuon [Vietnam] Every Day
  • Hun Sen Doesn’t Care about the Gasoline Price Which Increases to Riel 4,500 [approx. US$1] per Liter While People Are Miserable Like a Tortoise in Fire

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1490, 11-12.11.2007

  • Illegal Furniture Workshops Mushroom in Pailin

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6190, 12.11.2007

  • Vietnam Airlines Opens Luong Prabang [Laos] to Siem Reap Flights
  • Young Unmarried Teacher Shot to Death, His Girlfriend Taken Away [by gunmen]; She Was Nude when Escaping [from the gunmen – Samaki Meanchey, Kompong Chhnang]

Meatophum, Vol.51, #666, 12-17.11.2007

  • H.E. Tea Banh [Minister of Defense] Warns Against Invaders of Khmer Waters after Receiving Nine Ships from China

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3309, 12.11.2007

  • Looking at [press] Freedom in Cambodia: What Is the Output of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation’s Investment [in promoting democracy] in Cambodia? [mocking – a sign at the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor says that besides Koh Santepheap, Rasmei Kampuchea, and Kampuchea Thmey, reporters from other newspapers are not allowed to enter the place]
  • Corrupt Customs Officers Allow Dishonest Businesspeople to Export Wood through Sihanoukville Port
  • Chan Sarun [Minister of Agriculture] Signed a License by Mistake, Allowing a Rubber Tree Recycling Company to Transport Luxury Wood to Yuon [Vietnam – mocking]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4434, 11-12.11.2007

  • Ministry of Interior Urges Creation of Law on Selection of Provincial, Town, and District Council Members through Elections
  • Thailand: Campaigns Starts for First Election after the Coup

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.14, #3183, 11-12.11.2007

  • Prince Thomico Is Not Sorry about Being Expelled [form Funcinpec], but He Is Sorry for Funcinpec Which Contradicts Its Original Policy

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Week – 533 – Sunday, 2007-11-11: How to Mirror the Widely Varying Reality of the Khmer Press

Posted on 12 November 2007. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 533 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 533

It is a regular challenge to decide how to mirror the Khmer language press so that it is am appropriate mirroring – that means it is showing the widely different opinions and positions in the Khmer press. Nobody who follows what is going on in the press will probably dare to say that there is an objectively correct way to do so, especially if there is only a limited space available for this endeavor every day from Monday to Saturday. It is impossible to achieve a balanced view every day; it may be difficult to achieve this balance over the span of one week; but we try to achieve this goal over time. That this seems to work I learned from the fact that our editorial choices have been accused at times to be too close to the government, while this was balanced by accusations at other times that we are too close to being an opposition paper. Both is not our intention.

We have also received the well-meaning advice to always use mainly middle-of-the-road opinions, though from different camps, to be on the safe side. But this would not correspond to the main task of the Mirror: to really reflect what is going on in the Khmer press. By doing so, we may have contributed to show one aspect of the Khmer printed press which is not always seen and not always appreciated: the fact that the Khmer printed press is much freer than the press in several other countries in the region.

The translated text from Saturday is such an example: it presents – though based on an article of a foreign publication – points of view which are obviously not expressed by many other publications. Though it takes an extremely negative position about many aspects of the recent history of Cambodia, we carry it – not to endorse its content, which is never the purpose of any of our mirrorings – to show the wide spectrum of public opinion in the Khmer printed press.

During the recent meeting of the Summit of Latin American Nations, Spain and Portugal, held in Chile, the President of Venezuela called the former Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar a ‘fascist,’ who had strongly supported the policy of the US government to attack Iraq,. The present government of Spain, which was elected to replace and change the course of the former one; it has fundamentally reversed its position as over the war in Iraq. Nevertheless the present Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero strongly rejected the classification of his predecessor – with whom he deeply disagrees – as a ‘fascist,’ pointing to the fact that his predecessor had received his position as a result of elections. To criticize him as a ‘fascist’ implies to criticize the Spanish people who elected him. It was reported as an extraordinary event that the King of Spain, also attending this meeting, called on the President of Venezuela to shut up, when the latter continued to repeat his accusations against the former elected prime minister.

Without going into any other details, it may also be appropriate to consider, whether the accusation of vote fraud at election times combined with the statement that the National Election Committee was under the control of the majority party, are sufficient reason to accuse the party which has increased its majority from vote to vote of dominating. It was the votes of the vast majority of the Cambodian people – even if there vote fraud – who elected the majority party with increased majorities.

When it is alleged in the said article from Saturday that the weakening of the second largest party was achieved through buying the feelings of its higher officials, including “especially of military chiefs and of police chiefs,” it cannot be avoided to consider both sides: not only whether such efforts to buy others were made, but also to consider who was prepared to be bought.

To complain that one party has substantially increased its majority share over the years – without splitting up – while the major alternative political parties went through many split-offs and break-ups, raises already important questions towards the next elections to come.

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Saturday, 10.11.2007: Hun Sen: The Sixth Strongman in the World, but the Champion in Asia

Posted on 12 November 2007. Filed under: Week 533 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 533

Le Monde of France, in the issue published on 8 November 2007, rated Mr. Hun Sen as the sixth strong leader in the world holding power for the longest time, and the most dictatorial, but some Asian diplomats said that Mr. Hun Sen is the champion in Asia who rules the country for the longest time and destroys the nation the most.

Le Monde had the title ‘48 years is the longest time for leaders who hold power in the world.’

“The newspaper wrote that Mr. Fidel Castro, the president of Cuba, holds power for 48 years; Mr. Omar Bongo, the president of Gabon, holds power for 39 years; Mr. Ali Abdullah Saleh, the president of Yemen, holds power for 29 years; Mr. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the president of the Maldives, holds power for 28 years; Mr. Teodoro Obaing Nguema Mbasogo, the president of Equatorial Guinea, also holds power for 28 years; and Mr. Hun Sen, the prime minister of Cambodia, holds power for 22 years.

“Before holding power as prime minister for 22 years, Mr. Hun Sen was appointed in 1979 as minister of foreign affairs by Yuon [Vietnamese] invading soldiers, when Mr. Pen Sovann was general secretary of the party and Mr. Chan Sy was prime minister [1981 to 1984]. After that, Mr. Hun Sen had good achievements in leading the country, such as obeying Yuon guidelines, mobilizing citizens to devastate forests at the western border, called the Kor 5 campaign [early 1980s, creating a border security zone], and forcing Khmer youth to join the army to participate in civil war, mostly especially after Yuon had killed Mr. Chan Sy with an injection – when Hun Sen colluded with Yuon experts to arrest and send Mr. Pan Sovann to Yuon [Vietnam] to jail him in Hanoi. Then Yuon appointed him as head of the Council of Ministers (that is as prime minister) with Mr. Sok An as a senior teacher, to give him advice from 1985 to 1993.

“In May 1993, a general election was organized by the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia; the citizens voted Mr. Hun Sen out of power. However, this man, who is addicted to power, ordered police leaders and military commanders to defect and lead armed forces to establish a secession zone at the Eastern side of the Mekong, in order to shed Khmer blood, and they declared that before dying and being buried, they wanted to try their force with the United Nations Armed Forces for a while.

“Concerning the shedding of Khmer blood, Samdech Euv [the Father King] Preah Norodom Sihanouk created the scenario of co-prime ministers – i.e. he asked Funcinpec to give half of the power to Mr. Hun Sen from the Cambodian People’s Party [CPP], in exchange for not shedding Khmer blood.

“During his 1993 to 1997 leadership, Mr. Hun Sen bought major Funcinpec officials’ feelings, especially of military chiefs and of police chiefs, and led forces to implement a bloodshed coup, in order to fire Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh] on 5-6 July 2007, and to appoint Ung Huot as a co-prime minister instead.

“In July 1998, Cambodia ran the election on its own, while the National Election Committee [NEC] was under Mr. Hun Sen’s control.

“The NEC is not independent; Yuons enter the country and vote for the CPP freely, vote fraud was conducted, and also various threats were made, so that the CPP won the election one time after another. Le Monde of France rates Mr. Hun Sen as the sixth strongman in the world for exercising dictatorship for the longest time, but some Asian diplomats said Mr. Hun Sen is a leading leader in Asian in term of national destruction, from a nation rich in resources to fall into ruin, such as in fisheries, forests, valuable minerals, and the sale of national property, especially affecting the achievements of Samdech Euv since the Sangkum Reastr Niyum period [1950ies to 1960ies].

“As Mr. Hun Sen is rated as the sixth in the world and the champion in Asia, it is the pride of him and his partisans who try to build many achievements [ironic], such as committing crimes and corruption, robbing the citizens’ lands, and human rights violations, and opening the border for Yuons to enter for colonization. Another good achievement of Mr. Hun Sen is that Transparency International classifies Cambodia as almost at the bottom of the list of 200 countries in the world, where the corrupt are at the bottom.

“It is very reasonable that Le Monde rates Mr. Hun Sen as the sixth one. But this rating was made at the same time while a new royal title, as Samdech Akak Senapadei Dekchor, was given to him recently.” Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #548, 10.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 10 November 2007

Chakraval, Vol.15, #2729, 10.11.2007

  • US President Sent Message to the King on the Occasion of the National Independence Day
  • Gang Members Drove Car and Fired Guns throughout City [on 8 November]; Hundreds of Police and Military Police Were Unsuccessful to Pursue and Arrest Them; Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Just Warned of Gang Members, They Defied Him One Day after His Warning

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1489, 10.11.2007

  • Cambodia Marks 54th National Independence Day
  • Royal Government Expresses Action to Prevent Increase of Gasoline Price [through subsidization]
  • Tobacco Industry Destroys Forests in the Country and Increases Poverty
  • 25 Jerry Cans of Mreah Prov [large softwood tree] Oil Transported in a Land Cruiser Are Seized by Officials in Kompong Chhnang
  • A Journalist Had $6,000 Stolen by Pickpocket during Independence Day [Phnom Penh]
  • Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi [Burmese elected democracy leader] Prepares to Cooperate with Military Council of Myanmar

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3308, 10-11.11.2007

  • Hun Sen Promotes 13 Additional People Loyal to Him: 6 to Be Senior Ministers, and 7 to Be Ministers
  • Black-Clad Thai Soldiers [special border protection unit] Continue to Encroach on Khmer Sovereignty in Anlong Veng Insolently [Oddar Meanchey]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4433, 10.11.2007

  • Five People – One of Them Claiming to Be Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen’s Niece – Threatened Other People to extort $30,000; They Are Detained [Phnom Penh]

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.14, #3182, 10.11.2007

  • Funcinpec Is Not Monarchist or Sihanoukist, but 100% Hun Senist [says Prince Ranariddh]
  • Other Parties Should Not Yet Boast, as 2.5 Million Voters Did Not Vote While Samdech Krom Preah [Norodom Ranariddh] Was Absent
  • Norodom Ranariddh Party Welcomes 54th National Independence Day
  • Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia Call for the Public to Participate in Hearings of [former] Khmer Rouge Leaders
  • China and US Focus at the Same Time on Khmer Maritime Zone Which Has Oil

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #5, .11.2007

  • Hun Sen Is Sixth Strong Man in the World, but First One in Asia [according to Le Monde]
  • Win-Win Policy of Samdech Dekchor [Hun Sen] Is to Evict All Poor People from the City [mocking]

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Friday, 9.11.2007: National Holiday – Independence Day

Posted on 11 November 2007. Filed under: Week 533 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 533

Because of the National Holiday, we do not have an article translated today.

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 9 November 2007

Areyathor, Vol.14, #1284, 9-10.11.2007

  • 28 Police Colonels Are to Be Promoted Generals

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1488, 9.11.2007

  • Man, Whose Girlfriend Forced Him to Divorce His Wife, Stabbed Her to Death, He Gets 15 Years’ Imprisonment [Phnom Penh]
  • Man, Whose Wife Did Not Agree to Have Sex, Raped His [adopted] Daughter [he is arrested – Prasat Balangk, Kompong Thom]
  • UN Praises Cuba for Being Able to Feed People

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6188, 9.11.2007

  • Vietnam Sentences Former Monk Tim Sakhan [who has been defrocked on accusation of having perpetrated an offense against the Buddhist law, because he is accused to have destroyed the harmony between Vietnam and Cambodia, now jailed in Vietnam]
  • Chhay Hong Hotel Closed after Confiscation of More Than 100,000 Drug Tablets [Russey Keo, Phnom Penh]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3307, 9.11.2007

  • Sam Rainsy Party May Increase Number of Parliamentary Seats in 2008 Elections
  • Yuon [Vietnamese] Court Sentences Tim Sakhan to one Years’ Imprisonment with 14 Years’ Suspension

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4432, 9.11.2007

  • Prince Thomico Expelled from Funcinpec after an Only Two-Minutes Meeting
  • Law on Management of Medicines Adopted

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #547, 9.11.2007

  • Sar Kheng Orders Officials to Take Action against Police Who Get Monthly Payments from Armed Robbers

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Thursday, 8.11.2007: Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen and Sam Rainsy Have Verbal Clash over Term of a Prime Minister

Posted on 11 November 2007. Filed under: Week 533 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 533

“Phnom Penh: Samdech Akak Moha Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen and Mr. Sam Rainsy, the president of the opposition party, had a verbal clash over the proposed restriction to a single-term for a prime minister. As for Samdech Dekchor, he thinks that to limit the term for a prime minister to only one term will just make that prime minister strongly corrupt. However, Mr. Sam Rainsy thinks that to let a prime minister take over power for only one term is to make the prime minister fully focused on the work for the sake of the nation.

“Samdech Hun Sen said so at the opening ceremony of a conference on ‘Investment, Commerce, and Infrastructure in Cambodia 2007’ on the morning of 7 November 2007 at the Inter-Continental Hotel. Samdech referred to the criticism by a number of politicians who ask for a restriction to a single-term for a prime minister, and some said that Mr. Hun Sen should not have mentioned his young age to talk about retirement. Samdech Hun Sen added, ‘If they are afraid of Hun Sen, they should frankly say that if Mr. Hun Sen stands as a candidate I could not be elected.’

“Samdech Hun Sen said that the process of elections is most democratic; so there is no need to talk about the term at all. Samdech Hun Sen continued that he has been prime minister for almost five terms, not three, and talking about the period of holding power, it is so far 28 years.

“Samdech Hun Sen went on to say, ‘Such a restriction to one term is said to avoid corruption and dictatorship, but only one term would make anybody to quickly grab whatever is possible, because they would hold power only for one term. Only someone who stays longer will behave carefully, because they need political stability and they need support.’

“On the other hand, Mr. Sam Rainsy, the president of the opposition party, thinks differently. He said on the afternoon of 6 November that the restriction to a single term for a prime minister is for the top leader to fully serve the nation and not think about how to continue for another term. He also rejected the idea that holding the prime minister’s position for only one term will make that person to think only about being corrupt, because they have only a short period to hold power. He said if they would act like that, history will judge them, as all elected prime ministers would be known by their appropriate characteristics.

“Moreover, Mr. Sam Rainsy said that he sees that in some developed neighboring countries, such as the Philippines and South Korea, the presidents take power for only one term.

“The Sam Rainsy Party has finished a draft law which intends to limit the term for a prime minister to only one single term. Mr. Son Chhay, the head of the parliamentary group of the Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarians, said that the draft law is just an amendment to the new Article 119 of the Constitution. He plans to submit the draft law to the Standing Committee of the National Assembly this week.

“Although the Sam Rainsy Party has finished the proposed draft law, it is not likely to be successful, considering the many seats of the Cambodian People’s Party in the National Assembly. The Sam Rainsy Party has only 24 seats while the Cambodian People’s Party has 73, and Funcinpec has 26 of the total 123 seats in the National Assembly.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4431, 8.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 8 November 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1447, 8.11.2007

  • Head of Royal Government of Cambodia Urges that a National Airline Should Be Created Soon
  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Responds to the Restriction Proposed by the Opposition Party for One Prime Ministerial Term Only
  • There Are 1,815 Arrest Warrants Where Police Have Not Yet Arrested Culprits [Phnom Penh]
  • Man Rapes Married Woman Twice; He Was Sued and Jailed When Her Husband Returned Home [Pailin]
  • Eight Modern Chinese Made Ships Arrive in Cambodia
  • 90 People Die in [suicide] Attack on Delegation of Afghan Assembly [Afghanistan]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #53, 8.11.2007

  • Yuon [Vietnam] Tries [former] Monk Tim Sakhan Today [who has been defrocked on accusation of having perpetrated an offense against the Buddhist law, because he is accused to have destroyed the harmony between Vietnam and Cambodia, now jailed in Vietnam]
  • Sam Rainsy Party Pushes National Election Committee to Delete More Foreigners’ Names from Voters’ Lists in Provinces and Towns
  • A Leader with a National Conscience Does Not Stay in Power Like the Current Prime Minister Does
  • Civil Society Organizations Say in a Period of Less Than One Year, 121 Citizens Have Been Detained in Land Disputes [countrywide]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6187, 8.11.2007

  • Research [by Institute for Civic Education] Says Cambodian People’s Party Will Still Lead in 2008 [election]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3306, 8.11.2007

  • Sam Rainsy: If International Observers Come on Day of Elections only, They Are to Rubber Stamp for the Cambodian People’s Party to Hold Power
  • Samdech Euv [the Father King] Mocks at Appointment of Funcinpec Prime Ministerial Candidate Calling It Funny
  • Hun Sen Concerned about Draft Law on Restriction of Prime Ministerial Term
  • Neighboring Countries Still Insolently Encroach on Khmer Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity
  • 50% of Khmer Children Do Not Finish Primary School, but Khmer High Ranking Officials Are Just Busy Boasting about Doctor’s Degrees without Entering a School [mocking]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4431, 8.11.2007

  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen and Sam Rainsy Have Verbal Clash over Prime Ministerial Term
  • Samdech Dekchor: ‘I Will Withdraw the Right of Negotiations [for the creation of a national airline] form Mr. Sok An’ [the Prime Minister will negotiate himself]
  • $18,800 Spent [by South Korean government] on Korean Volunteer Students’ Charity Activities in Cambodia to Strengthen Relations between the Two Countries
  • 10 Killed and 27 Wounded in [fighting] in Southern Thailand

Sith Sereipheap, Vol.12, #1079, 8-9.11.2007

  • 2,500 Citizens Participated in the Inauguration of Human Rights Party Headquarters in Banteay Meanchey [on 3 November]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #546, 8.11.2007

  • Survey by Institute for Civic Education Says Cambodian People’s Party Will Get 61 Seats, Sam Rainsy Party 42, and the Rest of 20 Seats Are Uncertain
  • Hun Sen Gets Angry with Tioulong Saumura [parliamentarian from Phnom Penh and wife of Sam Rainsy, president of the Sam Rainsy Party] Who Wants Cambodia to Have a Prime Ministerial Term Restriction to One Term Only

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Wednesday, 7.11.2007: Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Calls for Other Countries to Participate in Ottawa Treaty Activities

Posted on 11 November 2007. Filed under: Week 533 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 533

“Phnom Penh: The Cambodian Prime Minister appealed to all countries around the world, including to the United States of America, to participate in the Ottawa Convention.

“Samdech Akak Moha Senapadei Dekchor Hun Sen [a royal title recently given to him] said the US has not signed lots of treaties; we appeal to the US for completing all tasks which are related to the security of the world. Samdech Hun Sen said, ‘I want all countries to take part in these activities. If some do, but some do not – it cannot work; therefore this appeal.’

“Samdech Hun Sen said at a conference on present mine action strategy in Cambodia in Phnom Penh on 6 November that mine issues in Cambodia are still very big. According to the treaty conditions, Cambodia can ask to prolong the validity of the treaty for another ten years. Samdech said that Cambodia will show the reasons for the request for prolonging the validity of the treaty, and report the willingness of the Royal Government of Cambodia, as well as the great struggle of all national and international cooperating organizations and their projects to the eighth assembly [related to the Ottawa Convention] which will be held from 18-22 November.

“Cambodia signed the Ottawa ‘Convention On The Prohibition Of The Use, Stockpiling, Production And Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines And On Their Destruction’ on 3 December 1997; and the treaty became valid in Cambodia in 2000; after Cambodia had provided the ratification documents according to international law; Cambodia has the duty to clear the mines, during 10 years, by 2010.

“Samdech Prime Minister said at a brief press conference after a meeting of the Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority that Cambodia needs more time, because lots of mines are buried in the ground and in dense forests; however, even if Cambodia would clear all mines by 2020, if any other country where there is war, even until 2020, or in another until 2030 or 2040, they may still not be cleared of mines, because more mines are deployed every day, but not being demined.

“A chronic war for three decades made Cambodia face huge mine problems; according to a report by the Cambodian Red Cross, mines and unexploded ordnance have made approximately 63,000 Cambodian people lose their lives or be disabled.

“According to a report of the general secretary of the Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority, Samdech Prime Minister noticed the progress of the efforts of all operations, including by development partners, cooperating in clearing mines and unexploded ordnance, especially the results within the last 18 months. Samdech Hun Sen said that the data of casualties from 2000 to 2005 is 846 per year on the average; that amount dropped to 450 in 2006 and 2007, the casualties also declined to 290 during the nine months in 2007, which had been 373 last year.

“In the operation of clearing mines and unexploded ordnance by the Cambodian Mine Action Center, the following organizations and countries take part: the Cambodian Royal Armed Forces, the Halo Trust and the Mine Advisory Group; the donors for this work are Japan, England, Germany, Canada, the European Union, UNDP, and a number of development partners, including Australia, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, New Zealand, Norway, South Korea, the USA, UNICEF, Norwegian People’s Aid, CARE, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the United Nations Mine Action Service, and the Centre for International Cooperation in Health and Development.

“Samdech Prime Minister’s speech stated that in 2006 the Royal Government of Cambodia provided $800,000 for mine clearance, and in 2007 the amount of money was increased to $1.2 million. Samdech said that in 2008 the Royal Government of Cambodia will check the increasing needs.

“Samdech also asked the engineering unit of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces to include funds spent on demining at the sites of the construction of roads and bridges at the borders from now on, because here it is possible to show the real expense of these activities, which is not small.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1486, 7.11.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 7 November 2007

Deum Ampil, Vol.2, #42, 7-13.11.2007

  • Samdech Euv [the Father King]: Keo Puth Rasmey [Funcinpec president] and Princess Arun Rasmey Support Norodom Ranariddh 100 Percent
  • Funcinpec Wants to Ask for Removal of Samdech Sirivudh and Princess Vacheara from Their Parliamentary Positions [because they have opposed Funcinpec since the reform on 18 October 2006]
  • America Has [only] 15 Ministers for a Population of More Than 301 Million

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1486, 7.11.2007

  • Samdech Dekchor Hun Sen Calls for Other Countries to Participate in Ottawa Treaty Activities
  • Mr. Sar Kheng: The Green Book Is Very Important for Centralization and Deconcentration Reforms
  • Young Man Arrested by Officials Four Hours after Raping Girl [14-year-old – Krouch Chhmar, Kompong Cham]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #52, 7.11.2007

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Criticizes Ministry of Interior for Plan to Change Rankings of Some Provinces and Towns after 2008 Election
  • Ms. Mu Sochua [deputy secretary-general of Sam Rainsy Party] Considers Deletion of Hundreds of Thousands of Voters’ Names to Be Illegal Removal of Citizens’ Rights
  • Government Led by the Cambodian People’s Party Cannot Reduce Gasoline Price

Khmer Mekong, Vol.5, #309, 7-9.11.2007

  • Pursat: It Is Very Unfair, a Piece of Land Was Bought from the Court Nearly Ten Years Ago, but a House Is Not Allowed to Be Built on the Land [with so many reasons]
  • US Provides $13 Million to Prevent AIDS [in Cambodia]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6186, 7.11.2007

  • Delegation of Cambodian Assembly Will Visit Former Kampuchea Krom Land This Month

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3305, 7.11.2007

  • Human Rights Violations Increase When 2008 Election Approaches
  • If Hun Sen Government Does Not Reduce Gasoline Price, Sam Rainsy Party Will Lead People to Demonstrate
  • Gasoline Price Skyrockets; Wives and Children of High Ranking Officials Are Well Off because They Have Gasoline Companies

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4430, 7.11.2007

  • Green Book [information about commune and subdistrict council services] Is Announced by Ministry of Interior for Official Use
  • US Prepares to Help Cambodia in Strengthening Capacity for Disaster Relief
  • Many Modern Motorcycles Still Imported Illegally through Special Corridors [Thma Puok, Banteay Meanchey]
  • Anti-Tank Mine Destroys One Excavator [Svay Leu, Siem Reap]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #545, 7.11.2007

  • Military Lieutenant General [Un Den] Relies on Hun Sen, He Brings a Smuggled Car from Thailand to Phnom Penh
  • Im Soursdey [president of the National Election Committee] Decides to Delete 56 Names of Yuon [Vietnamese] Nationals in Roka Kaong Muoy Commune from Voter List for the First Time [Mukh Kampul, Kandal]

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