Archive for July 27th, 2007

Thursday, 26.7.2007: Two Ministries Join With Each Other to Solve Crisis; Centers for Justice Services on District Levels Are Created to Find Out-of-Court Dispute Solutions

Posted on 27 July 2007. Filed under: Week 518 |

The Mirror, Vol. 11, No. 518

“Phnom Penh: Disputes at the local level are often caused by officials who delay decisions, or have the attitude of escaping from solving problems, and who mostly leave problems to be solved at higher levels. Because of protests at local level are not effective, protesters often come to Phnom Penh and submit their complaints to the National Assembly, or they protest opposite Samdech Hun Sen’s villa, at the Council of Ministers, or at the Ministry of Interior, especially over land disputes.

“In an attempt to test solving disputes at the local level as a mechanism of solving disputes out-of-court, an inter-ministerial announcement on the creation of centers for justice services on the district level as a pilot project was made by the Ministry of Interior and signed by Mr. Sar Keng, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior, and Mr. Ang Vong Vathna, Minister of Justice, on 20 December 2006; however, the related processes, which are organized and funded by the United Nations Development Program [UNDP], have not yet been arranged as a clear system, but today, the project site in Phnom Sruoch District, Kompong Speu, was inaugurated in order to help the commune and district councils to know how to solve existing disputes at their local levels. Phnom Sruoch is considered to be a place of sharp land disputes in Kompong Speu.

“The official, who was appointed for the center of justice services at the district level, said that the principle of this project makes justice get closer and closer to poor citizens, increasing the capacity of the system of solving disputes at commune and subdistrict levels out-of-court.

“The sites for the pilot projects will be in Tuek Phos and Kompong Leaeng districts, Kompong Chhnang, and in Phnom Sruoch and Kong Pisei districts, Kompong Speu. The centers are created by an announcement of the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Interior, stating that the main functions of the centers are:

  1. To provide technical assistance to a system for solving disputes out-of-court at commune and subdistrict levels, by using skills towards reconciliation built up through training and consultations.
  2. To suggest other ideas about legal procedures to the parties of disputes who do not want to solve their disputes through reconciliation at the commune and subdistrict levels, or whenever their disputes are outside of the scope of this system for solving disputes, and the parties in a disputes come to ask for suggestions from the centers. This means that the centers point to lawyers’ services and court procedures that they have to know well, before entering into court procedures.
  3. To reconcile disputes, if the parties of a dispute voluntarily ask for reconciliation.
  4. To publicize information about laws to the commune and subdistrict councils and to the public, laws which are necessary for the everyday life of the citizens at the local level.

“To implement this, the Ministry of Justice appoints one official for one district to lead the center, and the Ministry of Interior appoints another official for the district as the assistant to the leader of the center. The groups of the project for solving disputes out-of-court of the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Interior are to be trained regularly and continuously once every three months by UNDP officials. A training course was held in the middle of this month at the Ministry of Justice for related officials, district governors, and deputy district governors of the districts that receive the project, about the nature of disputes at the local level, and how to solve disputes out-of-court, as well as about some basic laws.

“For the system of solving disputes out-of-court in communes, such centers will be created or organized in 20 communes of the four districts. When they are organized, the officials of the centers will arrange training sessions consistently and regularly for the members of the system. In the meantime, officials, who observe the reconciliation of disputes, will suggest ideas to the system in order to improve the technique of reconciliation. The officials will also assess the needs of knowledge about laws for the system of commune councils and for citizens in general, then make plans in order to make this system widely known.” Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6101, 26.7.2007

Newspapers Appearing on the Newsstand:
Thursday, 26 July 2007

Kampuchea Thmey, Vol.6, #1401, 26.7.2007

  • Right to Access Information Is Fundamental in a Democratic Society [says Information Minister Khieu Kanharith in a workshop organized by the Ministry of National Assembly and Senate Relations and Inspection, and PACT, an NGO in Cambodia]
  • Ministry of Information Officials Support Halt to Cigarette Commercials
  • Cambodia Still Adheres to the One-China Policy
  • Private Sector Plans to Create Industrial Economic Area at Cambodian-Thai Border
  • Young Man Robs [5-year-old] Girl of 0.2 Chi of Gold Earrings [US$16], Then Rapes and Kills Her [he is arrested – Kratie]
  • Heat Wave Kills 500 People in Hungary

Koh Santepheap, Vol.40, #6101, 26.7.2007

  • Two Ministries Join With Each Other to Solve Crisis; Centers for Justice Services on District Levels Are Created to Find Out-of-Court Dispute Solutions
  • Two Peruvian Men and One Thai Woman Get 20 Years’ Imprisonment Each for Trafficking Cocaine from Cambodia [Phnom Penh]
  • Three Cambodian Students Get Erasmus Mundus Scholarships from the European Union

Rasmei Kampuchea, Vol.15, #4346, 26.7.2007

  • Nuon Chea Advises Khmers Not to Consider Each Other to Be Enemies Any Longer, and Asks Them Not to Be Overly Ambitious
  • Cambodia Is Still Suspected of Selling Weapons to Tamil Tiger Fighters in Sri Lanka
  • 25 Thai Companies Seek Business Partners in Siem Reap
  • Royal Government Decides to Provide New Identification Cards to Khmer Nationals of Both Sexes Aged 15 and Up
  • Phnom Penh Municipality Takes Legal Action against Samleng Yuvachun Khmer [accusing the paper to have spread false information through an article on 17 July: ‘Kep Chutema has sold municipality building’]
  • 3,000 Hectares of Rice in Kiri Vong Harmed by Insects [Takeo]
  • Infinity General Insurance Company[owner: Oknha Kit Meng] Officially Inaugurated [Phnom Penh]
  • Chief of the US Military [in the Asia-Pacific, Admiral Timothy Keating]: US Can Protect Taiwan [from any attack by China]

Samleng Yuvachun Khmer, Vol.14, #3096, 26.7.2007

  • Anti-Corruption Law Remains Unsolved Topic

Sralanh Khmer, Vol.3, #462, 26.7.2007

  • Son Chhay and Yim Sovann [SRP parliamentarians from Phnom Penh] Question Sar Kheng about Disappearance of Chief Monk Tim Sakhan [who has recently been defrocked on accusation of perpetrating an offense against the Buddhist law, because he broke the unity between Vietnam and Cambodia]

Go to last week’s editorial

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