Archive for September, 2007

Saturday, 29.9.2007: Mr. Sok An: Media Can Also Become a “Knife That Cuts Both Ways” if They Are Used Inappropriately

Posted on 29 September 2007. Filed under: Week 527 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 527

“Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sok An, the Minister of the Council of Ministers, said that because of the influence of globalization of modern foreign cultures, they may make us forget our own culture. In order to prevent the negative influence from the currents of globalization, radio and television programs have an important role to promote, by broadcasting, the customs, traditions, cultures, and other elements of our national identity, to encourage the love for the vivid cultures of our nation.

“Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sok An said so, participating in the closing ceremony of the seminar on ‘The Role of Radio and Television in Cambodian Development’ on the afternoon of 27 September 2007 at the Royal Academy of Cambodia, Phnom Penh. Deputy Prime Mr. Sok An emphasized that media are an active agent to provide information, with the goal of providing facts and to mirror the society, in order to help correct extreme activities in society which are influenced from outside, so that they return to more appropriate ones, not to affect the value of our cultures, traditions, or the high moral of society, and to maintain national identity, so that it can survive under the influence of the currents of globalization. Due to this role, the media have to be at the same time conservers and developers of society with specific and appropriate goals.

“Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sok An continued to point out that the media can also be a ‘knife that cuts both ways,’ because they can be an enemy of social development, and they can lead the nation into trouble, if they are not used appropriately in their role, by neglecting the aspect of the possibility of having a bad influence. Considering this, how should we arrange the media in order to maintain their role and high effectiveness in social development?

“However, Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sok An expects that after this seminar, the media, especially radio and television, will move further to new successes in the development of the national society, the maintenance of stability and peace, and of the values of the national cultures and traditions.” Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1457, 29.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 29 September 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1457, 29.9.2007

  • Mr. Sok An: Media Can Also Become a “Knife That Cuts Both Ways” if They Are Used Inappropriately
  • A Millionaire [name not mentioned] Pumps Sand to Fill a Lake, Causing Houses of Nearly 1,000 Families to Be Flooded [Meanchey, Phnom Penh]
  • Much Luxury Wood Transported by Train [from Banteay Meanchey and Pursat] into Phnom Penh Every Night; Authorities Ignore It
  • A Japanese Journalist Was Killed while Demonstrations in Burma Were Suppressed
  • Demonstration Held Opposition Burmese Embassy in Bangkok [against suppression of demonstrations in Burma]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6157, 29-30.9.2007

  • Protest Opposite Burmese Embassy [in Phnom Penh]: Civil Society Organizations in Cambodia Ask for End to the Use of Violence against Monks and Civilian Demonstrators [in Burma]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3276, 29-30.9.2007

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Calls Powerholders with Troops to Prepare to Intervene to Combat Dictatorship in Burma
  • 23 Civil Society Organizations and Opposition Leader Condemn Burmese Military Dictatorship [over suppression of demonstrations]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4402, 29.9.2007

  • Sam Rainsy Asks ASEAN to Expel Burma as a Member [over suppression of demonstrations]
  • Nuon Chea’s Blood Pressure Goes Up and Down Rapidly
  • Senior Minister Mr. Nhim Vanda Promoted as 4-Star General
  • More Than 4,000 Hectares of Rainy Season Rice in Kralanh District Destroyed by Drought [Siem Reap]

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Friday, 28.9.2007: Samdech Hun Sen: “I Don’t Want to See Any Journalist Jailed for Writing Articles”

Posted on 29 September 2007. Filed under: Week 527 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 527

“Siem Reap: Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen of the Royal Government of Cambodia affirmed in front of approximately 120 participants from 42 [sic] countries, ‘The Royal Government of Cambodia welcomes any opinion, except expressions to provoke war, violence, and discrimination based on race, color, religion, and nationality, which are prohibited by law as well as by human rights.

“Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen also expressed his own view, ‘I don’t want to see any journalist jailed for writing articles, and the government doesn’t want to spend money to feed people in prison either. This is something that we don’t want to see.’

“Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen said so on the occasion of making the opening statement for the the 8th Informal ASEM (Asia-Europe Meeting) Seminar on Human Rights, with a focus on Freedom of Expression, at the Sokha Angkor Hotel, Siem Reap, on the morning of 27 September.

“Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen said that human rights and freedom of expression can all exist without necessarily relate to the status of rich or poor, or about politics, or national or religious questions. Rights and human dignity belong to every human being, and one must respect, protect, and develop these rights according to human needs. As a matter of fact, freedom of expression is considered by all people, including by Cambodian people, to be an important element of life, important for communication, for the exchange of opinions, in order to use freedom to make life peaceful, prosperous, and useful in the same way for everybody.

“Samdech Hun Sen stated that Cambodia has, at the present time, approximately more than 2,000 non-government organizations, and approximately nearly 500 publications, none of which is censored. Cambodia has about 15 different journalists’ associations. All of them operate freely in Cambodia, and especially the meetings to discuss human rights issue are all a clear evidence for the strong will of the Royal Government to promote and to respect rights and human dignity in the real life of society.

“Cambodia has many means for expressions, starting from printing, broadcasting, films, demonstrations, and strikes, up to elections.

Mr. Om Yentieng, the president of Cambodian Human Rights Committee, said that ASEM selected Cambodia to host the 8th Informal ASEM Seminar on Human Rights under the topic ‘Freedom of Expression,’ which was held for three days (from 26 to 28 September 2007) in Siem Reap. It is another political milestone for Cambodia to have hosted this international seminar with the participation of 43 countries [sic] – 27 European and 16 Asian countries, and observers from European governments [and civil society organizations] and from the ASEAN Secretariat, approximately 120 people.

“ASEM is a forum to promote cooperation of the countries in Asia and Europe based on discussions to strengthen mutual understanding between Asia and Europe, to build confidence, and to promote cooperation in economic and social development.

“At the ASEM ministerial level meeting in Singapore in February 1997, Sweden and France had suggested the creation of Informal ASEM Seminars on Human Rights. The initiative was approved, to promote through discussions mutual understanding and cooperation between Europe and Asia. Then since 1997, ASEM has arranged such seminars on human rights already seven times.

“The first workshop was held in Lund, Sweden, in December 1997, under the topic “Access to Justice; regional and national particularities in the administration of justice; monitoring the administration of justice.” The 7th workshop was held in Budapest, Hungary, in February 2006, under the topic “Human Rights and Ethnic, Linguistic, and Religious Minorities.”

“The 8th Informal ASEM Seminar on Human Rights is to discuss issues of “Freedom of Expression” as stated in Article 19 of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4401, 28.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 28 September 2007

Cheat, Vol.10, #225, 28.9.2007

  • Criminals Kong Siem and Yeay [grandmother] Vit Set Up Sawmills; 25 Large Scale Sawmills Operate in Srae Nouy [Varin, Siem Reap]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1456, 28.9.2007

  • Samdech Chea Sim Receives Honorary Doctor’s Degree of Philosophy in Development Integration from Ubon Ratchathani University of the Kingdom of Thailand
  • Burmese Military Leaders Cruelly Suppress Demonstrators

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #34, 28-29.9.2007

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Encourages Young People Who Reach the Age [of voting] to Register for Elections; Mr. Mao Mony Vann [Sam Rainsy Party parliamentarian from Kompong Cham]: Voting Hun Sen Out Is to Get Rid of [Vietnamese] Immigrants
  • Son Chhay [SRP parliamentarian, Phnom Penh]: Issue of National Road 4 with AZ Company Is Corruption Immensely Stealing from the Nation
  • Beside Cambodian People’s Party, No One Has the Right to Open Radio or Television Stations

Khmer Mekong, Vol.5, #301, 28-29.9.2007

  • US Spends More Than $14 Million for Promotion of Human Rights and Radio Free Asia Broadcasts to Vietnam

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6156, 28.9.2007

  • Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia and United Nations Development Program Push Tribunal Staff to Respect Regulations
  • During Nine Months, 277 Cases of Traffic Accidents Occurred in Kompong Thom: 92 People Died and 427 Were Injured
  • Burmese Government Suppresses Demonstrations, Worldwide Shock

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3275, 28.9.2007

  • UN and World Bank Seek to Confiscate Property of Cambodia’s Family Tree [UNDP and World Bank plan investigation into $1 billion taken every year]
  • Parliamentarian Yim Sovann [Sam Rainsy Party, from Phnom Penh] Sues Hen Vuthea, Pursat Police Commissioner, for Issuing Khmer Identification Cards to Yuons [Vietnamese]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4401, 28.9.2007

  • Samdech Hun Sen: ‘I Don’t Want to See Any Journalist Jailed for Writing Articles’
  • Samdech Hun Sen: ‘An ASEAN Human Rights Institution Must Be Created, Because It Is a Long-Term Goal of ASEAN’ [reporting from 8th ASEM workshop, addressing the delegations from more than 40 Asian and European countries]
  • Radio and Television Are Still Popular and Effective Vehicles of Information [says Khieu Kanharith, Minister of Information, at a workshop on the roles of radio and TV in the development of Cambodia, organized by the Royal Academy]
  • Human Rights Party Asks International Community to Intervene with Burmese Government [over demonstrations]
  • Khmuonh Subdistrict of the Cambodian People’s Party Receives 422 New Members [from Sam Rainsy Party, Norodom Ranariddh Party, and Khmer Democratic Party – Russey Keo, Phnom Penh]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #516, 28.9.2007

  • Lu Laysreng [Senior Minister and Minister of Rural Development] Says in 2020, Cambodia Will Become a Big Donor Country and No Longer Beg

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Thursday, 27.9.2007: Corruption and Irregularities in Khmer Rouge Tribunal Publicly Revealed

Posted on 28 September 2007. Filed under: Week 527 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 527

“The latest report by a non-government organization based in the US shows that the progress of the Khmer Rouge tribunal is mixed with many problems causing concern. The 13-page report of the Open Society Justice Initiative [OSJI] mentioned the arrest of Nuon Chea, former Brother No. 2 and President of the National Assembly of the Khmer Rouge Regime, and of Kaing Guek Eav, known as Duch, the former chief of Tuol Sleng Prison, and other events moving ahead. At the same time, the OSJI expressed concern about many problems which harm the Khmer Rouge tribunal.

“The OSJI is concerned about the independence of the tribunal, that the victims have so far not participated in the tribunal, and that the Victims and Witness Protection Unit has not yet had enough money to work. The OSJI considers that this is an urgent challenge, besides expressing other concerns, such as the lack of funds for the tribunal to hold public pretrial hearings to solve some disputes relating to the accusations.

“Regarding the Khmer Rouge tribunal, an American newspaper [The Wall Street Journal] published an article on Tuesday, 25 September, pointing to irregularities in the recruitment of staff to work at this special tribunal, which was managed badly. The publication by the American newspaper left the United Nations Development Program [UNDP] with a very bad name, because the UNDP did not monitor these irregularities that massively exist at the tribunal.

“Auditors of the United Nations and a Malaysian private auditing company, which were paid to check the expenditures of the foreign aid money for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, found that the expenses were overstated up to nearly US$400,000, by stating higher staff salaries, and by stating inflated numbers of staff employed, for which the tribunal officials had no explanation; as for the UNDP, they also did not seem to be aware of these issues. The auditors also found that a number of staff members are incompetent, and that they were appointed to work without appropriate selection exams.

“As for the documents of 28 staff members who were appointed by the Cambodian government, the Khmer Rouge Tribunal did not agree to show them to the auditors to be checked. On 19 September 2007, the board for monitoring the process of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal agreed on new procedures for staff recruitment and contracts on services; however, everything seems to be vaguely implemented. This is the reason why national and international circles do have not much confidence in the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, because it seems to be under political influence, and without complete independence to find justice for more than 1.7 million victims who were killed during the ‘Killing Fields’ regime. The point that makes national and international circles to have not much confidence is that since the creation of the tribunal until now, the Khmer Rouge tribunal has always had obstacles, because even the registration of foreign lawyers also suffered from annoying complicated problems.

“At present, Kaing Guek Eav, known as Duch, the former chief of Tuol Sleng Prison – also known as S-21 – and Nuon Chea, the former president of the National Assembly of the Khmer Rouge Regime, are detained in the detention center of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, waiting for their trials. According to an official of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal who asked that his name should not be mentioned, several more former top Khmer Rouge leaders will be brought to be charged, one after the other, and the next one to be brought after Nuon Chea maybe the former president of the state presidium of Democratic Kampuchea and head of state of the Khmer Rouge regime, Khiev Samphan, who has already prepared himself.

“Though Kaing Guek Eav, known as Duch, and Nuon Chea are detained in the detention center of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, national and international circles still have no confidence in finding justice for the victims, after the auditors of the United Nations and the Malaysian private auditors found corruption in spending funds of the special tribunal. Therefore national and international circles are now not so much interested in the process of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal, because they know the result in advance. This means that spending of $56.3 million to find justice for the victims who were killed during the ‘Killing Fields’ regime is just not to be taken seriously under the political influence of the Cambodian government.

“For Cambodian citizens in the country and abroad, though they do not have confidence in the tribunal, they want the trial of the former Khmer Rouge leaders to be conducted soon, in order to reveal who were the main leaders who created the Khmer Rouge, resulting in the criminal killing of more than 1.7 million people during a period of 3 years, 8 months, and 20 days. The reason why they want the trial of the former Khmer Rouge leaders to be conducted soon is because they know that the main leaders who created the Khmer Rouge are still alive and frighteningly try to seek pretexts to escape from the net of the law. Thus, if there is a trial of Nuon Chea, the former president of the National Assembly of the Khmer Rouge regime, Nuon Chea will publicly reveal the main leadership roles who created the Khmer Rouge.

“Some criticize that the corruption in the Khmer Rouge tribunal, which the auditors of the United Nations and the Malaysian private auditors found, was revealed recently. But a tribunal that is badly affected by corruption cannot make the Khmer citizens see the light of real justice as expected. Quite to the contrary, corruption in the Khmer Rouge Tribunal can make expending $56.3 million useless.” Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3274, 27.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 27 September 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1455, 27.9.2007

  • Kem Sokha’s [Human Rights] Party Is Likely to Be Bankrupt Half Way [towards election]
  • [Phnom Penh Municipal Police Commissioner] Touch Naroth Threatens to Remove and Punish Any Police Officials Who Demand Money from People for Issuing Identification Cards and Family Record Books
  • Wicked People Ringbark Trees at Night [in attempt to make them die and claim the land – Choam Khsant, Preah Vihear]
  • Active Robber in Phnom Penh Who Used AK-47 Gun Arrested [Meanchey, Phnom Penh]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #33, 27.9.2007

  • Nuon Chea: Preah Karuna [Norodom Sihanouk] Had Also an Important Role in Calling Citizens to Flee into the Jungle to Join the Resistance Movement
  • Opposition Party Demands Independent National Committee for Combating Corruption
  • Mr. Son Chhay [SRP parliamentarian, Phnom Penh] Asks [Cambodian Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation] Hor Namhong to Intervene with Burma Not to Use Violence against Demonstrators

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6155, 27.9.2007

  • Senior Minister Veng Sereyvuth Takes Office in His New Position as Minister of Culture and Fine Arts

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3274, 27.9.2007

  • Corruption and Irregularities in Khmer Rouge Tribunal Publicly Revealed
  • Sam Rainsy: We Want to Eliminate Communist Waste [dictatorship] so Cambodia Gets Complete Democracy

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4400, 27.9.2007

  • [Ms. Michelle Lee] UN Deputy Director [of the Office of Administration] of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Decides to Resign [as she will retire next year]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #515, 27.9.2007

  • Hun Sen: ‘If 1.3 Billion Chinese Urinate at the Same Time, It Would Cause a Big Flood…’ [reference to an article in Le Figaro of France on the positive Cambodian relations with the big country of China]

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Wednesday, 26.9.2007: Son Chhay: Concessions of Hun Sen Government Which Have Been Awarded So Far Are All Illegal

Posted on 27 September 2007. Filed under: Week 527 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 527

“As the National Assembly has recently adopted a draft law on concessions, Mr. Son Chhay reminded the public that the concessions which have been awarded by the government so far are all illegal. Mr. Son Chhay, a parliamentarian from the Sam Rainsy Party, considers all the concessions awarded by the government so far to be illegal, because the concessions were initiated quietly between the private sector and powerful people in the government under corrupt arrangements, without putting the concessions for bidding transparently, and without considering the national interest.

“The parliamentarian continued to say that there are many cases where the government has awarded concessions without appropriate policies, and without checking the conditions, in order to guarantee benefits for the nation when providing these concessions: for example road constructions, hydroelectric plants, the concessions to operate national roads, the concession organizing the access to Angkor Wat given to the Sokimex Company, and the concessions of the airports.

“The most dangerous concessions for the nation and for the citizens are the concessions awarding land to private companies.

“According to Mr. Son Chhay, trees on millions of hectares of forest land have been cut because of land concessions given to private companies for rubber plantations. Such kinds of concessions not only affect public property of the state, but they also strongly affects the situation of housing, land, and the livelihood of the citizens.

“According to Mr. Son Chhay, such things never occurred in countries that respect laws properly. In other countries, concessions are awarded when it is important for the national benefit, and if the national benefit is guaranteed, then concessions are put up for public bidding.

“In contrast, the parliamentarian notices that in Cambodia, Khmer ministers like to adhere to the habit of sitting in their offices, waiting for businesspeople to come and meet them. And sometimes, receiving bribes from businesspeople, they ignore the rules by setting up policies for biddings according to the businesspeople’s interest, and in this way the state is seriously losing what should be national benefits.

“For instance, the concession for the operation of National Road 4 from Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville, which was built up by a US donation to the Khmer citizens, was given to the AZ Company of Ing Bun Hoaw. As a matter of fact, the AZ Company does not do much for the development of the road, besides setting up toll gates to collect money from the cars using the road, which is a way of ‘making cake without flour.’ Concerning this case, previously taxi drivers and citizens sharply protested. These protests were strongly motivated because many citizens traveled by taxis, and the taxis they used were pressed to pay toll road fees, and then the taxis, in turn, extorted the money [for the higher charges] from their passengers. This affected the livelihood of the citizens – most of them are very poor. However, these protests were cruelly suppressed by the government authorities of Cambodia.

“As for the concession given for the access to Angkor Wat, which is a heritage from all Khmer ancestors, to the major business leader Sok Kong of the Sokimex Company, so that this company sells the tickets and collects the money, the Khmer government should keep this national heritage as national property, and it should not have provided the right to the company of a capitalist entrepreneur who benefits from this concession immensely.

“However, in order to maintain this policy of illegal concessions, the government of Cambodia always uses the following reason to hide this scandal by saying that it is because the government is poor and has no funds for development.

“Through this simpleminded reason, many pieces of public property of the state, including some pieces of royal property, which are firmly protected by law, slipped into the hands of capitalist businesspeople. In view of this situation, some people who are brave to speak up, call the government of Cambodia a “sell-lease” government, i.e. the government has no capacity to make income apart from selling or leasing property which is its heritage.

“Regarding this issue, according to some observers, though the law on concessions was adopted somewhat late by the National Assembly, what is now important is whether, and on which level, the government of Cambodia will implement this new law to guarantee the national benefit – or whether the whole country of Cambodia will be made into concessions by people in power, who will then hand them over to traders.” Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #32, 26.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Wednesday, 26 September 2007

Deum Ampil, Vol.2, #37, 26.9-2.10.2007

  • 41 Funcinpec Officials Appointed, with Salaries, as Assistants to Leaders in the Royal Government
  • Some State Electricity Thieves Have Ranks as Excellency and Oknha; Therefore, Officials of Electricité du Cambodge Do Not Dare to Suppress Them [Russey Keo, Phnom Penh]
  • Hundred of Thousands of Liters of Smuggled Gasoline Imported by Motorcycles and Boats from Yuon [Vietnam] Every Day [Svay Rieng and Takeo]

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1454, 26.9.2007

  • Prince Thomico Prepares to Resist Khmer Rouge Tribunal
  • Sihanoukville Court Summoned Police and Military Police to Take Oath [to be faithful to the nation and not to be corrupt], but Some of Them Just Pretended to Open Their Mouths to Say Something [but they actually did not say anything]
  • Ministry of Interior Receives [gift of] 104 Police Motorcycles from China
  • [Two] Indonesian Nationals Arrested on Suspicion of Piercing Car Tires to Rob People Who Return to Their Cars After Withdrawing Money from Banks [Phnom Penh]

Khmer Amatak, Vol.8, #519, 26.9.2007

  • More Than 1,400 Activists of Different Parties Join Norodom Ranariddh Party [Prey Veng]

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #32, 26.9.2007

  • Son Chhay: Concessions of Hun Sen Government Which Have Been Awarded So Far Are All Illegal
  • For Freedom of Expression, Prince Thomico Announces Resignation from Funcinpec [to be free to speak]

Khmer Mekong, Vol.5, #300, 26-27.9.2007

  • Japan Successfully Launches Its First Satellite [Kaguya] for Moon Observations

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6154, 26.9.2007

  • Funcinpec President [Keo Puth Rasmey] Doesn’t Agree with Prince Thomico’s Request for Support to End the Khmer Rouge Tribunal
  • Study Says Cambodian People of All Ages Lack Iron and Vitamin A
  • Nine Female Breeding Pigs Imported Alive from Yuon [Vietnam] Are Killed and Burned by Officials [in attempt to prevent import of infected meat and pigs from foreign countries – Kompong Cham]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3273, 26.9.2007

  • Ieng Sary Threatens to Reveal Documents [related to current leaders] if He Is Arrested

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4399, 26.9.2007

  • Samdech Krom Preah’s Political Situation Will Become Hot Issue in October

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Monday/Tuesday, 24/25.9.2007: Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi Said Prayers with Monks Who Held Demonstration

Posted on 25 September 2007. Filed under: Week 527 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 527

“Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, the head of the Burmese opposition party who has been in house arrest since 2003, joined a chanting of Buddhist Dharma prayers on 22 September, together with 1,000 monks who were allowed by police to march in a demonstration in front of her house in Rangoon.

“It was the first public appearance of Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi since four years ago; she is the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 1991. Monks, who led the demonstration of protests which started 19 September against the army that holds power in Myanmar (Burma), held demonstrations also in a number of other streets in Rangoon, and in other cities.

“In Rangoon, the monks crossed past the police barrier and stopped opposite Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi’s villa, which was protected by 20 police holding protective shields. While the monks were opposite Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi’s house for 15 minutes, there was a prayer chanting which made some demonstrators cry with emotion. According to witnesses, about 500 other monks demonstrated against the army, which has held power since 1962, in the streets of Mandalay, the second largest city of the country. The monks, who demonstrated, also appealed to the people to join the peaceful protests.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6152, 24.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Monday, 24 September 2007

Khmer Amatak, Vol.8, #518, 24.9.2007

  • National Assembly Summons So Khun [Minister of Posts and Telecommunications] to Explain Corrupt Activities of Nhek Kosal Vithyea in the Telecommunications of Cambodia Company

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #30, 24.9.2007

  • Mr. Sam Rainsy Calls for Pressure on Burmese Military Regime to Secure Human Rights and Democracy
  • Mr. Son Chhay [SRP parliamentarian, Phnom Penh]: Cambodian Court System Is Still Corrupt
  • [President of the Association of Kampuchea Krom Khmer Monks] Yoeung Sin: US Pressure Made Yuon [Vietnamese] Government Release Tim Sakhan on 25 September [who has been defrocked on accusation of having perpetrated an offense against the Buddhist law, because he is accused to have destroyed the harmony between Vietnam and Cambodia, now jailed in Vietnam]
  • Samdech Euv [Father King] Denies that the Evacuation of All Citizens from Phnom Penh Was His Plan [when the Khmer Rouge took over in 1975]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6152, 24.9.2007

  • Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi Said Prayers with Monks Who Held Demonstration

Rasmei Angkor, Vol.14, #1229, 24.9.2007

  • [Khmer Rouge] Brother No. 2 [Nuon Chea] Demands Mattress, Better Food, and that [low] Toilet Bowl Be Changed [in his detention center – for medical reasons]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4397, 23-24.9.2007

  • Ambassadors of Three Big Countries [US, Japan, and South Korea]: Arrest and Trial of [former] Khmer Rouge Leaders Will Not Affect Political Stability
  • Prime Minister Asks Minister of Education and Minister of Health Not to Sell Immovable Assets
  • Ratanakiri Receives 1 kW FM Radio Station [from the Cambodian National Commission for UNESCO]

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Tuesday, 25 September 2007

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #31, 25.9.2007

  • Asian Human Rights Committee Demands Cambodia Stop Using Troops to Strengthen Prime Minister’s Power

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3272, 25.9.2007

  • Sam Rainsy: Current Cambodian Government Uses Gifts to Buy Voters’ Feelings

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4398, 25.9.2007

  • Lawyer Has Idea to Ask for Nuon Chea to Stay Outside Detention [just saying his client would be happier if he could be released from detention and stay with his family]
  • Cambodia Ranked Highest in Percentage of Smokers in the Region

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Monday, 24.9.2007: National Holiday

Posted on 24 September 2007. Filed under: Week 527 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 527

Because of the National Holiday – Constitution Day on 24.9.2007 – our next edition will be produced on Tuesday, 25.9.2007, covering the press of Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday.

As we do it every day, we invite to click on the link below, which leads to the editorial of the past week – this time also considering some elements of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Norbert Klein
Editor of The Mirror

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Sunday,2007-09-23: Conflicting Situations, Conflicting Views, Conflicting Powers

Posted on 24 September 2007. Filed under: *Editorial*, Week 526 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 526

Laws and regulations are being violated in all countries in different degrees. This is normal, though any violation of a regulation or of a law needs to be corrected – whether it is an innocent violation like when a motorcycle-taxi driver told me that he really did not know the meaning of the STOP sign, as he cannot read, or whether a violation happens by simple oversight. It should not happen again. There are criminal acts which happen secretly, and the perpetrators hope they will not be identified and punished. Sometimes a victim is threatened not to tell anybody what happened – combined with an additional threat what will happen, if the victim does not keep silence. Such things happened throughout the ages and they happen in all different countries and cultures.

What is worrying, however, are the blatant violations of the law which happen frequently, about which the press reports publicly and regularly. But not much seems to happen. We collected some examples during the week:

Smuggled Gasoline Illegally Sold on National Road 6A
During Prohibited Season, Tonnes of Fish from Fishing Lot 5 Are Caught and Transported to Vietnam Every Day
Police Confess that They Cannot Suppress Robbers Who Use AK-47 Guns, because They Have Highly Placed Protectors
Trucks Transport Wood Out from Koh Sla Area Day and Night because They Are Allowed by Officials [Kampot]

Maybe somebody might dismiss these examples, as most of them relate “only” to property violations and, in most of these examples, nobody is killed. Some such actions have also an impact on the environment, or on public finance – and where guns are used to threat victims, the criminals are also using them, human life is destroyed when they cannot have their way. Even the police feels helpless in face of the better firepower of criminals with automatic weapons.

What is fundamentally frightening, however, is that newspaper report that the police says that these highly dangerous criminals have “high placed protectors” – or that regular, day and night operating trucks transport dubious wood, because “they are allowed by officials.”

When those who should enforce public order are violating it, it is difficult to see with hope into the future. The accusation that there is a lot of impunity in Cambodia will not stop, as long as reports about blatant public violations, violations of regulations and laws, are not followed by timely reports that the law enforcement agencies have taken care of such reported violations.

Many countries, many modern democratic constitutions, have accepted the principle of the “separation of powers” as defined by the French political scientist Montesquieu in the 18th century: that a state is operating best when its three branches – the Executive, the Legislative, and the Judicial – operate mutually independently.

In many countries this works well, especially when “the fourth power” – the press and the other media – have a proper role to play. That means: the Executive and the Judicial will watch if the press is lifting up some past or present problems, or when it reflects suggestions of the population for the future, the Legislative will discuss – not necessarily accept – it.

What does it mean that media reports do not have this described effect in Cambodia? The reported blatant public violations are only in exceptional cases followed by subsequent reports, saying that the reported problem is now under control. It is time and again reported that the press tries to play its role, by following up on problems reported. But as long as the press has to report: the concerned ministry referred to another ministry, but the spokesperson there referred to another officer who said he is too busy to talk to a journalist – and his deputy is reported to have used another strategy to face the public: by hanging up the phone as soon as the caller was identified as a journalist.

Such courses of events are reported frequently. Such events do now show an understanding of the role of public servants in a state, as described in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, which declares who holds the highest power in the country:

“We – the people of Cambodia – inscribe the following as the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia.” (according to its Preamble).

“Any suggestions from the people shall be given full consideration by the organs of the State” (according to Article 35).

“The Cambodian people are the masters of their own country. All power belongs to the people. The people exercise these powers through the National Assembly, the Senate, the Royal Government, and the Judiciary. The legislative, executive, and judicial powers shall be separate” (according to Article 51).

The courts cannot make policy, but the executive can also not tell the courts what to do. And there is no place for any “high placed protectors” to hinder law enforcement officers to do their job.

If the people, also through the voice of the media, cannot effectively monitor and raise what they see and hear – and get attention – how can the Constitution be implemented?

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Saturday, 22.9.2007: Sok An: ‘If Democratization in Cambodia Is Not Successful, Southeast Asian Nations Will Lose Belief in Democracy According to the Model of the Western World’

Posted on 23 September 2007. Filed under: Week 526 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 526

“Phnom Penh: Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sok An, the Minister of the Council of Ministers, said, ‘If democratization and the creation of the foundations for the respect and the promotion of human rights according to the model of the western world should end in a failure in Cambodia, I believe the nations in southeast Asia will lose confidence in this political model.’

“The Deputy Prime Minister said so to a delegation of the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights [OHCHR], led by Mr. Henrik Stenman, the acting director of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Cambodia, Mr. Fabrizio Hochschild, the head of the Capacity Building and Field Operations Branch of the OHCHR in Geneva as a member, and Mr. Christophe Peschoux, the director of the OHCHR in the Kingdom of Cambodia. They were granted an audience at the Council of Ministers on 20 September.

“According to a source from the Council of Ministers, Mr. Henrik Stenman explained the purpose of the visit: to strengthen the cooperation between the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Royal Government of Cambodia, in order to cooperate and support the Royal Government to promote the protection of human rights in the Kingdom of Cambodia, and to seek agreements on any form of cooperation between the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Royal Government of Cambodia which are constructive and practical.

“The UN officials told the Deputy Prime Minister directly that they really want to cooperate with the Royal Government, to do whatever is possible for the respect of human rights and democracy, they did not come to find any faults of the Royal Government.

“Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Sok An, who is committed to the motto ‘Reduction of violations of the citizens’ rights, and improvement of the quality of laws through the improvement of the quality of lawyers, the quality of judges, and the provision of justice through tribunals at the local level,’ explained that the Royal Government is decidedly against human rights violations, and under responsible leadership of Samdech Hun Sen this is implemented in five main aspects:

  1. Outlook
  2. Strategy
  3. Policy
  4. Action Plan
  5. Implementation Calendar

“The Deputy Prime Minister assured the guests that human rights in Cambodia are promoted and protected, based on the Royal Government’s legal and court reforms.

“Besides the legal regulations, the Royal Government is training officials in the code of ethics of lawyers, the code of ethics of judges, in the creation of centers for legal advice for clients who have no legal knowledge, in the creation of model courts in the provinces, in the creation of centers for legal consultations to solve lawsuits out-of-court, to be implemented in the districts, in order to reduce the number of complaint cases which have to go to the provinces and towns and cause high expenses for the citizens.

“Mr. Sok An said that the Royal Government pays strong attention to human rights issue, because this is fundamental for Cambodia.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4396, 22.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Saturday, 22 September 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1451, 22.9.2007

  • Nuon Chea Taken for Medical Checkup at Calmette Hospital for Three Hours [his health is OK]
  • Gambling Sites and Pornographic Video Coffee Shops Mushroom in Battambang District [Battambang]
  • Prek Pnov Becomes Gambling Site Especially for Cockfighting [Ponhea Leu, Kandal]
  • Trucks Transport Wood Out from Koh Sla Area Day and Night because They Are Allowed by Officials [Kampot]

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3270, 22.9.2007

  • Eng Chhay Ieng [Secretary-General of the Sam Rainsy Party]: The Cambodian People’s Party Uses State Fund for Its Supporters [payments are increased for village chiefs and deputy village chiefs who are said to be CPP supporters]
  • Khmer Compatriots Demonstrate Opposite the White House Demanding US Put Pressure on Yuon [Vietnamese] Communist Government [over the issue of Tim Sakhan who has been defrocked on accusation of having perpetrated an offense against the Buddhist law, because he is accused to have destroyed the harmony between Vietnam and Cambodia, now jailed in Vietnam]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4396, 22.9.2007

  • Sok An: ‘If Democratization in Cambodia Is Not Successful, Southeast Asian Nations Will Lose Belief in Democracy According to the Model of the Western World’
  • Nuon Chea Says He Is Not Involved in Crimes as Accused by the Khmer Rouge Tribunal
  • Nine Female Sex Workers Freed from “Chbar Ampov” Guesthouse [where a man’s throat was slit recently by his sex partner] and Three Guesthouse Owners Were Arrested [Siem Reap]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #511, 22.9.2007

  • Ieng Sary Is Seriously Ill, He Speaks in a Low and Hoarse Voice; Khiev Samphan Prepares His Explanations for the Khmer Rouge Tribunal
  • [Deputy Secretary-General of the Sam Rainsy Party] Mu Sochua Asks International Community to Support Distribution of Khmer National Identification Cards and to Send Observers to Monitor the Elections

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Friday, 21.9.2007: Lao Mong Hay: Samdech Sihanouk Should Share Some Responsibility with Khmer Rouge Leaders

Posted on 22 September 2007. Filed under: Week 526 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 526

“In his comment: ‘Can the Khmer Rouge tribunal be just?’ Mr. Lao Mong Hay indicated that Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk, Preah Mohavirak Khsatr [the Great Heroic King], should share part of the responsibility with the former Khmer Rouge leaders, because he was also involved in the regime.

“In an article published on 19 September from Hong Kong: ‘Rule with Fear,’ Mr. Lao Mong Hay wrote that in August, an agitating statement was released by the Cambodian government and some other national institutions, to affirm and protect the immunity of the former King Preah Moha Khsatr Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk, so that he should not be summoned by the court to explain anything at the Khmer Rouge tribunal, neither as a defendant nor as a witness.

“This tribunal has a jury including Cambodian and international judges, appointed by the United Nations. This tribunal is created and operated in accordance with Cambodian laws, in order to try [former] Khmer Rouge leaders who were the most responsible for the crimes committed under their rule from 1975 to 1979.

“The article continued that Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk was Head of State of the Khmer Rouge regime until 1976; in that position he had a certain social control over many Khmer citizens, so that he might share responsibility for crimes committed at that time. Some of those Khmer citizens asked that his immunity should be removed, so that he could appear in court.

“The Cambodian Government saw a specific possibility that this tribunal might summon him to appear in court. This possibility appeared after the Deputy Director of the administration of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia of the UN had written in response to the invitation by Samdech Sihanouk for some officials of this tribunal to discus with him about his role related to the Khmer Rouge. This letter had said, ‘Only the judges of this tribunal will be able to decide who should appear to be a witnesses.’ To eliminate this possibility, the government released a threat, saying, ‘Cambodia will abolish the Khmer Rouge tribunal if it invites Preah Mohavirak Khsatr to court.’

“According to Mr. Lao Mong Hay’s article, such a threat shows again that that the Cambodian Government is in complete control the courts, including the Khmer Rouge Tribunal. Samdech Sihanouk himself had also affirmed that the government is in control of the courts in his Open Letter in English, dated 1 September 2004, referring to the tribunal. In the letter, he said, ‘I will not accept to give up the royal immunity… unless the International Court of The Hague is given the responsibility of judging me and, eventually, sentencing me to prison.’ He added that he will not ‘accept to be judged by Khmers because there is only an infinitely small number of independent, neutral and impartial Khmers.’

“The government controls the judges who are in the ruling party – i.e. the Cambodian People’s Party [CPP]. This is the former communist party that adheres to strict discipline like before. The government also controls the court through open and secret activities against judges.

“In May 2006, Khmer administration officials of the Khmer Rouge tribunal held a press conference and announced the appointment of judges and prosecutors to the tribunal. One of the many questions raised was about the tendency of the judges, both Khmers and foreigners, toward political parties. No appropriate answer was given to the question, but one day later, Prime Minister Mr. Hun Sen criticized and attacked the person publicly who had asked this question, calling him a mad creature for raising the question of the membership of Khmer judges in the CPP.

“Among the open and direct measures to control the courts, the policy of Mr. Hun Sen of using an “Iron Fist” in 2004 is publicly known, when he accused the court system of being corrupt. A number of judges and some court officials were condemned, but after that, they were spared just by claiming that there is not enough evidence against them.

“Such actions frightened all judges and prosecutors throughout the country. There was also a serious action taken at Mr. Hun Sen’s order in 1999, to re-arrest people who had been released by the court which had not respected its rules. That action was directed against crimes.

“The UN, which has helped Cambodia with the process of creating the Khmer Rouge tribunal, is not satisfied that the courts are under political control. The UN Secretary-General’s envoys for Human Rights in Cambodia saw these problems clearly since 1993 and tried – though without success – to help the courts get out from political control.

“In 1998, at the request of the government, three specialists of the UN were appointed to open ways for the creation of the Khmer Rouge tribunal. In their study about the Cambodian courts in 1999, they found that many areas were under political control. With this discovery, the group concluded that a local tribunal, arranged under Cambodian law, should not receive financial supports from the UN.

“However, the UN did not care about this recommendations and continued to prepare assistance towards a tribunal, and allowed the trial to be organized under Cambodian law. At present, the issue of the former King’s immunity puts another load onto this tribunal under political control. Only one or two [former] Khmer Rouge leaders have been imprisoned, and it is a big question mark whether this Cambodian-UN tribunal can avoid being under political control, and maintain an independent court process that will respond to the expectations of many people who think that this tribunal shall be an independent element in the Cambodian court system.

“Mr. Lao Mong Hay is now a senior researcher of the Asian Human Rights Commission, based in Hong Kong. Previously, he was director of the Khmer Institute for Democracy in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and a professor at Toronto University, Canada, in 2003. In 1997, he got an award from Human Rights Watch, and the Nansen Medal in 2000 from the United Nations High Commissioners for Refugees.” Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #510, 21.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Friday, 21 September 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1450, 21.9.2007

  • Two Cambodian Personalities [Tea Banh, Minister of Defense, and Cham Prasidh, Minister of Commerce] Receive Honorary Doctor’s Degrees from the University of Cambodia
  • Man Rapes [72-year] Old Woman Who Begged Him Not to Rape Her Granddaughters [he is arrested – Kien Svay, Kandal]

Khmer Amatak, Vol.8, #517, 21.9.2007

  • Hun Sen Has Ruled [Cambodia] for Nearly 30 Years: The Economy Grows Only for His Relatives and Partisans, but People Get Poorer and Poorer and Some People Starve
  • Nuon Chea’s Wife Says It Is Not Fair That the Invasion by Yuon [Vietnam] and the Bombings by the USA Are Not Tried

Khmer Machas Srok, Vol.1, #29, 21-22.9.2007

  • [Khmer Rouge tribunal Press Officer] Reach Sambath: Nuon Chea Is in Good Health, He Can Write and He Can Watch TV
  • Siam [Thailand] Fires Missile [for military exercise] over Preah Vihear Temple 17 km into Cambodia

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3269, 21.9.2007

  • Washington Welcomes Tribunal’s Arrest of Brother No. 2 Nuon Chea
  • Police Confess that They Cannot Suppress Robbers Who Use AK-47 Guns, because They Have Highly Placed Protectors [Phnom Penh]

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4395, 21.9.2007

  • Khmer Rouge Tribunal Cautious about Nuon Chea’s Health

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #510, 21.9.2007

  • Lao Mong Hay: Samdech Sihanouk Should Share Some Responsibility with Khmer Rouge Leaders
  • US Announces Aid for Khmer Rouge Tribunal after Arrest of Brother No. 2 Nuon Chea

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Thursday, 20.9.2007: Nuon Chea, Khmer Rouge Leader No. 2, Is Arrested for Trial

Posted on 21 September 2007. Filed under: Week 526 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 526

“Pailin – Banteay Meanchey: Mr. Nuon Chea, Brother No. 2 of the Khmer Rouge Regime, was arrested and brought by helicopter to the Khmer Rouge tribunal on 19 September. A final report stated that the court accused Nuon Chea of crimes against humanity and war crimes, and decided to temporarily detain him on the evening of the same day.

“Mr. Reach Sambath, the Khmer Rouge tribunal Press Officer, said on 19 September 2007 that Mr. Nuon Chea had been brought to the office of the co-investigating judges of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia [ECCC] following a summons. He continued, ‘Mr. Nuon Chea is the second high ranking person to have been brought to the tribunal for questioning. We will provide him lawyers if he asks for.’

“Mr. Chhang Youk, the Director of Documentation Center of Cambodia, said that the arrest of Mr. Nuon Chea shows many positive aspects and the importance of the court. He went on to say that the arrest of Nuon Chea will make Cambodian people much more relaxed and increase the belief of the people in the legal system and the Royal Government. He stated, ‘This is an important point.’

“Mr. Chhang Youk considered the arrest of Nuon Chea to be proceeding a step closer to justice. He also asked for continuing support for the Khmer Rouge court to reach its goal by avoiding any interruption.

“Though the Khmer Rouge tribunal has not released the names of other people, foreign newspapers reported that Mr. Khiev Samphan and Mr. Ieng Sary may be the other two [former] Khmer Rouge leaders being targeted to be brought to be tried at the Khmer Rouge tribunal.

“The arrest of Mr. Nuon Chea was conducted carefully, and national and international journalists were not allowed to take pictures of him. Journalists stood waiting at the Khmer Rouge tribunal gateway; however, they had no chance to meet him.

Mr. Nuon Say, Nuon Chea’s son, told Rasmei Kampuchea that his father’s house was surrounded at about 6 o’clock in the morning, and it was searched for documents written by his father. He considered the arrest of his father not to be just, and that the Khmer Rouge tribunal has been unjust since the beginning by raising the questions of war crimes and crimes against humanity only for the period between 1975 and 1979. He said that several issues happened, one after the other, in the past. He asked why the period between 1979 and 2000 is not mentioned.

“According to Mr. Nuon Say, Mr. Nuon Chea’s wife is sad after her husband has been arrested.


“Special intervention units of the Defense Ministry and of the Intervention Department of the Ministry of Interior, accompanied by dozens of Pailin police and military police, went to detain Mr. Nuon Chea, the former president the National Assembly of Democratic Kampuchea, or Brother No. 2, at 8:30 on the morning of 19 September 2007. This detention for questioning is conducted in accordance with a summons of the investigating judges of the ECCC.

“Officials entered Mr. Nuon Chea’s house by the bamboo forest near the Cambodian-Thai border in Phsar Prum Village, Stung Kach, Sala Krau, Pailin, for a while, and then invited Mr. Nuon Chea to get down from his small wooden house with a zinc roof, to get into a car to get to a white helicopter of the Royal Government, which had landed on the yard near Phsar Prum Casino. Khmer and foreign journalists were told by the officials to stay away from the house and the place where the helicopter landed, which made it difficult for them to make reports and to take pictures. They could see Mr. Nuon Chea only by using binoculars or cameras with zoom lenses.

“While Mr. Nuon Chea was being taken to Phnom Penh, an assistant also accompanied him, but his wife or his children did not.

“A Rasmei Kampuchea correspondent in Pailin reported that at Mr. Nuon Chea’s house, more than ten police had been deployed for many months. Bamboo barriers were put regularly in front of the house; however, previously common guest and journalists still could visit Mr. Nuon Chea and his family. However, before his detention, Mr. Nuon Chea and his family were probably not aware of what would happen.

“Mr. Chhuon Makara, the president of the Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association [ADHOC] branch in Pailin, told Rasmei Kampuchea on 19 September 2007 that on 18 September, ADHOC held a forum on the Khmer Rouge tribunal in Wat Ou Chra, Tuol Sala, Pailin; then on the evening of the same day, he and his colleagues made a normal visit to Mr. Nuon Chea. Mr. Nuon Chea and his wife greeted them in a friendly way, but they did not speak about politics or the Khmer Rouge history. Mr. Nuon Chea, 81, is weak and suffers from high blood pressure, numbness in the limbs, he had a stroke, has difficulty to move, and headache.


“1926: Nuon Chea was born in Battambang in the west of Cambodia that was part of the French colony. From 1941 to 1946, Thailand had captured Battambang, Siem Reap, and Serei Saophoan.

“1960: The Cambodian Communist Party was created, and he was selected to be deputy secretary of the Central Committee of the Cambodian Communist Party and a member of the Standing Committee, the top organization, in charge of party policy. He staid in this position from then on.

“1962-1963: Nuon Chea participated in the annual congress of the Central Committee in the eastern region, and in 1963 Nuon Chea became the secretary of the Central Committee.

“1965: Nuon Chea escaped to live in the Cardamom Mountains in the province of Battambang.

“1972: Noun Chea became deputy commander of the High Military Command.

“1975: The Cambodian Communist Party, named “Khmer Rouge” by the King in the 1960ies, won the civil war and created the Democratic Kampuchea regime.

“20 May 1975: Nuon Chea presented a declaration in a conference in Phnom Penh: ‘Statement on the creation of socialism in Cambodia by using agriculture and industry.’ Nuon Chea asked for careful attention to check spies (to exercise internal caution) in the party, the armed forces, ministries, and different units in the government and among the public.

“1976: Nuon Chea was temporarily appointed as prime minister, replacing Pol Pot. Between 1975 and 1977 Nuon Chea participated in giving annual training policy instruction courses together with Pol Pot in Phnom Penh.

“1975-1979: Nearly two million Cambodian people died because of the policy goals of Democratic Kampuchea to create a clean Cambodian society and to create a prosperous Khmer land, like it was in the past. It is known that he knew and decided about the torturing and killing of about 14,000 prisoners in the S-21 Security Center, which is also known as Tuol Sleng Prison.” Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4394, 20.9.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 20 September 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1449, 20.9.2007

  • Brother No. 2 [Nuon Chea] Brought to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal
  • President of Radio Free Asia Office in Cambodia [To Serey] Appears in Court to Respond to the Lawsuit of The Cambodia Daily
  • Prime Minister Samdech Hun Sen Receives Vietnamese [Communist Party] Delegation
  • Burma Fires Tear Gas to Disperse Crowd of [about 1,000 monks] Monks [who protested peacefully in at least six cities against the government. Some monks had been beaten and others were arrested. The monks demand an apology from the government for the harsh treatment of monks during the past few weeks while they demonstrated against the increase of the price of fuel]

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6149, 20.9.2007

  • US Report Says Religious Rights in Cambodia Are Good
  • Two Policemen Rape 15-Year-Old Girl [rapists escape – Prasat Sambour, Kompong Thom]
  • Ford Motor Company Foundation Provides $25,000 Grant for Environment Protection and Heritage Conservation

Moneaksekar Khmer, Vol.14, #3268, 20.9.2007

  • Chaos in Pailin While Nuon Chea Is Brought to Khmer Rouge Tribunal; Khiev Samphan and Ieng Sary Hide in Phnom Penh
  • IMF Tells Cambodian Government to Prevent Money Laundering

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4394, 20.9.2007

  • Nuon Chea, Khmer Rouge Leader No. 2, Is Arrested for Trial
  • Delegation of Chinese Communist Party Meets Samdech Hun Sen [Phnom Penh]
  • 2,226 Cambodian Young People Take Test for Korean-Language Training in Order to Find Jobs in Korea

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.14, #3143, 20.9.2007

  • Cambodian Center for Human Rights Condemns Kompong Trach Commune Officials for Observing People’s Phone Calls [from public phones, after the center held a public forum, which had been banned by the authorities in Romeas Haek, Svay Rieng]
  • Samdech Krom Preah Hopes People in All Provinces Will Vote for the Norodom Ranariddh Party Next Year Like in 1993 [when people voted for Funcinpec led by Prince Ranariddh]

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #509, 20.9.2007

  • Comrade Nuon Chea Tastes Prison for First Time [mocking]

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